Educ 654 Final A

51 Questions

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Education Quizzes & Trivia

At the time of transition into youth, many young people are faced by the predicament of choosing their career paths. The quiz below is on career guidance and counseling in an attempt to help you make sound career decisions.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A major tenet of Super's theory is that the career pattern one follows through life
    • A. 

      Is an expression of career maturity

    • B. 

      Is primarily influenced by one's vocational orientations toward or away from people

    • C. 

      Results from expression of one's vocational self-concept

    • D. 

      Represents verification of one's personal modal style

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      John Krumboltz

    • B. 

      John Holland

    • C. 

      Frank Parsons

    • D. 

      Donald Super

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      The main focus is on cultural identity and job satisfaction.

    • B. 

      The role and scope have become narrower, focusing mainly on topics such as career choice and job satisfaction.

    • C. 

      The role and scope have become more complex, including other issues such as workplace changes and global economy.

    • D. 

      The main focus is on helping people find jobs.

  • 4. 
    • A. 

      Physical or cognitive disabilities

    • B. 

      Sexual orientation

    • C. 

      Cultural differences

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    Someone who is entering college and is in the process of choosing a major or career path, but is not completely committed to a major or career, would be in which stage, according to Super?
    • A. 

      Establishment

    • B. 

      Exploration

    • C. 

      Decline

    • D. 

      Growth

  • 6. 
    "The total constellation of psychological, sociological, educational, physical, economic and chance factors that combine to influence the nature and significance of work in the total life span of any individual" best describes
    • A. 

      Career counseling

    • B. 

      Career development

    • C. 

      Career guidance

    • D. 

      Career

  • 7. 
    • A. 

      To meet the needs of minority and immigrant workers

    • B. 

      To help people find jobs (originally)

    • C. 

      To meet the needs of society as it shifted from rural to urban living in the industrial age

    • D. 

      To classify skills of entry soldiers into the military

  • 8. 
    If a personal concern emerges during career counseling, which of the following should the career counselor do?
    • A. 

      Ignore the concern

    • B. 

      Refer to a counselor specializing in personal counseling concerns

    • C. 

      Address the concern, integrating it with the career counseling concern(s)

    • D. 

      Redirect the conversation back to the client's stated goal for career counseling

  • 9. 
    The purposes of work are:
    • A. 

      Behavioral, social and economic

    • B. 

      Biological, economic and social

    • C. 

      Biological, psychological and social

    • D. 

      Economic, psychological and social

  • 10. 
    A central concern of career counselors should be:
    • A. 

      Helping clients eliminate unnecessary life roles

    • B. 

      Helping clients achieve a balance of life roles

    • C. 

      Helping clients increase the time spent in their leisure role

    • D. 

      Helping clients adjust their other roles to meet the demands of the work role

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Gottfredson's

    • B. 

      Holland's

    • C. 

      Person-environment-correspondence

    • D. 

      Multicultural career counseling model

  • 12. 
    Computerized and online career guidance systems are designed to?
    • A. 

      Make decisions for people

    • B. 

      Eliminate the job of a career counselor

    • C. 

      Enhance the efforts of a career counselor

    • D. 

      Overcome client inhibitions concerning the use of a computer

  • 13. 
    From an ethical perspective, ______________________ should be the counselor's ultimate concern.
    • A. 

      Agency welfare

    • B. 

      Client welfare

    • C. 

      Counselor welfare

    • D. 

      Welfare of the professsion

  • 14. 
    The client's right to privacy is usually expressed in terms of:
    • A. 

      Oath of secrecy

    • B. 

      Privacy rule

    • C. 

      Confidentiality

    • D. 

      Boundaries of competence

  • 15. 
    Under which of the following conditions might confidentiality be broken?
    • A. 

      Never

    • B. 

      When your employer requests the information

    • C. 

      When another professional requests the information

    • D. 

      When there is clear and imminent danger to the client or others

  • 16. 
    _______________ involves disclosure by the counselor of important information the client needs in making the decision as to whether she or he is to start counseling?
    • A. 

      Free consent

    • B. 

      Informed consent

    • C. 

      Partial consent

    • D. 

      Right to know consent

  • 17. 
    Freud defined good mental health as:
    • A. 

      The ability to love and work

    • B. 

      A satisfying sex life

    • C. 

      The ability to sublimate instinctual forces into one's work

    • D. 

      Satisfactory resolution of the Oedipal (or Electra) triangle

  • 18. 
    The performance of an occupation is a specific place for a specific employer is:
    • A. 

      Vocation

    • B. 

      Career

    • C. 

      Job

    • D. 

      Profession

  • 19. 
    Although woman and minorities make up more than half of the United States workforce, a much smaller proportion holds senior management positions.  This is an example of the ___________________.
    • A. 

      Gendered ceiling

    • B. 

      Glass ceiling

    • C. 

      White ceiling

    • D. 

      Wood celiing

  • 20. 
    The Americans with Disabilities Act requires that:
    • A. 

      People with disabilities be treated like everyone else

    • B. 

      Training programs for individuals with disabilities to live independently be provided

    • C. 

      Sensitivity training for people without disabilities to better understand people with disabilities be provided

    • D. 

      Individuals with disabilities not be discriminated against with respect to access to employment

  • 21. 
    Decades of research consistently show that interests crystallize at about age:
    • A. 

      16

    • B. 

      18

    • C. 

      24

    • D. 

      40

  • 22. 
    Most comprehensive career guidance programs result in:
    • A. 

      Students graduating with a career plan

    • B. 

      Students graduating with specialized skills

    • C. 

      Students graduating with several college offers

    • D. 

      Students graduating with multiple scholarships

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      Criticize your former employee

    • B. 

      Ask questions of your interviewer

    • C. 

      Smile often and make eye contact

    • D. 

      Research the employing agency or institution prior to the interview

  • 24. 
    • A. 

      Spend at least 15 minutes reviewing each resume

    • B. 

      Look for what the company can provide for the applicant

    • C. 

      Look for resumes that look good and are easy to review

    • D. 

      Search for information that would determine whether applicant should be hired

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      Personal interests

    • B. 

      Religious background

    • C. 

      Contact information

    • D. 

      Work experience

  • 26. 
    Training under the supervision of an expert worker is...
    • A. 

      An example of tech-prep

    • B. 

      A function of cooperative education

    • C. 

      Called an apprenticeship

    • D. 

      Unregulated by federal and state laws

  • 27. 
    Most career development authors believe that personal and career counseling
    • A. 

      Should be done by different individuals with different qualifications.

    • B. 

      Have little in common, as personal issues do not affect career issues.

    • C. 

      Overlap considerably as both career and personal issues affect each other.

    • D. 

      Can be done by the same persona if the counselor recognizes that the two types of counseling are significantly different.

  • 28. 
    If an employer advertises in the newspaper for a cashier to work in her pharmacy, she is concerned with which of these concepts?
    • A. 

      Career

    • B. 

      Occupation

    • C. 

      Career choice

    • D. 

      Employee satisfaction

  • 29. 
    • A. 

      Autonomy

    • B. 

      Beneficence

    • C. 

      Fidelity

    • D. 

      Legality

  • 30. 
    • A. 

      Achievement tests

    • B. 

      Aptitude tests

    • C. 

      Interest inventories

    • D. 

      Personality inventories

  • 31. 
    • A. 

      Achievement test

    • B. 

      Interest inventory

    • C. 

      Personality inventory

    • D. 

      Values inventory or scale

  • 32. 
    The O*NET classification system takes the place of the
    • A. 

      Holland's system

    • B. 

      Dictionary of Occupational Titles

    • C. 

      Guide for Occupational Exploration System

    • D. 

      Standard Occupational Classification System

  • 33. 
    A problem that members of minorities have faced in the past is
    • A. 

      Failure to assess their values

    • B. 

      Failure to assess their interests

    • C. 

      Lack of available occupational information

    • D. 

      A lack of knowledge about social service occupations

  • 34. 
    Information of gender and pay shows that
    • A. 

      Women tend to earn more while men earn less.

    • B. 

      Women tend to enter highly paid professions.

    • C. 

      Women receive high salaries early in their careers.

    • D. 

      Men tend to earn more while women earn less.

  • 35. 
    John Holland originally started his theory with
    • A. 

      Research occupations

    • B. 

      Psychometric findings about values

    • C. 

      The idea that career choice is an extension of peoples personalities.

    • D. 

      The research detailing specific principles used to work adjustment theory.

  • 36. 
    People who like to persuade others about the usefulness of their own political ideas are most likely to be
    • A. 

      Artistic

    • B. 

      Enterprising

    • C. 

      Conventional

    • D. 

      Realistic

  • 37. 
    The goal of trait-and-factor approach to career counseling is to
    • A. 

      Find a person a job

    • B. 

      Identify the degree of fit between the person and the occupation

    • C. 

      Seek support and possibly refer an individual to a more skilled professional or an employment agency

    • D. 

      Identify areas in one's life that have affected the success or failure on a previous job and not make the same mistake again.

  • 38. 
    The theory that focuses on the career development process as it relates to the types of compromises people make in forming their occupational aspirations was presented by
    • A. 

      Super

    • B. 

      Holland

    • C. 

      Krumboltz

    • D. 

      Gottfredson

  • 39. 
    High self-efficacy leads one to be
    • A. 

      Less successful

    • B. 

      More persistent

    • C. 

      More likely to give up

    • D. 

      More likely to use drugs

  • 40. 
    Gladys has been a real estate agent for 20 years.  She finds that she is less willing to work evening and weekends than she once was.  As a result, her commissions have diminished slightly in the past year.  According to Super, she is currently in this substage:
    • A. 

      Decelerating

    • B. 

      Holding

    • C. 

      Innovating

    • D. 

      Updating

  • 41. 
    According to social cognitive theory, Tom's concern about his difficulty in learning biology is an example of
    • A. 

      A goal statement

    • B. 

      Self-efficacy concerns

    • C. 

      Associative learning

    • D. 

      Outcome expectations

  • 42. 
    In a collectivist culture:
    • A. 

      Self-reliance is emphasized

    • B. 

      Individual goals defer to group goals

    • C. 

      Group goals defer to individual goals

    • D. 

      Food gathering is an important social event

  • 43. 
    Using one's work as an opportunity for self expression seems to be more possible for which major occupational group?
    • A. 

      Skilled

    • B. 

      Unskilled

    • C. 

      Professional

    • D. 

      Sales and kindred

  • 44. 
    You are interpreting an interest or personality inventory and find that a client has a t-score of 50 on a particular scale.  You would interpret that as the person:
    • A. 

      Scoring well below average

    • B. 

      Scoring right at average

    • C. 

      Scoring well above average

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 45. 
    Your client has the following test profile: Openness~ 54; Conscientiousness~ 62; Extraversion~ 35; Agreeableness~43; Neuroticism~62.  Which is the most accurate description of this person's personality? This person
    • A. 

      Tends to be trusting, is self-disciplined and responsible, and tends to be worry-free.

    • B. 

      Tends to avoid new experiences, is somewhat disorganized, and tends to worry.

    • C. 

      Is creative, enjoys being in large groups where s/he feels relatively uninhibited, and is pretty much worry-free.

    • D. 

      Is more likely to prefer working alone or with a small group, tends to worry, and is self-disciplined and responsible

  • 46. 
    Providing career counseling for ____________ could be considered unethical behavior.
    • A. 

      Adolescents

    • B. 

      A felon

    • C. 

      A relative

    • D. 

      A retired person

  • 47. 
    Clara enjoys fixing cars and understanding how they work.  She would like to learn how to improve the design of automobile engines and to work on developing better ignition systems.  Her Holland personality type is most likely to be
    • A. 

      Artistic and Investigative

    • B. 

      Enterprising and Investigative

    • C. 

      Realistic and Investigative

    • D. 

      Conventional and Investigative

  • 48. 
    Adapting to planned happenstance is a feature of
    • A. 

      Holland's theory

    • B. 

      Work adjustment theory

    • C. 

      Social cognitive theory

    • D. 

      Krumboltz's social learning theory

  • 49. 
    • A. 

      Bartering is never appropriate under any circumstances

    • B. 

      Bartering for either services or physical objects is okay as long as the client is a relative

    • C. 

      Bartering for a physical possession of the clients sometimes might be fine, but NOT bartering for client services

    • D. 

      Bartering for client services to you sometimes might be fine, but NOT bartering for a physical possession of the clients

  • 50. 
    A diagram of family relationships is called a
    • A. 

      Career-o-gram

    • B. 

      Zen-o-gram

    • C. 

      Telegram

    • D. 

      Genogram

  • 51. 
    What is your name?