1.
Which of the following do you calculate when you divide the total distance traveled by the total travel time?
Correct Answer
A. Average Speed
Explanation
When you divide the total distance traveled by the total travel time, you calculate the average speed. Average speed is a measure of how fast an object is moving on average over a given period of time. It is calculated by dividing the total distance traveled by the total time taken. This calculation gives you the average rate at which the object is covering the distance, regardless of any variations in speed during the journey.
2.
Which term below best describes the forces on an object with a a net force of zero?
Correct Answer
B. Balanced Forces
Explanation
Balanced forces best describe the forces on an object with a net force of zero. When the forces acting on an object are balanced, it means that the forces are equal in magnitude and opposite in direction, resulting in no overall change in the object's motion. This state of equilibrium is often observed when an object is at rest or moving at a constant velocity. In such cases, the object's inertia keeps it in its current state, resisting any changes in motion.
3.
Which of the following is not used in calculating acceleration?
Correct Answer
B. Average Speed
Explanation
Acceleration is a measure of how quickly an object's velocity changes over time. It is calculated by subtracting the initial velocity from the final velocity and dividing by the time interval. Average speed, on the other hand, is a measure of the total distance traveled divided by the total time taken. It does not take into account the direction of motion or changes in velocity. Therefore, average speed is not used in calculating acceleration.
4.
In which of het following conditions does the car NOT accelerate?
Correct Answer
A. A car moves at 80 km/h on a flat, straight highway
Explanation
The car does not accelerate when it moves at a constant speed of 80 km/h on a flat, straight highway. Acceleration refers to a change in velocity, which is the rate at which an object changes its position. In this case, the car is maintaining a constant velocity, so there is no change in speed or direction, and therefore no acceleration.
5.
What is the tendency for an object to resist any change in its motion?
Correct Answer
D. Inertia
Explanation
Inertia is the tendency for an object to resist any change in its motion. This means that an object at rest will remain at rest, and an object in motion will continue moving at a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force. Inertia is directly related to an object's mass, with larger objects having greater inertia. It is a fundamental concept in physics and is often described as the "property of matter that resists changes in motion."
6.
How can speed be defined?
Correct Answer
C. Distance / Time
Explanation
Speed is defined as the distance traveled by an object divided by the time taken to travel that distance. It is a scalar quantity that only considers the magnitude of the motion, disregarding its direction. Therefore, the correct answer is "Distance / Time".
7.
Which of the following represents the greatest speed?
Correct Answer
C. 0.2 km/s
Explanation
The answer 0.2 km/s represents the greatest speed because it is the highest value among the given options. Even though the other options are also expressed in different units, when converted to the same unit (km/s), 0.2 km/s is still the largest value.
8.
Sound travels at a speed of 330 m/s. How long does it take the sound of thunder to travel 1485 m?
Correct Answer
B. 4.5 s
Explanation
Sound travels at a constant speed of 330 m/s. To find the time it takes for sound to travel a certain distance, we can use the formula: time = distance / speed. In this case, the distance is 1485 m. Plugging in the values, we get: time = 1485 m / 330 m/s = 4.5 s. Therefore, it takes the sound of thunder 4.5 seconds to travel 1485 meters.
9.
Which to the following best describes an object with constant velocity?
Correct Answer
C. Its acceleration is zero
Explanation
An object with constant velocity means that its speed and direction are not changing. This implies that there is no net force acting on the object, resulting in zero acceleration. Therefore, the correct answer is "Its acceleration is zero."
10.
The graph below represents the motion of an object. According to the graph, as time increases, the velocity of the object
Correct Answer
C. Remains the same
Explanation
According to the graph, the line representing the object's velocity is horizontal, indicating that the velocity remains constant over time. There is no upward or downward slope on the line, suggesting that there is no change in velocity as time increases. Therefore, the correct answer is "remains the same."
11.
The displacement-time graph below represents the motion of a cart initially moving forward along a straight line. During which interval is the cart moving forward at constant speed?
Correct Answer
C. BC
Explanation
The cart is moving forward at constant speed during the interval BC because the displacement-time graph shows a straight line with a constant positive slope. This indicates that the cart is covering equal distances in equal intervals of time, which is characteristic of constant speed.
12.
Which graph best represents the motion of an object whose speed is increasing?
Correct Answer
A. 1
Explanation
Graph 1 represents the motion of an object whose speed is increasing because it shows a positive slope, indicating that the object is moving faster over time. The steeper the slope, the faster the object is accelerating. Therefore, Graph 1 is the best representation of an object with increasing speed.
13.
The graph below shows the velocity of a race car moving along a straight line as a function of time. What is the magnitude of the displacement of the car from t = 2.0 seconds to t = 4.0 seconds?
Correct Answer
B. 20. m
Explanation
The magnitude of displacement is the distance between the initial and final positions, regardless of the path taken. In this case, the graph shows that the velocity of the car remains constant at 20 m/s from t = 2.0 seconds to t = 4.0 seconds. Since velocity is constant, the displacement can be calculated using the formula: displacement = velocity * time. Therefore, the magnitude of displacement is 20 m/s * 2 seconds = 40 m.
14.
The distance-time graph below represents the position of an object moving in a straight line. What is the speed of the object during the time interval t = 2.0 seconds to t = 4.0 seconds?
Correct Answer
A. 10. m/s
Explanation
The speed of an object can be calculated by finding the slope of the distance-time graph. In this case, the object is moving in a straight line, so the speed can be determined by finding the change in distance divided by the change in time. From t = 2.0 seconds to t = 4.0 seconds, the distance covered is 20 meters (10 meters per second multiplied by 2 seconds). The time interval is 2 seconds. Therefore, the speed of the object during this time interval is 10 meters per second.
15.
Which graph best represents the motion of an object initially at rest and accelerating uniformly?
Correct Answer
B. 2
Explanation
Graph 2 best represents the motion of an object initially at rest and accelerating uniformly because it shows a constant and steady increase in the object's velocity over time. The slope of the graph is constant, indicating a uniform acceleration. In contrast, the other graphs either show no acceleration, a varying acceleration, or a deceleration. Therefore, graph 2 is the most accurate representation of an object initially at rest and accelerating uniformly.
16.
The graph below shows the relationship between speed and time for two objects, A and B.Compared with the acceleration of object B, the acceleration of object A is
Correct Answer
A. Three times as great
Explanation
Based on the graph, the acceleration of object A is three times as great as the acceleration of object B. This can be inferred by comparing the steepness of the lines representing the speed-time relationship for both objects. Object A has a steeper line, indicating a faster rate of increase in speed over time compared to object B. Therefore, the acceleration of object A is three times greater than that of object B.
17.
Which pair of graphs represents the same motion?
Correct Answer
D. 4
18.
The graph below represents the relationship between distance and time for an object in motion.During which interval is the speed of the object changing?
Correct Answer
D. DE
Explanation
The speed of the object is changing during the interval DE. This can be inferred from the graph where the line becomes steeper, indicating an increase in speed.
19.
Which graph best represents the relationship between velocity and time for an object which accelerates uniformly for 2 seconds, then moves at a constant velocity for 1 second, and finally decelerates for 3 seconds?
Correct Answer
A. 1
Explanation
Graph 1 represents the relationship between velocity and time for an object that accelerates uniformly for 2 seconds, then moves at a constant velocity for 1 second, and finally decelerates for 3 seconds. The graph shows a positive slope for the first 2 seconds, indicating acceleration. After that, the graph shows a flat line, indicating constant velocity. Finally, the graph shows a negative slope for the last 3 seconds, indicating deceleration. This pattern matches the given scenario, making graph 1 the best representation.
20.
What is the meaning of the slope on a distance versus time graph?
Correct Answer
C. Speed
Explanation
The meaning of the slope on a distance versus time graph is speed. The slope represents the rate at which the distance is changing over time. A steeper slope indicates a faster rate of change, which corresponds to a higher speed. Therefore, the correct answer is speed.
21.
What does the slope of an object accelerating uniformly (at a constant rate) look like on an acceleration vs. time graph? Hint: Draw these to see what they look like.
Correct Answer
C. Straight and horizontal
Explanation
The slope of an object accelerating uniformly (at a constant rate) on an acceleration vs. time graph would be straight and horizontal. This is because when the acceleration is constant, the graph would show a constant value over time, resulting in a straight line. The horizontal slope indicates that the acceleration is not changing over time.