Imperfetto O Passato Prossimo?

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| By Celindacorsini
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Italian Quizzes & Trivia

The phrases of all the questions in this test represent a holiday recount on behalf of a FEMALE speaker (when she speaks about her family, assume it's a mix of both genders). Complete with the correct form of the verb - imperfetto or passato prossimo. Remember the rules: imperfetto = background information; passato prossimo = main events; imperfetto =habitual actions in the past. Also use imperfetto when expressing emotions, time, age, physical states and weather in the past


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Durante le scorse vacanze (io -andare) _____________ a Roma per due settimane con la mia famiglia. (noi- partire) _____________ da Sydney verso sera ma non (io -dormire) ______in aereo perche` (io-stare)______________ male. 

    Explanation
    During the previous vacation, the speaker (female) went to Rome for two weeks with her family. They (including the speaker) left from Sydney in the evening, but she didn't sleep on the plane because she was feeling sick.

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  • 2. 

    Quindi, quando (noi-arrivare) __________ a Roma, (io-essere)______________ stanchissima. (Noi-andare) ___________subito in albergo a lasciare le valigie e a fare la doccia.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "siamo arrivati ero siamo andati". In this sentence, the verb "arrivare" (to arrive) is conjugated in the past tense, first person plural form "siamo arrivati" (we arrived). The verb "essere" (to be) is also conjugated in the past tense, first person singular form "ero" (I was). Finally, the verb "andare" (to go) is conjugated in the past tense, first person plural form "siamo andati" (we went). This answer correctly matches the verb forms to the subject pronouns and reflects the past tense actions described in the sentence.

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  • 3. 

    La camera (essere) _______ grandissima: c’ (essere)__________ due letti enormi, un bellissimo bagno moderno ed un balcone che (dare) _________ sul fiume Tevere. 

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "era erano dava". In the sentence, "La camera (essere) _______ grandissima: c’ (essere)__________ due letti enormi, un bellissimo bagno moderno ed un balcone che (dare) _________ sul fiume Tevere," the verb "essere" (to be) is used to describe the size of the room, which is singular, so it should be conjugated in the third person singular form "era". The verb "essere" is also used to describe the existence of two enormous beds, which is plural, so it should be conjugated in the third person plural form "erano". Lastly, the verb "dare" (to give) is used to describe the balcony, which singularly "dava" (imperfect tense) onto the Tiber river.

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  • 4. 

    Mentre i miei genitori (fare)_________ la doccia e (loro - prepararsi) ___________ per uscire, io ho riposato un po'.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "facevano si preparavano." This is the correct conjugation of the verbs "fare" (to do) and "prepararsi" (to get ready) in the imperfect tense. The sentence is describing an ongoing action in the past, indicating that the parents were taking a shower and getting ready while the speaker rested.

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  • 5. 

    Pero` (io - fare) _________fatica  (I struggled to) ad addormentarmi perche` l’aria condizionata non (funzionare) _______e (io- avere) _________caldo. 

    Explanation
    In the given sentence, the verb "fare" (to do/make) is used in the first person singular form "ho fatto" (I did/made). The verb "funzionare" (to work/function) is used in the third person singular form "funzionava" (it worked/functioned). The verb "avere" (to have) is used in the first person singular form "avevo" (I had). Therefore, the correct answer is "ho fatto funzionava avevo", which translates to "I struggled to, the air conditioning didn't work, and I was hot."

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  • 6. 

    Infatti, sia fuori sulle strade che dentro in camera (lui/lei - fare)___________ caldissimo perche` (noi - essere) __________in piena estate. 

    Explanation
    "eravamo in piena estate" is idiomatic for "it was in the middle of summer"

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  • 7. 

    Prima di uscire (io-chiamare) _______la reception chiedendo di mandare qualcuno a controllare l’aria condizionata. (Lui -arrivare) __________ in camera un impiegato dell’albergo: (lui - chiamarsi) __________Giacomo, (lui-avere) ____________21 anni ed (lui-essere) __________bellissimo!! 

    Explanation
    The part about the hotel worker is imperfetto as it is background information rather than an 'event'. It's description in the past

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  • 8. 

    (Noi - chiacchierare) _________insieme e mi (lui -invitare) __________ad uscire con i suoi amici quella sera stessa.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "abbiamo chiacchierato ha invitato". In the given sentence, the subject "Noi" is performing the action of "chiacchierare" (to chat) together. The verb "abbiamo" is the first-person plural form of the verb "avere" (to have) in the present tense, indicating that the subject "Noi" has performed the action of chatting. The subject "lui" is performing the action of "invitare" (to invite) someone. The verb "ha" is the third-person singular form of the verb "avere" in the present tense, indicating that the subject "lui" has performed the action of inviting.

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  • 9. 

    Quindi verso sera (io - uscire) ________ con Giacomo e i suoi amici in una pizzeria vicino all’albergo: la pizza (essere) ________ buonissima e i suoi amici (essere) _____________ simpaticissimi. 

    Explanation
    In this sentence, the speaker is a female and is referring to an event that happened in the past. The verb "uscire" (to go out) needs to agree with the gender and number of the speaker, so it becomes "sono uscita" (I went out). The verb "essere" (to be) is used to describe the pizza, which is singular and feminine, so it becomes "era" (was). The speaker is also describing Giacomo's friends, which is a plural noun, so the verb "essere" becomes "erano" (were).

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  • 10. 

    (Io -divertirmi) _____________ un mondo!      

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mi sono divertita" because it agrees with the subject "Io" (I) and the verb "divertirmi" (to have fun). In Italian, the verb "divertirsi" is reflexive, so it needs to be conjugated with the reflexive pronoun "mi" (myself). The past participle "divertita" is used because the subject is feminine and singular. Therefore, "mi sono divertita" translates to "I had fun" or "I enjoyed myself."

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 15, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Celindacorsini
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