Online Listening Comprehension #1 - 2nd Audio Recording (Biomimicry)

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Online Listening Comprehension #1 - 2nd Audio Recording (Biomimicry) - Quiz

You will hear an extract about Biomimicry.
For questions 1-7, tick the answer which best fits according to what you hear.
You will hear the recording once.
https://adept-learning. Com/wp-content/uploads/BY20-listening. Mp3


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of these is not a goal highlighted by the UN?

    • A.

      Affordable and clean energy

    • B.

      Economic sustainability

    • C.

      Climate action

    • D.

      Clean water and sanitation

    Correct Answer
    B. Economic sustainability
    Explanation
    Economic sustainability refers to the ability of an economy to support a defined level of economic production indefinitely. While the UN does emphasize the importance of economic development and poverty eradication, economic sustainability is not specifically mentioned as one of the goals highlighted by the UN. The UN's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) include affordable and clean energy, climate action, and clean water and sanitation as key objectives for a sustainable future.

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  • 2. 

    What are we failing drastically at?

    • A.

      Reducing pollution at a world wide level

    • B.

      Developing economically without reduction of natural resources

    • C.

      Improving water quality and sanitation

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Developing economically without reduction of natural resources
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "developing economically without reduction of natural resources". This means that while we may be making progress in other areas such as reducing pollution and improving water quality, we are still struggling to achieve economic development without depleting our natural resources. This could be due to factors such as unsustainable practices, overconsumption, or inadequate conservation efforts. It highlights the need for more sustainable and environmentally-friendly approaches to economic growth.

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  • 3. 

    Who made Biomimicry well-known?

    • A.

      The UN

    • B.

      Janine Benyus

    • C.

      Leonardo da Vinci

    • D.

      Wright brothers

    Correct Answer
    B. Janine Benyus
    Explanation
    Janine Benyus is the correct answer because she is widely recognized for making Biomimicry well-known. Biomimicry is the practice of imitating nature's designs and processes to solve human problems. Benyus is an American biologist and author who popularized the concept of Biomimicry through her book "Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature." She has been a prominent advocate for sustainable design and has given numerous lectures and presentations on the topic, helping to raise awareness and promote the application of Biomimicry in various fields.

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  • 4. 

    What is Biomimicry?

    • A.

      A new sceince

    • B.

      A system

    • C.

      The study of birds

    • D.

      Imitating nature to solve problems

    Correct Answer
    D. Imitating nature to solve problems
    Explanation
    Biomimicry refers to the practice of imitating nature in order to find solutions to human problems. It involves studying and understanding natural processes, structures, and systems, and then applying that knowledge to design innovative and sustainable solutions. By observing and learning from nature's time-tested strategies, biomimicry aims to create technologies, products, and systems that are more efficient, resilient, and environmentally friendly.

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  • 5. 

    The concept of ___, systems, and elements of nature for the purpose of solving ___ is hardly new.  

    • A.

      Imitating the models, complex human problems

    • B.

      Inspiration, human issues

    • C.

      Biomimicry, human flight

    • D.

      Keen observation, flying machines design

    Correct Answer
    A. Imitating the models, complex human problems
    Explanation
    This answer is correct because it accurately identifies the concept of imitating models and using systems and elements of nature to solve complex human problems. This concept, known as biomimicry, involves studying and replicating natural processes and structures to find innovative solutions to human challenges. By imitating nature's designs and systems, scientists and engineers can develop new technologies and strategies that are more efficient, sustainable, and effective in addressing complex human issues.

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  • 6. 

    What similarities did Leonardo da Vinci and the Wright brothers share?

    • A.

      They were both scientists

    • B.

      They were both pilots

    • C.

      They both looked at birds for their designs

    • D.

      They both made flying machines

    Correct Answer
    C. They both looked at birds for their designs
    Explanation
    Leonardo da Vinci and the Wright brothers both looked at birds for their designs. This suggests that they both drew inspiration from nature and observed the flight patterns and structures of birds to create their own flying machines. By studying birds, they were able to understand the principles of flight and apply them to their own inventions. This shared approach highlights their innovative thinking and the influence of nature on their designs.

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  • 7. 

    What inspired the invention of Velcro?

    • A.

      A dog

    • B.

      Burdock burrs

    • C.

      Fur

    • D.

      Socks

    Correct Answer
    B. Burdock burrs
    Explanation
    The invention of Velcro was inspired by burdock burrs. Swiss engineer George de Mestral noticed how burdock burrs stuck to his clothes and his dog's fur during a hunting trip. Intrigued by this natural mechanism, he examined the burrs under a microscope and discovered tiny hooks that attached to loops in fabric. This observation led him to develop a fastening system based on the same principle, which eventually became known as Velcro.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 28, 2019
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    Paola
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