Sociology -- Chapter One

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 120

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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

Final 05. 02. 12


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements would NOT be considered a part of the definition of the discipline of sociology?
    • A. 

      It is a scientific study

    • B. 

      It studies societies

    • C. 

      It studies human social behavior

    • D. 

      It studies human genetic predispositions

    • E. 

      All of the above are part of the definition

  • 2. 
    The basic premise of sociology is that human behavior
    • A. 

      Is largely determined by our biological behavior

    • B. 

      Is largely determined by the groups to which people belong and by the societies in which they live

    • C. 

      Is largely determined by our personalities, which are fully formed early in life

    • D. 

      Is a product of many unrelated decisions, making human life largely unpredictable

    • E. 

      Is unrelated to the kind of society in which a person lives

  • 3. 
    To say that science is objective means that
    • A. 

      Scientists have no personal values

    • B. 

      Scientists can set aside their personal values in order to discover the truth

    • C. 

      Replication is no longer necessary in science

    • D. 

      Science is a foolproof way to achieve knowledge

    • E. 

      Scientists strive to prevent their personal values from affecting their investigations

  • 4. 
    The term macrosociology refers to theoretical perspectives in sociology that
    • A. 

      Derive from the functionalist perspective

    • B. 

      Focus on the intimate level of everyday interactions between people

    • C. 

      Focus on people's ability to use symbols and to interpret social meanings in social interaction

    • D. 

      Are used mostly in the field of applied sociology

    • E. 

      Focus on large groups and social institutions and on society as a whole

  • 5. 
    Which sociological perspective grew out of the similarities that early sociologist observe between society and biological organisms?
    • A. 

      The conflict perspective

    • B. 

      The commonsense perspective

    • C. 

      The interactionist perspective

    • D. 

      The sociological imagination

    • E. 

      The functionalist perspective

  • 6. 
    Which of the following statements would most likely be associated with the functionalist perspective?
    • A. 

      Change involves the redistribution of scarce resources among various interest groups

    • B. 

      Change occurs when social consensus about shared expectations breaks down

    • C. 

      People use strategies to create a sense that shared meanings exist and govern social interaction

    • D. 

      Because the parts of society are interdependent, a change in one part will probably lead to changes in other parts

    • E. 

      Change occurs out of a failure of the sociological imagination

  • 7. 
    Which sociological perspective has at its core the idea that coercion and the exercise of power are basic social mechanisms for regulating behavior and allocation resources?
    • A. 

      The functionalist perspective

    • B. 

      The sociological imagination

    • C. 

      The interactionist perspective

    • D. 

      The conflict perspective

    • E. 

      The verification perspective

  • 8. 
    A group whore members share distinctive and common concerns and whore members benefit from simlarities in policies and social practices is called
    • A. 

      A conflict group

    • B. 

      A shared consensus

    • C. 

      A social system

    • D. 

      A control group

    • E. 

      An interest group

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements would be most consistent with the interactionist perspective?
    • A. 

      Society is made up of groups struggling with one another scarce resources

    • B. 

      Social problems arise when some element in society becomes dysfunctional

    • C. 

      Society is a system made up of interrelated and interdependent parts

    • D. 

      Both manifest and latent functions are important to understanding society

    • E. 

      People are symbol manipulators who create their own world

  • 10. 
    Which sociological research method involves the collection of data by asking people questions about their behavior or attitudes?
    • A. 

      Observational techniques

    • B. 

      Experiments

    • C. 

      Surveys

    • D. 

      Reactivity

    • E. 

      Participant observation

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