Cultural features through the use of concrete objects in reallife situations.
The same information in all content areas.
Instruction in highly contextualized situations.
Concepts and vocabulary related to the themes in various content areas.
Teach geography concepts to ELLs.
Identify critical features of a given concept.
Establish connections between concepts in two languages.
Present a graphic representation of a process.
Mayan and Aztec
Inca and Aztec
Toltec and Olmec
Taino and Quechua
Virginia and Massachusetts.
Texas and New Mexico.
Saint Augustine and Roanoke.
New York and New Jersey.
House of Representatives
Justices of the Supreme Court
The Executive Branch
Noun, intransitive verb, predicative nomina- tive
Noun, intransitive verb, predicative adjective
Noun, transitive verb, indirect object, direct object
Noun, transitive verb, direct object
Metaphors and similes.
The use of sight words for decoding
The importance of using accents to guide pronunciation of words in English
The semantic value of word stress
The importance of contrasting similar words to help in their spelling
A balance between the receptive and productive skills of the language.
A balance between theory and application of reading concepts.
Phonics instruction as the primary method to teach English reading.
The best practices from the skill-based and the meaning-based approaches.
It is used to compensate for the grapheme– phoneme inconsistency of English.
It is used to teach words as sight words.
It is the best approach to teach words with multiple syllables.
It is the best approach to teach the spelling pattern for prefixes and suffixes.
Children might have more interest in the first set of sounds.
The first set of graphemes occurs more frequently in reading.
Children have muscular control and can pronounce nasal sounds.
The last set of graphemes can create language interference.
Encouraging students to make predictions based on the title and the pictures.
Encouraging students to draw a picture representing the main idea of the story.
Encouraging students to draw pictures representing the characters of the story.
Introducing students to the author’s biography and books written by the author.
To make the content understood to children so they can enjoy it and corroborate their earlier predictions about it.
To introduce decoding skills and the main idea.
To introduce vocabulary unknown to the children and decoding skills.
To review the parts of the book, check for comprehension and practice the use of contextual clues.
To present the idea that English has been influenced by other languages
To present the idea that English has many foreign words
To present the idea that elements from the first language can transfer to English
To present the idea that English is not a difficult language
One inflectional morpheme and one derivational morpheme.
One derivational morpheme, the root of the word, and two inflectional morphemes.
Two inflectional morphemes and the root of the word.
One derivational morpheme, the root and one inflectional morpheme.
Improve the literacy development of adults and the community.
Use children as a reason to involve parents in school activities.
Promote literacy among children using the support of parents and other family members.
Begin in preschool and continue through high school.
Drawing a picture representing the story.
Writing a short paragraph summarising the story
Verbalizing the main points of the story and writing a chronology of events in the story.
Developing a detailed analysis of the story line.
Promote reading fluency.
Promote reading comprehension in the content areas.
Establish an environment where students can practice oral language skills.
Introduce cooperative learning activities.
The cost associated with the proposed ac- commodations.
The legality of the proposed adaptations.
The feasibility of time and resources available for such accommodations.
The type of disability the child has.
Students can communicate silently in class.
Students learn that writing can be used for communication.
Students can correct each other’s writing samples.
Students can learn about personal information from teachers and peers.