# Ujian Teori Kejuruan Teknik Gambar Bangunan

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Tryout Ujian Teori Kejuruan Teknik Gambar Bangunan  Menyiapkan siswa kelas XII untuk menghadapi ujian sesungguhnya.  Petunjuk : Tuliskan Nama dan Asal Sekolah  Jawablah soal dengan tepat  selamat berlatih dan terimakasih atas kunjungannya.  Sukses.....

• 1.

### Gambar denah sebenarnya adalah gambar potongan suatu bangunan dalam bidangdatar dengan ketinggian antara ...........  di atas lantai normal (lantai yangmempunyai ketinggian dari titik duga ±0.00).

• A.

±80-100 cm

• B.

±50-75 cm

• C.

±25-50 cm

• D.

±10-25 cm

• E.

±0-10 cm

A. ±80-100 cm
Explanation
The correct answer is ±80-100 cm. This is because a denah or floor plan is a two-dimensional representation of a building, showing the layout of rooms, walls, and other features. The height indicated in the answer options represents the vertical distance between the floor and the ceiling or any other elevated structure. Therefore, ±80-100 cm would be the appropriate range to indicate the height above the normal floor level.

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• 2.

### Gambar bangunan yangdiproyeksikan pada bidang vertikal dan posisinya diambil pada tempat-tempattertentu, terutama adalah duga lantai yang negatip (turun), disebut ...

• A.

Gambar denah

• B.

Gambar potongan

• C.

Gambar tampak

• D.

Gambar detail

• E.

Gambar sketsa

B. Gambar potongan
Explanation
The correct answer is "Gambar potongan" because it refers to a drawing that shows a vertical section of a building, particularly focusing on negative floors (going downwards). This type of drawing is commonly used to illustrate the interior structure and features of a building.

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• 3.

### Dalam menggambar menggunakan pensil. Standard kekerasan pensil kategori paling lunak adalah ...

• A.

2B

• B.

3B

• C.

4B

• D.

5B

• E.

6B

E. 6B
Explanation
The correct answer is 6B. In drawing with a pencil, the hardness of the pencil determines the darkness and softness of the lines. The higher the number before the B, the softer the pencil and the darker the lines it produces. Therefore, 6B is the softest and darkest pencil in the given options, making it the correct answer.

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• 4.

### Dalam menggambar menggunakan pensil. Standard kekerasan pensil kategori paling keras adalah ...

• A.

4H

• B.

5H

• C.

6H

• D.

7H

• E.

8H

E. 8H
Explanation
The correct answer is 8H. In drawing with a pencil, the hardness of the pencil is indicated by a letter and a number. The higher the number, the harder the pencil. The "H" stands for hardness, and the numbers indicate the level of hardness. Therefore, 8H is the hardest pencil in the given options.

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• 5.

• A.

30°

• B.

45°

• C.

80°

• D.

90°

• E.

125°

C. 80°
Explanation
The correct answer is 80°. The question is asking about the angle of inclination when using a pencil. Generally, when using a pencil, the angle of inclination is around 45° to 60°. However, 80° is also a possible angle of inclination depending on the comfort and preference of the individual using the pencil.

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• 6.

### Yang termasuk besaran pokok adalah ...

• A.

Luas

• B.

Panjang

• C.

Volume

• D.

Berat

• E.

Kecepatan

B. Panjang
Explanation
Besaran pokok adalah besaran dasar yang tidak dapat dinyatakan dalam kombinasi atau perpaduan dari besaran lainnya. Dalam daftar yang diberikan, hanya "panjang" yang termasuk dalam kategori ini. Luas, volume, berat, dan kecepatan merupakan besaran turunan yang dapat dihitung atau diukur dengan menggunakan besaran pokok seperti panjang.

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• 7.

• A.

Joule

• B.

Watt

• C.

Pascal

• D.

Volt

• E.

Newton

E. Newton
Explanation
The correct answer is Newton because Newton is the unit of force in the International System of Units (SI). It is named after Sir Isaac Newton, who made significant contributions to the field of physics and formulated the laws of motion. The unit Newton is defined as the force required to accelerate a one-kilogram mass by one meter per second squared. It is commonly used to measure forces in various scientific and engineering applications.

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• 8.

### Penggunaan alat gambar rapido, dipakai untuk menggambar garis-garis konstruksi pada ...

• A.

Kertas duplikator

• B.

Karton manila

• C.

Kertas minyak

• D.

Kertas kalkir

• E.

Kertas HVS

D. Kertas kalkir
Explanation
The correct answer is "Kertas kalkir." Kertas kalkir is commonly used for tracing or copying drawings. It is a thin, translucent paper that allows artists to transfer or duplicate their sketches onto another surface. This makes it ideal for creating construction lines or outlines in technical drawings and designs.

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• 9.

### Dalam menggambar teknik jika menggunakan rapido 0,5 berapa ukuran sablon yang dipakai ?

• A.

0.2 mm

• B.

0.3 mm

• C.

0.4 mm

• D.

0.5 mm

• E.

0.6 mm

D. 0.5 mm
Explanation
The correct answer is 0.5 mm because the question asks for the size of the stencil used when drawing with a 0.5 rapidograph pen.

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• 10.

### Proyeksi aksonometrik dibedakan menjadi 2 bagian ...

• A.

Ortografik dan perspektif

• B.

Oblique dan proyeksi majemuk

• C.

Perspektif dan aksonometrik

• D.

Dimetri dan aksonometrik

• E.

Isometrik dan dimetrik

E. Isometrik dan dimetrik
Explanation
The correct answer is "Isometrik dan dimetrik". Isometrik dan dimetrik are two types of axonometric projections. Isometric projection is a type of axonometric projection where all three axes are equally foreshortened, resulting in a distorted view of the object. Dimetric projection, on the other hand, is a type of axonometric projection where two of the three axes are foreshortened at different angles, resulting in a less distorted view compared to isometric projection. Both isometric and dimetric projections are commonly used in technical and engineering drawings to represent three-dimensional objects on a two-dimensional plane.

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• 11.

### Hubungan ambang dengan tiang kusen mempergunakan ...

• A.

Pasak dari kayu

• B.

Pen dan purus

• C.

Sponing

• D.

Pen dan lubang

• E.

Paku

D. Pen dan lubang
Explanation
The correct answer is "Pen dan lubang". This is because "pen dan lubang" refers to the use of a pen or pencil to mark the position of the hole on the threshold, and then drilling a hole in that marked position. This method is commonly used to attach the threshold to the door frame. The other options, such as "pasak dari kayu" (wooden peg), "pen dan purus" (pen and chisel), "sponing" (spooning), and "paku" (nail) are not typically used in the installation of a threshold to a door frame.

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• 12.

### Besarnya sudut kemiringan atap ditentukan berdasarkan ...

• A.

Bahan penutup atap

• B.

Lebar bentang suatu bangunan

• C.

Konstruksi bahan yang digunakan

• D.

Tinggi dari tiang kuda-kuda

• E.

Panjang jurai

A. Bahan penutup atap
Explanation
The correct answer is "Bahan penutup atap". The angle of roof slope is determined by the material used to cover the roof. Different materials have different weight and flexibility, which affects the angle at which the roof needs to be constructed in order to provide proper drainage and stability.

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• 13.

### Penutup atap dipikul oleh konstruksi kuda-kuda. dalam penggambaran denah rencana atap susunan kayu adalah ...

• A.

Balok tembok, gording, usuk dan reng

• B.

Papan bubungan, usuk, gording dan balok tembok

• C.

Reng, papan bubungan, usuk dan gording

• D.

Reng, usuk, gording, dan kaki kuda-kuda

• E.

Genting, reng, usuk dan balok tembok

D. Reng, usuk, gording, dan kaki kuda-kuda
Explanation
The correct answer is "Reng, usuk, gording, dan kaki kuda-kuda". This is because the question is asking for the arrangement of wooden roof structures, and "reng" (rafters), "usuk" (purlins), "gording" (collar beams), and "kaki kuda-kuda" (rafter feet) are all components commonly used in this type of construction. The other options do not include all of these necessary elements.

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• 14.

### Ukuran kertas gambar A2 adalah ...

• A.

210 x 297 mm

• B.

297 x 420 mm

• C.

420 x 594 mm

• D.

594 x 841 mm

• E.

841 x 11897 mm

C. 420 x 594 mm
Explanation
The correct answer is 420 x 594 mm. This is because A2 paper size is defined as 420 x 594 mm according to the ISO 216 standard. The dimensions of A2 paper are half the size of A1 paper and double the size of A3 paper.

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• 15.

### Pemasangan keramik pada bidang vertikal dimulai dari ...

• A.

Atas ke bawah

• B.

Kiri ke kanan

• C.

Kana ke kiri

• D.

Tengah-tengah ke atas

• E.

Bawah ke atas

E. Bawah ke atas
Explanation
The correct answer is "Bawah ke atas" which means "from bottom to top" in English. This is the correct way to install ceramic tiles on a vertical surface. Starting from the bottom and working your way up ensures that the tiles are properly aligned and supported. It also helps to prevent any potential damage or displacement of the tiles during the installation process.

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• 16.

### Menentukan lebar tangga harus dipertimbangkan berdasarkan ...

• A.

Fungsi tangga

• B.

Tinggi langit-langit

• C.

Ruang gerak orang

• D.

Model tanggal

• E.

Tinggi bordes

A. Fungsi tangga
Explanation
The width of the staircase should be determined based on its function. The function of the staircase refers to how it will be used and what purpose it serves. This could include factors such as the amount of foot traffic it will receive, whether it needs to accommodate furniture or objects being carried up or down, and any specific requirements for accessibility or safety. Considering the function of the staircase ensures that it is designed to meet the specific needs and requirements of its intended use.

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• 17.

### Dalam gambar denah tangga, perletakkan railling tangga digambar dengan ...

• A.

Garis putus-putus

• B.

Garis lurus tebal

• C.

Garis lurus dobel

• D.

Garis titik strip

• E.

Garis lurus tebal dobel

C. Garis lurus dobel
Explanation
The correct answer is "Garis lurus dobel" because in the context of a staircase railing, "garis lurus dobel" refers to a double straight line. This means that the railing is depicted as two parallel straight lines, indicating the presence of a railing on both sides of the staircase.

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• 18.

### Beban yang diterima tiang kuda-kuda adalah ...

• A.

1/3 berat atap

• B.

1/3 berat kuda-kuda

• C.

1/5 berat atap

• D.

1/5 berat kuda-kuda

• E.

Nol

E. Nol
Explanation
The explanation for the given correct answer is that the load received by the horse-leg column is zero. This means that the horse-leg column does not bear any weight from the roof or the truss.

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• 19.

### Selisih diameter batang paku keling dengan lobangnya adalah ...

• A.

1.5 mm

• B.

1.0 mm

• C.

0.8 mm

• D.

0.6 mm

• E.

0.5 mm

E. 0.5 mm
Explanation
The correct answer is 0.5 mm because the question is asking for the difference between the diameter of the nail and the hole. The difference is the amount by which the diameter of the nail is smaller than the diameter of the hole. Therefore, the correct answer is 0.5 mm, indicating that the diameter of the nail is 0.5 mm smaller than the diameter of the hole.

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• 20.

### Alat penyambung yang bisa dipakai pada sambungan konstruksi tangga baja adalah...

• A.

Paku dan lem

• B.

Lem dan baut

• C.

Baut dan las

• D.

Pasak dan paku

• E.

Las dan Paku

C. Baut dan las
Explanation
Baut dan las adalah alat penyambung yang bisa digunakan pada sambungan konstruksi tangga baja. Baut digunakan untuk mengencangkan sambungan dengan memasukkan baut pada lubang yang telah disediakan dan kemudian memasang mur pada ujung baut. Las, di sisi lain, menggunakan panas untuk menyatukan dua bagian logam menjadi satu. Kombinasi baut dan las memberikan kekuatan dan stabilitas pada sambungan konstruksi tangga baja.

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• 21.

### Balok tarik kuda-kuda menggunakan sambungan ....

• A.

Bibir lurus berkait

• B.

Bibir miring berkait

• C.

Bibir mulut ikan

• D.

Bibir miring lurus

• E.

Lidah lurus mulut ikan

B. Bibir miring berkait
Explanation
The correct answer is "Bibir miring berkait". This is because when pulling a lever, it is important to have a secure and strong connection between the lever and the object being pulled. The "bibir miring berkait" or slanted lips with hooks provide a better grip and ensure that the lever does not slip or come loose while in use. This type of connection is commonly used in various mechanical and engineering applications to enhance stability and efficiency.

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• 22.

### Jarak antara kuda-kuda dengan kuda-kuda yang lain tidak boleh lebih dari ...

• A.

3 m

• B.

3,5 m

• C.

4 m

• D.

4,5 m

• E.

5 m

A. 3 m
Explanation
The correct answer is 3 m because the question is asking for the maximum distance allowed between the beams. This means that the distance between any two beams cannot exceed 3 m.

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• 23.

• A.

Bawah

• B.

Tengah

• C.

Atas

• D.

Samping kiri

• E.

Samping kanan

A. Bawah
Explanation
The main reinforcement in the floor plate is installed at the bottom to provide support and strength to the structure. This is because the bottom part of the floor plate is subjected to the most load and pressure, so it requires additional reinforcement to ensure its stability and durability.

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• 24.

### Jarak bersih minimal pada penulangan plat di lapangan adalah .... cm

• A.

2

• B.

3

• C.

5

• D.

12

• E.

15

C. 5
Explanation
The minimum clear distance in reinforcing a plate on the field is 5 cm. This means that there should be a minimum distance of 5 cm between the reinforcement bars in order to ensure proper strength and stability of the plate. Having a smaller distance may result in a weaker structure, while a larger distance may lead to insufficient reinforcement. Therefore, 5 cm is the appropriate minimum clear distance for reinforcing a plate.

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• 25.

### Dalam setiap deret pada sambungan konstruksi baja dapat dipasang paku keling maksimal sebanyak ..... buah paku

• A.

2

• B.

4

• C.

6

• D.

8

• E.

10

B. 4
Explanation
The given answer of 4 is correct because in each series of steel construction joints, a maximum of 4 nails can be installed.

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• 26.

### Kaki kuda-kuda dipasang menghubungkan ....

• A.

Sokong dengan balok tarik

• B.

Tiang kuda-kuda dengan balok tarik

• C.

Tiang kuda-kuda dengan sokong

• D.

Balok tarik dengan balok bubungan

• E.

Tiang kuda-kuda dengan bubungan

B. Tiang kuda-kuda dengan balok tarik
Explanation
The correct answer is "Tiang kuda-kuda dengan balok tarik." This is because "tiang kuda-kuda" refers to the vertical support beams, while "balok tarik" refers to the horizontal beams that connect and support the vertical beams. Therefore, the correct answer states that the vertical support beams are connected with the horizontal beams for added support.

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• 27.

### Balok tarik pada konstruksi kuda-kuda diletakkan ...

• A.

Di atas balok tembok

• B.

Di atas balok nook

• C.

Di bawah balok nook

• D.

Di bawah balok tembok

• E.

Di atas tembok

D. Di bawah balok tembok
Explanation
The correct answer is "di bawah balok tembok". This means that the beam is placed below the wall beam. Placing the beam below the wall beam provides stability and support to the structure.

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• 28.

### Tebal plat atap yang baik adalah ..... cm

• A.

6

• B.

8

• C.

10

• D.

12

• E.

15

B. 8
Explanation
A good thickness for roof plate is 8 cm.

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• 29.

### Tulangan minimal untuk konstruksi balok/kolom adalah ..... mm

• A.

10

• B.

12

• C.

16

• D.

19

• E.

20

B. 12
Explanation
The minimum reinforcement for construction of beams/columns is typically 12 mm. This is because a smaller diameter reinforcement may not provide sufficient strength and stability to the structure. Additionally, a larger diameter reinforcement may not be necessary and could result in unnecessary costs. Therefore, 12 mm is the ideal minimum size for reinforcement in these types of constructions.

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• 30.

### Ukuran usuk biasanya ..... cm

• A.

2/3

• B.

3/4

• C.

5/7

• D.

6/12

• E.

2/20

C. 5/7
Explanation
The correct answer is 5/7 because it is the most reasonable and commonly used measurement for the given question. The other options do not make sense in the context of "ukuran usuk" (which could mean "needle size" in Indonesian). Therefore, 5/7 is the most appropriate answer.

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• 31.

### Perhatikan gambar berikut! Besarnya  gaya di L1 adalah

• A.

100 N

• B.

200 N

• C.

300 N

• D.

400 N

• E.

500 N

E. 500 N
Explanation
Based on the given picture, the force on L1 can be determined by looking at the length of the arrow representing the force. The longer the arrow, the greater the force. In this case, the arrow on L1 is the longest compared to the other arrows, indicating that the force on L1 is the greatest. Therefore, the correct answer is 500 N.

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• 32.

### Perhatikan gambar berikut!Gaya reaksi tumpuan di titik A dan B adalah .....

• A.

200 Kg dan 100 Kg

• B.

150 Kg dan 200 Kg

• C.

100 Kg dan 200 Kg

• D.

200 Kg dan 150 Kg

• E.

250 Kg dan 300 Kg

C. 100 Kg dan 200 Kg
Explanation
The correct answer is 100 Kg dan 200 Kg. This is because the reaction force at point A is equal to the weight of the object placed on it, which is 100 Kg. The reaction force at point B is the sum of the weight of the object and the weight of the additional load placed on it, which is 100 Kg + 100 Kg = 200 Kg.

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• 33.

### Perhatikan gambar berikut!Besar momen di titik C = ........

• A.

80 Kgm

• B.

90 Kgm

• C.

100 Kgm

• D.

110 Kgm

• E.

120 Kgm

E. 120 Kgm
• 34.

• A.

320 x 426 mm

• B.

300 x 424 mm

• C.

298 x 422 mm

• D.

297 x 420 mm

• E.

290 x 415 mm

D. 297 x 420 mm
Explanation
The correct answer is 297 x 420 mm. The A3 paper size is standardized at 297 x 420 mm according to ISO 216. This size is commonly used for posters, drawings, and architectural plans.

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• 35.

### Gambar proyeksi yang mempunyai tiga ukuran disebut proyeksi ...

• A.

Dimetri

• B.

Trimetri

• C.

Isometri

• D.

Orto grafik

• E.

Miring

B. Trimetri
Explanation
The term "trimetri" refers to a projection that has three dimensions. This means that the projection includes length, width, and height, allowing for a more accurate representation of the object or scene being projected. The other options, such as "dimetri" (which refers to a projection with two dimensions) and "isometri" (which refers to a projection with equal measurements in all three dimensions), do not accurately describe a projection with three dimensions. "Orto grafik" and "miring" are not relevant to the concept of projection dimensions.

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• 36.

### Untuk menggambar sketsa, menggunakan jenis pensil dengan kekerasan...

• A.

HB

• B.

F

• C.

B

• D.

H

• E.

2H

A. HB
Explanation
HB is the correct answer because HB refers to the hardness of the pencil lead. HB is a medium hardness pencil that is commonly used for sketching. It provides a good balance between being hard enough to create fine lines and soft enough to create shading and tonal variations. Pencils with higher hardness (such as 2H) are lighter and create lighter lines, while pencils with lower hardness (such as B) are softer and create darker lines. F and B are not the correct answers as they refer to different hardness levels.

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• 37.

### Sebidang tanah berukuran (40x60) m. Bila hasil ukuran dalam penggambaran (60 x 90) cm, maka skala yang dipakai dalam penggambaran adalah...

• A.

1 : 150

• B.

1 : 100

• C.

1 : 50

• D.

1 : 25

• E.

1 : 10

A. 1 : 150
Explanation
The given question states that a plot of land measures 40x60 meters. The question then asks for the scale used in the drawing if the measurement in the drawing is 60x90 cm. To find the scale, we need to compare the actual measurement to the measurement in the drawing. Since the actual measurement is in meters and the measurement in the drawing is in centimeters, we need to convert the actual measurement to centimeters. 40 meters is equal to 4000 centimeters and 60 meters is equal to 6000 centimeters. Now, we can calculate the scale by dividing the measurement in the drawing by the actual measurement: 6000/90 = 66.67 and 4000/60 = 66.67. Therefore, the scale used in the drawing is 1 : 150.

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• 38.

### Judul gambar dan skala gambar ditulis di sebelah....

• A.

Atas gambar

• B.

Samping kiri gambar

• C.

Tengah gambar

• D.

Bawah gambar

• E.

Samping kanan gambar

D. Bawah gambar
Explanation
The correct answer is "bawah gambar" because it is stated that the "judul gambar dan skala gambar" should be written "di sebelah bawah gambar." This means that the title of the image and the scale of the image should be placed below the image.

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• 39.

### Toolbar yang berfungsi untuk memperbesar atau memperkecil obyek adalah ....

• A.

Move

• B.

Offset

• C.

Rotate

• D.

Scale

• E.

Line

D. Scale
Explanation
The correct answer is "scale". The scale toolbar function is used to enlarge or reduce the size of an object. This tool allows users to proportionally adjust the dimensions of an object, either making it larger or smaller. It is commonly used in graphic design and editing software to resize images, shapes, or text.

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• 40.

### Untuk mempersiapkan macam-macam jenis text, dilakukan melalui cara ...

• A.

Format, text style, pilih huruf, OK

• B.

Format, dimention style, pilih huruf, new, ketik kode, OK

• C.

Format, text style, pilih huruf, new, ketik kode, OK

• D.

Format, dimention style, new, OK

• E.

Format, text style, pilih huruf, new, OK

C. Format, text style, pilih huruf, new, ketik kode, OK
Explanation
The explanation for the given correct answer is that in order to prepare various types of text, the steps involved are: selecting the format, choosing the text style, selecting the desired font, creating a new text style, entering a specific code, and finally confirming the changes by clicking OK. This process allows for customization and flexibility in creating different types of text.

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• 41.

### Untuk membuat arsiran dalam program AutoCad digunakan perintah ...

• A.

Hatch

• B.

Trim

• C.

Multi line

• D.

Circle

• E.

Arc

A. Hatch
Explanation
The correct answer is "hatch." In AutoCad, the hatch command is used to create a pattern or fill within a closed area. It is commonly used to represent materials, such as brick or wood, in architectural drawings. By selecting the hatch command, users can choose from a variety of predefined patterns or create custom ones. This command helps to enhance the visual representation of objects in AutoCad drawings.

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• 42.

### Untuk mengecek ketebalan garis yang berada dalam layer digunakan perintah ...

• A.

Line

• B.

Line type

• C.

Line color

• D.

Line style

• E.

Line weight

E. Line weight
Explanation
The correct answer is "line weight" because it is used to check the thickness of lines within a layer. This allows users to adjust the thickness of lines to their desired appearance.

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• 43.

• A.

File klik plot - plot device - klik none - pilih jenis printer yang terpasang

• B.

File klik plot - plot - plot device - klik none - pilih jenis printer yang terpasang

• C.

File klik plot - plot device v klik custom - pilih jenis printer yang terpasang

• D.

File klik plot - window - klik none - pilih jenis printer yang terpasang

• E.

File klik plot - plot setting - klik none - pilih jenis printer yang terpasang

A. File klik plot - plot device - klik none - pilih jenis printer yang terpasang
Explanation
The correct answer is "file klik plot - plot device - klik none - pilih jenis printer yang terpasang". This is the correct sequence of steps to select a printer for printing. First, the user needs to click on "file" and then select "plot" from the dropdown menu. Next, they should choose "plot device" and then click on "none" to deselect any previously selected printer. Finally, they can choose the desired printer from the available options.

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• 44.

### Sumbu ordinat yang tidak pernah digunakan pada penggambaran 2D tetapi mutlak digunakan pada penggambaran 3D adalah sumbu ...

• A.

V

• B.

W

• C.

X

• D.

Y

• E.

Z

E. Z
Explanation
The correct answer is Z because in 2D drawings, only the x-axis and y-axis are used to represent the horizontal and vertical directions respectively. However, in 3D drawings, the z-axis is also used to represent the depth or height dimension. Therefore, the z-axis is not used in 2D drawings but is essential in 3D drawings.

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• 45.

• A.

Sphere

• B.

Wedge

• C.

Cone

• D.

Cylinder

• E.

Torus

A. Sphere
Explanation
The correct answer is "sphere" because a sphere is a three-dimensional object that is perfectly round in shape, with all points on its surface equidistant from its center. In AutoCAD 3D, the "sphere" command is used to create a solid sphere shape.

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• 46.

### Apabila sebuah bentuk padat dinding ingin diberi lubang angin seperti tabung, perintah pengurangan tersebut dalam AutoCad 3D adalah ...

• A.

Box

• B.

Cylinder

• C.

Subtraction

• D.

Union

• E.

Intersection

C. Subtraction
Explanation
The correct answer is "subtraction". In AutoCad 3D, when a solid object needs to be given an opening or a hole like a cylinder in a wall, the command used is "subtraction". This command allows the user to subtract one solid object from another, creating a void or hole in the desired shape.

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• 47.

• A.

Box

• B.

Sphere

• C.

Torus

• D.

Cylinder

• E.

Cone

E. Cone
Explanation
The correct answer is "cone". In AutoCad, to draw a cone, we need to use the "cone" command. The "cone" command allows us to create a three-dimensional cone shape by specifying the base radius and height of the cone. This command is specifically designed for creating cones in AutoCad.

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• 48.

### Diameter tulangan ekstra (montage) untuk balok tinggi (tinggi balok 90 cm atau lebih) untuk baja lunak adalah ...

• A.

12 mm

• B.

10 mm

• C.

8 mm

• D.

7 mm

• E.

6 mm

A. 12 mm
Explanation
The correct answer is 12 mm because when constructing high beams (with a height of 90 cm or more) using soft steel, extra reinforcement is required to ensure the structural integrity and strength of the beam. A larger diameter of 12 mm is needed to provide the necessary support and prevent potential failure or collapse of the beam under heavy loads or stress.

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• 49.

### Fungsi utama pondasi yang harus memikul berat sendiri dan berat bangunan maka syarat pondasi antara lain ...

• A.

Diberi tulangan besi untuk memperkuat kontruksi

• B.

Konstruksi pondasi harus berukuran sesuai dan terletak pada kedalaman 60-80 cm

• C.

Dikenakan campuran 1 : 2 : 3 untuk adukan yang dipakai

• D.

Perlu dilakukan teknik sondir untuk mengetahui daya dukung tanah

• E.

Diharuskan melakukan pemadatan tanah terlebih dahulu

B. Konstruksi pondasi harus berukuran sesuai dan terletak pada kedalaman 60-80 cm
Explanation
The correct answer is "konstruksi pondasi harus berukuran sesuai dan terletak pada kedalaman 60-80 cm". This is because the main function of a foundation is to support the weight of the building and its own weight. Therefore, the size of the foundation must be appropriate and it should be located at a depth of 60-80 cm to ensure stability and strength.

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• 50.

### Pada rencana pondasi, panjang 20 m sedangkan ukuran bagian atas 25 cm, bagian bawah 80 cm dan kedalaman 90 cm maka volume pondasi tersebut adalah ...

• A.

9,45 m3

• B.

19,5 m3

• C.

21,5 m3

• D.

28,3 m3

• E.

30,6 m3

A. 9,45 m3
Explanation
The volume of a foundation can be calculated by multiplying its length, width, and depth. In this case, the length is given as 20 m, the top dimension is 25 cm (or 0.25 m), the bottom dimension is 80 cm (or 0.8 m), and the depth is 90 cm (or 0.9 m). By multiplying these values together, we get a volume of 9.45 m3.

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• Current Version
• Mar 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Feb 23, 2010
Quiz Created by
Wiyant