External Causes Of Disease In Tcm

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| By Acupuncturedanny
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Acupuncturedanny
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 3,009
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 136

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External Causes Of Disease In Tcm - Quiz

External causes of disease in Traditional Chinese Medicine.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    There are 6 external causes of disease usually discussed, although strictly speaking 1 of these causes of disease is internally generated. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Fire is internally generated, not external, and is closely related to heat.

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  • 2. 

    Aversion to cold (feeling chilly), fever (feeling hot and bothered, or a physical temperature), sneezing, blocked nose, occipital stiffness, and floating pulse are all signs of external

    • A.

      Cold

    • B.

      Wind

    • C.

      Heat

    • D.

      Damp

    • E.

      Fire

    Correct Answer
    B. Wind
    Explanation
    The symptoms mentioned, such as feeling chilly, sneezing, blocked nose, occipital stiffness, and floating pulse, indicate an external wind condition. Wind is associated with symptoms that are constantly changing and moving, like the wind itself. It can cause aversion to cold, as well as fever and feeling hot and bothered, due to its unpredictable nature. Therefore, wind is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following statements are true about Damp?

    • A.

      Damp is sticky and lingering.

    • B.

      Damp is characterised by upward direction, dispersion and consumption of Body Fluids.

    • C.

      Damp tends to injure Blood and Yin.

    • D.

      Damp is characterised by heaviness and dirtiness.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Damp is sticky and lingering.
    D. Damp is characterised by heaviness and dirtiness.
    Explanation
    Damp is described as sticky and lingering, which means it tends to stay in the body and is difficult to get rid of. It is also characterized by heaviness and dirtiness, suggesting that it can make a person feel weighed down and unclean. This explanation aligns with the information given in the statements about Damp.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following are true about dryness?

    • A.

      Dryness is a Yin Pathogenic Factor.

    • B.

      Dryness tends to injure Blood and Yin.

    • C.

      Dryness is sticky and lingering

    • D.

      Dryness makes things shake and sway

    Correct Answer
    B. Dryness tends to injure Blood and Yin.
    Explanation
    Dryness tends to injure Blood and Yin. This statement is true because in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), dryness is considered a Yin Pathogenic Factor that can cause imbalances in the body. Dryness has a drying effect on the body's fluids, including Blood and Yin. When these fluids become depleted or imbalanced, it can lead to symptoms such as dry skin, dry mouth, thirst, and even internal organ dysfunction. Therefore, it is important to address dryness in TCM treatments to restore balance and nourish the Blood and Yin.

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  • 5. 

    Wind often combines with other pathogenic factors to form Wind-Heat, Wind-Cold or Wind-Dampness. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Wind often combines with other pathogenic factors to form Wind-Heat, Wind-Cold or Wind-Dampness. This is true because in traditional Chinese medicine, wind is considered one of the six external pathogenic factors that can invade the body and cause illness. Depending on the specific symptoms and manifestations, wind can combine with heat, cold, or dampness to create different types of pathogenic conditions. For example, Wind-Heat may cause symptoms such as fever, sore throat, and sweating, while Wind-Cold may cause symptoms such as chills, runny nose, and body aches. Wind-Dampness may cause symptoms such as heaviness, swelling, and joint pain.

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  • 6. 

    Damp-Heat is stubborn and hard to treat.  This is partly because damp tends to stagnate the qi and form heat, and heat tends to dry the body fluids and cause damp. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement explains that Damp-Heat is difficult to treat because dampness stagnates the qi and forms heat, while heat dries the body fluids and causes dampness. This suggests that the combination of dampness and heat exacerbates each other, making it more challenging to address the condition. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 7. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      Cold is a Yang Pathogenic Factor and consumes Yin

    • B.

      Cold is a Yin Pathogenic Factor and consumes Yang.

    Correct Answer
    B. Cold is a Yin Pathogenic Factor and consumes Yang.
    Explanation
    Cold is considered a Yin Pathogenic Factor because it has the ability to consume or deplete Yang energy. In traditional Chinese medicine, Yin and Yang are opposing forces that need to be balanced in order to maintain good health. Cold, being a Yin factor, is associated with qualities such as contraction, slowing down, and cooling. When Cold enters the body, it can disrupt the balance by consuming or depleting the Yang energy, which is associated with qualities such as expansion, activity, and warmth. Therefore, the correct answer is that Cold is a Yin Pathogenic Factor and consumes Yang.

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  • 8. 

    Which one is true? 

    • A.

      Cold contracts tissues and obstructs circulation of Qi and Blood causing pain.

    • B.

      Cold disperses Qi and Blood and causes deficiency

    Correct Answer
    A. Cold contracts tissues and obstructs circulation of Qi and Blood causing pain.
    Explanation
    Cold contracts tissues and obstructs circulation of Qi and Blood causing pain. This is true because in Traditional Chinese Medicine, cold is believed to have a constricting and contracting effect on the body. When cold enters the body, it can cause the tissues to contract, leading to the obstruction of Qi and Blood circulation. This obstruction can result in pain and discomfort.

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  • 9. 

    Select the ones that are true statements about Wind.   

    • A.

      Wind is the spearhead of diseases.

    • B.

      Wind makes things shake and sway.

    • C.

      Wind is characterised by downward and outward dispersion

    • D.

      Wind is a Yin pathogenic factor than consumes yang

    • E.

      Wind arises quickly and changes rapidly; it moves location swiftly and blows intermittently.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Wind is the spearhead of diseases.
    B. Wind makes things shake and sway.
    E. Wind arises quickly and changes rapidly; it moves location swiftly and blows intermittently.
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because it accurately identifies true statements about Wind. Wind is known to be the spearhead of diseases, as it can carry pathogens and spread them to humans and animals. Wind also makes things shake and sway, as it has the ability to cause movement and displacement. Additionally, wind arises quickly, changes rapidly, moves location swiftly, and blows intermittently, which highlights its unpredictable and ever-changing nature.

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  • 10. 

    A patient comes in with urticaria (hives).  The rash is red, hot, itchy and raised like the rash from a stinging nettle.  It comes on suddenly if the patient is around cats, dogs or horses.  The pulse is floating and rapid.  The two pathogenic factors at work here are heat and ______?

    Correct Answer(s)
    wind
    feng
    Wind
    Explanation
    The correct answer is wind. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, wind is considered a pathogenic factor that can cause various symptoms, including urticaria. The characteristics of the rash being red, hot, itchy, and raised are indicative of heat, but the sudden onset and the association with certain animals suggest the involvement of wind as well. The floating and rapid pulse is also a common sign of wind pathogenic factor. Therefore, in this case, both heat and wind are the two pathogenic factors at work.

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  • 11. 

    A patient has menstrual pain.  The pain is fixed, severe, gripping and contracting pain, better for warmth, and worse for cold.  What pathogenic factor would you suspect?

    Correct Answer(s)
    cold
    Cold
    han
    Explanation
    The symptoms described, such as fixed, severe, gripping, and contracting pain that is better for warmth and worse for cold, are indicative of cold pathogenic factor. Cold tends to constrict and contract, causing pain and discomfort. The fact that the pain is relieved by warmth further suggests the presence of cold. Therefore, cold is the most likely pathogenic factor in this case.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 27, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Acupuncturedanny
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