Metabolic Panel

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 186

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Metabolism Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    These are part of the Basic Metabolic Panel.
    • A. 

      Sodium, potassium, protein

    • B. 

      Sodium, creatinine, calcium

    • C. 

      Sodium, creatinine, bilirubin

    • D. 

      Chloride, BUN, albumin

  • 2. 
    This is NOT an indication for a metabolic panel.
    • A. 

      Patient requests one

    • B. 

      Monitor fluid & electrolyte balance

    • C. 

      Follow the course of a condition or treatment plan

    • D. 

      Screen for occult disease

  • 3. 
    Abnormalities in sodium level usually are reflecting a true sodium abnormality.
    • A. 

      False

    • B. 

      True

  • 4. 
    Your patient has an abnormal sodium test result. She is very lethargic and confused. Is this hyponatremia or hypernatremia?
    • A. 

      Hypernatremia

    • B. 

      Hyponatremia

  • 5. 
    Your patient has an abnormal sodium test result. He is agitated and restless, with hyperreflexia. Is this hyponatremia or hypernatremia?
    • A. 

      Hypernatremia

    • B. 

      Hyponatremia

  • 6. 
    Your patient has secondary hypertension due to hyperaldosteronism. Would you expect to find hypernatremia or hyponatremia in this patient?
    • A. 

      Hyponatremia

    • B. 

      Hypernatremia

  • 7. 
    Your CHF patient has abnormal sodium test results. Would you expect this to be hyponatremia or hypernatremia?
    • A. 

      Hyponatremia

    • B. 

      Hypernatremia

  • 8. 
    Your patient has an arrhythmia. In a general sense, which electrolyte is likely the problem?
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Calcium

    • C. 

      Magnesium

    • D. 

      Potassium

  • 9. 
    In your patient with abnormal sodium levels due to hyperaldosteronism, what other electrolyte problem are they likely to have?
    • A. 

      Hypokalemia

    • B. 

      Hyperkalemia

  • 10. 
    These can be causes of hyperkalemia (check all that apply):
    • A. 

      ACE inhibitors

    • B. 

      CCBs

    • C. 

      Bumetanide

    • D. 

      Spironolactone

  • 11. 
    If you are unable to correct for low potassium, what should you check?
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Magnesium

    • C. 

      Sodium

    • D. 

      Chloride

  • 12. 
    If your patient is hypercalcemic, what other electrolyte should you check in order to help determine the cause of the hypercalcemia?
    • A. 

      Chloride

    • B. 

      Potassium

    • C. 

      Sodium

    • D. 

      Magnesium

  • 13. 
    Carbon dioxide level is a reflection of the body's pH. What would you expect to see in severe vomiting?
    • A. 

      No change in carbon dioxide

    • B. 

      Decreased carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Increased carbon dioxide

  • 14. 
    Carbon dioxide level is a reflection of the body's pH. What would you expect to see in chronic diarrhea?
    • A. 

      No change in carbon dioxide

    • B. 

      Decreased carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Increased carbon dioxide

  • 15. 
    What is the most common cause of electrolyte imbalance?
    • A. 

      CHF

    • B. 

      Kidney injury

    • C. 

      Malignancy

    • D. 

      Drug overdose

  • 16. 
    Which drugs can increase serum glucose? Check all that apply.
    • A. 

      Corticosteroids

    • B. 

      Thiazides

    • C. 

      Caffeine

    • D. 

      Penicillin

  • 17. 
    All of these can be causes of LOW blood glucose except:
    • A. 

      Thiazides

    • B. 

      Propranolol

    • C. 

      Malignancy

    • D. 

      Starvation

  • 18. 
    BUN serves as a index of function of both liver and kidney, and is used clinically as a rough measurement of renal function.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    BUN is ________ in kidney injury and ________ in hepatic failure.
    • A. 

      Increased, increased

    • B. 

      Increased, decreased

    • C. 

      Decreased, increased

    • D. 

      Decreased, decreased

  • 20. 
    Creatinine is a measure of ______ function, and decreases with age (less muscle mass).
    • A. 

      Colon

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Kidney and liver

    • D. 

      Kidney

  • 21. 
    BUN:Creatine ration is usually ___.
    • A. 

      1:1

    • B. 

      20:1

    • C. 

      10:1

    • D. 

      1:10

  • 22. 
    Your patient is somnolent and has a shortened QT interval. Is this hypocalcemia or hypercalcemia?
    • A. 

      Hypercalcemia

    • B. 

      Hypocalcemia

  • 23. 
    Your patient is nervous and excitable. You observe tetany and find a prolonged QT interval. Is this hypocalcemia or hypercalcemia?
    • A. 

      Hypercalcemia

    • B. 

      Hypocalcemia

  • 24. 
    If you order a serum calcium (instead of a free calcium), what else do you need to order along with it?
    • A. 

      Vitamin D level

    • B. 

      Potassium

    • C. 

      Albumin level

    • D. 

      Magnesium