Rlw Prelims Q2: The Selection Of The Philippine National Hero

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Rlw Prelims Q2: The Selection Of The Philippine National Hero - Quiz

This is a timed 10-point assessment on the conditions that explores the selection of a Philippine National Hero and the issues and concerns on the recognition of Jose Rizal as a national hero.  To pass the quiz, an examinee must achieve an average grade of 98% and above.  A CERTIFICATE OF TEST RESULT will be displayed after completion of the quiz.  However, a student examinee can only submit the certificate if he has achieved the PASSED result.  If he FAILED in his attempt, the student may do a retake of the quiz. The digital certificate image (as jpeg) must be copied and pasted in a template intended for Quiz 2 at the Adamson University Elearning site.  Good luck! 


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, and Senator Benigno Aquino are the only Filipinos currently given implied recognition as national heroes by the Philippine government.  Implied recognition means that

    • A.

      They are are commemorated in public municipal or provincial holidays on a triennial event.

    • B.

      They are are commemorated in public municipal or provincial holidays.

    • C.

      They are are commemorated in public nationwide (national) holidays.

    • D.

      They are commemorated in public nationwide (national holidays every two years.

    Correct Answer
    C. They are are commemorated in public nationwide (national) holidays.
    Explanation
    Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, and Senator Benigno Aquino are considered national heroes in the Philippines because they are commemorated in public nationwide (national) holidays. This means that their contributions and sacrifices for the country are recognized and celebrated by the entire nation on a yearly basis.

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  • 2. 

    The National Heroes Committee recommended names of historical figures to recognize as national heroes on November 15, 1995.  As of today, no action has been taken for these recommended National Heroes.  Check the names of those who were recommended.

    • A.

      Jose Rizal

    • B.

      Andres Bonifacio

    • C.

      Emilio Aguinaldo

    • D.

      Emilio Jacinto

    • E.

      Marcelo H. del Pilar

    • F.

      Juan Luna

    • G.

      Melchora Aquino

    • H.

      Apolinario Mabini

    • I.

      Sultan Dipatuan Kudarat

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Jose Rizal
    B. Andres Bonifacio
    C. Emilio Aguinaldo
    E. Marcelo H. del Pilar
    F. Juan Luna
    G. Melchora Aquino
    H. Apolinario Mabini
    I. Sultan Dipatuan Kudarat
    Explanation
    The National Heroes Committee recommended the names of historical figures to be recognized as national heroes on November 15, 1995. However, as of today, no action has been taken for these recommended National Heroes. The correct answer includes the names of the historical figures who were recommended by the committee, namely Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio, Emilio Aguinaldo, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Juan Luna, Melchora Aquino, Apolinario Mabini, and Sultan Dipatuan Kudarat.

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  • 3. 

    By the start of the 19th century, the Philippines had become a territory of the United States. Rizal was given special attention as a hero by the American colonial administration through its sponsored Philippine Commission.  Check the possible reasons for the selection.

    • A.

      Rizal was a mason.

    • B.

      Rizal initiated the Philippine Revolution.

    • C.

      Rizal was already dead and non-violent.

    • D.

      Rizal, once emulated by Filipinos, would not threaten American rule.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Rizal was a mason.
    C. Rizal was already dead and non-violent.
    D. Rizal, once emulated by Filipinos, would not threaten American rule.
    Explanation
    The possible reasons for the selection of Rizal as a hero by the American colonial administration could be that he was a mason, which may have made him more appealing to the American government as they had a strong presence in the Freemasonry society. Additionally, Rizal was already dead and non-violent, making him a safe choice for the American government to promote as a hero. Lastly, Rizal, once emulated by Filipinos, would not threaten American rule, suggesting that his ideals and actions were not seen as a direct challenge to American colonial authority.

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  • 4. 

    Of the four given criteria established in choosing a hero, which requirement did Rizal meet and outbid the others?

    • A.

      The person must be a Filipino.

    • B.

      The person must be dead.

    • C.

      The person must have solid sense of patriotism.

    • D.

      The person must be a calm-thinking person.

    Correct Answer
    D. The person must be a calm-thinking person.
    Explanation
    Rizal met the requirement of being a calm-thinking person. This means that he possessed the trait of remaining composed and level-headed in various situations. This quality would have been important in making rational decisions and maintaining a peaceful demeanor, which are valuable attributes for a hero. While Rizal may have also met the other criteria, such as being a Filipino, being dead, and having a solid sense of patriotism, the emphasis is on his ability to approach situations with a calm and thoughtful mindset.

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  • 5. 

    Several historians argued that Bonifacio, not Rizal, should be a "better" national hero because of the stated reasons below except one.

    • A.

      Rizal was a United States-sponsored hero to help in advancing their cause.

    • B.

      The writings of Rizal generated a more lasting achievement to the cause of freedom.

    • C.

      Rizal was not the leader of the liberation forces (Katipunan).

    • D.

      Bonifacio, not Rizal, started the Philippine Revolution.

    Correct Answer
    B. The writings of Rizal generated a more lasting achievement to the cause of freedom.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The writings of Rizal generated a more lasting achievement to the cause of freedom." This statement is incorrect because Bonifacio's initiation of the Philippine Revolution had a more direct and immediate impact on the cause of freedom compared to Rizal's writings. Bonifacio's actions led to the formation of the Katipunan and the armed resistance against Spanish colonial rule, which eventually led to the independence of the Philippines. Rizal's writings, although influential in inspiring nationalism and advocating for reforms, did not directly result in the same level of tangible achievement as Bonifacio's revolutionary actions.

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  • 6. 

    This was the FIRST of the series of official steps taken by the Taft Commission to honor Rizal. 

    • A.

      The Taft Commission declared December 30 of each year as Rizal Day

    • B.

      The Taft Commission renamed the district of Morong into the Province of Rizal

    • C.

      The Taft Commission granted the right to use a part of Luneta to erect the statue of Jose Rizal.

    • D.

      The Taft Commission prohibits selected gambling activities in observance of Rizal Day.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Taft Commission renamed the district of Morong into the Province of Rizal
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Taft Commission renamed the district of Morong into the Province of Rizal." This action by the Taft Commission was the first official step taken to honor Rizal. By renaming the district, they were recognizing and commemorating the significance of Rizal's contributions and legacy. This renaming also served to establish a permanent and prominent reminder of Rizal's importance in the Philippines.

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  • 7. 

    "tila pinagsasabong lagi ang dalwang pangunahing bayani ng bansa..." Sa kabuuan ng pagpapahahambing mas maaki ang panig ng gumawa ng media kay Bonifacio kesa kay Rizal.

    • A.

      Sino dapat ang pambansang bayani?Rizal o Bonifacio by Xiao Chua

    • B.

      Bayani: Imbestigasyon sa pakikibaka at pagkatao ni Jose Rizal by Lourds De Veyra

    • C.

      Jose Rizal: Bayani Nga Ba? by GMA7

    Correct Answer
    A. Sino dapat ang pambansang bayani?Rizal o Bonifacio by Xiao Chua
    Explanation
    The given correct answer suggests that the media favors Bonifacio over Rizal in the comparison of the two national heroes. This can be inferred from the statement "tila pinagsasabong lagi ang dalwang pangunahing bayani ng bansa" which implies that the media constantly pits the two heroes against each other. The answer further supports this by mentioning media works that investigate and question Rizal's status as a hero. Therefore, the explanation is that the media tends to portray Bonifacio more favorably than Rizal in the discussion of who should be the national hero.

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  • 8. 

    Sa media material na ito mas malalim ang naging pananaliksik sa pagkatao ni Rizal. 

    • A.

      BAYANI: ISANG IMBESTIGASYON SA PAGKATAO AT PAKIKIBAKA NI DR. JOSE RIZAL

    • B.

      DR. JOSE RIZAL - BAYANI NGA BA? "CASE UNCLOSED"

    • C.

      Xiao Time: Sino dapat ang pambansang bayani? Rizal o Bonifacio?; Kaibahan nina Rizal at Bonifacio

    Correct Answer
    A. BAYANI: ISANG IMBESTIGASYON SA PAGKATAO AT PAKIKIBAKA NI DR. JOSE RIZAL
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "BAYANI: ISANG IMBESTIGASYON SA PAGKATAO AT PAKIKIBAKA NI DR. JOSE RIZAL." This answer is correct because it directly corresponds to the title of the media material mentioned in the question. The media material delves deeper into the research on the personality and struggles of Dr. Jose Rizal, suggesting a more comprehensive investigation into his life and contributions.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following historian statements makes a valid reason in the choice of a Philippine National Hero?

    • A.

      Heroes should not be legislated

    • B.

      Appreciation of heroes should be left to academics

    • C.

      Acclamation of heroes should be enough

    • D.

      There is a need to acknowledge one who stood among the others.

    Correct Answer
    D. There is a need to acknowledge one who stood among the others.
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that a Philippine National Hero should be someone who stands out among others and deserves acknowledgment. This implies that the hero should possess exceptional qualities, achievements, or contributions that set them apart from the rest. It emphasizes the importance of recognizing and honoring individuals who have made significant and notable contributions to the country.

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  • 10. 

    Check the names of historians who never regarded Rizal as a National Hero since they believed that Rizal was endorsed by the United States more than by the Filipinos.

    • A.

      Ambeth Ocampo

    • B.

      Renato Constantino

    • C.

      Teodoro Agoncillo

    • D.

      Blas Ople

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Renato Constantino
    C. Teodoro Agoncillo
    Explanation
    Renato Constantino and Teodoro Agoncillo are the correct answers because they are historians who never regarded Rizal as a National Hero. They believed that Rizal was endorsed more by the United States than by the Filipinos. This suggests that they had a different perspective on Rizal's role and significance in Philippine history compared to other historians who may have considered him as a National Hero.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 22, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Sjcsprincipal
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