What is the new name for Montford Point Camp
C. Camp Gilbert H. Johnson
Camp Gilbert H. Johnson is the new name for Montford Point Camp. The question asks for the new name, implying that Montford Point Camp had a name change. Therefore, the correct answer is Camp Gilbert H. Johnson.
1941-On June 25, FDR issued Executive Order #, Fair
Employment Practice Commission which directed the Armed Forces of the U.S. to
accept all recruits "regardless of color, race, creed or national origin."what is the Order number?
In 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8802, which established the Fair Employment Practice Commission. This order directed the U.S. Armed Forces to accept all recruits regardless of their color, race, creed, or national origin. It was a significant step towards ending racial discrimination in the military and promoting equal opportunities for all individuals.
James E. "Jimmy" Stewart, Sr., my Father of Oklahoma City,
Oklahoma, was responsible for the first Black sworn in
the USMC JUNE 1st, 1942. Stewart himself eventually enlisted shortly after. NAME THAT FIRST BLACK MARINE.
E. Alfred Masters
Alfred Masters is the correct answer because the question states that James E. "Jimmy" Stewart, Sr. was responsible for the first Black sworn in the USMC on June 1st, 1942, and Alfred Masters was the first Black Marine.
On August 26th, 1942 this person, was the first black recruit to
arrive at Montford Point Camp. H&S Battery of 51st Composite Defense Bn.
C. Howard Perry
Howard Perry was the first black recruit to arrive at Montford Point Camp on August 26th, 1942. He joined the H&S Battery of the 51st Composite Defense Bn. This answer is correct because it accurately identifies Howard Perry as the individual who holds this distinction.
1944- The First appointed Camp Band Drum Major
and Bandmaster of the Montford Point Camp Band. What is his name?
A. Ivan R Elmore
Ivan R Elmore is the correct answer because he was the first appointed Camp Band Drum Major and Bandmaster of the Montford Point Camp Band in 1944. King Edward is not mentioned in the given information and therefore is not the correct answer.
15th, 3rd Ammo, 18th, 19th and 20th Marine Depo Companies landed and engaged in
fierce attacks with the enemy on Saipan and Tinian Islands in the Marianas. All
elements were awarded the?
B. Presidential Unit Citation
The given correct answer is "Presidential Unit Citation." The 15th, 3rd Ammo, 18th, 19th, and 20th Marine Depo Companies were involved in intense battles with the enemy on Saipan and Tinian Islands in the Marianas. Due to their exceptional bravery and valor, all elements of these companies were awarded the Presidential Unit Citation. This citation is given to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and allies for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy. It is a prestigious honor recognizing the collective efforts and sacrifices of the unit.
July 21st, the 2nd and
4th Marine Ammo Companies landed on Guam, Marianas Islands. Cited for heroism
and bravery, awarded the Navy Unit Commendation. Luther Woodward of 4th Ammo
cited with what award.
B. Bronze Star
Luther Woodward of the 4th Ammo Company was cited with the Bronze Star award. This award is given for acts of heroism, acts of merit, or meritorious service in a combat zone. It is a prestigious award that recognizes exceptional bravery and dedication in the face of danger.
1945-February 19th, the 8th Marine Ammo and 36th Marine Depot Companies
landed on D-Day with elements of the First Amphibious Corps on Iwo Jima, Volcano
Islands. The 34th landed on the 24th. Private James M. Whitlock and James Davis
of the 36th received the Bronze Star for "heroic achievements in connection with
operations against the enemy." All units of the Fifth Amphibious Corps were
awarded the Navy Unit Commendation. Admiral Chester Nimitz, Chief of Naval
Operations said what.
D. Uncommon valor was a common virtue
The correct answer, "Uncommon valor was a common virtue," is a statement made by Admiral Chester Nimitz, Chief of Naval Operations. This statement implies that the bravery and courage displayed by the Marines during the operations on Iwo Jima were exceptional and remarkable, despite being expected from them. It acknowledges the extraordinary valor shown by the Marines in the face of intense enemy resistance.
Name the first Black commissioned Reserve Officer in the U.S. Marine Corps, thus becoming the 1st Black to attain
A. Frederick C Branch
Frederick C Branch is the correct answer because he was the first Black commissioned Reserve Officer in the U.S. Marine Corps, making him the first Black to attain this distinction.
1948 Executive order issued by President Harry S. Truman ending color bias
in the American armed forces. What was that order number.
In 1948, President Harry S. Truman issued an executive order that put an end to color bias in the American armed forces. This order, known as Executive Order 9981, aimed to desegregate the military and ensure equal treatment for all soldiers regardless of their race or color. It was a significant step towards promoting equality and ending racial discrimination within the armed forces.
Sgt Charles Shaw, USMC
became First Black Marine Drill Instructor at Parris Island Recruit
Depot. Also that year Montford Point Camp was deactivated what year.
In 1949, Sgt Charles Shaw became the first Black Marine Drill Instructor at Parris Island Recruit Depot. Additionally, in the same year, Montford Point Camp was deactivated.
Retired Master Gunnery Sergeant Brooks E. Gray, Jr., first
C. President of the MONTFORD POINT MARINE ASSOCIATION, INC
The correct answer is "President of the MONTFORD POINT MARINE ASSOCIATION, INC." This is because the given information states that Retired Master Gunnery Sergeant Brooks E. Gray, Jr. is the President of the MONTFORD POINT MARINE ASSOCIATION, INC. The other options mentioned in the question, such as being the first Black Marine, the first Black in Camp, going to war, or becoming an officer, are not supported by the provided information.
Name the first commander of Montford Point Camp
B. Colonel Samuel A. Woods, Jr
Colonel Samuel A. Woods, Jr. is the correct answer because he was the first commander of Montford Point Camp. Montford Point Camp was a segregated United States Marine Corps training facility during World War II, where African American recruits were trained. Colonel Woods played a crucial role in establishing and leading this camp, making him the first commander.
Although the public announcement was not
made until 20 May, the basic instructions for Marine Corps Recruiting Divisions
were sent out in a letter from the Commandant on 15 May. This letter set a quota
of 200 recruits each from the Eastern and Central Divisions while the Southern
was to furnish 500 of the initial 900 recruits. These men were to be citizens
between 17 and 29 years of age, and they were to meet the existing standards for
enlistment in the Corps. They were to be enlisted in Class III(c), Marine Corps
Reserve, and assigned to inactive duty in a General Service Unit of their
Reserve District. Both the service record book and the enlistment contract were
to be stamped "Colored." Recruiting was to begin on what date.
A. 1 June 1942.
The correct answer is 1 June 1942. This can be inferred from the information provided in the passage, which states that recruiting was to begin on a specific date. The passage mentions that the basic instructions were sent out on 15 May, and the announcement was made on 20 May. Therefore, the logical conclusion is that recruiting would begin on 1 June 1942, after the announcement was made.
When recruiting opened on 1 June, the first men to enlist were Alfred Masters
and George O. Thompson (1 June), George W. James and John E. L. Tillman (2
June), Leonard L. Burns (3 June), and Edward A. Culp (5 June), all in the 8th
Reserve District, headquartered at Pensacola, Florida. On 8 June, James W. Brown
in the 3d District (New York) and George L. Glover and David W. Sheppard in the
6th and 7th Districts (Charleston) enlisted. What year did they join the Marines.
The question provides a list of individuals who enlisted in the Marines on specific dates. Based on this information, it can be inferred that the individuals mentioned enlisted in the Marines in June of a certain year. Since the question does not provide any additional information or context, the only logical answer is 1942, as it is the only year listed that falls within the given timeframe.
Camp Gilbert H. Johnson, the Marine Camp Johnson is name for. What was Johnson main duty?
A. Drill instructor, U.S.M.C.
The main duty of Johnson at Camp Gilbert H. Johnson, which is named after him, was to be a drill instructor in the U.S. Marine Corps.
Beginning in January 1943, all men in
the 18-37 age group would be inducted into the services through the Selective
Service System. To make the call-up equitable, at least 10 percent of those
selected would be blacks, a proportion approximating the number of blacks in the
U.S. population as a whole. True or False.
During World War II, the United States implemented a selective service system to draft men into the military. In order to ensure fairness and representation, the government aimed to select at least 10 percent of black men, which was roughly proportional to their population in the country. Therefore, the statement that at least 10 percent of those selected would be blacks is true.
The Montford Point Camp band
was capable of producing jazz combos, dance orchestras, and concert groups of
professional caliber. Fortunately, one of the young White officers who arrived early
at Montford Point was Lieutenant Robert W. Troup, Jr., an accomplished composer
and musician from New York, who established immediate rapport with the black
musicians which carried over to the rest of the men.His earliest musical success came with the song "Daddy" which was a regional hit
in 1941. Sammy Kaye and His Orchestra recorded "Daddy", which was no.1 for 8
weeks on the Billboard Best Seller chart and the no.5 record of 1941. Glenn
Miller and His Orchestra also performed "Daddy" on their radio broadcasts. In
the same year, his song "Snootie Little Cutie" was recorded by Frank Sinatra and Connie Haines with the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra and the Pied
Pipers. He served as a Captain in the us Marines during World War Two. He was one of the
first white officer to be given command of an all black unit in Jacksonville, North Carolina, where the men were living in tents. Troup's Marines built Quonset huts, new latrines, a nightclub, a boxing
ring, a basketball court and formed a basketball team, a jazz band, an
orchestra, and had installed a miniature golf course for his men. Soon, white
Marines of other units began spending time in that part of camp.Did Robert Troup write a song about Jacksonville, N.C.
The given passage provides information about Robert W. Troup, Jr., an accomplished composer and musician, who served as a Captain in the US Marines during World War Two. It mentions that Troup established rapport with black musicians and had success with his songs, including "Daddy" and "Snootie Little Cutie", which were recorded by various orchestras and artists. It also states that Troup was given command of an all black unit in Jacksonville, North Carolina, where he built various facilities and formed music and sports teams. Therefore, based on the information provided, it can be inferred that Robert Troup did write a song about Jacksonville, N.C.
In January 1945, he became sergeant major of the Montford Point Camp and in June
of that year joined the 52d Defense Battalion on Guam, also as sergeant major,
remaining in that assignment until the unit disbanded in 1946. His subsequent
career included service during the Korean War. He retired in 1955 after
completing a tour of duty as First Sergeant, Headquarters and Service Company,
3d Marines, 3d Marine Division. He died in 1972. Two years afterward, the Marine
Corps paid tribute to his accomplishments by re-designating the Montford Point
Camp as Camp Gilbert H. Johnson. What year was that?
In 1974, two years after the death of the individual mentioned in the passage, the Marine Corps re-designated the Montford Point Camp as Camp Gilbert H. Johnson. This information is provided in the passage, making 1974 the correct answer.
Edgar R. Huff enliste d in the Marine Corps in June and underwent training
at the new Montford Point Camp. "I wanted to be a Marine," he said years later,
"because I had always heard that the Marine Corps was the toughest outfit going,
and I felt I was the toughest going, so I wanted to be a member of the best
organization." His toughness and physical strength had served him well while a
crane rigger for the Republic Steel Company in Alabama City, near his home town
of Gadsden, Alabama. What year did Huff join the Marine Corps.
The passage states that Edgar R. Huff enlisted in the Marine Corps in June and underwent training at the new Montford Point Camp. Since the passage does not provide the specific year, we can infer that Huff joined the Marine Corps in the year following his training at the Montford Point Camp, which would be 1942.
The tempo of training picked up throughout the summer and fall of 1943, as
African-American non-commissioned officers replaced more of the white enlisted
men who had taught them to handle weapons and lead men in combat. On 20 August,
the 51st Defense Battalion suffered its first fatality. During a disembarkation
exercise, while the Marines of the 155mm Artillery Group scrambled down a net
draped over a wooden structure representing the side of a transport, Corporal
Gilbert Fraser, Jr., slipped, fell into a landing craft in the water below, and
suffered injuries that claimed his life. In memory of the 30-year-old graduate
of Virginia Union College, the road leading from Montford Point Camp to the
artillery range was rename what.
C. Fraser Road
The road leading from Montford Point Camp to the artillery range was renamed Fraser Road in memory of Corporal Gilbert Fraser, Jr., who died during a disembarkation exercise. Fraser, a graduate of Virginia Union College, slipped and fell into a landing craft, resulting in fatal injuries. This renaming of the road was done to honor and remember him.
Fraser Road would figure in one of the legends of Montford
Point, the so-called Death March. One of the black Marines living in the
ramshackle barracks formerly occupied by the Civilian Conservation Corps grew
bored and used his bayonet to punch a hole in a wall, which had all the
durability of cardboard. The non-commissioned officers questioned the men, who
refused to identify the person guilty of the vandalism. As a result, the
sergeants staged a nighttime forced march — the Death March in the lore of the
Montford Point Marines — but this failed to elicit the name they sought.
According to one account, when the column reached the site of the brig on Fraser
Road, the black Marines decided that to go further would dishonor the memory of
a dead comrade, Corporal Gilbert Fraser, Jr., who was killed in a training
accident. They broke ranks, rushed the brig, and demanded to be arrested — or so
the legend states. Since the number of potential prisoners would have been far
too many for the structure to accommodate — they were "hanging out the windows,"
one of the black Marines has declared — the non-commissioned officers marched
them back to the huts. Whatever the details, the incident became the source of
pride and further intensified the solidarity among Montford Point's
African-American Marines. Was this a nighttime or daylight march
The passage mentions that the sergeants staged a nighttime forced march, known as the Death March, in an attempt to elicit the name of the person responsible for the vandalism. It also states that when the column reached the site of the brig on Fraser Road, the black Marines decided to break ranks and rush the brig. This suggests that the incident occurred during the nighttime, as the black Marines would not have been able to see the brig and make a decision to rush it if it was daylight. Therefore, the correct answer is nighttime.
The 51st Defense Battalion's move across a segregated America where one of the trains stopped so the men
could have breakfast. Unaware of the layout of the Jim Crow railroad station,
the non-commissioned officers moved the black Marines into a waiting room
reserved for whites, only to be halted by white military police determined to
uphold local law. The African-Americans stood ready to push their way through,
but the train commander arrived, conferred with the officer in charge of the
MPs, and prevented a tense situation from turning violent. In what city did this happen.
A. Confrontation in Atlanta, Georgia
The correct answer is confrontation in Atlanta, Georgia. The passage mentions that the 51st Defense Battalion was moving across a segregated America and one of the trains stopped for breakfast. The non-commissioned officers mistakenly moved the black Marines into a waiting room reserved for whites, leading to a confrontation with white military police. The location of this confrontation is not explicitly mentioned in the passage, but based on the historical context of segregation in America, Atlanta, Georgia is a plausible answer.
On Saipan, the black Leathernecks demonstrated they had earned the right to
fight alongside their white fellow Marines. The accomplishments of the combat
service support companies, reported the post newspaper at Camp Lejeune, so
impressed the Commandant of the Marine Corps, Lieutenant General Alexander A.
Vandegrift — who had replaced Holcomb on 1 January 1944 — that he declared: "The
Negro Marines are no longer on trial. They are Marines, period." Time's
war correspondent in the Central Pacific, Robert Sherrod, wrote: "The Negro
Marines, under fire for the first time, have rated this 4.0 honor."
In other words, they had earned the Navy's highest possible rating. What is that number.
B. A universal 4.0
The correct answer is a universal 4.0. The passage states that the accomplishments of the black Leathernecks impressed the Commandant of the Marine Corps, who declared that "The Negro Marines are no longer on trial. They are Marines, period." The war correspondent also wrote that the Negro Marines had earned a 4.0 honor, indicating that they had achieved the highest possible rating. Therefore, the answer is a universal 4.0.
Black combat support units also took part in the assault on Iwo Jima, where, as
at Peleliu, their presence confounded the policy of segregation. Because of the
random intermingling of white and black units, an African-American Marine,
carrying a box of supplies, dived into a shell hole occupied by white Marines,
one of whom gave him a cigarette before he scrambled out with his load and ran
forward. Here, too, black stewards and members of the depot and ammunition
companies came to the aid of the wounded. A white Marine, Robert F. Graf, who
lay in a tent awaiting evacuation for further medical treatment, remembered
that: "Two black Marines . . . ever so gently . . . placed me on a stretcher and
carried me outside to a waiting DUCK ." WERE THERE BLACK MARINES ON IWO JIMA
The given passage states that black combat support units took part in the assault on Iwo Jima and their presence confounded the policy of segregation. It describes an incident where an African-American Marine, carrying supplies, interacted with white Marines and received a cigarette from one of them. Additionally, black stewards and members of other companies also came to the aid of the wounded. Therefore, based on the information provided in the passage, the answer "YES" is correct as it confirms the presence of black Marines on Iwo Jima.
The present war has called together in our services men of many origins and
various races and colors. All are presumed to be imbued with common ideals and
standards. All wear the uniform of the United States. All are entitled to the
respect to which that common service is entitled. There shall be no
discrimination by reason of sectional birth, race, religion, or political
beliefs. On the other hand, all individuals are charged with the responsibility
of conducting themselves as becomes Americans. Did Black Marines Fight on Iwo Jima in World War Two.
The passage states that men of various races and colors have been called together to serve in the war, and they are all presumed to share common ideals and standards. It emphasizes that there shall be no discrimination based on race. Therefore, it can be inferred that Black Marines did fight on Iwo Jima in World War Two, as they were not excluded based on their race.
Returning Home52d Defense Battalion at Guam began a transition from combat unit to support
organization. The change received official confirmation on 30 September when the
battalion came under the 5th Service Depot, which also controlled the black
ammunition and depot companies still on the island. A detachment from the 52d
sailed to the Marshalls in October, relieved the 51st Defense Battalion at
Eniwetok and Kwajalein, and returned to Guam in January. Some of the Marines not
yet eligible for discharge cast off the role of depot troops and formed the
Heavy Anti aircraft Group (Provisional), based at Saipan until disbanded in
February 1947. The Marines of the 52d Defense Battalion, who remained on Guam
after the group departed for Saipan, sailed for San Diego in the transport USS
Wakefield (AP 21) on 13 March 1946. Hostilities against Japan ended on 15 August 1945. As a rule, the Marine Corps
discharged on the West Coast the men with homes west of the Mississippi River,
while those living to the east of the river received their discharges on the
East Coast. The men of the 52d Defense Battalion not discharged at Camp
Pendleton returned to Montford Point, where Lieutenant Colonel Moore
relinquished command on 21 April. The end came on 15 May, when the wartime unit was re designated the 3d Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion in the
postwar Marine Corps. Hostilities against Japan ended on what date.
A. 15 August 1945
The correct answer is 15 August 1945. This is because the passage states that hostilities against Japan ended on this date.
DID YOU KNOW BLACK MARINES WERE FIGHTING ON IWO JIMA.
The correct answer is "YES" because it is a fact that black Marines were indeed fighting on Iwo Jima. This refers to the participation of African American soldiers in the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II. Despite facing racial discrimination and segregation within the military, black Marines played a crucial role in the battle and made significant contributions to the overall effort. Their bravery and sacrifice deserve recognition and acknowledgment.
The Montford Point Marine Association is a nonprofit Veteran organization, established to perpetuate the legacy of the first African Americans who entered the United States Marine Corps from 1942 to 1949 at Montford Point Camp, New River, North Carolina.Membership in the Association is open to veterans and active members of all branches of the U. S. Armed Forces regardless of race, creed, or national origin. The purpose of the Association is to support educational assistance, veteran programs, and promotion of community services. The Association works to improve the social conditions of our veterans, local families, youth and the growing population of senior citizens. Please make your comments below, and let others know about, The Montford Point Marines.http://www.montfordpointmarines.com/Semper Fidelis!James T. Averhart, Jr.National PresidentMontford Point Marine Association Inc