Process Dynamics, Instrumentation & Control - Fundamentals Quiz (50%)

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| By Neelchem
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Neelchem
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 953
Questions: 12 | Attempts: 953

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Instrumentation Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is an example of feedback control?

    • A.

      Applying brakes in a car upon seeing a speed breaker

    • B.

      Controlling the temperature of a bathing shower using hot and cold stream knobs

    • C.

      Drinking protein supplements for stimulating growth in kids

    • D.

      Using an induction cooker for boiling tea

    Correct Answer
    B. Controlling the temperature of a bathing shower using hot and cold stream knobs
    Explanation
    Controlling the temperature of a bathing shower using hot and cold stream knobs is an example of feedback control because it involves continuously monitoring the temperature of the water and making adjustments to the hot and cold knobs based on the desired temperature. The feedback comes from the user's perception of the water temperature and the adjustments made to achieve the desired temperature.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following controllers introduces offset ?

    • A.

      P

    • B.

      I

    • C.

      PI

    • D.

      PID

    Correct Answer
    A. P
    Explanation
    The P controller introduces offset because it only considers the current error between the desired and actual values, without taking into account the past error or the future trend. This means that even if the system reaches the desired value, there will still be a steady-state error or offset.

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  • 3. 

    A derivative controller eliminates offset but introduces oscillations. Assess whether this statement is true or false.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    A derivative controller does not eliminate offset but rather reduces it. It helps in reducing the time taken to reach the setpoint and improves the stability of the system. However, it can lead to oscillations if not properly tuned or if the system has inherent instability. Therefore, the statement that a derivative controller eliminates offset but introduces oscillations is false.

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  • 4. 

    What is the inverse Laplace transform for 100/(s+5) ?

    • A.

      100 exp (5t)

    • B.

      5 exp (100t)

    • C.

      100 exp (-5t)

    • D.

      5 exp (-100t)

    Correct Answer
    C. 100 exp (-5t)
    Explanation
    The inverse Laplace transform is used to find the original function from its Laplace transform. In this case, the Laplace transform is 100/(s+5). To find the inverse Laplace transform, we need to determine the function that when transformed using Laplace transform, gives us 100/(s+5). The correct answer is 100 exp (-5t) because when we take the Laplace transform of this function, we get 100/(s+5), which matches the given Laplace transform.

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  • 5. 

    A second order system can be modeled as two first order systems in series.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A second order system can be modeled as two first order systems in series because a second order system can be broken down into two first order systems by considering the transfer function. By doing so, the overall system can be analyzed and understood better. This decomposition helps in simplifying the analysis of complex systems and allows for easier control and design. Therefore, it is true that a second order system can be modeled as two first order systems in series.

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  • 6. 

    Bode Plots can be used for which of the following forcing functions?

    • A.

      Ramp Inputs

    • B.

      Step Inputs

    • C.

      Unsteady pulse Inputs

    • D.

      Sinusoidal Inputs

    Correct Answer
    D. Sinusoidal Inputs
    Explanation
    Bode plots are graphical representations of the frequency response of a system. They show the magnitude and phase shift of the system's output in response to different frequencies of sinusoidal inputs. Therefore, Bode plots can be used specifically for sinusoidal inputs to analyze the behavior and characteristics of a system at different frequencies.

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  • 7. 

    Inverse response has positive poles in the process transfer function.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Inverse response refers to a situation where the output of a system initially moves in the opposite direction to a change in input before eventually settling down to the expected response. This behavior is typically associated with negative poles in the process transfer function, not positive poles. Therefore, the statement that inverse response has positive poles is incorrect.

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  • 8. 

    Inverse Response is characterized by negative roots in the process transfer function.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Inverse response is not characterized by negative roots in the process transfer function. Inverse response refers to a phenomenon where the output of a system initially moves in the opposite direction to a change in the input. It is typically observed in systems with significant dead time. The presence of negative roots in the process transfer function may indicate other characteristics or behaviors of the system, but it is not directly related to inverse response.

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  • 9. 

    For a second order under damped system, the value of damping coeficient (ζ) is

    • A.

    • B.

      =1

    • C.

      >1

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A.
    Explanation
    In a second order underdamped system, the damping coefficient (ζ) is always less than 1. This coefficient determines the rate at which the system returns to equilibrium after being disturbed. If the damping coefficient is equal to 1, the system is critically damped, and if it is greater than 1, the system is overdamped. Therefore, the correct answer is ">1".

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  • 10. 

    Routh Hurwitz criteria can be used to determine the stability of a system using it's closed loop characteristic polynomial.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Routh-Hurwitz criteria is a mathematical method used to determine the stability of a system by analyzing the coefficients of its characteristic polynomial. By applying this criteria, one can determine if the system is stable or unstable based on the signs of the coefficients. Therefore, the statement that Routh-Hurwitz criteria can be used to determine the stability of a system using its closed loop characteristic polynomial is true.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following controllers require extensive and accurate knowledge of the process model?

    • A.

      Feedback controller

    • B.

      Feed forward controller

    • C.

      Cascade Controller

    • D.

      Time delay controller

    Correct Answer
    B. Feed forward controller
    Explanation
    A feed forward controller requires extensive and accurate knowledge of the process model because it uses this information to anticipate disturbances and adjust the control signal accordingly. By understanding the process model, the feed forward controller can calculate the necessary corrective action without relying solely on feedback from the system. This allows for faster and more accurate control, as the controller can proactively compensate for disturbances before they affect the system's output.

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