Inference Quiz

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 3,005
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 3,005

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Inference Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When Dorothy stood in the doorway and looked around, she could see nothing but the great gray prairie on every side. Not a tree nor a house broke the broad sweep of flat country that reached to the edge of the sky in all directions. The sun had baked the plowed land into a gray mass, with little cracks running through it. Even the grass was not green, for the sun had burned the tops of the long blades until they were the same gray color to be seen everywhere. Once the house had been painted, but the sun blistered the paint and the rains washed it away, and now the house was as dull and gray as everything else.  Support your reasoning for believing Dorothy's home is or is not pleasant.

  • 2. 

    The road was smooth and well paved, now, and  the country about was beautiful, so that the  travelers rejoiced in leaving the forest far behind,  and with it the many dangers they had met in its  gloomy shades. Once more they could see fences  built beside the road; but these were painted green,  and when they came to a small house, in which a  farmer evidently lived, that also was painted green.  They passed by several of these houses during the  afternoon, and sometimes people came to the doors  and looked at them as if they would like to ask  questions; but no one came near them nor spoke to  them because of the great Lion, of which they were  very much afraid. The people were all dressed in  clothing of a lovely emerald-green color and wore  peaked hats like those of the Munchkins. Support your reasoning as to why this is or is not a pleasant place.

  • 3. 

    W hen Dorothy stood in the doorway and  looked around, she could see nothing but  the great gray prairie on every side. Not a tree nor  a house broke the broad sweep of flat country that  reached to the edge of the sky in all directions. The  sun had baked the plowed land into a gray mass,  with little cracks running through it. Even the grass  was not green, for the sun had burned the tops of  the long blades until they were the same gray color  to be seen everywhere. Once the house had been  painted, but the sun blistered the paint and the  rains washed it away, and now the house was as dull  and gray as everything else.  The road was smooth and well paved, now, and  the country about was beautiful, so that the  travelers rejoiced in leaving the forest far behind,  and with it the many dangers they had met in its  gloomy shades. Once more they could see fences  built beside the road; but these were painted green,  and when they came to a small house, in which a  farmer evidently lived, that also was painted green.  They passed by several of these houses during the  afternoon, and sometimes people came to the doors  and looked at them as if they would like to ask  questions; but no one came near them nor spoke to  them because of the great Lion, of which they were  very much afraid. The people were all dressed in  clothing of a lovely emerald-green color and wore  peaked hats like those of the Munchkins.  What is the author trying to say about the differences of the two places?   Read the two passages and identify the differences.

  • 4. 

    How to Succeed as a Volunteer    So You Want to be a Volunteer?  Many high school students like to take part in volunteer activities. Some of the perks of  volunteerism include gaining useful experiences, making good friends, and building  relationships with others. Perhaps best of all, volunteering gives you a chance to step  outside of yourself and your own circumstances and do something to help others.  Volunteering can help you gain skills necessary for any future path in life.    Treat your volunteer job as something that requires the same commitment, timeliness,  and professionalism as any paid work that you might do.    Step 1: Finding a Good Fit  If you have a particular passion, it makes sense to look for an opportunity in that area.  However, the actual work you do may or may not connect directly to your personal  interests. For example, you may love animals, but the local shelter needs people to  create flyers for an upcoming fundraiser. You might not end up working directly with the  animals.    Step 2: The Interview  Most organizations interview potential volunteers. After all, the organization wants to be  sure that you are a good fit for the work they have. Read about interview strategies and  tips, in addition to correct interview attire, and etiquette. Also practice answering  common interview questions. Even if you know that once “hired” as a volunteer you will  be wearing jeans and a T-shirt every day, you aren’t “hired” yet. As a candidate, you  need to present a neat and clean appearance and create a good first impression. You  can never go wrong by being “overly” professional.    Step 3: The Work You Do  Just like in any job, there will likely be parts of your assigned work you find very  interesting and enjoyable and parts that you do not. Some organizations might have  you “work up” from basic jobs to those with more responsibility. Remember, you want to  support the organization with the work that they need you to do. Timeliness, attention to  detail, and a professional attitude will prove you are ready for better opportunities.    At the same time, just like in a real job, there is room for negotiation. For instance, if  you would like some phone experience and you have only been doing paperwork for  awhile, ask for a meeting with your supervisor and highlight how your goals will benefit  the organization. Be diplomatic, proactive, and ready to compromise.    Step 4: What You Take Away  Hopefully your volunteer experience will be a positive one and allow you to learn some  new skills. At the very least, you will gain experience and useful contacts to include on  future college or work applications. Choose two inferences you believe are correct and cite evidence (a quote) from the text to support your view. - Colleges usually don’t accept applicants who have no  volunteer experience.  - Volunteer work may not perfectly match your interests.  - It can be difficult to get a volunteer opportunity.  -  The biggest expense of becoming a volunteer is having  professional clothes to wear to the interview.  - A candidate’s performance during an interview for a volunteer  position is important.   

  • 5. 

    Frank has wanted a BMW since he was a little kid.   He began working at the age of 15 to hopefully save up enough money to buy the car of his dreams.   He worked hard for years and finally saved enough money to achieve his goal.   The day before Frank went to buy his car, his house was robbed and his savings was gone. Explain why it is the type of irony you chose.

  • 6. 

    Janice begins to receive threatening notes in the mail and on her car.  Then, a car tries to run her over in a dark parking lot.  She can’t see who the driver is.  She goes to her best friend Doug for help.  However, her attacker keeps trying to kill her.  Finally, Doug has her come stay with him at his cabin so she will be safe.  Then, he reveals that HE is the attacker!! Explain why you chose this type of irony.

  • 7. 

    Lois Lane, a reporter at the Daily Planet, is in love with the superhero Superman.  She is obsessed with him, and always asks her co-worker, Clark Kent for information about him.  She thinks that Clark and Superman are friends.  However, Clark is actually Superman in disguise and is very much in love with Lois, but she won’t give Clark the time of day. Explain why you chose this type of irony.

  • 8. 

    Betty always dresses differently than the other kids in school.   People she calls friends, such as  Sally, continue to make remarks about what she wears, and she is continually isolated.   When she wears her overalls with her bright pink polka dot shoes on Monday, Sally calls out from a group of girls, "Nice shoes, Betty!".   Sally giggles with a bunch of girls and runs away. Explain why you chose this type of irony.

  • 9. 

    Turner almost wished that he hadn’t listened to the radio. He went to the closet and grabbed his umbrella. He feels silly carrying it to the bus stop on such a sunny morning.  Which probably happened?

    • A.

      Turner felt like it was going to rain when he woke up this morning

    • B.

      Turner heard a weather forecast that it was going to rain

    • C.

      Turner thought he would bring his umbrella as an fashion accessory but realized that was foolish

    • D.

      Turner hadn’t taken his umbrella in a long time and decided it was necessary

    Correct Answer
    B. Turner heard a weather forecast that it was going to rain
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Turner heard a weather forecast that it was going to rain." This can be inferred from the sentence "Turner almost wished that he hadn’t listened to the radio," indicating that he heard something on the radio that made him bring his umbrella. Since it is mentioned that it is a sunny morning, it suggests that Turner heard a weather forecast predicting rain, leading him to bring his umbrella.

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  • 10. 

    No, Honey, I don’t want you to spend a lot of money on my birthday present. Just having you for a husband is the only gift I need. In fact, I’ll just drive my old rusty bucket of bolts down to the mall and buy myself a little present. And if the poor old car doesn't break down, I’ll be back soon. What is the message?

    • A.

      I don’t want a gift.

    • B.

      Buy me a new car.

    • C.

      I like going to the mall.

    • D.

      The car is of sentimental value.

    Correct Answer
    B. Buy me a new car.
    Explanation
    The message in the passage is that the speaker wants their husband to buy them a new car as a birthday present. This is evident from the statement "I'll just drive my old rusty bucket of bolts down to the mall and buy myself a little present." The mention of the car breaking down suggests that the speaker is dissatisfied with their current car and would like a new one.

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  • 11. 

    Bill and Jessica were almost done taking turns choosing the players for their teams. It was Jessica’s turn to choose, and only Kurt was left.  Jessica said, “Kurt.” We can infer that

    • A.

      Kurt is the best player on the team.

    • B.

      Jessica is inconsiderate of Bill's feelings.

    • C.

      Kurt is not a very good player.

    • D.

      Jessica was happy to have Kurt on her team.

    Correct Answer
    C. Kurt is not a very good player.
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, Jessica chooses Kurt as the last player for her team. This implies that Kurt was the only player left to be chosen, indicating that he may not be a very good player compared to the other available options.

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  • 12. 

    Turner almost wished that he hadn't listened to the radio. He went to the closet and grabbed his umbrella. He feels silly carrying it to the bus stop on such a sunny morning. Which probably happened? Which line from the passage indicates the answer to #1?

    • A.

      Turner almost wished that he hadn't listened to the radio.

    • B.

      He went to the closet and grabbed his umbrella.

    • C.

      He feels silly carrying it to the bus stop on such a sunny morning.

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Turner almost wished that he hadn't listened to the radio.
    Explanation
    The line "Turner almost wished that he hadn't listened to the radio" suggests that Turner regrets listening to the radio, indicating that something unpleasant or unexpected may have happened as a result of listening to the radio. This explains why he grabbed his umbrella even though it is a sunny morning, as he may have heard a weather forecast or some other information on the radio that made him believe it would rain.

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  • 13. 

    Alice was carrying a large clothes basket from the bedroom down the stairs to the laundry room. She struggled under the weight of the basket. She wished her younger brothers would help her. Instead, they were playing. She had heard them throwing a baseball in the house earlier. She had told them to go outside. hey had gone to the backyard, but they had left the baseball on the stairs. What is most likely going to happen?

    • A.

      Alice's brothers are sabotaging her

    • B.

      Alice is going to fall down the stairs

    • C.

      Alice does not like doing laundry

    • D.

      Alice's brothers do not like doing laundry

    Correct Answer
    B. Alice is going to fall down the stairs
    Explanation
    Based on the information given, Alice is struggling under the weight of the basket and her brothers have left a baseball on the stairs. This suggests that there is a potential hazard on the stairs that Alice may not see, causing her to trip and fall. Therefore, it is most likely that Alice is going to fall down the stairs.

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  • 14. 

    Alice was carrying a large clothes basket from the bedroom down the stairs to the laundry room.  She struggled under the weight of the basket. She wished her younger brothers would help her.  Instead, they were playing. She had heard them throwing a baseball in the house earlier. She had told them to go outside. They had gone to the backyard, but they had left the baseball on the stairs. What clue lead you to make this inference?

    • A.

      She wished her younger brothers would help her.

    • B.

      She had heard them throwing a baseball in the house earlier.

    • C.

      They had gone to the backyard, but they had left the baseball on the stairs.

    • D.

      She had told them to go outside.

    Correct Answer
    C. They had gone to the backyard, but they had left the baseball on the stairs.
    Explanation
    The clue that leads to this inference is "They had gone to the backyard, but they had left the baseball on the stairs." This suggests that Alice's younger brothers were not helping her with the clothes basket because they had gone outside to play, but they had carelessly left the baseball on the stairs, which could have caused Alice to struggle and potentially trip or fall while carrying the heavy basket.

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  • 15. 

    Winston stood at the store counter. It was hard to make a decision. On the one hand, he had just enough money to buy the new game he wanted so badly. However, he had come to the store to buy his mother’s birthday present. If he bought her present, he would have to wait another week to have enough money for the game. As he looked at the game, he remembered that his mother made his favorite soup when he was sick. He also thought about how proud she was when he won the relay race. His mind was made up.  Winston is going to  

    • A.

      Buy the video game.

    • B.

      Buy more soup because he is feeling sick again.

    • C.

      Buy his mother the present.

    Correct Answer
    C. Buy his mother the present.
    Explanation
    The passage states that Winston remembers how his mother made his favorite soup when he was sick and how proud she was when he won the relay race. This suggests that Winston values his mother's love and support. Therefore, he decides to buy his mother the present instead of buying the video game he wants.

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  • 16. 

    Winston stood at the store counter. It was hard to make a decision. On the one hand, he had just enough money to buy the new game he wanted so badly. However, he had come to the store to buy his mother’s birthday present. If he bought her present, he would have to wait another week to have enough money for the game. As he looked at the game, he remembered that his mother made his favorite soup when he was sick. He also thought about how proud she was when he won the relay race. His mind was made up.  Which line lead you to the conclusion you made?

    • A.

      On the one hand, he had just enough money to buy the new game he wanted so badly.

    • B.

      If he bought her present, he would have to wait another week to have enough money for the game.

    • C.

      As he looked at the game, he remembered that his mother made his favorite soup when he was sick. He also thought about how proud she was when he won the relay race.

    • D.

      It was hard to make a decision.

    Correct Answer
    C. As he looked at the game, he remembered that his mother made his favorite soup when he was sick. He also thought about how proud she was when he won the relay race.
    Explanation
    The line "As he looked at the game, he remembered that his mother made his favorite soup when he was sick. He also thought about how proud she was when he won the relay race" leads to the conclusion that Winston decided to buy his mother's birthday present instead of the game. This line suggests that Winston's memories of his mother's past actions and support influenced his decision to prioritize buying her present over getting the game he wanted.

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  • 17. 

    When Dorothy stood in the doorway and looked around, she could see nothing but the great gray prairie on every side. Not a tree nor a house broke the broad sweep of flat country that reached to the edge of the sky in all directions. The sun had baked the plowed land into a gray mass, with little cracks running through it. Even the grass was not green, for the sun had burned the tops of the long blades until they were the same gray color to be seen everywhere. Once the house had been painted, but the sun blistered the paint and the rains washed it away, and now the house was as dull and gray as everything else. True or False:  Dorothy's home seems like a pleasant place.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The passage describes Dorothy's home as a dull and gray place with no trees or houses and a flat, barren landscape. The sun has baked the land and even the grass is gray. The house has lost its paint and is also dull and gray. Therefore, Dorothy's home does not seem like a pleasant place.

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  • 18. 

    The road was smooth and well paved, now, and  the country about was beautiful, so that the  travelers rejoiced in leaving the forest far behind,  and with it the many dangers they had met in its  gloomy shades. Once more they could see fences  built beside the road; but these were painted green,  and when they came to a small house, in which a  farmer evidently lived, that also was painted green.  They passed by several of these houses during the  afternoon, and sometimes people came to the doors  and looked at them as if they would like to ask  questions; but no one came near them nor spoke to  them because of the great Lion, of which they were  very much afraid. The people were all dressed in  clothing of a lovely emerald-green color and wore  peaked hats like those of the Munchkins. Does this place seem like a pleasant place?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The passage describes a smooth and well-paved road, a beautiful country landscape, and houses and fences painted green. The travelers rejoice in leaving the dangers of the forest behind and the people they encounter seem friendly, although cautious because of the presence of the great Lion. The description of the surroundings and the behavior of the people indicate that this place is indeed a pleasant place.

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  • 19. 

    The water felt so good on such a hot day. I heard the other children laughing and yelling across the way.  The concrete was wet from a group of teenagers splashing each other in the corner. The lifeguard watched  closely to keep children from running.  Where is the person in this passage located?

    Correct Answer
    Pool
    Explanation
    The person in this passage is located at the pool. This is evident from the description of the water feeling good on a hot day, the presence of other children laughing and yelling, the wet concrete from teenagers splashing each other, and the lifeguard watching to keep children from running.

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  • 20. 

    The water felt so good on such a hot day. I heard the other children laughing and yelling across the way.  The concrete was wet from a group of teenagers splashing each other in the corner. The lifeguard watched  closely to keep children from running.  What words give you clues as to where the person is?

    Correct Answer
    water
    lifeguard
    Explanation
    The words "water" and "lifeguard" give clues as to where the person is. The mention of water suggests that the person is near a body of water, such as a pool or beach. The presence of a lifeguard indicates that the person is likely at a location where there are designated swimming areas and safety precautions in place, further supporting the idea that they are near a pool or beach.

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  • 21. 

    As we entered, a large blast of water hit the windshield. Huge flopping sponges began to slap at the hood as  we slowly moved forward. Soon, there were suds spilling over the sides. I was glad the windows were rolled up. Where is the person in this passage?

    Correct Answer
    Car wash
    Explanation
    The person in this passage is in a car wash. This is evident from the description of a large blast of water hitting the windshield, sponges slapping at the hood, and suds spilling over the sides. Additionally, the mention of being glad that the windows were rolled up suggests that the person is inside a vehicle.

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  • 22. 

    As we entered, a large blast of water hit the windshield. Huge flopping sponges began to slap at the hood as  we slowly moved forward. Soon, there were suds spilling over the sides. I was glad the windows were rolled up. What words clue you into where the person is?

    Correct Answer
    Water
    windshield
    Sponges
    Hood
    suds
    windows rolled up
    Explanation
    The words "water," "windshield," "sponges," "hood," "suds," and "windows rolled up" clue us into the fact that the person is in a car wash.

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  • 23. 

    I quickly packed my suitcase. I tossed in a change of clothes, a  toothbrush, and a hairbrush. Glancing at my watch, I zipped the suitcase  and walked to the front door. After I shut the window blinds, I pulled a heavy  coat from the closet.  Check the inference that is supported by the passage.

    • A.

      The narrator has new luggage

    • B.

      The narrator is going to take a short trip

    • C.

      The narrator hates the winter

    • D.

      The narrator is going to the airport

    Correct Answer
    B. The narrator is going to take a short trip
    Explanation
    The passage mentions that the narrator quickly packed their suitcase with a change of clothes, a toothbrush, and a hairbrush. This suggests that the narrator is preparing for a trip. Additionally, the narrator glances at their watch and zips the suitcase before heading to the front door, indicating that they are ready to leave. Therefore, the inference that is supported by the passage is that the narrator is going to take a short trip.

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  • 24. 

    I quickly packed my suitcase. I tossed in a change of clothes, a  toothbrush, and a hairbrush. Glancing at my watch, I zipped the suitcase  and walked to the front door. After I shut the window blinds, I pulled a heavy  coat from the closet.  Check the clues that support the inference you made about this passage.

    • A.

      I quickly packed my suitcase

    • B.

      I pulled a heavy coat from the closet

    • C.

      I tossed in a change of clothes, a toothbrush, and a hairbrush

    • D.

      Glancing at my watch, I zipped the suitcase

    Correct Answer
    C. I tossed in a change of clothes, a toothbrush, and a hairbrush
    Explanation
    The clues that support the inference that the person is going on a trip are "I quickly packed my suitcase" and "I tossed in a change of clothes, a toothbrush, and a hairbrush." These statements indicate that the person is preparing to leave and has packed essential items for a trip.

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  • 25. 

    How to Succeed as a Volunteer    So You Want to be a Volunteer?  Many high school students like to take part in volunteer activities. Some of the perks of  volunteerism include gaining useful experiences, making good friends, and building  relationships with others. Perhaps best of all, volunteering gives you a chance to step  outside of yourself and your own circumstances and do something to help others.  Volunteering can help you gain skills necessary for any future path in life.    Treat your volunteer job as something that requires the same commitment, timeliness,  and professionalism as any paid work that you might do.    Step 1: Finding a Good Fit  If you have a particular passion, it makes sense to look for an opportunity in that area.  However, the actual work you do may or may not connect directly to your personal  interests. For example, you may love animals, but the local shelter needs people to  create flyers for an upcoming fundraiser. You might not end up working directly with the  animals.    Step 2: The Interview  Most organizations interview potential volunteers. After all, the organization wants to be  sure that you are a good fit for the work they have. Read about interview strategies and  tips, in addition to correct interview attire, and etiquette. Also practice answering  common interview questions. Even if you know that once “hired” as a volunteer you will  be wearing jeans and a T-shirt every day, you aren’t “hired” yet. As a candidate, you  need to present a neat and clean appearance and create a good first impression. You  can never go wrong by being “overly” professional.    Step 3: The Work You Do  Just like in any job, there will likely be parts of your assigned work you find very  interesting and enjoyable and parts that you do not. Some organizations might have  you “work up” from basic jobs to those with more responsibility. Remember, you want to  support the organization with the work that they need you to do. Timeliness, attention to  detail, and a professional attitude will prove you are ready for better opportunities.    At the same time, just like in a real job, there is room for negotiation. For instance, if  you would like some phone experience and you have only been doing paperwork for  awhile, ask for a meeting with your supervisor and highlight how your goals will benefit  the organization. Be diplomatic, proactive, and ready to compromise.    Step 4: What You Take Away  Hopefully your volunteer experience will be a positive one and allow you to learn some  new skills. At the very least, you will gain experience and useful contacts to include on  future college or work applications. Check any of the following inferences that can be supported by the text.

    • A.

      Colleges don't usually accept students who do not have volunteer experience

    • B.

      Volunteer work may not perfectly match your interests

    • C.

      It can be difficult to get a volunteer opportunity

    • D.

      A candidate’s performance during an interview for a volunteer position is important. A candidate’s performance during an interview for a volunteer position is important.

    • E.

      The biggest expense of becoming a volunteer is having professional clothes to wear to the interview.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Volunteer work may not perfectly match your interests
    D. A candidate’s performance during an interview for a volunteer position is important. A candidate’s performance during an interview for a volunteer position is important.
    Explanation
    The text suggests that volunteer work may not perfectly match your interests, as it gives an example of someone who loves animals but ends up creating flyers for a fundraiser at a local shelter. Additionally, the text emphasizes the importance of a candidate's performance during an interview for a volunteer position, stating that the organization wants to be sure that the candidate is a good fit for the work they have. This implies that a candidate's performance during an interview for a volunteer position is important.

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  • 26. 

    Frank has wanted a BMW since he was a little kid.   He began working at the age of 15 to hopefully save up enough money to buy the car of his dreams.   He worked hard for years and finally saved enough money to achieve his goal.   The day before Frank went to buy his car, his house was robbed and his savings was gone. Identify the type of irony.

    • A.

      Dramatic

    • B.

      Situational

    • C.

      Verbal

    Correct Answer
    B. Situational
    Explanation
    The given scenario exemplifies situational irony. Situational irony occurs when there is a contrast between what is expected to happen and what actually happens. In this case, Frank has worked hard for years to save up money to buy a BMW, only to have his savings stolen the day before he was going to purchase the car. This unexpected turn of events is a prime example of situational irony.

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  • 27. 

    Lois Lane, a reporter at the Daily Planet, is in love with the superhero Superman.  She is obsessed with him, and always asks her co-worker, Clark Kent for information about him.  She thinks that Clark and Superman are friends.  However, Clark is actually Superman in disguise and is very much in love with Lois, but she won’t give Clark the time of day. What type of irony is present?

    • A.

      Dramatic

    • B.

      Situational

    • C.

      Verbal

    Correct Answer
    A. Dramatic
    Explanation
    Dramatic irony is present in this situation because the audience or readers are aware of the true identity of Clark Kent as Superman, while Lois Lane is unaware. This creates a sense of tension and anticipation as the audience waits for the moment when Lois discovers the truth.

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  • 28. 

    Janice begins to receive threatening notes in the mail and on her car.  Then, a car tries to run her over in a dark parking lot.  She can’t see who the driver is.  She goes to her best friend Doug for help.  However, her attacker keeps trying to kill her.  Finally, Doug has her come stay with him at his cabin so she will be safe.  Then, he reveals that HE is the attacker!!

    • A.

      Dramatic

    • B.

      Situational

    • C.

      Verbal

    Correct Answer
    B. Situational
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Situational. This is because the situation presented in the passage involves a twist or reversal of expectations. Initially, Janice seeks help from her best friend Doug to protect her from the attacker. However, it is revealed later that Doug is actually the attacker, which creates a surprising and unexpected situation for the reader. This twist adds a dramatic element to the story and qualifies it as a situational type of irony.

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  • 29. 

    Betty always dresses differently than the other kids in school.   People she calls friends, such as  Sally, continue to make remarks about what she wears, and she is continually isolated.   When she wears her overalls with her bright pink polka dot shoes on Monday, Sally calls out from a group of girls, "Nice shoes, Betty!".   Sally giggles with a bunch of girls and runs away. What type of irony is this?

    • A.

      Dramatic

    • B.

      Situational

    • C.

      Verbal

    Correct Answer
    C. Verbal
    Explanation
    This is an example of verbal irony. Verbal irony occurs when someone says something that is the opposite of what they really mean. In this situation, Sally sarcastically compliments Betty's shoes by saying "Nice shoes, Betty!" even though she is actually making fun of them.

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