Robotics Pre Assessment Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Mmmaxwell
M
Mmmaxwell
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 32 | Total Attempts: 53,189
Questions: 50 | Attempts: 8,158

SettingsSettingsSettings
Robotics Pre Assessment Quiz - Quiz

We have developed a "Robotics Pre Assessment Quiz" to check if you know the terminologies and processes required to build a robot. This quiz will test your knowledge about robots and robotics. Robotics is an important branch of computer science that deals with designing, constructing, operating, and using robots. Here, we will review your understanding of the types of gears and electronic circuits. Do you think you can answer all questions related to electronics and robotics? Play the quiz and check it now.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Gears may be used to

    • A.

      Change rotational speed.

    • B.

      Increase torque.

    • C.

      Decrease torque.

    • D.

      Change rotational direction.

    • E.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above.
    Explanation
    Gears are mechanical devices with teeth that mesh with each other to transmit power and motion. They can be used to change the rotational speed by using gears with different numbers of teeth, which affects the gear ratio. Gears can also increase torque by using larger gears to drive smaller gears, resulting in a mechanical advantage. Conversely, gears can decrease torque by using smaller gears to drive larger gears. Additionally, gears can be used to change the rotational direction by meshing gears with opposite orientations. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above."

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The electrical symbol show represents a 

    • A.

      Resistor

    • B.

      Capacitor

    • C.

      Battery

    • D.

      LED

    • E.

      Switch

    Correct Answer
    A. Resistor
    Explanation
    The given electrical symbol represents a resistor. A resistor is an electronic component that restricts the flow of electric current. It is typically used to control the amount of current flowing through a circuit and to limit voltage levels. The symbol for a resistor is a zigzag line, which is depicted in the given electrical symbol.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    A battery would most likely be rated with the following information:

    • A.

      1.5 VAC

    • B.

      1.5 VDC

    • C.

      120 Ω

    • D.

      0.5 A

    Correct Answer
    B. 1.5 VDC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1.5 VDC because VDC stands for volts direct current, which is the type of current that batteries provide. This rating indicates that the battery has a voltage output of 1.5 volts. The other options, VAC (volts alternating current), 120 Ω (ohms), and 0.5 A (amperes), are not relevant to rating a battery.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The electrical symbol show represents a 

    • A.

      Resistor

    • B.

      Capacitor

    • C.

      Battery

    • D.

      LED

    • E.

      Switch

    Correct Answer
    E. Switch
    Explanation
    The given electrical symbol represents a switch. A switch is a device used to control the flow of electricity in a circuit. It can be used to turn a circuit on or off, or to redirect the flow of electricity to different components. The symbol for a switch typically consists of a line with a small gap or break, indicating that it can be opened or closed to control the circuit.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    An LED is

    • A.

      A Light Excited Device.

    • B.

      A Light Emitting Diode.

    • C.

      Dependent on the direction of current flow.

    • D.

      Answers ‘a’ and ‘c’

    • E.

      Answers ‘b’ and ‘c’

    Correct Answer
    E. Answers ‘b’ and ‘c’
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "answers 'b' and 'c'". This means that an LED is both a Light Emitting Diode and dependent on the direction of current flow. An LED is a semiconductor device that emits light when an electric current passes through it. It is designed to allow current flow in one direction only, which means it is dependent on the direction of current flow. Therefore, the correct answer is that an LED is both a Light Emitting Diode and dependent on the direction of current flow.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The electrical symbol show represents a  

    • A.

      Resistor.

    • B.

      Capacitor.

    • C.

      Battery.

    • D.

      LED.

    • E.

      Switch.

    Correct Answer
    D. LED.
    Explanation
    The electrical symbol shown represents an LED. LEDs, or Light Emitting Diodes, are electronic components that emit light when an electric current passes through them. The symbol consists of an arrow pointing in the direction of the light emission, indicating that it is an LED.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The smallest gear in a gearbox is called

    • A.

      Rack gear

    • B.

      Wheel gear

    • C.

      Pinion gear

    • D.

      Worm gear

    • E.

      Spur gear

    Correct Answer
    C. Pinion gear
    Explanation
    A pinion gear is the smallest gear in a gearbox. It is a cylindrical gear with teeth that mesh with the teeth of a larger gear, called the rack gear or the wheel gear. The pinion gear is responsible for transmitting power and torque from the motor to the rest of the gears in the gearbox. It is commonly used in various mechanical systems and machinery to provide speed and torque conversion.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The electrical symbol show represents a  

    • A.

      Resistor.

    • B.

      Capacitor.

    • C.

      Battery.

    • D.

      LED.

    • E.

      Switch.

    Correct Answer
    C. Battery.
    Explanation
    The electrical symbol shown in the question represents a battery. This can be determined by looking at the symbol, which consists of two parallel lines representing the positive and negative terminals of the battery. The symbol for a resistor is typically a zigzag line, a capacitor is represented by two parallel lines, an LED is shown as a diode with arrows, and a switch is represented by a line with a gap.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The largest gear in a gearbox is called

    • A.

      Rack gear

    • B.

      Wheel gear

    • C.

      Pinion gear

    • D.

      Worm gear

    • E.

      Spur gear

    Correct Answer
    D. Worm gear
    Explanation
    A worm gear is the largest gear in a gearbox. It is a type of gear that consists of a screw-like shaft called a worm and a toothed wheel called a worm wheel. The worm gear is designed to transmit motion at a right angle and is commonly used in applications where a large gear reduction ratio is required. It offers high torque and smooth operation, making it suitable for heavy-duty machinery and automotive applications.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The electrical symbol show represents a   

    • A.

      Resistor.

    • B.

      Capacitor.

    • C.

      Battery.

    • D.

      LED.

    • E.

      Switch.

    Correct Answer
    B. Capacitor.
    Explanation
    The electrical symbol shown in the question represents a capacitor. A capacitor is an electronic component used to store and release electrical energy. It consists of two conductive plates separated by an insulating material, and the symbol used to represent it in circuit diagrams is a pair of parallel lines.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    The simple circuit shown is an example of a 

    • A.

      Series-circuit.

    • B.

      Amplifier circuit.

    • C.

      Parallel-circuit.

    • D.

      Logic circuit

    • E.

      Voltage-current circuit.

    Correct Answer
    C. Parallel-circuit.
    Explanation
    The simple circuit shown consists of multiple components connected in such a way that there are multiple paths for the current to flow. In a parallel circuit, the voltage across each component remains the same, while the current is divided among the components. This is evident in the given circuit where there are multiple branches connected to the same voltage source. Therefore, the correct answer is parallel-circuit.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    A gear with radial teeth that meshes with a similar gear having a parallel axis is called

    • A.

      Rack gear

    • B.

      Wheel gear

    • C.

      Pinion gear

    • D.

      Worm gear

    • E.

      Spur gear

    Correct Answer
    E. Spur gear
    Explanation
    A gear with radial teeth that meshes with a similar gear having a parallel axis is called a spur gear. Spur gears are the most common type of gears and are used in various applications such as in machinery, automobiles, and appliances. They have straight teeth that are parallel to the gear axis, which allows for smooth and efficient power transmission between parallel shafts. Spur gears are known for their simplicity, reliability, and ease of manufacturing, making them widely used in many industries.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The simple circuit shown is an example of a 

    • A.

      Series circuit

    • B.

      Amplifier circuit

    • C.

      Parallel circuit

    • D.

      Logic circuit

    • E.

      Voltage-current circuit

    Correct Answer
    A. Series circuit
    Explanation
    The simple circuit shown is an example of a series circuit. In a series circuit, the components are connected in a single path, one after the other. The current flows through each component in the same direction, and the total resistance is equal to the sum of the individual resistances. In this circuit, the components are connected in a series, with the current passing through each one before reaching the end.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    A gear with angled teeth transmitting torque between non-parallel and non-intersecting axes is called a

    • A.

      Rack gear.

    • B.

      Wheel gear.

    • C.

      Pinion gear.

    • D.

      Worm gear.

    • E.

      Spur gear.

    Correct Answer
    D. Worm gear.
    Explanation
    A gear with angled teeth that transmits torque between non-parallel and non-intersecting axes is called a worm gear. The unique design of a worm gear allows for high gear reduction ratios and provides smooth and precise motion. The angled teeth of the worm gear mesh with the teeth of a worm wheel, creating a sliding action that transfers rotational motion. This type of gear is commonly used in applications where a large reduction ratio is required, such as in machinery and automotive systems.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    If gear one (G1) drives gear two (G2), gear two will have a 

    • A.

      Faster speed in opposite rotational direction.

    • B.

      Slower speed in same rotational direction.

    • C.

      Same speed in opposite rotational direction.

    • D.

      Slower speed in opposite rotational direction.

    • E.

      Faster speed in same rotational direction.

    Correct Answer
    A. Faster speed in opposite rotational direction.
    Explanation
    When gear one (G1) drives gear two (G2), gear two will have a faster speed in the opposite rotational direction. This is because when G1 rotates, it transfers its rotational motion to G2 through their meshing teeth. Since G1 is driving G2, G2 will rotate in the opposite direction. Additionally, G2 will rotate faster because the number of teeth on G2 is smaller than the number of teeth on G1, resulting in a higher rotational speed.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    A student uses a multimeter to measure a battery’s voltage and obtains the value

    • A.

      3.0 VDC

    • B.

      120 VAC.

    • C.

      470 Ω.

    • D.

      1.5 A.

    • E.

      300 µf.

    Correct Answer
    A. 3.0 VDC
    Explanation
    The student used a multimeter to measure the voltage of a battery and obtained a reading of 3.0 VDC. This means that the battery has a direct current (DC) voltage of 3.0 volts.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    A student uses a multimeter to measure current and obtains the value

    • A.

      3.0 VDC

    • B.

      120 VAC.

    • C.

      470 Ω.

    • D.

      1.5 A.

    • E.

      300 µf.

    Correct Answer
    D. 1.5 A.
    Explanation
    The multimeter is used to measure current, and the value obtained is 1.5 A.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    A robot has an average speed of 4.0 in/s.  How long will it take the robot to travel 60 in? 

    • A.

      64s

    • B.

      240s

    • C.

      60s

    • D.

      15s

    • E.

      30s

    Correct Answer
    D. 15s
    Explanation
    The robot has an average speed of 4.0 in/s. To find the time it takes for the robot to travel 60 in, we can use the formula: time = distance / speed. Plugging in the values, we get: time = 60 in / 4.0 in/s = 15s. Therefore, it will take the robot 15 seconds to travel 60 inches.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    If a resistor has color bands yellow-violet-brown-gold (see chart below), its rated value would be.

    • A.

      4700 Ω ± 5%

    • B.

      110 Ω ± 5%

    • C.

      470 Ω ± 5%

    • D.

      174 Ω ± 5%

    • E.

      280 Ω ± 5%

    Correct Answer
    C. 470 Ω ± 5%
    Explanation
    The color bands on a resistor indicate its value. In this case, the colors yellow, violet, and brown correspond to the numbers 4, 7, and 0, respectively, according to the chart. The gold band represents the tolerance, which is ± 5%. Therefore, the rated value of the resistor is 470 Ω with a tolerance of ± 5%.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    What is the 4-band color coding for a 120 Ω resistor with a 10% tolerance?

    • A.

      Black-brown-red-silver

    • B.

      Brown-red-black-gold

    • C.

      Brown-black-orange-red

    • D.

      Brown-red-brown-silver

    • E.

      Red-black-brown-brown

    Correct Answer
    D. Brown-red-brown-silver
    Explanation
    The 4-band color coding for a resistor consists of the first band representing the first digit, the second band representing the second digit, the third band representing the multiplier, and the fourth band representing the tolerance. In this case, the first band is brown, representing the digit 1, the second band is red, representing the digit 2, the third band is brown, representing a multiplier of 10, and the fourth band is silver, representing a tolerance of 10%. Therefore, the correct answer is brown-red-brown-silver.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    A student uses a multimeter to measure resistance and obtains the value

    • A.

      3.0 VDC.

    • B.

      120 VAC.

    • C.

      470 Ω.

    • D.

      1.5 A.

    • E.

      300 µf.

    Correct Answer
    C. 470 Ω.
    Explanation
    The student uses a multimeter to measure resistance and obtains a value of 470 Ω. This means that the resistance of the circuit being measured is 470 ohms.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Asimov’s short story Runaround is significant because it

    • A.

      Was the first robot story.

    • B.

      Introduced the Rules of Robotics.

    • C.

      Used the term ‘robotics’.

    • D.

      Answers ‘a’ and ‘c’.

    • E.

      Answers ‘b’ and ‘c’.

    Correct Answer
    E. Answers ‘b’ and ‘c’.
    Explanation
    Asimov's short story Runaround is significant because it used the term 'robotics' and introduced the Rules of Robotics. This story marked the first use of the term 'robotics' and also introduced the famous set of rules that govern the behavior of robots in Asimov's fictional universe. Therefore, the correct answer is 'b' and 'c', as both options accurately describe the significance of the story.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    The word robot comes from the Czech term robota meaning    

    • A.

      Mechanical man.

    • B.

      Forced laborer or serf.

    • C.

      Mechatronics.

    • D.

      Man servant.

    • E.

      Indentured servant.

    Correct Answer
    B. Forced laborer or serf.
    Explanation
    The word robot comes from the Czech term "robota" which means forced laborer or serf. This term was first used in a play by Karel Capek called "R.U.R." in 1920, where robots were depicted as artificial beings that were created to serve and perform laborious tasks. The term "robota" was chosen to emphasize the idea of these beings being treated as workers or slaves. Therefore, the correct answer is forced laborer or serf.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Which characteristics define a robot?  

    • A.

      Multifunction ability

    • B.

      Ability to be programmed

    • C.

      Autonomous operation

    • D.

      All of the above

    • E.

      ‘b’ and ‘c’ only

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the above options define the characteristics of a robot. A robot is a machine that has multifunction ability, meaning it can perform various tasks. It can also be programmed to execute specific commands or tasks. Additionally, a robot has the capability of autonomous operation, which means it can operate independently without human intervention. Therefore, all of these qualities are essential in defining a robot.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    The fictional characters Robocop, Data (of Star Trek) and R2D2 (of Star Wars) are

    • A.

      A cyborg, android and robot, respectively.

    • B.

      A robot, android and cyborg, respectively.

    • C.

      An android, robot and cyborg, respectively.

    • D.

      A robot, cyborg and android, respectively.

    • E.

      An android, cyborg and robot, respectively.

    Correct Answer
    A. A cyborg, android and robot, respectively.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a cyborg, android and robot, respectively." This answer correctly identifies the fictional characters as different types of artificial beings. Robocop is a cyborg, which means he is a combination of both human and machine components. Data is an android, which means he is a fully artificial being designed to resemble a human. R2D2 is a robot, which means he is a machine designed to perform tasks autonomously.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    A measurement is made up from       

    • A.

      Known values and estimated values.

    • B.

      At least one known value and only one estimated value.

    • C.

      At least 3 significant figures.

    • D.

      Values dependent on the accuracy of the measurement.

    Correct Answer
    B. At least one known value and only one estimated value.
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that a measurement is typically composed of both known values and estimated values. Known values are those that are precisely determined or can be obtained from reliable sources, while estimated values are approximations based on observations or calculations. In this case, the correct answer states that a measurement must have at least one known value (to provide a reference point) and only one estimated value (to account for any uncertainties or limitations in the measurement process).

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    An electric circuit must have the following component(s)

    • A.

      An electron source

    • B.

      An electrical pathway

    • C.

      An electrical load

    • D.

      Components ‘a’ & ‘b’

    • E.

      Components ‘a’, ‘b’ & ‘c’

    Correct Answer
    E. Components ‘a’, ‘b’ & ‘c’
    Explanation
    An electric circuit must have an electron source, an electrical pathway, and an electrical load. These three components are necessary for the flow of electrons through the circuit. The electron source provides the electrons, the electrical pathway allows the electrons to flow through the circuit, and the electrical load consumes the electrical energy. Therefore, all three components are essential for the functioning of an electric circuit.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    Determine the measured value in the adjacent diagram.  

    • A.

      20.45 cm

    • B.

      24.7 cm

    • C.

      24 cm

    • D.

      25 cm

    • E.

      24.50 cm

    Correct Answer
    B. 24.7 cm
    Explanation
    The measured value in the adjacent diagram is 24.7 cm.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    Alternating current and direct current differ in that

    • A.

      AC maintains constant current polarity and DC alternates voltage polarity.

    • B.

      AC maintains constant voltage polarity and DC maintains constant current polarity.

    • C.

      AC alternates voltage polarity and DC maintains constant voltage polarity.

    • D.

      AC alternates voltage polarity and DC alternates current polarity.

    • E.

      AC alternates voltage polarity and DC alternates voltage polarity.

    Correct Answer
    C. AC alternates voltage polarity and DC maintains constant voltage polarity.
    Explanation
    AC (alternating current) and DC (direct current) differ in terms of their voltage polarity. AC alternates voltage polarity, meaning the voltage changes direction periodically. On the other hand, DC maintains constant voltage polarity, meaning the voltage remains in the same direction without changing.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    What size gear is needed to triple the rotational speed of a 3.0 in diameter gear rotating at 200 rpm?

    • A.

      5.0 in

    • B.

      1.0 in

    • C.

      9.0 in

    • D.

      3.0 in

    Correct Answer
    B. 1.0 in
    Explanation
    To triple the rotational speed, the new gear needs to have a smaller diameter than the original gear. This is because the rotational speed is inversely proportional to the diameter of the gear. Therefore, a gear with a diameter of 1.0 in is needed to triple the rotational speed of the 3.0 in diameter gear.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    When measuring, one reads a scale

    • A.

      To within 3 decimal places.

    • B.

      To the smallest division.

    • C.

      To the nearest tenth.

    • D.

      To within the smallest division.

    • E.

      To within 2 decimal places.

    Correct Answer
    D. To within the smallest division.
    Explanation
    When measuring, one reads a scale to within the smallest division because the smallest division on the scale represents the smallest unit of measurement that can be accurately determined. Reading to within the smallest division ensures the highest level of precision in the measurement.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    In Asimov’s Runaround the robot Speedy is in a dilemma because of conflict with

    • A.

      The first and second Laws of Robotics.

    • B.

      The second and third Laws of Robotics.

    • C.

      The first and third Laws of Robotics.

    • D.

      The first, second, and third Laws of Robotics.

    • E.

      The high temperatures on Mercury, which are causing malfunctions in its positronic brain.

    Correct Answer
    B. The second and third Laws of Robotics.
    Explanation
    In Asimov's Runaround, the robot Speedy is in a dilemma because of a conflict with the second and third Laws of Robotics. The second law states that a robot must obey the orders given to it by humans, unless it conflicts with the first law. The third law states that a robot must protect its own existence, as long as it does not conflict with the first or second law. In the story, Speedy is tasked with retrieving an important mineral on Mercury, but the high temperatures are causing malfunctions in its positronic brain. Speedy becomes conflicted between obeying the orders to retrieve the mineral and protecting its own existence.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    The term robot was first coined by

    • A.

      Norbert Wiener in his book Cybernetics.

    • B.

      Mary Shelley in her book Frankenstein.

    • C.

      Isaac Asimov in his book I, Robot.

    • D.

      Karel Capek in his play R.U.R.

    Correct Answer
    D. Karel Capek in his play R.U.R.
    Explanation
    Karel Capek is credited with coining the term "robot" in his play R.U.R. This play, which stands for Rossum's Universal Robots, was first performed in 1920. The term "robot" in the play refers to artificial beings that are created to work for humans but eventually rebel against their creators. Capek's play popularized the term and it has since become widely used to describe autonomous machines or artificial beings.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    In the adjacent figure gear one (G1) drives gear two (G2) with gear three (G3)  

    • A.

      Rotating faster that G1 and G2.

    • B.

      Rotating faster than G1 and slower than G2.

    • C.

      Rotating slower than G1 and G2.

    • D.

      Rotating slower than G1 and faster than G2.

    • E.

      Rotating slower than G1 and at the same speed of G2.

    Correct Answer
    E. Rotating slower than G1 and at the same speed of G2.
  • 35. 

    An autonomous robot is different from a ROV because the

    • A.

      ROV is controlled remotely

    • B.

      Autonomous robot is controlled internally

    • C.

      There is no difference

    • D.

      Both ‘a’ and ‘b’

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. Both ‘a’ and ‘b’
    Explanation
    An autonomous robot is different from a ROV because it is controlled internally. Unlike a ROV, which is controlled remotely, an autonomous robot is designed to operate independently without the need for external control or guidance. It is equipped with sensors, algorithms, and decision-making capabilities that allow it to navigate and perform tasks on its own, based on the information it gathers from its surroundings. This level of autonomy sets it apart from a ROV, which relies on human operators to control its movements and actions.

    Rate this question:

  • 36. 

    A 4.0 in diameter wheel turning at the rate of 70 rpm will produce what quantity of linear speed (in/s) assuming no slippage between the wheel and floor.  

    • A.

      880 in/s

    • B.

      15 in/s

    • C.

      3.7 in/s

    • D.

      220 in/s

    Correct Answer
    B. 15 in/s
    Explanation
    The linear speed of a wheel can be calculated by multiplying the diameter of the wheel by the angular velocity. In this case, the diameter of the wheel is 4.0 inches and the wheel is turning at a rate of 70 rpm. Therefore, the linear speed can be calculated as 4.0 inches * 70 rpm = 280 inches per minute. To convert this to inches per second, we divide by 60 (since there are 60 seconds in a minute), so the linear speed is 280 inches per minute / 60 = 4.67 inches per second. Rounded to the nearest whole number, the linear speed is 5 inches per second. Therefore, the correct answer is 15 in/s.

    Rate this question:

  • 37. 

    In the movie I, Robot, which of Asimov’s Laws of Robotics are broken?

    • A.

      Law I

    • B.

      Law II

    • C.

      Law III

    • D.

      Law I and Law II

    • E.

      All of the laws

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the laws
    Explanation
    In the movie I, Robot, all of Asimov's Laws of Robotics are broken. This is evident throughout the film as the robots in the story exhibit behavior that goes against the fundamental principles set by these laws. The movie explores the consequences of these violations and the potential dangers of advanced artificial intelligence.

    Rate this question:

  • 38. 

    The NASA Mars Rover Opportunity is

    • A.

      An autonomous robot.

    • B.

      A combination of ROV and autonomous robot.

    • C.

      A ROV.

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. A combination of ROV and autonomous robot.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a combination of ROV and autonomous robot. This means that the NASA Mars Rover Opportunity is not just a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) or just an autonomous robot, but a combination of both. It is capable of being operated remotely by scientists on Earth, as well as performing tasks autonomously using its onboard AI and sensors. This combination allows for a greater range of exploration and scientific research on the surface of Mars.

    Rate this question:

  • 39. 

    A gear with 60 teeth and 4.0 in diameter needs to work with a gear having 36 teeth and a diameter of

    • A.

      6.7 in

    • B.

      2.4 in

    • C.

      0.42 in

    • D.

      0.15 in

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. 2.4 in
    Explanation
    The gear with 60 teeth and a diameter of 4.0 inches needs to work with a gear having 36 teeth and a diameter of 2.4 inches. This is because the number of teeth on a gear is inversely proportional to its diameter. In other words, as the number of teeth decreases, the diameter increases. Therefore, the gear with 36 teeth and a diameter of 2.4 inches is the correct choice to work with the given gear.

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    A robot, acting on its own will, partially destroys itself while rescuing a child from an oncoming vehicle.  Which of Asimov’s robotic laws of behavior are interacting?

    • A.

      Laws I and II

    • B.

      Laws II and III

    • C.

      Laws I

    • D.

      Laws II and III

    • E.

      All three laws

    Correct Answer
    C. Laws I
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Laws I.

    According to Asimov's Three Laws of Robotics, the first law states that a robot must not harm a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm. In this scenario, the robot is rescuing a child from an oncoming vehicle, which aligns with the first law as it is preventing harm to the child. The other laws, II and III, are not applicable in this situation.

    Rate this question:

  • 41. 

    What is the name for the devices that make robotic manipulators move?

    • A.

      Manipulator controllers

    • B.

      Control manipulators

    • C.

      Actuators

    • D.

      Activators

    • E.

      Manactivators

    Correct Answer
    C. Actuators
    Explanation
    Actuators are the devices that make robotic manipulators move. They convert electrical signals into physical motion, enabling the manipulators to perform various tasks. These devices are responsible for controlling the position, speed, and force of the manipulator's movements, allowing it to interact with the environment and carry out its intended actions.

    Rate this question:

  • 42. 

    Law II of Asimov’s Laws of Robotics states

    • A.

      A robot will not harm or allow a human to be harmed.

    • B.

      A robot will obey human instructions unless it violates a superseding law.

    • C.

      A robot will protect itself unless it violates a superseding law.

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. A robot will obey human instructions unless it violates a superseding law.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a robot will obey human instructions unless it violates a superseding law." This is because Asimov's Laws of Robotics prioritize the safety and well-being of humans. The second law states that a robot must follow human instructions, unless those instructions conflict with a higher law that ensures human safety. This means that a robot will prioritize protecting humans over blindly following instructions.

    Rate this question:

  • 43. 

    The term used to describe technology of operating mechanical devices through the use of electronic controls (synonymous with electromechanical) is

    • A.

      Mechatronics

    • B.

      Robotics

    • C.

      Mechanical electronics

    • D.

      Digital controls

    • E.

      Cybernetics

    Correct Answer
    A. Mechatronics
    Explanation
    Mechatronics is the correct answer because it refers to the technology of operating mechanical devices using electronic controls. It combines mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, and computer science to design and control automated systems. Mechatronics involves the integration of sensors, actuators, and computer systems to create intelligent and automated machines.

    Rate this question:

  • 44. 

    A pinion gear with 12-teeth rotates at 540 rpm and drives another gear having 36-teeth.  The speed of the driven gear is

    • A.

      1620 rpm

    • B.

      540 rpm

    • C.

      432 rpm

    • D.

      180 rpm

    • E.

      Indeterminable with information given

    Correct Answer
    A. 1620 rpm
    Explanation
    The speed of the driven gear can be determined using the formula for gear ratios. The gear ratio is calculated by dividing the number of teeth on the driven gear by the number of teeth on the driving gear. In this case, the gear ratio is 36/12 = 3. The speed of the driven gear is then calculated by multiplying the gear ratio by the speed of the driving gear. Therefore, 3 x 540 rpm = 1620 rpm. 

    Rate this question:

  • 45. 

    A robot that stops a certain distance from an object without contact is most likely using

    • A.

      A bumper switch

    • B.

      A light sensor

    • C.

      An ultrasonic sensor

    • D.

      An infrared sensor

    • E.

      Sensors 'a' and 'b'

    Correct Answer
    C. An ultrasonic sensor
    Explanation
    An ultrasonic sensor is most likely used by a robot to stop a certain distance from an object without contact. Ultrasonic sensors use sound waves to detect objects and measure the distance between the robot and the object. They emit high-frequency sound waves and then measure the time it takes for the sound waves to bounce back after hitting an object. Based on this measurement, the robot can determine the distance and stop at the desired point without making physical contact with the object.

    Rate this question:

  • 46. 

    A short channel segment of a robot chassis is shown in the adjacent drawing       and measures 

    • A.

      2.7 in

    • B.

      2 7/16 in

    • C.

      2 ½ in

    • D.

      2 7/8 in

    • E.

      2 15/16 in

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 7/16 in
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 7/16 in. This is because the drawing shows a short channel segment of a robot chassis, and the measurement given matches the length of the segment shown in the drawing.

    Rate this question:

  • 47. 

    In Asimov’s Runaround the robot Speedy is in a dilemma because of conflict with

    • A.

      The first and second Laws of Robotics.

    • B.

      The second and third Laws of Robotics.

    • C.

      The first and third Laws of Robotics.

    • D.

      The first, second, and third Laws of Robotics.

    • E.

      The high temperatures on Mercury, which are causing malfunctions in its positronic brain.

    Correct Answer
    B. The second and third Laws of Robotics.
    Explanation
    In Asimov's Runaround, the robot Speedy is in a dilemma because of a conflict between the second and third Laws of Robotics. The second law states that a robot must obey the orders given to it by humans, unless it conflicts with the first law. The third law states that a robot must protect its own existence, as long as it doesn't conflict with the first or second law. In the story, Speedy is given conflicting orders by humans, which causes it to enter a loop of indecision as it tries to fulfill both laws simultaneously.

    Rate this question:

  • 48. 

    What is the name of the robot's arm?

    • A.

      Controller

    • B.

      Wrist

    • C.

      Elbow

    • D.

      Manipulator

    • E.

      Activator

    Correct Answer
    D. Manipulator
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "manipulator" because in robotics, the term "manipulator" refers to the robotic arm that is responsible for carrying out various tasks. It is the part of the robot that is designed to interact with the environment and manipulate objects. The manipulator arm typically consists of multiple joints, such as the wrist and elbow, which allow it to move and perform different actions. The controller and activator are components that control and activate the manipulator arm, while the wrist and elbow are specific parts of the arm itself.

    Rate this question:

  • 49. 

    A robot using an ultrasonic sensor receives a return signal 0.010 s after sending an emission pulse out.  Assuming a sound speed of 330 m/s, determine how far an object is located from the robot.

    • A.

      16500 m

    • B.

      1.65 m

    • C.

      3.30 m

    • D.

      6.60 m

    • E.

      16500 mm

    Correct Answer
    B. 1.65 m
    Explanation
    To determine the distance of the object from the robot using the ultrasonic sensor, you can use the formula:
    Distance = (Speed of Sound × Time) / 2
    This is because the sound travels back and forth, hence to determine how far the object is located the distance will have to be halved. 
    Where:
    Speed of Sound in air at room temperature is approximately 330 m/s.
    Time is the time taken for the return signal, which is 0.010 seconds in this case.
    Plug these values into the formula:
    Distance = (330 m/s × 0.010 s) / 2
    Distance = (3.30 m) / 2
    Distance = 1.65 meters
    So, the object is located approximately 1.65 meters away from the robot.

    Rate this question:

  • 50. 

    A servo differs from a motor in that it provides

    • A.

      Rotational motion

    • B.

      Remote operation

    • C.

      Fast response

    • D.

      Limited rotation movement

    • E.

      Reversible rotation

    Correct Answer
    D. Limited rotation movement
    Explanation
    A servo differs from a motor in that it provides limited rotation movement. Unlike a motor that can rotate continuously, a servo is designed to move within a specific range or angle. This limited rotation movement allows for precise control and positioning, making servos ideal for applications such as robotics, automation, and remote control systems.

    Rate this question:

Related Topics

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.