Neurosensory System (Practice Mode)

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Nervous System Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is not a muscle identified in the rotator cuff? 

    • A.

      Teres Major

    • B.

      Teres Minor

    • C.

      Infraspinatus

    • D.

      Supraspinatus

    Correct Answer
    A. Teres Major
    Explanation
    Teres Major is not a muscle identified in the rotator cuff. The rotator cuff is composed of four muscles: teres minor, infraspinatus, supraspinatus, and subscapularis. These muscles work together to stabilize the shoulder joint and facilitate movement. Teres Major, on the other hand, is a separate muscle located in the posterior aspect of the upper arm and is involved in movements of the shoulder and arm, but it is not part of the rotator cuff.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not a component of the unhappy triad? 

    • A.

      MCL

    • B.

      PCL

    • C.

      ACL

    • D.

      Medial Meniscus

    Correct Answer
    B. PCL
    Explanation
    The unhappy triad, also known as O'Donoghue's triad, is a knee injury that involves damage to the medial collateral ligament (MCL), anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and medial meniscus. The posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) is not part of the unhappy triad.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is not included in the femoral triangle? 

    • A.

      Femoral Artery

    • B.

      Femoral Nerve

    • C.

      Femoral Vein

    • D.

      Femoral Ligament

    Correct Answer
    D. Femoral Ligament
    Explanation
    The femoral triangle is an anatomical region in the upper thigh. It is bordered by the inguinal ligament superiorly, the sartorius muscle laterally, and the adductor longus muscle medially. The structures that are typically found within the femoral triangle include the femoral artery, femoral vein, and femoral nerve. The femoral ligament, however, is not included in the femoral triangle. The femoral ligament is a thickening of the fascia lata that helps to stabilize the hip joint. It is located more superiorly and does not fall within the boundaries of the femoral triangle.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is not a component of the carotid sheath? 

    • A.

      Cranial nerve X

    • B.

      Common carotid artery

    • C.

      Internal jugular vein

    • D.

      Cranial nerve IX

    Correct Answer
    D. Cranial nerve IX
    Explanation
    The carotid sheath is a connective tissue structure that surrounds and protects the common carotid artery, internal jugular vein, and cranial nerve X. Cranial nerve IX, also known as the glossopharyngeal nerve, is not a component of the carotid sheath.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following spinal dermatome level corresponds with the landmark of the inguinal ligament? 

    • A.

      T10

    • B.

      L1

    • C.

      L3

    • D.

      L5

    Correct Answer
    B. L1
    Explanation
    The inguinal ligament is a landmark located in the lower abdomen, near the groin area. The spinal dermatome level that corresponds with this landmark is L1. Dermatomes are specific areas of skin that are innervated by a single spinal nerve, and the L1 dermatome includes the area where the inguinal ligament is located.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following nerves innervates the deltoid? 

    • A.

      Radial

    • B.

      Cranial nerve XI

    • C.

      Subscapular

    • D.

      Axillary

    Correct Answer
    D. Axillary
    Explanation
    The axillary nerve innervates the deltoid muscle. It is a branch of the brachial plexus and provides motor innervation to the deltoid muscle, which is responsible for shoulder abduction. The other nerves listed, such as the radial nerve, cranial nerve XI, and subscapular nerve, do not innervate the deltoid muscle.

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  • 7. 

    Wrist extensors are primarily controlled by what nerve? 

    • A.

      Radial

    • B.

      Ulnar

    • C.

      Median

    • D.

      Tibial

    Correct Answer
    A. Radial
    Explanation
    The wrist extensors are primarily controlled by the radial nerve. The radial nerve is responsible for innervating the muscles that extend the wrist, allowing for movements such as wrist extension and lifting the hand upwards. The ulnar nerve primarily controls the muscles of the hand and fingers, while the median nerve controls the muscles of the forearm and hand. The tibial nerve is not involved in the control of the wrist extensors.

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  • 8. 

     Adductor pollicis in the hand is controlled by which nerve? 

    • A.

      Radial

    • B.

      Ulnar

    • C.

      Median

    • D.

      Tibial

    Correct Answer
    B. Ulnar
    Explanation
    The adductor pollicis muscle is responsible for adducting the thumb towards the palm. It is primarily innervated by the ulnar nerve, which supplies the muscles of the hand and provides motor and sensory function to the ulnar side of the hand. The ulnar nerve runs along the ulnar side of the forearm and passes through the Guyon's canal to reach the hand, where it innervates various muscles, including the adductor pollicis. Therefore, the correct answer is ulnar.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following arteries is the most frequent site of coronary artery stenosis? 

    • A.

      LCA

    • B.

      RCA

    • C.

      LAD

    • D.

      PD

    Correct Answer
    C. LAD
    Explanation
    The left anterior descending artery (LAD) is the most frequent site of coronary artery stenosis. This artery supplies blood to a large portion of the left ventricle, which is the main pumping chamber of the heart. Stenosis refers to the narrowing of the artery, which can restrict blood flow and lead to various heart conditions. The LAD is particularly susceptible to stenosis due to its location and the high amount of stress it endures during the cardiac cycle.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following nerves is not directly linked to the L2-L3 spinal level? 

    • A.

      Tibial

    • B.

      Obturator

    • C.

      Femoral

    Correct Answer
    A. Tibial
    Explanation
    The tibial nerve is not directly linked to the L2-L3 spinal level. The tibial nerve arises from the sacral plexus, specifically from the ventral rami of the spinal nerves L4-S3. Therefore, it is not directly connected to the L2-L3 spinal level. On the other hand, the obturator nerve and femoral nerve are both directly linked to the L2-L3 spinal level. The obturator nerve arises from the ventral rami of L2-L4 spinal nerves, while the femoral nerve arises from the ventral rami of L2-L4 spinal nerves as well.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following passageways contain the maxillary nerve and blood vessels? 

    • A.

      Stylomastoid foramin

    • B.

      Inferior orbital fissure

    • C.

      Foramen ovale

    • D.

      Carotid canal

    Correct Answer
    B. Inferior orbital fissure
    Explanation
    The maxillary nerve and blood vessels pass through the inferior orbital fissure. This is a bony opening located in the skull, specifically in the area near the eye socket. The maxillary nerve is a branch of the trigeminal nerve that provides sensory innervation to the upper teeth, upper lip, and part of the face. It also carries autonomic fibers for controlling blood vessel dilation. The blood vessels passing through the inferior orbital fissure supply blood to the surrounding tissues of the eye and face.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following passageways contain the facial nerve and blood vessels? 

    • A.

      Stylomastoid foramin

    • B.

      Inferior orbital fissure

    • C.

      Foramen ovale

    • D.

      Carotid canal

    Correct Answer
    A. Stylomastoid foramin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Stylomastoid foramen. The stylomastoid foramen is a small opening located on the temporal bone of the skull. It serves as a passageway for the facial nerve, which controls the muscles of facial expression, as well as for blood vessels that supply the face and scalp. The inferior orbital fissure is a different passageway located in the orbit of the eye, while the foramen ovale is a passageway in the sphenoid bone that transmits the mandibular nerve. The carotid canal is a passageway in the temporal bone that carries the internal carotid artery.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following passageways contain the internal carotid artery? 

    • A.

      Foramen rotundum

    • B.

      Condylar canal

    • C.

      Foramen ovale

    • D.

      Carotid canal

    Correct Answer
    D. Carotid canal
    Explanation
    The internal carotid artery is located in the carotid canal. The carotid canal is a passage in the skull that allows the internal carotid artery to travel from the neck to the brain. The other options listed, such as the foramen rotundum, condylar canal, and foramen ovale, do not contain the internal carotid artery.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is the most common site of disc herniation? 

    • A.

      C6-7

    • B.

      T12-L1

    • C.

      L4-5

    • D.

      L5-S1

    Correct Answer
    D. L5-S1
    Explanation
    The most common site of disc herniation is at the L5-S1 level. This is because the L5-S1 disc is located at the bottom of the lumbar spine, where the spine bears the most weight and undergoes the most movement. Additionally, the L5-S1 disc is responsible for connecting the lumbar spine to the sacrum, making it more susceptible to wear and tear. Therefore, disc herniation is more likely to occur at this level compared to the other options provided.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following ligaments is not found in the knee? 

    • A.

      Patellar ligament

    • B.

      Oblique popliteal ligament

    • C.

      Arcuate popliteal ligament

    • D.

      Deltoid ligament

    Correct Answer
    D. Deltoid ligament
    Explanation
    The deltoid ligament is not found in the knee. It is actually located in the ankle, on the medial side of the joint. The deltoid ligament is responsible for providing stability and support to the ankle, preventing excessive inward (inversion) movement. In contrast, the other ligaments listed (patellar ligament, oblique popliteal ligament, and arcuate popliteal ligament) are all found in the knee joint and play important roles in stabilizing and supporting the knee.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the following nerves innervates the teres minor muscle? 

    • A.

      Subscapular nerve

    • B.

      Suprascapular nerve

    • C.

      Axillary nerve

    • D.

      Pectoral nerve

    Correct Answer
    C. Axillary nerve
    Explanation
    The teres minor muscle is innervated by the axillary nerve. The axillary nerve arises from the posterior cord of the brachial plexus and provides motor innervation to the deltoid muscle and the teres minor muscle. It also provides sensory innervation to the skin over the deltoid muscle. The other nerves listed, such as the subscapular nerve, suprascapular nerve, and pectoral nerve, do not innervate the teres minor muscle.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following nerves innervates the pronator teres muscle? 

    • A.

      Radial

    • B.

      Median

    • C.

      Musculocutaneous

    • D.

      Ulnar

    Correct Answer
    B. Median
    Explanation
    The pronator teres muscle is innervated by the median nerve. This nerve originates from the brachial plexus and provides motor innervation to the pronator teres muscle, allowing it to perform its function of pronating the forearm. The other nerves listed, such as the radial, musculocutaneous, and ulnar nerves, do not innervate the pronator teres muscle.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following supplies the muscles of the perineum? 

    • A.

      Pudendal nerve

    • B.

      Sciatic nerve

    • C.

      Femoral nerve

    • D.

      Tibial nerve

    Correct Answer
    A. Pudendal nerve
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Pudendal nerve. The Pudendal nerve is responsible for supplying the muscles of the perineum. It innervates the muscles that control urination, defecation, and sexual function. The Sciatic nerve supplies the muscles of the lower limb, the Femoral nerve supplies the muscles of the anterior thigh, and the Tibial nerve supplies the muscles of the posterior compartment of the leg.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following eye muscles rotates the eye downward and away from midline?

    • A.

      Inferior oblique

    • B.

      Superior oblique

    • C.

      Inferior rectus

    • D.

      Superior rectus

    Correct Answer
    B. Superior oblique
    Explanation
    The superior oblique muscle is responsible for rotating the eye downward and away from the midline. It is located on the top of the eye and helps in the movement of the eye in a downward and outward direction. The other muscles mentioned, such as the inferior oblique, inferior rectus, and superior rectus, have different functions and do not rotate the eye in the same direction as the superior oblique muscle.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following eye muscles rotates the eye upward and toward midline? 

    • A.

      Inferior oblique

    • B.

      Superior oblique

    • C.

      Inferior rectus

    • D.

      Superior rectus

    Correct Answer
    D. Superior rectus
    Explanation
    The superior rectus muscle is responsible for rotating the eye upward and toward the midline. It is one of the six extraocular muscles that control the movement of the eye. When the superior rectus contracts, it pulls the eye upward and inward, allowing us to look upward and converge our eyes towards the midline. The other options, inferior oblique, superior oblique, and inferior rectus, have different functions and are not involved in this particular movement.

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