A consortium of nations to govern China
International acknowledgement of China’s right to exclude the trade of any nation
Recognition of Chinese territorial gains in Manchuria
Reduction of foreign tariffs on Chinese goods
equal commercial access by all nations to the existing spheres of influence in China
An aristocracy posed no danger to the Republic
The National Republicans alone knew what was right for the people
Political participation by the common man should be increased
Political rights should be granted to women
Franchise restrictions should be racially neutral
Respond positively to the recent Latin American revolutions
Rule out United States involvement in South America
Provide a rationale for United States intervention in the Isthmus of Panama
Warn European nations against further colonial ventures in the Western Hemisphere
Encourage Britain to help the fledgling Latin America states
Turnpikes and canals
Railroads and steamships
Turnpikes and railroads
Clipper ships and turnpikes
Canals and railroads
Each was given 40 acres of land and a mule by the Union government.
All were immediately granted political equality by the Emancipation Proclamation.
The majority entered sharecropping arrangements with former masters or other nearby planters.
They were required to pass a literacy test before being granted United States citizenship.
They supported the passage of Black Codes to ensure their economic and political rights.
The restoration of the power of the federal judiciary
The legality of the national banking system
The political and legal status of the former Confederate states
The relationship between the United States and Britain
The proposed annexation of Columbia
Denounced business combinations in restraint of trade
Sanctioned separate but equal public facilities for African Americans
Declared that the Fourteenth Amendment applied principally to the protection of corporations
Defined the Constitution as color blind
Empowered Congress to cancel treaties with American Indian tribes unilaterally
City mobs raided flour supplies in Philadelphia
Debt-ridden farmers attacked courts in western Massachusetts
Indians raided frontier settlements in Virginia
Squatters terrorized proprietors in New York
Vigilantes in South Carolina patrolled the frontier
Improvement in the manners of the lower classes
Faith in human capacity to achieve a better life on earth through conscious acts of will
The rewards of church membership and regular attendance at Sunday services
Allegiance to the political tenets of Jacksonian Democracy
Belief in the inevitability of economic progress
Freedom of the seas
Freedom of speech
The institution of slavery
Presidential power in foreign affairs
They were willing to accept slavery where it existed but opposed further expansion to the territories.
They were active supporters of complete abolition.
They favored continued importation of slaves from Africa.
They advocated expansion of the slave system to provide cheap labor for northern factories.
They advocated complete social and political equality for all races in the United States.
It established that Congress had the sole right to formulate national legislation
It supported Thomas Jefferson in his claim to have “executive review.”
It backed William Marbury in his request for a bank carrier.
It affirmed the principle of judicial review.
It determined the Senate’s right to “advise and consent.”
Women would be responsible for raising their children, especially their sons, to be virtuous citizens of the young republic
Voting would soon become a privilege granted to educated and/or married women
The first duty of mothers was to serve the needs of the government
Wives and mothers would be welcome in the emerging political parties
Women’s virtues had been the inspiration for the ideals of the Revolution
It opened the Mississippi River permanently to western farmers.
It ended the threat of American Indian raids on western settlements.
It was made possible by the failure of Napoleon’s forces to suppress a slave revolt in Haiti.
It showed Jefferson’s considerable flexibility in dealing with foreign policy.
It violated Jefferson’s own views concerning the strict construction of the Constitution.
Acknowledged the legitimacy of the Mexican government’s claim to Texas
Feared that debate over the admission of Texas would ignite controversy about slavery
Was ideologically opposed to territorial expansion
Could find no support within his own party for admitting Texas
Believed that admitting Texas would violate international law
Opposition to the further extension of slavery into the territories
Immediate emancipation of the slaves
Repeal of Whig economic policies
Restriction of immigration
Acknowledgement of popular sovereignty as the basis for organizing federal territories
Fundamentalist religious beliefs
Neutral stance toward the belligerents of the First World War
Advocacy of free and unlimited coinage of silver
Opposition to teaching the theory of evolution in public schools
Excessively cold winters
Federal recognition of American Indian land claims
A drop in cattle prices at stockyards
Production of crops for distant markets
labor organizer and Socialist Party activist
Leader of the People’s Party
Reformer who encouraged new immigrants to homestead
Playwright whose dramas celebrated the assimilation of immigrants into American society
Journalist and photographer who publicized the wretched conditions in which many immigrants lived
The acquisition of Puerto Rico for colonization by emancipated slaves
A movement of free African Americans to Haiti
The passage of a federal law increasing the severity of punishments for slave rebellions
An increased fear of slave revolts in the South
A military expedition of southern slaveholders to restore French rule in Haiti
They were primarily engaged in military campaigns west of the Mississippi.
They were limited to combat duty.
They were barred from receiving awards for valor in combat.
For most of the war, they were paid less than white soldiers of equal rank.
For most of the war, they were led by African American officers.
Seek state regulation of railways
Limit production of crops
Organize cooperative marketing societies
Form a third political party
Advocate inflation of the currency
Request troops from states
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