Phylum Nematoda Quiz

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Phylum Nematoda Quiz - Quiz

In this quiz about roundworms, learn all about these diverse animal phyla – known scientifically as the nematodes - which inhabit a broad range of environments and boast over 25,000 different species. What can you tell us so far?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All nematodes contain a(n) :

    • A.

      Incomplete digestive tract

    • B.

      Biradial symmetry

    • C.

      Cuticle

    Correct Answer
    C. Cuticle
    Explanation
    Nematodes are characterized by the presence of a cuticle, which is a tough, flexible, and protective outer covering. The cuticle serves several functions, including providing support and shape to the body, preventing dehydration, and acting as a barrier against pathogens and toxins. It is secreted by the underlying epidermis and is periodically molted as the nematode grows. The presence of a cuticle is a defining feature of nematodes and distinguishes them from other organisms.

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  • 2. 

    One function of a cuticle is to maintain internal __________ pressure. 

    Correct Answer
    hydrostatic
    Explanation
    The cuticle serves as a protective layer on the surface of organisms, such as plants and insects. One of its functions is to maintain internal hydrostatic pressure. This pressure helps to support the structure and shape of the organism, as well as assist in various physiological processes.

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  • 3. 

    Another function of a cuticle is to provide ___________ _________. 

    Correct Answer
    mechanical protection
    Explanation
    The cuticle serves as a protective layer for the underlying structures of an organism. It acts as a barrier against physical damage, preventing mechanical stresses and injuries. This can include shielding against abrasion, impact, or other external forces that could potentially harm the organism. By providing mechanical protection, the cuticle helps maintain the integrity and health of the organism's tissues and organs.

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  • 4. 

    And another function of the cuticle is to keep the host from________ the roundworm.

    Correct Answer
    digesting
    Explanation
    The cuticle serves as a protective barrier for the roundworm, preventing the host from digesting it.

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  • 5. 

    Nematodes move by _________, using a ___________ muscle. They flail.

    Correct Answer
    undulation, longitudinal
    Explanation
    Nematodes move by undulation, which is a wavelike motion, using a longitudinal muscle. This means that their muscles contract and relax in a coordinated manner along the length of their body, causing them to move in a flailing motion.

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  • 6. 

    A pseudocoelum is a fluid filled cavity containing ________ organs and forming a ________ skeleton. 

    Correct Answer
    visceral, hydrostatic
    Explanation
    A pseudocoelum is a fluid-filled cavity that contains visceral organs and forms a hydrostatic skeleton. The term "visceral" refers to the organs located within the cavity, such as the digestive system. The term "hydrostatic" refers to the fact that the fluid within the pseudocoelum provides support and structure to the body, similar to a skeleton. This type of skeleton is found in certain invertebrates, such as roundworms, and allows for movement and flexibility.

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  • 7. 

    Most nematodes are 

    • A.

      Mononecious

    • B.

      Dioecious

    • C.

      Asexual

    Correct Answer
    B. Dioecious
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "dioecious" because most nematodes have separate male and female individuals. In other words, they have distinct sexes and require both male and female individuals for sexual reproduction. This is in contrast to being mononecious, which means having both male and female reproductive organs in the same individual, or being asexual, which means reproducing without the need for a mate.

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  • 8. 

    Males are smaller than females and may have an accessory copulatory structure. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Males being smaller than females and having an accessory copulatory structure is a common phenomenon in many species. This is observed in various organisms ranging from insects to mammals. The smaller size of males can be attributed to sexual dimorphism, where males invest more energy in developing reproductive structures rather than body size. The presence of an accessory copulatory structure in males allows for more efficient mating and reproductive success. Therefore, the statement that males are smaller than females and may have an accessory copulatory structure is true.

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  • 9. 

    Fertilized eggs hatch into larvae, and then undergo __ molts to become an adult. 

    Correct Answer
    4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 4.

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  • 10. 

    Ecolysis is how a nematode's ________ is shed. 

    Correct Answer
    cuticle
    Explanation
    Ecolysis is the process by which a nematode's cuticle is shed. The cuticle is the tough, outer protective layer of the nematode's body. During ecolysis, the old cuticle is shed and a new one is formed, allowing the nematode to grow and develop. This process is essential for the nematode's survival and is necessary for it to adapt to its changing environment.

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  • 11. 

    The classes are based on the presence or absence of ___________.

    Correct Answer
    phasmids
    Explanation
    The classes are based on the presence or absence of phasmids. Phasmids are elongated sensory organs found in some invertebrates, such as insects and nematodes. They are typically located on the abdomen or tail and are used for detecting vibrations and chemicals in the environment. The presence or absence of phasmids can be used as a distinguishing characteristic to categorize different classes of organisms.

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  • 12. 

    Phasmids are _______ organs located near the anus that function in ________ reception. 

    Correct Answer
    sensory, chemo
    Explanation
    Phasmids are sensory organs located near the anus that function in chemo reception. These organs are responsible for detecting chemical cues in the environment, allowing the organism to respond to potential threats or opportunities. By sensing chemicals in their surroundings, phasmids can gather important information about food sources, predators, or potential mates, enhancing their survival and reproductive success.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 25, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Colleennicole

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