Act Science

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Act Science - Quiz

DIRECTIONS: There is only one passages in this test. Thepassage is followed by several questions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

  • 2. 

    According to Figure 2, which of the following minerals would most typically be found only in rocks of a medium grade?

    • A.

      Muscovite

    • B.

      Biotite

    • C.

      Kyanite

    • D.

      Plagioclase

    Correct Answer
    C. Kyanite
    Explanation
    Kyanite would most typically be found only in rocks of a medium grade.

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  • 3. 

    According to Figure 1, a Facies G rock will most likely form under which of the following pressure and temperature conditions? Pressure Temperature

    • A.

      3 kb 800°C

    • B.

      5 kb 400°C

    • C.

      8 kb 1,000°C

    • D.

      11 kb 600°C

    Correct Answer
    D. 11 kb 600°C
    Explanation
    Based on Figure 1, it can be inferred that a Facies G rock will most likely form under the pressure and temperature conditions of 11 kb and 600°C. The other pressure and temperature combinations in the list do not correspond to Facies G based on the information provided in Figure 1.

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  • 4. 

    Figure 1 indicates that as depth increases, pressure:

    • A.

      Decreases only.

    • B.

      Remains the same.

    • C.

      Increases only.

    • D.

      Increases, then decreases.

    Correct Answer
    C. Increases only.
    Explanation
    As depth increases, the pressure also increases. This is because the weight of the water above exerts more force on the water at deeper levels. The pressure increases due to the increased weight of the water column. There is no indication in Figure 1 that the pressure decreases at any point, so the correct answer is that the pressure increases only.

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  • 5. 

    According to Figure 2, the presence of which of the following minerals in a metamorphic rock would be least helpful in determining that rock’s grade?

    • A.

      Chlorite

    • B.

      Muscovite

    • C.

      Staurolite

    • D.

      Plagioclase

    Correct Answer
    D. Plagioclase
    Explanation
    Plagioclase is least helpful in determining a metamorphic rock's grade because it is a common mineral found in both low-grade and high-grade metamorphic rocks. Its presence alone does not provide specific information about the intensity of metamorphism or the degree of recrystallization that has occurred. In contrast, minerals like chlorite, muscovite, and staurolite are more indicative of specific metamorphic conditions and can help determine the grade of the rock.

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  • 6. 

    Hornfels is a metamorphic rock formed when magma (molten rock) heats sedimentary rocks on Earth’s surface. According to Figure 1, hornfels is most likely a member of which of the following facies?

    • A.

      Facies A

    • B.

      Facies C

    • C.

      Facies E

    • D.

      Facies G

    Correct Answer
    A. Facies A
    Explanation
    Based on the information given, hornfels is formed when magma heats sedimentary rocks. Facies A in Figure 1 represents the metamorphic facies that is associated with contact metamorphism, which occurs when magma intrudes into the surrounding rocks. Therefore, hornfels is most likely a member of Facies A.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 25, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Tcraigsmith

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