History Quiz: Imperialism In India And China!

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History Quiz: Imperialism In India And China! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Germany and Italy became unified countries in:

    • A.

      1870

    • B.

      1872

    • C.

      1780

    • D.

      1782

    Correct Answer
    A. 1870
    Explanation
    Germany and Italy became unified countries in 1870. This was the result of several political and military events that took place in the mid-19th century. In Germany, the process of unification was led by Prussia under the leadership of Otto von Bismarck. Through a series of wars and diplomatic maneuvers, Bismarck was able to unify the various German states into a single nation-state. Similarly, in Italy, the unification process was led by figures like Giuseppe Garibaldi and Count Camillo di Cavour. They were able to unite the different regions of Italy under the Kingdom of Italy in 1870.

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  • 2. 

    A great demand for the raw materials was created by:

    • A.

      Industrial Revolution

    • B.

      IT Revolution

    • C.

      French Revolution

    • D.

      Agrarian Revolution

    Correct Answer
    A. Industrial Revolution
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution created a great demand for raw materials due to the rapid growth of industries and factories. As new technologies and machinery were developed, the production of goods increased significantly, leading to a higher need for raw materials such as iron, coal, and cotton. This demand fueled the expansion of mining and agriculture sectors, as well as the establishment of new trade routes and colonies to ensure a steady supply of resources. The Industrial Revolution transformed the economic landscape and paved the way for modern industrial societies.

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  • 3. 

    The policy of Imperialism followed by the European countries from 1870-1945 was known as:

    • A.

      Neo - Imperialism

    • B.

      Political Imperialism

    • C.

      New Imperialism

    • D.

      Military Imperialism

    Correct Answer
    C. New Imperialism
    Explanation
    During the period from 1870 to 1945, European countries adopted a policy of expanding their empires and exerting control over other nations, which came to be known as "New Imperialism." This term distinguishes this era from earlier forms of imperialism and highlights the significant changes in motives, methods, and scale of European imperialism during this time. The European powers sought to acquire new territories, resources, and markets, often through military force, and established colonies and spheres of influence in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific. This period marked a new phase of imperialism characterized by intensified competition, economic exploitation, and political domination.

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  • 4. 

    China was politically independent under the:

    • A.

      Chin rule

    • B.

      Shang rule

    • C.

      Chou rule

    • D.

      Manchu rule

    Correct Answer
    D. Manchu rule
    Explanation
    During the Manchu rule, China was politically independent. The Manchu dynasty, also known as the Qing dynasty, ruled China from 1644 to 1912. They were a non-Han Chinese ethnic group that originated from Manchuria, and they successfully conquered and established control over China. Despite being ruled by a foreign ethnic group, China maintained its political independence during this period. The Manchu rulers implemented various policies and reforms, expanding China's territory and influence, while also preserving its distinct cultural and political identity.

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  • 5. 

    The movement of goods was speeded up by the development of:

    • A.

      Roadways

    • B.

      Airways

    • C.

      Railways

    • D.

      Waterways

    Correct Answer
    C. Railways
    Explanation
    The development of railways significantly accelerated the movement of goods. Railways provided a fast and efficient mode of transportation, allowing for larger quantities of goods to be transported over long distances in a shorter amount of time. This transportation method also offered a more reliable and consistent schedule compared to other modes of transportation, such as roadways or waterways. Additionally, railways enabled the establishment of interconnected networks, facilitating the seamless transfer of goods between different regions and countries. Overall, the development of railways revolutionized the logistics and transportation industry, greatly enhancing the speed and efficiency of moving goods.

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  • 6. 

    The 'Sphere of influence' was adopted by the European countries in:

    • A.

      Japan

    • B.

      China

    • C.

      India

    • D.

      Burma

    Correct Answer
    B. China
    Explanation
    During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, European countries, particularly Britain, France, Germany, and Russia, adopted the concept of the "Sphere of influence" in China. This term referred to a specific region or territory where a foreign power had exclusive trading rights and enjoyed significant political and economic influence. These European powers sought to exploit China's resources and market potential, leading to the carving up of the country into different spheres controlled by different nations. This practice ultimately contributed to the weakening of China's sovereignty and the eventual rise of nationalist movements.

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  • 7. 

    The English East-India Company was formed in:

    • A.

      1664

    • B.

      1600

    • C.

      1644

    • D.

      1700

    Correct Answer
    B. 1600
    Explanation
    The English East-India Company was formed in 1600. This company was established to trade with the East Indies, primarily in spices and other valuable commodities. It was granted a royal charter by Queen Elizabeth I, which gave it a monopoly on English trade with the East Indies. The company played a significant role in the colonization of India and the establishment of British dominance in the region. It eventually grew into a powerful entity with its own army and administration, before being dissolved in 1874.

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  • 8. 

    The French East-India Company was established by:

    • A.

      Louis XIV

    • B.

      De Brazza

    • C.

      Louis XVI

    • D.

      Colbert

    Correct Answer
    D. Colbert
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Colbert. Colbert was a key figure in the establishment of the French East-India Company. He served as the Minister of Finance under Louis XIV and played a crucial role in promoting and supporting French overseas trade and colonization. Colbert implemented various policies and reforms that aimed to strengthen the French economy, including the creation of trading companies like the French East-India Company. His efforts contributed to the expansion of French influence and trade in the East Indies during the 17th century.

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  • 9. 

    The second opium was came to end by the Treaty of:

    • A.

      Peking

    • B.

      Nanking

    • C.

      Canton

    • D.

      Shantung

    Correct Answer
    A. Peking
    Explanation
    The second opium war came to an end with the signing of the Treaty of Peking. This treaty was signed in 1860 between China and several Western powers, including Britain and France. It was a result of the military defeat of the Qing dynasty by the Western forces. The treaty allowed for the legalization of the opium trade, opened more ports for foreign trade, and granted extraterritorial rights to Western powers in China. The Treaty of Peking marked a significant shift in China's relationship with the Western powers and further weakened the Qing dynasty's control over the country.

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  • 10. 

    The policy formulated by England and USA for China:

    • A.

      Doctrine of Lapse

    • B.

      Protective Trade Policy

    • C.

      Open door policy

    • D.

      Scorched Earth Policy

    Correct Answer
    C. Open door policy
    Explanation
    The Open Door Policy refers to a set of principles proposed by the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It aimed to ensure equal trading rights and access to China's markets for all nations, without any exclusive privileges for any particular country. This policy was formulated to counter the spheres of influence that European powers were establishing in China, and to prevent the partitioning of China into separate colonies. It sought to maintain China's territorial and administrative integrity, and promote free trade and open markets.

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  • 11. 

    The Mughal emperor who gave permission to English East-India Company to set up trading post at Surat:

    • A.

      Shahjahan

    • B.

      Jahangir

    • C.

      Aurangazeb

    • D.

      Humayun

    Correct Answer
    B. Jahangir
    Explanation
    Jahangir is the correct answer because during his reign as the Mughal emperor, he granted permission to the English East-India Company to establish a trading post at Surat. This decision marked the beginning of the British presence and influence in India, which eventually led to their colonization of the country.

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  • 12. 

    The Republic of China was established under:

    • A.

      Dr. Sun Yat Sen

    • B.

      Chou En Lai

    • C.

      Mao Tse Tung

    • D.

      Chian Kai Sheik

    Correct Answer
    A. Dr. Sun Yat Sen
    Explanation
    Dr. Sun Yat Sen is the correct answer because he played a crucial role in the establishment of the Republic of China. He was a prominent leader and a key figure in the Chinese revolution against the Qing Dynasty. Dr. Sun Yat Sen's efforts to overthrow the monarchy and establish a democratic republic led to the formation of the Republic of China in 1912. He served as the provisional president of the republic and his Three Principles of the People became the foundation of the new government. His contributions to the establishment of the Republic of China make him the correct answer.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 28, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Padasalai10SS
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