A Quiz On Various Philosophical Concepts

42 Questions | Total Attempts: 145

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A Quiz On Various Philosophical Concepts

The following quiz is a compilation of various philosophical concepts that were defined during the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. Do you think that you know them all? If so, play this quiz till the end and prove you're worth to it. This quiz will become tougher after each step. So, be careful and all the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The ethical theory mill uses to justify his outlook on liberty is utilitarianism
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Mill argued the development of democracy made the discussion of liberty less important
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Mill argued that if we cannot discuss opinions freely those opinions will
    • A. 

      Descend into rote phrases

    • B. 

      Become more vital and alive

    • C. 

      Lead to a more just society

    • D. 

      Develop into universal principles

  • 4. 
    Which of the following thinkers did NOT influence Mill's on liberty
    • A. 

      Bertrand Russell

    • B. 

      Thomas Paine

    • C. 

      John Locke

    • D. 

      Jeremy Bentham

  • 5. 
    According to Mill Modern religion
    • A. 

      Harms others as we pursue our personal liberty

    • B. 

      Has become too fanatical

    • C. 

      Teaches only abstinence from evil

    • D. 

      Allows children to do whatever they want

  • 6. 
    Mill believes the state ought to intervene in an individual's actions if
    • A. 

      The individual is harming another person

    • B. 

      The individual is expressing opinions that are not well reasoned

    • C. 

      The individual is harming himself

    • D. 

      The individual is expressing a minority opinion

  • 7. 
    Mill defends freedom of opinion for all of the following reasons EXCEPT
    • A. 

      It affirms tradition

    • B. 

      Both opinions may include partial truths

    • C. 

      Debating opinions is the only way to understand them completely

    • D. 

      The popular opinion could be wrong

  • 8. 
    Mill's definition of harm is when an action or opinion
    • A. 

      Acts against an individual's obligations

    • B. 

      Sets a bad example for others

    • C. 

      Makes people upset

    • D. 

      Violates an established code of conduct

  • 9. 
    What does Mill argue is a danger to individuality
    • A. 

      Lack of spontaneity

    • B. 

      Lack of attention to tradition

    • C. 

      Lack f historical knowledge

    • D. 

      Lack of conformism

  • 10. 
    Mill argues in favor of which of the following
    • A. 

      A government warning citizens of a potential danger

    • B. 

      A government prohibiting the sale of a potentially dangerous substance

    • C. 

      A parent keeping a child out of school to help provide for the family A parent keeping a child out of school to help provide for the family

    • D. 

      A parent keeping a child out of school to help provide for the family A person willingly becoming an indentured servant (slave) for financial gain

  • 11. 
    According to Mill, it is acceptable for individuality to be limited if the society is in its early development.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Why does Mill forbid us to sell ourselves into slavery?
    • A. 

      We may not permanently abdicate our liberty

    • B. 

      We could not get a good enough price for ourselves

    • C. 

      We will not be happy

    • D. 

      Everyone sees slavery as a moral evil

  • 13. 
    The Prisoner’s Dilemma supports which ethical theory?
    • A. 

      Social Contract Theory

    • B. 

      The Prisoner’s Dilemma supports which ethical theory? Ethical Egoism

    • C. 

      Utilitarianism

    • D. 

      Cultural Relativism

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the benefits of Social Contract Theory?
    • A. 

      Matches with psychological egoism

    • B. 

      Permits altruism through security

    • C. 

      Provides security through mutual agreement

    • D. 

      Explains the purpose of morality and government

  • 15. 
    One of the disadvantages of social contract theory is that it is an explicit agreement between members of society that requires people to follow the contract
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Why do we feel pity for others according to Hobbes
    • A. 

      We are afraid their misfortune might happen to us

    • B. 

      We are afraid they will find out we do not care about their misfortune.

    • C. 

      We are benevolent by nature and feel sympathetic towards others.

    • D. 

      We are stupid; smart people do not feel pity, according to Hobbes.

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is an argument asserted by Hobbes
    • A. 

      Humans are essentially equal and viciously competitive

    • B. 

      The principle of utility is the one great universal moral principle.

    • C. 

      The greatest happiness is the one universal moral principle.

    • D. 

      There is no universal human nature.

  • 18. 
    According to Hobbes we base our morality on our practical needs to escape the state of nature
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is NOT part of Hobbes social contract
    • A. 

      We collectively agree to defend all members of society

    • B. 

      We collectively agree to follow rules that benefit society

    • C. 

      We collectively agree to accept punishment for breaking rules

    • D. 

      We collectively agree to enforce those rules

  • 20. 
    The version of consequentialism is deliberately not concerned with an action's motives. it is based on a book written in the 1500s
    • A. 

      Machiavellianism

    • B. 

      Rule Utilitarianism

    • C. 

      Act Utilitarianism

    • D. 

      Ethical egoism

  • 21. 
    Utilitarianism would agree with which one of the following statements
    • A. 

      The end(goal) justifies the means

    • B. 

      Might makes right (i.e strongest get to dictate rules)

    • C. 

      God determines the ultimate value of good and evil.

    • D. 

      It is morally praiseworthy to disregard one’s own interests for the sake of others.

  • 22. 
    One advantage to utilitarianism is that most values are already based on utilitarian standards
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    The ethical framework that focuses on the ends (goals) of actions rather than the means or motives of actions is
    • A. 

      Consequentialism

    • B. 

      Subjectivism

    • C. 

      Divine command theory

    • D. 

      Theory of natural law

  • 24. 
    Mill disagrees with Bentham by claiming the following
    • A. 

      There is a qualitative difference between pleasures

    • B. 

      Consequentialism is a form of Utilitarianism.

    • C. 

      The greatest happiness principle is the one universal moral principle.

    • D. 

      The principle of Utility is the one universal moral principle.

  • 25. 
    Hedonism is an idea that started in ancient times and states that pleasure should be pursued as a path to happiness
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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