Remedial Ulangan Antroposfer Xi Iis 3 Dan 4

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Remedial Ulangan Antroposfer Xi Iis 3 Dan 4 - Quiz

Kerjakanlah soal remedial ini dengan teliti, jangan terburu-buru dan pastikan jawaban kalian benar. Selamat mengerjakan!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Pencatatan peristiwa kependudukan mencakup kelahiran, kematian, migrasi, kawin dan cerai dalam suatu wilayah tertentu yang waktunya dapat dilaksanakan setiap saat merupakan sumber data kependudukan berupa ....

    • A.

      Survey penduduk

    • B.

      Sensus penduduk

    • C.

      Catatan penduduk

    • D.

      Registrasi penduduk

    • E.

      Masalah penduduk

    Correct Answer
    D. Registrasi penduduk
    Explanation
    Registrasi penduduk adalah proses pencatatan resmi yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah untuk mencatat peristiwa kependudukan seperti kelahiran, kematian, migrasi, kawin, dan cerai dalam suatu wilayah tertentu. Registrasi penduduk memberikan data yang penting untuk perencanaan dan kebijakan pemerintah terkait dengan masalah penduduk.

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  • 2. 

    Angka kematian penduduk di suatu negara dikategorikan sedang apabila angka kematian  ....

    • A.

      Kurang dari 10 per 1000 penduduk

    • B.

      Antara 10 – 20 per 1000 penduduk

    • C.

      Antara 20 – 30 per 1000 penduduk

    • D.

      Lebih dari 20 per 1000 penduduk

    • E.

      Lebih dari 30 per 1000 penduduk

    Correct Answer
    B. Antara 10 – 20 per 1000 penduduk
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Antara 10 – 20 per 1000 penduduk". This is because when the death rate of a population falls between 10 and 20 deaths per 1000 population, it is considered to be in the moderate category.

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  • 3. 

    Angka ketergantungan (dependency ratio), pada dasarnya mencerminkan ... .   

    • A.

      Jumlah penduduk produktif yang menanggung usia nonproduktif

    • B.

      Jumlah penduduk nonproduktif yang harus ditanggung negara

    • C.

      Persentasi penduduk produktif dibagi penduduk produktif

    • D.

      Jumlah usia anak-anak ditanggung usia dewasa

    • E.

      Usia produktif yang menanggung usia 65 tahun keatas

    Correct Answer
    A. Jumlah penduduk produktif yang menanggung usia nonproduktif
    Explanation
    The correct answer reflects the number of productive population supporting the non-productive age group. This means that the dependency ratio measures the burden placed on the working-age population to support those who are not of working age. It provides an indication of the economic challenges and social support required for the non-productive age group.

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  • 4. 

    Susunan atau pengelompokkan penduduk berdasarkan cirri-ciri tertentu, adalah pengertian dari … .      

    • A.

      Demografi

    • B.

      Komposisi penduduk

    • C.

      Pengelompokan penduduk

    • D.

      Registrasi penduduk

    • E.

      Survei penduduk

    Correct Answer
    B. Komposisi penduduk
    Explanation
    Komposisi penduduk adalah pengertian yang tepat untuk susunan atau pengelompokkan penduduk berdasarkan ciri-ciri tertentu. Dalam konteks ini, komposisi penduduk mengacu pada pembagian penduduk berdasarkan faktor-faktor seperti usia, jenis kelamin, pendidikan, pekerjaan, dan lain-lain. Dengan memahami komposisi penduduk, pemerintah dan lembaga terkait dapat mengidentifikasi masalah demografis dan merancang kebijakan yang sesuai untuk memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat.

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  • 5. 

    Pelaksanaan sensus yang dilakukan hanya kepada penduduk yang benar-benar bertempat tinggal di daerah yang bersangkutan (daerah asal)  merupakan pelaksanaan sensus ... .      

    • A.

      De facto

    • B.

      De jure

    • C.

      Hause holder

    • D.

      Canvasser

    • E.

      Susenas

    Correct Answer
    B. De jure
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "De jure." De jure refers to a legal or official status. In the context of the given question, it suggests that the census is conducted only on individuals who legally reside in the respective area. This means that the census is not conducted on temporary residents or visitors.

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  • 6. 

    Lingkungan bagian permukaan bumi yang di huni oleh manusia disebut ....

    • A.

      Antroposfer

    • B.

      Biosfer

    • C.

      Pedosfer

    • D.

      Litosfer

    • E.

      Antopologi

    Correct Answer
    A. Antroposfer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Antroposfer. Antroposfer refers to the environment on the Earth's surface that is inhabited by humans. It includes all human settlements, cities, infrastructure, and activities. It is the sphere where human societies interact with the natural environment and is shaped by human activities and culture.

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  • 7. 

    Tahapan dalam sensus penduduk adalah ....

    • A.

      Membuat daftar pertanyaan - Menentukan keterangan - Mengumpulkan data - Mengolah data - Publikasi

    • B.

      Publikasi - Menentukan keterangan - Membuat daftar pertanyaan - Mengumpulkan data - Mengolah data -

    • C.

      Menentukan keterangan -Membuat daftar pertanyaan - Mengumpulkan data - Mengolah data - Publikasi

    • D.

      Menentukan keterangan - Mengumpulkan data - Membuat daftar pertanyaan - Mengolah data - Publikasi

    • E.

      Mengumpulkan data - Mengolah data - Publikasi - Membuat daftar pertanyaan - Menentukan keterangan -

    Correct Answer
    C. Menentukan keterangan -Membuat daftar pertanyaan - Mengumpulkan data - Mengolah data - Publikasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Menentukan keterangan - Membuat daftar pertanyaan - Mengumpulkan data - Mengolah data - Publikasi". This sequence of steps represents the correct order of stages in conducting a population census. The first step is to determine the information or variables that need to be collected, followed by creating a list of questions to gather the required data. Next, data collection takes place, where enumerators visit households and record the responses. After that, the collected data is processed and analyzed. Finally, the results are published or disseminated to the public.

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  • 8. 

    Sensus yang dilakukan dimana petugas memberikan daftar isian yang harus diisi oleh penduduk, adalah sensus … 

    • A.

      De facto

    • B.

      De jure

    • C.

      House holder

    • D.

      Canvaser

    • E.

      Supas

    Correct Answer
    C. House holder
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "House holder." In a census where the enumerator provides a list of questions to be filled out by the residents, the term "house holder" refers to the person responsible for completing the census form on behalf of the household. This individual is typically the head of the household or the person who owns or rents the residence.

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  • 9. 

    Sensus penduduk Indonesia dilaksanakan oleh ....

    • A.

      Pemerintah Daerah

    • B.

      Biro Pusat Statistik

    • C.

      Jawatan Kependudukan

    • D.

      Pemerintah Pusat

    • E.

      Departemen Dalam Negeri

    Correct Answer
    B. Biro Pusat Statistik
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Biro Pusat Statistik. The Biro Pusat Statistik, also known as the Central Statistics Agency, is responsible for conducting the population census in Indonesia. They gather and analyze data related to the population, economy, and social conditions in the country. They play a crucial role in providing accurate and reliable statistical information to support government planning and decision-making processes.

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  • 10. 

    Dinamika penduduk dipengaruhi oleh faktor ...

    • A.

      Kelahiran, kematian, migrasi

    • B.

      Migrasi, pembangunan, kesehatan

    • C.

      Kelahiran, kematian, pendidikan

    • D.

      Pendidikan, kesehatan, kesejahteraan

    • E.

      Kelahiran, kematian, kesehatan

    Correct Answer
    A. Kelahiran, kematian, migrasi
    Explanation
    The dynamics of a population are influenced by factors such as birth rates, death rates, and migration. These three factors play a crucial role in determining the size, composition, and growth of a population. Birth rates represent the number of births in a population, while death rates represent the number of deaths. Migration refers to the movement of individuals into or out of a population. These factors directly impact the overall population size and can also affect the age structure and demographic characteristics of a population. Therefore, the correct answer is kelahiran, kematian, migrasi.

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  • 11. 

    Faktor pro natalitas adalah ....

    • A.

      Perkawinan usia dini

    • B.

      Peperangan dan konflik

    • C.

      Program keluarga berencana

    • D.

      Emansipasi wanita

    • E.

      Rendahnya tingkat kesehatan

    Correct Answer
    A. Perkawinan usia dini
    Explanation
    Perkawinan usia dini dapat menjadi faktor yang meningkatkan natalitas. Ketika seseorang menikah pada usia yang lebih muda, mereka cenderung memiliki lebih banyak waktu untuk memiliki anak dan kemungkinan untuk memiliki jumlah anak yang lebih banyak. Oleh karena itu, perkawinan usia dini dapat berkontribusi pada peningkatan tingkat kelahiran dalam suatu populasi.

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  • 12. 

    Faktor anti mortalitas adalah ....

    • A.

      Rendahnya tingkat kesehatan

    • B.

      Fasilitas kesehatan buruk

    • C.

      Terjadinya bencana alam

    • D.

      Peperangan dan konflik

    • E.

      Fasilitas kesehatan memadai

    Correct Answer
    E. Fasilitas kesehatan memadai
    Explanation
    Having adequate health facilities can contribute to reducing mortality rates. When there are sufficient and well-equipped healthcare facilities, people have better access to medical services, including emergency care, preventive measures, and treatment. This leads to early detection and management of diseases, improved healthcare outcomes, and ultimately lower mortality rates. In contrast, the absence or inadequacy of healthcare facilities can result in delayed or limited access to healthcare services, increasing the risk of complications and mortality. Therefore, the presence of adequate health facilities is an important factor in reducing mortality rates.

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  • 13. 

    Perhatikan tabel berikut !Pulau atau KepulauanLuas Wilayah(km2)Luas Lahan Pertanian(km2)Jumlah Penduduk(jiwa)Kepadatan Penduduk AgrarisKepadatan Penduduk AritmatikSumateraJawa dan MaduraBali dan Nusa TenggaraKalimantanSulawesiMalukuIrian Jaya473.606132.18788.488539.460189.21674.505421.98152.20967.68912.12340.55625.7875.7933.94032.666.56633.502369  9.338.123  7.781.27411.597.690  1.632.758  1.357.1085521.470770192450282344692541061461223Dari tabel di atas, kepadatan penduduk aritmatik pulau-pulau di Indnesia  secara hirarki dari terpadat adalah ... . 

    • A.

      Jawa dan Madura, Sumatera, Sulawesi.

    • B.

      Sumatera, Maluku,  Sulawesi

    • C.

      Sulawesi, Sumatera, Bali dan Nusa Tenggara

    • D.

      Maluku, Irian Jaya, Sulawesi

    • E.

      Jawa dan Madura, Maluku, Sulawesi

    Correct Answer
    A. Jawa dan Madura, Sumatera, Sulawesi.
    Explanation
    Based on the given table, the population density of the islands in Indonesia in arithmetic hierarchy from the most densely populated is Jawa dan Madura, Sumatera, Sulawesi. This is determined by comparing the population figures of each island. Jawa dan Madura has a population of 369 million with a land area of 132,187 km2, Sumatera has a population of 282 million with a land area of 473,606 km2, and Sulawesi has a population of 192 million with a land area of 189,216 km2. Therefore, Jawa dan Madura has the highest population density, followed by Sumatera, and then Sulawesi.

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  • 14. 

    Kota Bandung berpenduduk 149,2 juta jiwa terdiri dari 69,1 juta jiwa laki-laki dan 80,1 juta jiwa wanita. Besarnya sex ratio kota Bandung adalah .....

    • A.

      12 

    • B.

      86

    • C.

      97

    • D.

      48

    • E.

      27 

    Correct Answer
    B. 86
    Explanation
    The sex ratio is calculated by dividing the number of males by the number of females in a given population. In this case, the number of males in Kota Bandung is 69.1 million, and the number of females is 80.1 million. Dividing the number of males by the number of females gives us a sex ratio of approximately 0.863, which is rounded to 86. Therefore, the correct answer is 86.

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  • 15. 

    Tahun 2003 kota Cipondoh raya mempunyai jumlah penduduk usia 15-64 tahun sebanyak 1.800.000 jiwa. Usia 0-14 tahun 520.000 jiwa dan jumlah usia 65 tahun ke atas 80.000 jiwa. Maka rasio ketergantungan adalah .....       

    • A.

      20,3    

    • B.

      40,3

    • C.

      43,3

    • D.

      30,3 

    • E.

      33,3

    Correct Answer
    E. 33,3
    Explanation
    The dependency ratio is calculated by dividing the total population aged 0-14 and 65 years and older by the population aged 15-64, and then multiplying by 100. In this case, the total population aged 0-14 and 65 years and older is 600,000 (520,000 + 80,000) and the population aged 15-64 is 1,800,000. Dividing 600,000 by 1,800,000 and multiplying by 100 gives a dependency ratio of 33.3.

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  • 16. 

    Perhatikan gambar berikut! Piramida ekspansif  memperlihatkan struktur usia dan jenis kelamin penduduk negara berkembang. Manakah dari pernyataan berikut yang dapat menggambarkan grafik negara tersebut .... . 

    • A.

      Kondisi kepadatan penduduk tinggi

    • B.

      Penderitaan akibat dari kelebihan populasi

    • C.

      Penderitaan akibat kekurangan penduduk

    • D.

      Angka kelahiran lebih tinggi dari pada angka kematian

    • E.

      Angka kematian dan angka kelahiran tinggi

    Correct Answer
    E. Angka kematian dan angka kelahiran tinggi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Angka kematian dan angka kelahiran tinggi". This is because the expansive pyramid structure indicates a high birth rate and a high death rate. This suggests that the population is growing rapidly, but also experiencing a high mortality rate.

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  • 17. 

    Faktor yang menyebabkan tingkat pendidikan di Indonesia masih rendah, kecuali ….

    • A.

      Biaya pendidikan mahal

    • B.

      Pendapatan penduduk rendah

    • C.

      Beasiswa bagi siswa cerdas

    • D.

      Kesadaran masyarakat akan pendidikan rendah

    • E.

      Fasilitas  pendidikan masih rendah

    Correct Answer
    C. Beasiswa bagi siswa cerdas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "beasiswa bagi siswa cerdas" because it states that scholarships for intelligent students are not a factor causing low education levels in Indonesia. This implies that scholarships are available and accessible for intelligent students, which can help them pursue higher education despite financial constraints. Therefore, the availability of scholarships does not contribute to the low education levels in the country.

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  • 18. 

    Penduduk usia produktif ialah ….

    • A.

      0-5 tahun

    • B.

      10-14 tahun

    • C.

      > 64 tahun

    • D.

      15-64 tahun

    • E.

      0-14 tahun

    Correct Answer
    D. 15-64 tahun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 15-64 tahun. This age range is considered the productive age group because it encompasses individuals who are typically in their working years and are able to contribute to the economy through employment and productivity. Individuals within this age range are generally considered to be physically and mentally capable of engaging in productive activities such as work and entrepreneurship.

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  • 19. 

    Ajaran agama yang melarang bunuh diri dan tingkat kesehatan masyarakat yang tinggi menjadi factor…. 

    • A.

      Antimortalitas

    • B.

      Promortalitas

    • C.

      Mortalitas

    • D.

      Antinatalitas

    • E.

      Pronatalitas

    Correct Answer
    A. Antimortalitas
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "antimortalitas". This is because the question mentions that religious teachings that prohibit suicide and a high level of public health are factors. "Antimortalitas" refers to actions or beliefs that are against death or prolonging life, which aligns with the idea of religious teachings against suicide and a healthy society.

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  • 20. 

    Perhatikan hal-hal berikut ini!1) Survey Penduduk2) Rasio ketergantungan3) Pendapatan per kapita4) Pendidikan5) KesehatanDari pernyataan diatas, indikator untuk mengukur kualitas penduduk suatu negara adalah….

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      2,3,4

    • C.

      3,4,5

    • D.

      1,4,5

    • E.

      2,4,5

    Correct Answer
    E. 2,4,5
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2,4,5. The indicators for measuring the quality of a country's population are the dependency ratio (2), education (4), and health (5). The dependency ratio measures the number of economically dependent individuals in relation to the working-age population. Education is an important indicator as it reflects the level of knowledge and skills of the population. Health is also crucial as it indicates the overall well-being and life expectancy of the population. Therefore, these three indicators provide a comprehensive assessment of the quality of a country's population.

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