Main Idea, Supporting Details, And Concluding

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Main Idea, Supporting Details, And Concluding

Identify topic sentence, supporting details, and concluidng sentences


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    There are moments when the parents of a teen-ager say, or at least think, "Why don't you act your age?" But what age is the young adolescent to act? One minute he is twelve years old; the very next, he seems sixteen; and a moment later he crawls back into childish comfort. The betwixt-and-between junior-high-school pupil offers parents and teachers exciting challenge, for adults cannot guide seventh, eighth and ninth graders without growing themselves.Neither "fish nor fowl," the junior-high-school pupil is caught between tender childishness and manly promise. During these years of change and unashamed enthusiasm, the young adolescent explores a million quandaries, test a hundred selves and questions tumbling values as he rapidly constructs others. What is the main idea of this passage about teenagers?
    • A. 

      The junior high years are a very exciting time full of adventure.

    • B. 

      The junior high years are a very confusing time full of growth and trials.

    • C. 

      The junior high years are a period of self-confidence and understanding.

    • D. 

      The junior high years are short and will end quickly.

  • 2. 
    Which is the topic?
    • A. 

      Fast-food restaurants

    • B. 

      Given a choice, I prefer a fast-food restaurant to a diner.

  • 3. 
    Which is the topic sentence?
    • A. 

      My dog Punch

    • B. 

      I have several reasons for wanting to get rid of Punch.

  • 4. 
    Look at the following outline of a paragraph. The point is followed by six facts, only three of which are on target in supporting the point. The other facts are irrelevant to the point. See if you can check the three relevant statements of support—the ones that hit the bull’s-eye. Topic sentence- My dog Otis is not very bright.
    • A. 

      He’s five years old and doesn’t respond to his name yet.

    • B. 

      He cries when I leave for work every day.

    • C. 

      He always gets excited when visitors arrive.

    • D. 

      He often attacks the backyard hedge as if it’s a hostile animal

    • E. 

      He gets along very well with my neighbor’s cat

    • F. 

      I often have to put food in front of him because he can’t find it by himself.

  • 5. 
    Each point below is followed by three items of information. Select the one item that logically supports the point. Point: That child is very curious.
    • A. 

      He was reciting the alphabet when he was only three years old. By age seven, he was doing math at a fourth-grade level. He skipped third and fifth grades.

    • B. 

      His favorite word is “NO!” He doesn’t start picking up his toys until the fifth or sixth time he is told. Mealtime is a battle to get him to eat properly.

    • C. 

      He has taken apart all the clocks in the house to see how they work. He borrowed his father’s hammer to break rocks because he “wanted to see what they looked like inside.” He is forever asking questions that start with “How” and “Why.”

  • 6. 
    Read the following paragraph and tell where the main idea is located.     Despite the hatred that most people feel toward cockroaches, they do help humans in several ways. For example, they are perfect experimental animals and are used for scientific research in the laboratory. Breeding them is easy, for they thrive under almost any conditions. In studies on nutrition and food, cockroaches are good subjects because they will eat any kind of food. They can be used to study heart disease, and cancer researchers work with roaches because they grow cancerous tumors like those that are found in humans.
    • A. 

      In the first sentence

    • B. 

      In the last sentence

    • C. 

      In the middle of the paragraph

    • D. 

      In two sentences of the paragraph

    • E. 

      Not stated in the paragraph directly (implied)

  • 7. 
    Juan loves to play games. His favorite game is chess because it requires a great deal of thought. Juan also likes to play less demanding board games that are based mostly on luck. He prefers Monopoly because it requires luck and skill. If he’s alone, Juan likes to play action video games as long as they aren’t too violent.What is the main idea of this paragraph?
    • A. 

      Juan dislikes violence.

    • B. 

      Juan likes to think.

    • C. 

      Juan enjoys Monopoly.

    • D. 

      Juan enjoys playing games.

  • 8. 
    Maria is watching too much television. A toddler shouldn’t be spending hours staring blankly at a screen. Worse yet, some of her wild behavior has been inspired by those awful cartoons she watches. We need to spend more time reading books with her and pull the plug on the TV!What is the main idea of this paragraph?
    • A. 

      Watching a lot of television isn’t good for Maria.

    • B. 

      Books are good.

    • C. 

      All cartoons are bad.

    • D. 

      Some cartoons are bad for Maria.

  • 9. 
    “This is a court of law, young man, not a court of justice.”   Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.Which statement comes closest to the meaning of the above quote?
    • A. 

      You entered the wrong building.

    • B. 

      Law and order is always a bad thing.

    • C. 

      Basketball players never play fair!

    • D. 

      Laws aren't always fair.

  • 10. 
    See if you can infer an implied or hidden message in each of the following selection.Turner almost wished that he hadn’t listened to the radio. He went to the closet and grabbed his umbrella. He would feel silly carrying it to the bus stop on such a sunny morning.1. Which probably happened?
    • A. 

      Turner realized that he had an unnatural fear of falling radio parts.

    • B. 

      Turner had promised himself to do something silly that morning.

    • C. 

      Turner had heard a weather forecast that predicted rain.

    • D. 

      Turner planned to trade his umbrella for a bus ride.

  • 11. 
    See if you can infer an implied or hidden message in each of the following selection.Bill and Jessica were almost done taking turns choosing the players for their teams. It was Jessica’s turn to choose, and only Kurt was left.Jessica said, “Kurt.”We can infer that ________
    • A. 

      Kurt is not a very good player.

    • B. 

      Jessica was pleased to have Kurt on her team.

    • C. 

      Kurt was the best player on either team.

    • D. 

      Jessica was inconsiderate of Kurt’s feelings.

  • 12. 
    Shanay had never seen so many fish before. She looked around at the huge tanks and could see hundreds of fish, crabs, shrimp, and all other amazing creatures completely surrounding her. She never thought she could feel like she was completely underwater, yet still be completely dry.Where is Shanay?
    • A. 

      The ocean

    • B. 

      A pet store

    • C. 

      An aquarium

    • D. 

      A park

  • 13. 
    Michael felt completely sad and completely alone. He had always counted on his grandfather for help and for guidance. Now, without him he wasn’t sure what he could do. The feeling made him even more adamantly opposed to drunk driving.What happened to Michael's grandfather?
    • A. 

      He moved away.

    • B. 

      He was killed by a drunk driver.

    • C. 

      He had a heart attack.

    • D. 

      Michael had to move away.

  • 14. 
    It isn’t the most glamorous job. I mean, who wants to stare at people’s teeth all day? I guess it is kind of fun to play with the tiny brushes and drills, and besides the profession pays very well.Where is the person’s job? 
    • A. 

      Photographer

    • B. 

      Dentist

    • C. 

      Clown

    • D. 

      Sanitation engineer (garbage man)

  • 15. 
    Which of the following are ways which quicksand can be formed?
    • A. 

      Pee

    • B. 

      Sand and upward flowing water

    • C. 

      Earthquake

    • D. 

      Tsunami

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