PMR 2005 - 2012:短语

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PMR 2005 - 2012:短语 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    适量的运动及休息,是一个人身心健康的(重要因素)。上面在括弧内的部分是什么短语?

    • A.

      主谓短语

    • B.

      动宾短语

    • C.

      偏正短语

    • D.

      并列短语

    Correct Answer
    C. 偏正短语
    Explanation
    The phrase "适量的运动及休息" modifies the noun "身心健康," indicating that moderate exercise and rest are important factors for a person's physical and mental well-being. This type of phrase, which adds additional information or clarification to a noun, is known as a "偏正短语" in Chinese grammar.

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  • 2. 

    摆脱牵绊是一种快乐,也是使自己追求进步、产生效率的一种力量。下面哪个短语和其类型搭配是正确的?

    • A.

      摆脱牵绊—动宾短语

    • B.

      一种快乐—谓补短语

    • C.

      追求进步—主谓短语

    • D.

      产生效率—偏正短语

    Correct Answer
    A. 摆脱牵绊—动宾短语
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "摆脱牵绊—动宾短语" because the phrase "摆脱牵绊" is functioning as the object of the verb, making it a direct object phrase or a dynamic object phrase.

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  • 3. 

    太阳这个(圆圆的魔术家),他(非常慷慨)地(普照着大地),人们亲眼看见他做出了(多少奇迹)!上面在括弧内的短语,那个与其他三个不同类型?

    • A.

      圆圆的魔术家

    • B.

      非常慷慨

    • C.

      普照着大地

    • D.

      多少奇迹

    Correct Answer
    C. 普照着大地
    Explanation
    The phrase "普照着大地" (shining on the earth) is different from the other three phrases because it describes the action or behavior of the sun, while the other three phrases describe the qualities or characteristics of the sun. The phrase "圆圆的魔术家" (round magician) describes the shape of the sun, "非常慷慨" (very generous) describes the nature of the sun, and "多少奇迹" (how many miracles) describes the wonders or miracles performed by the sun.

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  • 4. 

    管理者在(传达信息)时,最好(语言简单),使用(易懂的言语),而且对于说话的(对象和时机)都要有所掌握。上面在括弧内的部分,哪项是主谓短语?

    • A.

      传达信息

    • B.

      语言简单

    • C.

      易懂的言语

    • D.

      对象和时机

    Correct Answer
    B. 语言简单
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "语言简单". This phrase consists of a subject "语言" (language) and a predicate "简单" (simple), forming a complete subject-predicate structure.

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  • 5. 

    (皎洁的月亮)值班了,它(凝望大地),(均匀地洒下)(一片柔光)。上面在括弧内的短语,那个与其他三个不同类型?

    • A.

      皎洁的月亮

    • B.

      凝望大地

    • C.

      均匀地洒下

    • D.

      一片柔光

    Correct Answer
    B. 凝望大地
  • 6. 

    老人(划着船I)向岸边驶来,船身(晃了几下II),(荡出去III)一层层(细密波纹IV)。上面句子中括弧内的短语,哪两个属于同一类型?

    • A.

      I 和II

    • B.

      I 和IV

    • C.

      II 和III

    • D.

      III 和IV

    Correct Answer
    C. II 和III
    Explanation
    The phrase "晃了几下" (II) and "荡出去" (III) both describe the movement of the boat. "晃了几下" indicates that the boat swayed or rocked, while "荡出去" suggests that the boat moved away or drifted. Therefore, II and III belong to the same type as they both describe the movement of the boat.

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  • 7. 

    (入夜时分),霓虹灯在各色的(西式建筑)中(闪烁不停),(格外迷人)。上面在括弧内的短语,哪个与其他三个不同类型?

    • A.

      入夜时分

    • B.

      西式建筑

    • C.

      闪烁不停

    • D.

      格外迷人

    Correct Answer
    C. 闪烁不停
    Explanation
    闪烁不停 is the only phrase that describes an action or behavior (continuous flickering), while the other three phrases describe a specific time (入夜时分), a type of architecture (西式建筑), and a quality or attribute (格外迷人).

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  • 8. 

    (人力车夫)(拉着车子)(跟在他后面),一路不停地(摇铃呐喊)。括弧内的短语,哪个是动宾短语?

    • A.

      人力车夫

    • B.

      拉着车子

    • C.

      跟在他后面

    • D.

      摇铃呐喊

    Correct Answer
    B. 拉着车子
    Explanation
    The phrase "拉着车子" is the correct answer because it consists of a verb "拉" (pull) and an object "车子" (cart), making it a verb-object phrase or a direct object phrase. The other phrases "人力车夫" (rickshaw puller), "跟在他后面" (follow behind him), and "摇铃呐喊" (ring the bell and shout) do not have a verb-object relationship and therefore are not considered as verb-object phrases.

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