IAS Prelims 2014: Gs Paper I: Indian National Movement: Previous Year Questions

27 Questions | Total Attempts: 1489

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  • 1. 
    With reference to Indian History, the Members of the Constituent Assembly from the Provinces were
    • A. 

      Directly elected by the people of those Provinces

    • B. 

      Nominated by the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League

    • C. 

      Elected by the Provincial Legislative Assemblies

    • D. 

      Selected by the Government for their expertise in constitutional matters

  • 2. 
    The demand for the Tebhaga Peasant Movement in Bengal was for
    • A. 

      The reduction of the share of the landlords from one-half of the crop to one-third

    • B. 

      The grant of ownership of land to peasants as they were the actual cultivators of the land

    • C. 

      The uprooting of Zamindari system and the end of serfdom

    • D. 

      Writing off all peasant debts

  • 3. 
    The people of India agitated against the arrival of Simon Commission because
    • A. 

      Indians never wanted the review of the working of the Act of 1919

    • B. 

      Simon Commission recommended the abolition of Dyarchy (Diarchy) in the Provinces

    • C. 

      There was no Indian member in the Simon Commission

    • D. 

      The Simon Commission suggested the partition of the country

  • 4. 
    Quit India Movement was launched in response to
    • A. 

      Cabinet Mission Plan

    • B. 

      Cripps Proposals

    • C. 

      Simon Commission Report

    • D. 

      Wavell Plan

  • 5. 
    Annie Besant was 1. responsible for starting the Home Rule Movement 2. the founder of the Theosophical Society 3. once the President of the Indian National Congress Select the correct statement/statements using the codes given below.
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2 and 3 only

    • C. 

      1 and 3 only

    • D. 

      1, 2 and 3

  • 6. 
    The Ilbert Bill controversy was related to the
    • A. 

      Imposition restrictions the Indians of certain to carry arms by Indians

    • B. 

      Imposition of restrictions on newspapers and magazines published in Indian languages

    • C. 

      Removal of disqualifications imposed on the Indian magistrates with regard to the trial of the Europeans

    • D. 

      Removal of a duty on imported cotton cloth

  • 7. 
    The Congress ministries resigned in the seven provinces in 1939, because
    • A. 

      The Congress could not from ministries in the other four provinces

    • B. 

      Emergence of a ‘left wing’ in the Congress made the working of the ministries impossible

    • C. 

      There were widespread communal disturbances in their provinces

    • D. 

      None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct

  • 8. 
    The distribution of powers between the Centre and the States in the Indian Constitution is based on the scheme provided in the
    • A. 

      Morely-Minto Reforms, 1909

    • B. 

      Montagu-Chelmsford Act, 1919

    • C. 

      Government of India Act, 1935

    • D. 

      Indian Independence Act, 1947

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is/are the principal feature(s) of the Government of India Act, 1919? 1. Introduction of dyarchy in the executive government of the provinces 2. Introduction of separate communal electorates for Muslims 3. Devolution of legislative authority by the centre to the provinces Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2 and 3 only

    • C. 

      1 and 3 only

    • D. 

      1, 2 and 3

  • 10. 
    During Indian freedom struggle, the National Social Conference was formed. What was the reason for its formation?
    • A. 

      Different social reform groups or organizations of Bengal region united to form a single body to discuss the issues of larger interest and to prepare appropriate petitions/representations to the government

    • B. 

      Indian National Congress did not want to include social reforms in its deliberations and decided to form a separate body for such a purpose

    • C. 

      Behramji Malabari and M.G. Ranade decided to bring together all the social reform groups of the country under one organization

    • D. 

      None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context

  • 11. 
    Which of the following parties were established by Dr. B.R Ambedkar? 1. The peasants and Workers Party of India 2. All India scheduled Castes Federation 3. The independent Labour Party Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
    • A. 

      1 and 2 only

    • B. 

      2 and 3 only

    • C. 

      1 and 3 only

    • D. 

      1, 2 and 3

  • 12. 
    Mahatma Gandhi undertook fast unto death in 1932, mainly because
    • A. 

      Round Table Conference failed to satisfy Indian political aspirations

    • B. 

      Congress and Muslim League had differences of opinion

    • C. 

      Ramsay Macdonald announced the Communal Award

    • D. 

      None of the statements (a), (b) and (c) given above is correct in this context

  • 13. 
    With reference to Ryotwari Settlement, consider the following statements: 1. The rent was paid directly by the peasants to the Government. 2. The Government gave Pattas to the Ryots. 3. The lands were surveyed and assessed before being taxed. Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      1 and 2 only

    • C. 

      1, 2 and 3

    • D. 

      None

  • 14. 
    Consider the following statements: The most effective contribution made by Dadabhai Naoroji to the cause of Indian National Movement was that he 1. exposed the economic exploitation of India by the British 2. interpreted the ancient Indian texts and restored the self-confidence of Indians 3. stressed the need for eradication of all the social evils before anything else Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2 and 3 only

    • C. 

      1 and 3 only

    • D. 

      1, 2 and 3

  • 15. 
    The Rowlatt Act aimed at
    • A. 

      Compulsory economic support to war efforts

    • B. 

      Imprisonment without trial and summary procedure for trail

    • C. 

      Suppression of the Khilafat Movement

    • D. 

      Imposition of restrictions on freedom of the press

  • 16. 
    The Lahore Session of the Indian National Congress (1929) is very important in history, because 1. the Congress passed a resolution demanding complete independence 2. the rift between the extremists and moderates was resolved in that session 3. a resolution was passed rejecting the two-nation theory in that Session Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2 and 3

    • C. 

      1 and 3

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 17. 
    Which of the following statements is/ arc correct regarding Brahmo Samaj? 1. It opposed idolatry. 2. It denied the need for a priestly class for interpreting the religious texts. 3. It popularized the doctrine that the Vedas are infallible. Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      1 and 2 only

    • C. 

      3 only

    • D. 

      1, 2 and 3

  • 18. 
    Consider the following: 1. Assessment of land revenue on the basis of nature of the soil and the quality of crops 2. Use of mobile cannons in warfare 3. Cultivation of tobacco and red chillies Which of the above was/were by the introduced into India English?
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      1 and 2

    • C. 

      2 and 3

    • D. 

      None

  • 19. 
    The tendency for increased litigation was visible after the introduction of the land settlement system of Lord Cornwallis in 1793. The reason for this is normally traced to which of the following provisions?
    • A. 

      Making Zamindar 's position stronger vis-a-vis the ryot

    • B. 

      Making East India Company an overlord of Zamindars

    • C. 

      Making judicial system more efficient

    • D. 

      None of the (a), (b) and (c) above

  • 20. 
    Which one of the following observations is not true about the Quit India Movement of 1942?
    • A. 

      It was a non-violent movement

    • B. 

      It was led by Mahatma Gandhi

    • C. 

      It was a spontaneous movement

    • D. 

      It did not attract the labour class in general

  • 21. 
    Which amongst the following provided a common factor for tribal insurrection in India in the 19th century?
    • A. 

      Introduction of a new system of land revenue and taxation of tribal products

    • B. 

      Influence of foreign religious missionaries in tribal areas

    • C. 

      Rise of a large number of money lenders, traders and revenue farmers as middlemen in tribal areas

    • D. 

      The complete disruption of the old agrarian order of the' tribal communities

  • 22. 
    With reference to the period of colonial rule in India, "Home -Charges" formed an important part of drain of wealth from India. Which of the following funds constituted "Home Charges”? 1. Funds used to support the India Office in London. 2. Funds used to pay salaries and pensions of British personnel engaged in India. 3. Funds used for waging wars outside India by the British. Select the correct answer using the codes given below:
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      1 and 2 only

    • C. 

      2 and 3 only

    • D. 

      1, 2 and 3

  • 23. 
    What was the reason for Mahatma Gandhi to organize a Satyagraha on behalf of the peasants of Kheda? 1. The Administration did not suspend the land revenue collection in spite of a drought. 2. The Administration proposed to introduce Permanent Settlement in Gujarat. Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
    • A. 

      1 only

    • B. 

      2 only

    • C. 

      Both 1 and 2

    • D. 

      Neither 1 or 2

  • 24. 
    What was the purpose with which Sir William Wedderburn and W. S. Caine had set up the Indian Parliamentary Committee in 1893?
    • A. 

      To agitate for Indian political reforms in the House of Commons

    • B. 

      To campaign for the entry of Indians into the Imperial Judiciary

    • C. 

      To facilitate a discussion on India's Independence in the British Parliament

    • D. 

      To agitate for the entry of eminent Indians into the British Parliament

  • 25. 
    Mahatma Gandhi said that some of his deepest convictions were reflected in a book titled, "Unto this Last" and the book transformed his life. What was the message from the book that transformed Mahatma Gandhi?
    • A. 

      Uplifting the oppressed and poor is the moral responsibility of an educated man

    • B. 

      The good of individual is contained in the good of all

    • C. 

      The life of celibacy and spiritual pursuit are essential for a noble life

    • D. 

      All the statements (a), (b) and (c) are correct in this context

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