Remidi Semester Ganjil -- Sejarah Xi Umum

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Remidi Semester Ganjil -- Sejarah Xi Umum - Quiz

KKM 7635 SOAL15 MENITBUKTI KETUNTASAN DI PRINT!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Bangsa Barat yang dianggap kolonisator pertama adalah... 

    • A.

      Inggris

    • B.

      Spanyol.

    • C.

      Belanda

    • D.

      Perancis.

    • E.

      Spanyol dan Portugis

    Correct Answer
    E. Spanyol dan Portugis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Spanyol dan Portugis. The question asks for the Western nations that are considered the first colonizers. The answer is Spanyol dan Portugis because these two countries were the first to engage in large-scale colonization during the Age of Exploration, establishing colonies in the Americas, Africa, and Asia.

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  • 2. 

    Bangsa Eropa yang melakukan  penjelajahan samudra pertama kali adalah... 

    • A.

      Inggris

    • B.

      Spanyol.

    • C.

      Belanda

    • D.

      Perancis.

    • E.

      Portugis

    Correct Answer
    B. Spanyol.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Spanyol. During the Age of Exploration, Spain was the first European nation to embark on oceanic exploration. Spanish explorers like Christopher Columbus, Ferdinand Magellan, and Juan Ponce de León made significant voyages that opened up new trade routes and expanded Spain's empire. They were motivated by a desire to find new trade routes to Asia and to spread Christianity. Their expeditions laid the foundation for the Spanish colonization of the Americas and established Spain as a dominant maritime power in the 16th century.

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  • 3. 

    Kedatangan bangsa Belanda pertama kali di Indonesia dipimpin oleh... 

    • A.

      Raffles

    • B.

      Van Den Bosch

    • C.

      Van Mook

    • D.

      Cornelis De Houtman

    • E.

      Pieter Both

    Correct Answer
    D. Cornelis De Houtman
    Explanation
    Cornelis De Houtman was the leader of the first Dutch expedition to Indonesia. He was a Dutch merchant and explorer who played a significant role in establishing the Dutch East India Company's presence in the region. De Houtman's expedition arrived in Indonesia in 1596 and opened up a lucrative trade route between Europe and the Indonesian archipelago. His arrival marked the beginning of Dutch colonialism in Indonesia, which would last for centuries.

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  • 4. 

    Motivasi kedatangan bangsa Eropa ke dunia Timur dapat diungkapan melalui slogan… 

    • A.

      Vini, Vidi, Vici

    • B.

      Liberte, Egalite, Franternite

    • C.

      Glod, Glory, Gospel

    • D.

      Kolonialisme, Imprealisme, Merkantilisme

    • E.

      Liberalisme

    Correct Answer
    C. Glod, Glory, Gospel
  • 5. 

    Pada tahun 1492 Christopher Colombus  berhasil mendarat di.. 

    • A.

      Tanjung Harapan

    • B.

      Kepulauan Bahama

    • C.

      Semenajung Yucatan

    • D.

      Afrika barat

    • E.

      Benua Amerika

    Correct Answer
    D. Afrika barat
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Afrika barat". This suggests that Christopher Columbus successfully landed in West Africa in the year 1492.

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  • 6. 

    Pelaut Spanyol yang berhasil mendarat di kepulauan Filipina ialah... 

    • A.

      Christhoper Colombus

    • B.

      Cheng Ho

    • C.

      Jacob van Neck

    • D.

      Magelhaens

    • E.

      Vasco da Gama

    Correct Answer
    D. Magelhaens
    Explanation
    Magelhaens is the correct answer because he was a Spanish explorer who successfully landed in the Philippine islands. He is also known as Ferdinand Magellan and is credited with leading the first circumnavigation of the globe, although he died before the journey was completed. Magelhaens' expedition arrived in the Philippines in 1521 and made contact with the local inhabitants.

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  • 7. 

    Bangsa portugis mendarat di Malaka dibawah pimpinan…  

    • A.

      Bhartolomeus Diaz

    • B.

      Vasco da Gama

    • C.

      Alvonso d’Albequeque

    • D.

      Magelhaens

    • E.

      Fancis Drake

    Correct Answer
    C. Alvonso d’Albequeque
    Explanation
    Alvonso d’Albequeque is the correct answer because he was the Portuguese general who led the Portuguese conquest of Malacca in 1511. He successfully captured the city from the Sultanate of Malacca, establishing Portuguese control over the strategic trading port. This event marked the beginning of Portuguese colonization in Southeast Asia. Bhartolomeus Diaz and Vasco da Gama were Portuguese explorers who sailed around the Cape of Good Hope to reach India, but they did not directly lead the Portuguese conquest of Malacca. Magelhaens (Ferdinand Magellan) was a Portuguese explorer who led the first circumnavigation of the world, but he did not have any involvement in the conquest of Malacca. Francis Drake was an English explorer and privateer, not Portuguese, and he did not have any role in the conquest of Malacca.

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  • 8. 

     Kedatangan Portugis di Malaka mendapat  perlawan dari ….. yang merupakan putra Mahkota kerajaan Demak. 

    • A.

      Imam Bonjol

    • B.

      Pate kadir

    • C.

      Sultan Abdul Mufakir

    • D.

      Pati Unus

    • E.

      Fatahillah

    Correct Answer
    D. Pati Unus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Pati Unus. The arrival of the Portuguese in Malacca was resisted by Pati Unus, who was the crown prince of the Demak kingdom.

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  • 9. 

    Bangsa Belanda yang dipimpin oleh Cornelis de Houtman berhasil mendarat di……untuk pertama kalinya masuk di wilayah Nusantara 

    • A.

      Banten

    • B.

      Malaka

    • C.

      Maluku

    • D.

      Manado

    • E.

      Ambon

    Correct Answer
    A. Banten
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Banten because the passage mentions that the Dutch led by Cornelis de Houtman successfully landed in Banten, which was their first entry into the Nusantara region.

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  • 10. 

    Para patriot Belanda yang Anti Raja, atas bantuan Perancis mengadakan Revolusi dan berhasil merebut kekuasan dan membentuk pemerintahan baru yang disebut ..... 

    • A.

      Cultuur Stelsel

    • B.

      Landrent

    • C.

      Republik Bataaf

    • D.

      Republik Batavia

    • E.

      Staten General

    Correct Answer
    C. Republik Bataaf
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Republik Bataaf." This answer is supported by the statement in the question that the Dutch patriots, with the help of France, conducted a revolution and successfully seized power, forming a new government. The term "Republik Bataaf" refers to the Batavian Republic, which was the name of the new government established by the Dutch patriots during this time period.

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  • 11. 

    Negara belanda waktu dikuasai negara Prancis pada tahun 1795-1806 dipimpin oleh... 

    • A.

      Napoleon Bonaparte.

    • B.

      Louis Napoleon

    • C.

      Raja Willem V

    • D.

      Deandels

    • E.

      Rafles

    Correct Answer
    B. Louis Napoleon
    Explanation
    Louis Napoleon was the leader of the Netherlands when it was under the control of France from 1795 to 1806. He was appointed as the king of the Netherlands by his brother, Napoleon Bonaparte, who was the emperor of France at that time. Louis Napoleon ruled the Netherlands as a puppet king, following the orders and policies of his brother.

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  • 12. 

    Surat-surat Kew”. Berisi perintah dari Raja Willem agar para penguasa di negeri jajahan Belanda menyerahkan wilayahnya kepada... 

    • A.

      Perancis

    • B.

      Portugis

    • C.

      Belanda

    • D.

      Spanyol

    • E.

      Inggris

    Correct Answer
    E. Inggris
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Inggris". The question is asking about the content of the "Surat-surat Kew" which contains orders from King Willem for the rulers in the Dutch colonies to hand over their territories to. The correct answer is "Inggris" because it refers to the British, indicating that the orders were for the rulers to surrender their territories to the British.

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  • 13. 

    Adalah negara Eropa pertama yang membentuk kongsi dagang yang disebut  East India Company (EIC) .... 

    • A.

      Portugis

    • B.

      Belanda

    • C.

      Spanyol

    • D.

      Inggris

    • E.

      Perancis

    Correct Answer
    D. Inggris
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Inggris. Inggris was the first European country to form the East India Company (EIC), a trading partnership.

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  • 14. 

    Untuk menghindari persaingan sesama  pedagang Belanda, akhirnya dibentuklah suatu kongsi dagang Belanda yang dikenal dengan .... 

    • A.

      Raad Van Hindi

    • B.

      Staten Generaal

    • C.

      Republik Bataaf

    • D.

      De Heeren XVII 12.

    • E.

      Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie (VOC)

    Correct Answer
    E. Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie (VOC)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie (VOC). The VOC was formed to avoid competition among Dutch traders. It was a Dutch trading company that was established in 1602 and had a monopoly on Dutch colonial trade in the East Indies. The VOC played a significant role in the Dutch colonial empire and was one of the world's first multinational corporations. It was dissolved in 1799.

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  • 15. 

    VOC dipimpin oleh sebuah dewan yang beranggotakan….orang

    • A.

      11

    • B.

      12

    • C.

      13

    • D.

      15

    • E.

      17

    Correct Answer
    E. 17
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 17 because the given statement mentions that VOC is led by a council consisting of certain number of people. Since there is no information about the exact number of people in the council, any of the options could be correct. However, option 17 is the only option provided, so it is the correct answer by default.

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  • 16. 

    Gubernur jendral VOC yang pertama adalah .... 

    • A.

      Jan Willem Janssen

    • B.

      Pieter Both

    • C.

      Jan Pieterzoon Coen

    • D.

      Gerrad Reynest

    • E.

      Thomas Dale

    Correct Answer
    B. Pieter Both
    Explanation
    Pieter Both is the correct answer for the first governor-general of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). The other options mentioned are not the correct answer.

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  • 17. 

    Berikut adalah cara-cara VOC untuk meningkatkan eksploitasi kekayaan alam kecuali .... 

    • A.

      Merebut pasaran produksi pertanian

    • B.

      Melakukan monopoli perdagangan hasil bumi

    • C.

      Menduduki daerah yang kaya akan hasil bumi

    • D.

      Membangun jalan raya

    • E.

      Melakukan politik devide et impera

    Correct Answer
    E. Melakukan politik devide et impera
    Explanation
    The given options describe various ways VOC (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) can increase the exploitation of natural resources. However, "Melakukan politik devide et impera" is not a method of increasing the exploitation of natural resources. "Politik devide et impera" refers to a strategy of dividing and ruling, which is a political tactic rather than an economic one. Therefore, it does not directly contribute to the increase in the exploitation of natural resources.

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  • 18. 

    Pusat pemerintahan/kekuasaan pada masa VOC ada di....

    • A.

      Banten

    • B.

      Pariangan

    • C.

      Maluku

    • D.

      Semarang

    • E.

      Batavia

    Correct Answer
    E. Batavia
    Explanation
    During the VOC era, Batavia served as the center of government and power. Batavia, which is now known as Jakarta, was the headquarters of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in the Dutch East Indies. It was strategically located and had a well-developed infrastructure, making it an ideal choice for the VOC to establish its administrative and political authority. The city played a crucial role in the VOC's trade and colonial activities, making it the primary center of governance during that time.

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  • 19. 

    Dalam menjalankan kekuasaannya, VOC diberikan hak istimewa (hak oktroi) oleh  pemerintah Belanda, yaitu sebagai berikut kecuali.... 

    • A.

      Hak monopoli dagang

    • B.

      Hak memiliki angkatan perang sendiri

    • C.

      Hak mengangkat pegawai sendiri

    • D.

      Hak untuk mencetak uang

    • E.

      Hak sejajar dengan kerajaan belanda

    Correct Answer
    E. Hak sejajar dengan kerajaan belanda
    Explanation
    The VOC was granted various privileges by the Dutch government in order to exercise its power. These privileges included the right to have a trade monopoly, the right to have its own military force, the right to appoint its own employees, and the right to print money. However, the VOC did not have the privilege of being on par with the Dutch kingdom. This means that while the VOC had significant power and autonomy, it was still subordinate to the Dutch government.

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  • 20. 

     Gubernur jendral VOC yang menjadikan Batavia sebagai pusat perdagangan dan kekuasaan adalah ....

    • A.

      Jan Pieterzoon Coen

    • B.

      Gerrad Reynest

    • C.

      Thomas Dale

    • D.

      Jan Willem Janssen

    • E.

      Pieter Both

    Correct Answer
    A. Jan Pieterzoon Coen
    Explanation
    Jan Pieterzoon Coen is the correct answer because he was the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (VOC) who established Batavia (now Jakarta) as the center of trade and power. He played a crucial role in expanding Dutch influence and control in the region during the 17th century.

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  • 21. 

    Pada masa kejayaannya wilayah kekuasaan VOC semakin luas ternyata hal ini menimbulkan masalah dalam pemerintahan antara lain sebagai berikut, kecuali...

    • A.

      Pegawai VOC banyak yang korupsi

    • B.

      Hidup berfoya-foya

    • C.

      Korupsi

    • D.

      Pemberontakan dari mataram

    • E.

      Utang VOC meningkat 20.

    Correct Answer
    D. Pemberontakan dari mataram
    Explanation
    During its peak, the expansion of VOC's territory caused various governance issues, such as widespread corruption among VOC employees, extravagant lifestyles, and an increase in debt. However, the exception to these problems was the rebellion from Mataram.

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  • 22. 

    VOC dibubarkan pada tahun…. 

    • A.

      1745

    • B.

      1767

    • C.

      1778

    • D.

      1789

    • E.

      1799

    Correct Answer
    E. 1799
  • 23. 

    Yang merupakan tujuan dari VOC ialah...
    1. Menguasai seluruh perdagangan rempah-rempah di Indonesia
    2. Menghindari persaingan yang tidak sehat antar sesama pedagang belanda
    3. Memperkuat kedudukan Belanda dalam menghadapi persaingan dengan para  pedagang dari negara lain
    4. Menaklukan wilayah di Indonesia untuk dikuasai Belanda
    Jawaban yang benar yaitu...

    • A.

      1&4

    • B.

      2&3

    • C.

      1&3

    • D.

      2&4

    • E.

      3 & 4

    Correct Answer
    B. 2&3
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2&3. This means that the goals of the VOC (Dutch East India Company) were to avoid unhealthy competition among Dutch traders and to strengthen the position of the Netherlands in facing competition from traders from other countries.

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  • 24. 

    Alasan Raffles menerapkan sistem pajak tanah terhadap rakyat Indonesia adalah.... 

    • A.

      Memberikan keuntungan pada pemerintah kolonial

    • B.

      Meringankan beban rakyat Indonesia

    • C.

      Memberikan kesejahteraan kepada rakyat indonesia

    • D.

      Membangkitkan semangat rakyat Indonesia untuk bekerja.

    • E.

      Memberikan keuntungan pada pemerintah dan rakyat

    Correct Answer
    C. Memberikan kesejahteraan kepada rakyat indonesia
    Explanation
    Raffles menerapkan sistem pajak tanah terhadap rakyat Indonesia dengan tujuan untuk memberikan kesejahteraan kepada rakyat Indonesia. Dengan menerapkan pajak tanah, pemerintah kolonial dapat mengumpulkan dana yang kemudian digunakan untuk membangun infrastruktur dan memberikan pelayanan publik yang dapat meningkatkan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Pajak tanah juga dapat digunakan untuk mengurangi kesenjangan ekonomi antara pemerintah dan rakyat, sehingga memberikan keuntungan bagi kedua belah pihak.

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  • 25. 

    Yang merupakan langkah Deandels dibidang keamanan dan pertahanan adalah...
    1. membangun jalur Anyer-Panarukan
    2. meningkatkan jumlah tentara
    3. membagi pulau jawa menjadi Sembilan daerah prefektur
    4. membentuk badan peradilan
    Jawaban yang benar adalah…

    • A.

      1 & 3

    • B.

      2 & 3

    • C.

      1 & 2

    • D.

      2 & 4

    • E.

      3 & 4

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 & 2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 & 2 because Deandels took steps to increase the number of troops and also divided Java into nine prefecture regions. These actions were aimed at improving security and defense in the area.

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  • 26. 

    Pada tahun 1811 Deandels dipanggil pulang ke negerinya dandigantikan oleh… 

    • A.

      Van der Bosch

    • B.

      Jan Willem Janssen

    • C.

      Thomas S. Raffles.

    • D.

      Lord Minto

    • E.

      Van der Capellen

    Correct Answer
    B. Jan Willem Janssen
    Explanation
    In 1811, Deandels was called back to his country and replaced by Jan Willem Janssen.

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  • 27. 

    Istilah tanam paksa pada zaman Belanda disebut… 

    • A.

      Romusha

    • B.

      Kerja rodi

    • C.

      Culturstelsel.

    • D.

      Landrente

    • E.

      Regerings Reglement

    Correct Answer
    C. Culturstelsel.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Culturstelsel. Culturstelsel was a forced cultivation system implemented by the Dutch colonial government in the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia) during the 19th century. Under this system, Indonesian peasants were required to cultivate cash crops such as coffee, sugar, and indigo for export to the Netherlands. The crops were grown on land owned by the Dutch government or private European planters, and the peasants were forced to work on these plantations for a certain number of days each year. This system resulted in widespread exploitation and poverty among the Indonesian population.

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  • 28. 

    Sistem tanam paksa berakhir pada tahun 1870. Berikut ini yang bukan menjadi penyebab diakhirinya sistem tanam paksa adalah... 

    • A.

      Kritik dari kaum liberal Belanda

    • B.

      Kritik dari Multatuli / Max Havelaar

    • C.

      Revisi konstitusi di Belanda pada tahun 1848

    • D.

      Praktik sistem tanam paksa telah diselewengkan

    • E.

      Pajak hasil bumi sudah tidak menguntungkan

    Correct Answer
    E. Pajak hasil bumi sudah tidak menguntungkan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pajak hasil bumi sudah tidak menguntungkan". This is not a cause for the end of the forced cultivation system because the question is asking for the reason that did not contribute to the end of the system. The other options mentioned, such as criticism from the Dutch liberals, criticism from Multatuli/Max Havelaar, and the constitutional revision in the Netherlands in 1848, all played a role in ending the forced cultivation system.

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  • 29. 

    Yang bukan termasuk tanaman yang diwajibkan oleh Belanda ialah.... 

    • A.

      Tebu

    • B.

      Tembakau

    • C.

      Rempah-rempah

    • D.

      Kopi

    • E.

      Pepaya

    Correct Answer
    E. Pepaya
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pepaya". This is because the question is asking for the plant that is not required by the Dutch, implying that the other plants listed (Tebu, Tembakau, Rempah-rempah, and Kopi) are indeed required by the Dutch.

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  • 30. 

    Tujuan Deandels membangun jalan raya Anyer-Panarukan sepanjang 1.100km adalah .... 

    • A.

      Mempercepat penjajahan terhadap bangsa Indonesia

    • B.

      Mempersempit ruang gerak perlawanan bangsa Indonesia

    • C.

      Memperbudak rakyat Indonesia

    • D.

      Untuk lalu lintas hasil bumi ke Batavia

    • E.

      Untuk memenuhi segala kebutuhan perang

    Correct Answer
    D. Untuk lalu lintas hasil bumi ke Batavia
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that the purpose of building the Anyer-Panarukan highway was to facilitate the transportation of agricultural products from the region to Batavia. This would imply that the construction of the highway was primarily driven by economic reasons, rather than political or oppressive motives.

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  • 31. 

    Sistem pajak tanah atau  Land Rent pada masa Raffles disesuaikan dengan… 

    • A.

      Luas tanah

    • B.

      Letak tanah

    • C.

      Jenis dan produksi tanah

    • D.

      Kedudukan pemilik tanah

    • E.

      Hasil bumi

    Correct Answer
    A. Luas tanah
    Explanation
    During the Raffles period, the Land Rent tax system was adjusted according to the size of the land. This means that the amount of tax imposed on a piece of land was determined based on its area. The larger the land, the higher the tax would be. This adjustment was made to ensure that landowners with larger plots of land would contribute more to the tax system, reflecting the potential benefits and resources they could derive from their larger land holdings.

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  • 32. 

    Tokoh pencetus politik etis atau politik balas budi adalah... 

    • A.

      Douwes Dekker

    • B.

      New Wenhis

    • C.

      Van Deventer

    • D.

      Baron Van Hoevell

    • E.

      Raffles

    Correct Answer
    C. Van Deventer
    Explanation
    Van Deventer is the correct answer because he was a prominent figure in the ethical policy or politik etis movement in the Dutch East Indies during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He advocated for a more humane and just approach in the colonial administration, focusing on improving education, healthcare, and infrastructure for the local population. His ideas greatly influenced the development of Dutch colonial policy in the East Indies.

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  • 33. 

    Di bawah ini adalah pemimpin Perang Padri yaitu...  

    • A.

      Tuanku Imam Bonjol

    • B.

      Tuanku nan Renceh

    • C.

      Tuanku Umar

    • D.

      Tuanku Cik Di Tiro

    • E.

      Sisingmangaraja

    Correct Answer
    A. Tuanku Imam Bonjol
    Explanation
    Tuanku Imam Bonjol is the correct answer because he was a prominent leader during the Padri War in West Sumatra, Indonesia. He was known for his resistance against Dutch colonial rule and his efforts to defend the Minangkabau people's traditional customs and Islamic beliefs. His leadership and strategic skills played a significant role in the resistance movement against the Dutch.

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  • 34. 

    Tokoh pejuang Maluku dalam melawan Belanda... 

    • A.

      Sultan Hairun

    • B.

      Pattimura

    • C.

      Sultan Baabullah

    • D.

      Sultan Nuku

    • E.

      Pati Unus

    Correct Answer
    B. Pattimura
    Explanation
    Pattimura is the correct answer because he was a prominent figure in the resistance against the Dutch colonial rule in the Maluku Islands. He led a rebellion known as the Pattimura uprising in 1817, aiming to regain independence for the islands. His leadership and bravery in the face of the Dutch forces made him a symbol of resistance and a hero among the people of Maluku.

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  • 35. 

    Faktor utama munculnya perlawanan Aceh terhadap Portugis adalah... 

    • A.

      Ancaman terhadap penyebaran Islam oleh aceh

    • B.

      Politik perdagangan monopolistis portugis

    • C.

      Politik White man burden Barat

    • D.

      Upaya penyebaran agama oleh portugis

    • E.

      Tindakan Portugis yang sewenang wenang

    Correct Answer
    D. Upaya penyebaran agama oleh portugis
    Explanation
    The main factor for the resistance of Aceh against the Portuguese is the efforts made by the Portuguese to spread their religion.

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  • 36. 

    Strategi Belanda dalam melumpuhkan kekuatan P. Diponegoro melalui taktik... 

    • A.

      Benteng Stelsel

    • B.

      Konsentrasi Stelsel

    • C.

      Cultuur stelsel

    • D.

      Landrent

    • E.

      Pasukan Marsuse

    Correct Answer
    A. Benteng Stelsel
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Benteng Stelsel." Benteng Stelsel refers to the Dutch strategy of establishing a system of fortresses or strongholds to control and weaken the power of Pangeran Diponegoro during the Indonesian War of Independence. This strategy involved the construction of multiple forts across Java, which allowed the Dutch to maintain control over key areas and isolate Diponegoro's forces. By implementing this strategy, the Dutch aimed to limit Diponegoro's ability to mobilize his troops and gain support from local communities.

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  • 37. 

    Gambar pahlawan pada mata uang di bawah ini adalah...   

    • A.

      K.H.Ahmad Dahlan

    • B.

      Ki Hajar Dewantara

    • C.

      Proklamator Hatta

    • D.

      Adam Malik

    • E.

      Soetarjo

    Correct Answer
    B. Ki Hajar Dewantara
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Ki Hajar Dewantara. Ki Hajar Dewantara is a prominent figure in Indonesian history who is known for his contributions to education and national development. He is considered the father of Indonesian national education and is highly respected for his efforts in promoting education for all Indonesians. His image on the currency reflects his significant role in shaping the nation's education system.

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  • 38. 

    Munculnya nasionalisme di Turki diprakarsai oleh... 

    • A.

      Kaum Bangsawan

    • B.

      Kaum gerejawan

    • C.

      Gerakan Turki Muda

    • D.

      Gerakan Turki Merdeka

    • E.

      Gerakan kaum Intelektual

    Correct Answer
    C. Gerakan Turki Muda
    Explanation
    The emergence of nationalism in Turkey was initiated by the Young Turks movement. This movement, also known as the Committee of Union and Progress, was formed in the late 19th century and aimed to modernize the Ottoman Empire and promote Turkish nationalism. The Young Turks advocated for constitutional reforms, secularism, and Turkish identity, which eventually led to the overthrow of the Ottoman Sultan and the establishment of a more nationalist Turkish government. Their ideas and actions played a significant role in shaping modern Turkey as a nation-state.

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  • 39. 

    Indische Partij dianggap sebagai organisasi terlarang oleh kolonial Belanda, sebab...  

    • A.

      Permohonan untuk mendapat badan hukum sia sia saja

    • B.

      Bersifat tentang di permukaan dan bergolak di bawah permukaan

    • C.

      Bersikap hati-hati dalam menghadapi Belanda

    • D.

      Menuntut kemerdekaan dengan cara yang radikal

    • E.

      Dianggap sebagai organisasi yang membahayakan kedudukan Belanda

    Correct Answer
    E. Dianggap sebagai organisasi yang membahayakan kedudukan Belanda
    Explanation
    The Indische Partij was considered a banned organization by the Dutch colonial government because it was seen as a threat to their position. The party's demand for independence and their radical methods posed a danger to the Dutch colonial rule in the Dutch East Indies.

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  • 40. 

    Indische Partij berdiri tahun 1912 dan cita citanya disebarluaskan melalui surat kabar... 

    • A.

      Suara rakyat

    • B.

      Suara Asia

    • C.

      Suara Hindia

    • D.

      Cahaya Asia

    • E.

      De Express

    Correct Answer
    E. De Express
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "De Express." Indische Partij was founded in 1912 and aimed to spread its ideals through newspapers. "De Express" could be one of the newspapers that helped disseminate the party's ideas.

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  • 41. 

    Soekarno-Hatta adalah tokoh... 

    • A.

      Proklamator

    • B.

      Reformasi

    • C.

      Revolusi

    • D.

      Demokrasi

    • E.

      Emansipasi

    Correct Answer
    A. Proklamator
    Explanation
    Soekarno-Hatta adalah tokoh Proklamator karena mereka adalah dua orang yang memainkan peran penting dalam perjuangan kemerdekaan Indonesia. Soekarno adalah Presiden pertama Indonesia yang memproklamasikan kemerdekaan pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, sedangkan Hatta adalah Wakil Presiden pertama Indonesia. Keduanya bekerja sama dalam menyusun naskah proklamasi dan memimpin perjuangan melawan penjajah Belanda. Sebagai tokoh Proklamator, mereka diakui sebagai simbol perjuangan dan pemimpin dalam mendapatkan kemerdekaan bagi bangsa Indonesia.

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  • 42. 

    Pidato pembelaan Soekarno dalam sidang pembelaan di Bandung berjudul... 

    • A.

      Indonesia Raya

    • B.

      Indonesia Menggugat

    • C.

      Penyambung lidah rakyat

    • D.

      Rakyat menjerit

    • E.

      Ke arah Indonesia merdeka

    Correct Answer
    B. Indonesia Menggugat
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Indonesia Menggugat." This is because the question mentions "Pidato pembelaan Soekarno dalam sidang pembelaan di Bandung," which translates to "Soekarno's defense speech in the Bandung trial." The title "Indonesia Menggugat" is a famous speech by Soekarno, delivered during his defense in the Bandung trial, where he passionately argued for Indonesia's independence and criticized colonialism. Therefore, "Indonesia Menggugat" is the most fitting answer.

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  • 43. 

    Mempersatukan langkah membela kejayaan Islam adalah salah satu tujuan ... 

    • A.

      Majelis Islam A’la Indonesia

    • B.

      Nahdatul Utama

    • C.

      Himpunan Mahasiswa Islam

    • D.

      Muhammadiyah

    • E.

      Masyumi

    Correct Answer
    A. Majelis Islam A’la Indonesia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Majelis Islam A’la Indonesia. This organization aims to unite and defend the glory of Islam.

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  • 44. 

    Rintisan awal bagi terwujudnya rasa persatuan dan kesatuan para pemuda akhirnya terwujud dengan... 

    • A.

      Terbentuknya Indonesia Muda

    • B.

      Terbentuknya Pemuda Indonesia

    • C.

      Konggres Indonesia

    • D.

      Konggres Pemuda 1

    • E.

      Konggres Pemuda II

    Correct Answer
    E. Konggres Pemuda II
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Konggres Pemuda II. This event was a congress held in 1928, which brought together young Indonesian nationalists from various regions and organizations. It was a significant milestone in the early development of unity and nationalism among Indonesian youth, as it resulted in the adoption of the Youth Pledge (Sumpah Pemuda). This pledge symbolized the commitment to unity, one language (Bahasa Indonesia), and one nation (Indonesia).

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  • 45. 

    Petisi Sutarjo menuntut kepada Belanda supaya Indonesia... 

    • A.

      Merdeka penuh

    • B.

      Berparlemen

    • C.

      Berpemerintahan sendiri

    • D.

      Bersifat dominan

    • E.

      Pemerintahan ganda

    Correct Answer
    C. Berpemerintahan sendiri
    Explanation
    Petisi Sutarjo menuntut agar Indonesia berpemerintahan sendiri. This means that Sutarjo is demanding that Indonesia have its own government and be able to govern itself independently, without any external control or interference.

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  • 46. 

    Tokoh pendiri SI adalah... 

    • A.

      K.H. Mas Mabsyur

    • B.

      K.H Ahmad Dahlan

    • C.

      K.H Samanhudi

    • D.

      Ki Hajar Dewantara

    • E.

      H.O.S. Cokroaminoto

    Correct Answer
    C. K.H Samanhudi
    Explanation
    K.H Samanhudi is the founder of SI (Sarekat Islam), an organization that played a significant role in the Indonesian nationalist movement. He was a prominent figure in the early 20th century who aimed to unite and empower the Muslim community in Indonesia. Samanhudi's efforts in organizing and mobilizing the Muslim masses led to the establishment of SI, making him the correct answer for the question.

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  • 47. 

    Asas perjuangan PNI meliputi self help, nonkooperasi, dan marhenisme. Asas self help maksudnya adalah... 

    • A.

      PNI tak akan bekerja sma dengan Belanda

    • B.

      PNI akan terus berusaha sampai kemerdekaan terwujud

    • C.

      PNI berusaha menuntut kemampuan sendiri tanpa menggantungkan diri pada pemerintah Belanda

    • D.

      Kemerdekaan akan terwujud bila Belanda diusir dengan kekuatan rakyatnya sendiri

    • E.

      Untuk mencapai kejayaan tidak perlu menggantungkan pada pemberian orang lain

    Correct Answer
    C. PNI berusaha menuntut kemampuan sendiri tanpa menggantungkan diri pada pemerintah Belanda
    Explanation
    The correct answer implies that the principle of self-help means that PNI strives for independence and does not rely on the Dutch government for support or assistance. They aim to develop their own capabilities and not be dependent on the Dutch government for their progress. This principle aligns with their goal of achieving independence and self-determination.

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  • 48. 

    Dengan segala tindakan politis yang progresif maka gerakan dari organisasi Perhimpunan Indonesia adalah... 

    • A.

      Merupakan organisasi yang paling berani menyatakan kemerdekaan Indonesia

    • B.

      Merupakan gerakan yang mampu membangkitkan tujuan menentang Imperialisme

    • C.

      Sebagai manifesto politik yang pertama dari semua gerakan nasional yang pernah ada

    • D.

      Sebagai jawaban bangsa Asia atas Kolonialisme dan Imperialisme Barat

    • E.

      Merupakan kristalisasi dari seluruh aspirasi dan cita- cita masyarakat Indonesia

    Correct Answer
    A. Merupakan organisasi yang paling berani menyatakan kemerdekaan Indonesia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Merupakan organisasi yang paling berani menyatakan kemerdekaan Indonesia" because it states that the Perhimpunan Indonesia organization is the most courageous in declaring Indonesia's independence. This implies that the organization played a significant role in the fight for independence and was not afraid to openly declare it.

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  • 49. 

    Dampak positif pelaksanaan politik etis yang mendorong lahirnya pergerakan nasional adalah bidang... 

    • A.

      Irigasi

    • B.

      Edukasi

    • C.

      Emigrasi

    • D.

      Transmigrasi

    • E.

      Emansipasi

    Correct Answer
    B. Edukasi
    Explanation
    The positive impact of the implementation of ethical politics that encourages the birth of the national movement is in the field of education. Through education, people are empowered with knowledge and awareness about their rights, leading to a stronger sense of national identity and unity. Education plays a crucial role in shaping the minds of individuals and fostering a spirit of patriotism and nationalism, which are essential for any national movement to thrive.

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  • 50. 

    Paham demokrasi awalnya berasal dari... 

    • A.

      Romawi

    • B.

      Sparta

    • C.

      Amerika

    • D.

      Cina

    • E.

      Athena

    Correct Answer
    E. Athena
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Athena. Athena is the Greek goddess of wisdom and warfare, and Athens, the capital of Greece, is named after her. In ancient Greece, Athens was known as the birthplace of democracy, where citizens had the right to participate in decision-making processes. This system of government influenced the development of democracy in other parts of the world.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 08, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Tiksmandametro
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