# Can You Pass This 8th Grade Chemistry Quiz?

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Questions: 40 | Attempts: 594  Settings  .

• 1.

### Which of the following is a characteristic property of an element?

• A.

Boiling point

• B.

Volume

• C.

Shape

• D.

Weight

A. Boiling point
Explanation
Boiling point is a characteristic property of an element because it is a physical property that is unique to each element. It is the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas. Each element has a specific boiling point that is consistent regardless of the amount or form of the substance. Therefore, boiling point can be used to identify and distinguish different elements.

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• 2.

### A cubic centimeter is a unit for measuring

• A.

Length

• B.

Mass

• C.

Volume

• D.

Density

C. Volume
Explanation
A cubic centimeter is a unit for measuring volume. It represents the amount of space occupied by an object or substance. In the metric system, volume is commonly measured in cubic units, such as cubic centimeters, cubic meters, or cubic liters. Length is measured in units such as meters or centimeters, mass is measured in units such as grams or kilograms, and density is measured in units such as grams per cubic centimeter. However, in this case, the correct answer is volume as a cubic centimeter specifically refers to the measurement of volume.

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• 3.

### Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of a compound?

• A.

Has different properties from the elements that formed it

• B.

Is a pure substance

• C.

Different samples have different properties

• D.

Can be represented by a formula

C. Different samples have different properties
Explanation
A compound is a pure substance that is made up of two or more elements chemically combined. It has different properties from the elements that formed it because the atoms in a compound are rearranged to form new chemical bonds. This results in the compound having its own unique set of properties. However, different samples of the same compound will have the same properties because the composition and arrangement of atoms are consistent throughout the compound. Therefore, the statement "Different samples have different properties" is not a characteristic of a compound.

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• 4.

### An unchanging measurement of the amount of matter an object contains is its

• A.

Mass

• B.

Volume

• C.

Density

• D.

Length

A. Mass
Explanation
Mass is the correct answer because it is a measure of the amount of matter an object contains. It is an intrinsic property of an object and remains constant regardless of the object's location or environment. Mass is typically measured in units such as kilograms or pounds and is different from weight, which is the force exerted on an object due to gravity.

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• 5.

### Characteristic properties for a substance

• A.

Depends on volume

• B.

Never change

• C.

Depends on temperature

• D.

Differ on different planets

B. Never change
Explanation
The characteristic properties of a substance never change. This means that regardless of the volume or temperature, the substance will always exhibit the same properties. These properties could include physical properties such as density, boiling point, or color, as well as chemical properties such as reactivity or acidity. The fact that these properties never change allows scientists to identify and classify substances based on their unique characteristics.

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• 6.

### A (n) _____ is a well-blended mixture that appears to be a single substance.

• A.

Compound

• B.

Pure Substance

• C.

Element

• D.

Solution

D. Solution
Explanation
A solution is a well-blended mixture that appears to be a single substance. In a solution, the solute (substance being dissolved) is evenly distributed and mixed with the solvent (substance doing the dissolving). This results in a homogeneous mixture where the components cannot be easily separated or distinguished. Therefore, a solution fits the description of a well-blended mixture that appears to be a single substance.

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• 7.

### A chemical bond is

• A.

A group of atoms that are joined together

• B.

The basic particle of matter

• C.

The force that holds two atoms together

• D.

A substance formed from the chemical combination of two or more atoms

C. The force that holds two atoms together
Explanation
The correct answer is "The force that holds two atoms together." This is because a chemical bond refers to the attractive force between two atoms that allows them to form a stable compound. It is this force that holds the atoms together and determines the type of chemical reaction that can occur between them.

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• 8.

### Which of the following is an example of a chemical change?

• A.

Melting butter

• B.

Breaking Glass

• C.

Mixing milk and chocolate syrup

• D.

Burning Leaves

D. Burning Leaves
Explanation
Burning leaves is an example of a chemical change because it involves a combustion reaction where the leaves react with oxygen in the air to produce new substances, such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, and ash. This reaction results in a change in the chemical composition of the leaves, transforming them into different compounds. In contrast, melting butter, breaking glass, and mixing milk and chocolate syrup are examples of physical changes, where the substances involved undergo a change in state or appearance but do not form new substances with different chemical properties.

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• 9.

### Which of the following is NOT true of atoms?

• A.

They are a compound of molecules

• B.

They make up elements

• C.

They combine to form compounds

• D.

They are extremely small

A. They are a compound of molecules
Explanation
Atoms are not a compound of molecules because atoms are the basic building blocks of matter and cannot be broken down into smaller units without losing their chemical properties. Compounds, on the other hand, are formed when atoms of different elements combine chemically. Therefore, the statement that atoms are a compound of molecules is not true.

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• 10.

### The measure of the average energy of motion of the particles in a substance is

• A.

Temperature

• B.

Pressure

• C.

Chemical Energy

• D.

Viscosity

A. Temperature
Explanation
Temperature is the measure of the average energy of motion of particles in a substance. It represents the level of heat present in a system and is directly related to the kinetic energy of the particles. As the temperature increases, the particles move faster and their kinetic energy increases. Conversely, as the temperature decreases, the particles move slower and their kinetic energy decreases. Therefore, temperature is a fundamental property that quantifies the average energy of motion of particles in a substance.

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• 11.

### A liquid has a

• A.

Constant temperature

• B.

Crystal structure

• C.

Definite shape

• D.

Definite volume

D. Definite volume
Explanation
The given answer, "Definite volume," is correct because it states that a liquid has a fixed or specific volume. Unlike gases, which can expand or contract to fill the container they are in, liquids maintain a constant volume regardless of the shape or size of the container. This is due to the intermolecular forces between the liquid particles, which allow them to stick together and maintain their volume.

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• 12.

### The change from a gas to a liquid is called

• A.

Evaporation

• B.

Melting

• C.

Condensation

• D.

Sublimation

C. Condensation
Explanation
Condensation is the process of a gas changing into a liquid. This occurs when the gas loses energy and cools down, causing the particles to come closer together and form a liquid. Evaporation, on the other hand, is the process of a liquid changing into a gas. Melting refers to the change from a solid to a liquid, and sublimation is the change from a solid directly into a gas without passing through the liquid phase. Therefore, the correct answer is condensation.

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• 13.

### Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of crystalline solids?

• A.

Particles arranged in repeating patterns

• B.

Becomes softer and softer as temperature rises

• C.

• D.

Has a distinct melting point

B. Becomes softer and softer as temperature rises
Explanation
Crystalline solids are known for their particles being arranged in repeating patterns, being made up of crystals, and having a distinct melting point. However, they do not become softer and softer as temperature rises. Instead, crystalline solids tend to maintain their structure and rigidity even at higher temperatures.

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• 14.

### Boyle’s Law state that as the pressure of gas increases, its

• A.

Volume increases

• B.

Volume decreases

• C.

Temperature increases

• D.

Temperature decreases

B. Volume decreases
Explanation
According to Boyle's Law, as the pressure of a gas increases, its volume decreases. This means that when the pressure exerted on a gas is increased, the gas molecules are forced closer together, resulting in a decrease in volume. This relationship between pressure and volume is inversely proportional, meaning that as one variable increases, the other variable decreases. Therefore, the correct answer is that the volume decreases when the pressure of a gas increases.

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• 15.

### Which of the following is NOT an example of vaporization?

• A.

Dry air gains water as it moves over the ocean

• B.

A bubble forms as water boils

• C.

Wet pavement dries after a rain shower

• D.

Water droplets form on a mirror

D. Water droplets form on a mirror
Explanation
Water droplets forming on a mirror is not an example of vaporization because vaporization refers to the process of a substance changing from a liquid or solid state to a gaseous state. In this case, the water droplets on the mirror are already in a liquid state and are condensing onto the mirror's surface due to the temperature difference between the air and the mirror.

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• 16.

### A substance which takes the shape of volume of its container is a

• A.

Solid

• B.

Gas

• C.

Liquid

• D.

Crystal

C. Liquid
Explanation
A substance that takes the shape of the volume of its container is a liquid. Unlike solids, which have a fixed shape and volume, liquids can flow and take the shape of their container. Gases also take the shape of their container, but they are not considered to have a definite volume, as they can expand or contract to fill any available space. Crystals, on the other hand, have a regular and repeating arrangement of particles, but they do not necessarily take the shape of their container.

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• 17.

### Which of the following is an example of a chemical change?

• A.

Twisting a wire

• B.

Water freezing

• C.

A pond drying up

• D.

Burning gasoline producing carbon dioxide

D. Burning gasoline producing carbon dioxide
Explanation
Burning gasoline producing carbon dioxide is an example of a chemical change because it involves a chemical reaction. During the combustion process, the gasoline molecules react with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and other byproducts. This reaction results in the formation of new substances with different chemical properties than the original gasoline, indicating a chemical change has occurred.

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• 18.

### As the gas in a rigid container is heated, its

• A.

Pressure increases

• B.

Volume increases

• C.

Pressure decreases

• D.

Volume decreases

A. Pressure increases
Explanation
When gas in a rigid container is heated, the particles gain energy and move faster, resulting in more frequent and forceful collisions with the container walls. This increased collision rate and force exerted by the gas particles on the container walls leads to an increase in pressure. Therefore, as the gas in a rigid container is heated, its pressure increases.

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• 19.

### A liquid with a low viscosity

• A.

Has a definite shape

• B.

Flows quickly

• C.

Flows slowly

• D.

Fills it's container

B. Flows quickly
Explanation
A liquid with a low viscosity flows quickly because viscosity is a measure of a fluid's resistance to flow. When a liquid has a low viscosity, it means that its molecules can move more freely, resulting in a faster flow. This is in contrast to a liquid with high viscosity, which has more internal friction and flows more slowly. The other options, such as having a definite shape or filling its container, are not necessarily related to viscosity and can apply to liquids with different viscosities.

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• 20.

### An element’s properties can be predicted from its

• A.

Number of protons

• B.

Number of neutrons

• C.

Atomic mass

• D.

Location in the periodic table

D. Location in the periodic table
Explanation
The properties of an element can be predicted from its location in the periodic table. The periodic table is organized based on the element's atomic number and electron configuration, which directly influence its chemical and physical properties. Elements in the same group or period often exhibit similar properties due to their similar electronic structure. Therefore, by knowing an element's location in the periodic table, we can make predictions about its properties.

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• 21.

### In the ___ state of matter, electrons are stripped away from the nuclei.

• A.

Gas

• B.

Plasma

• C.

Liquid

• D.

Solid

B. Plasma
Explanation
In the plasma state of matter, electrons are stripped away from the nuclei. Plasma is a highly ionized gas where the atoms have lost their electrons, resulting in a mixture of free electrons and positively charged ions. This state of matter is commonly found in stars, lightning, and fluorescent lights. Unlike gas, liquid, and solid states, plasma does not have a definite shape or volume and is electrically conductive.

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• 22.

### If a substance is ____, it can be pulled or drawn into a wire.

• A.

Ductile

• B.

Malleable

• C.

Liquid

• D.

Solid

A. Ductile
Explanation
A substance that is ductile can be pulled or drawn into a wire. This means that it has the ability to be stretched or deformed without breaking. Ductility is a property of certain materials, such as metals, that allows them to be easily shaped into wires or other forms.

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• 23.

### The sun and many other stars are made mostly of the element

• A.

Carbon

• B.

Iron

• C.

Hydrogen

• D.

Oxygen

C. Hydrogen
Explanation
The sun and many other stars are made mostly of hydrogen. Hydrogen is the most abundant element in the universe and is the primary fuel for nuclear fusion reactions that occur in stars. These reactions release vast amounts of energy and sustain the star's heat and light. While other elements like carbon, iron, and oxygen may also be present in stars, hydrogen is the dominant element due to its abundance and its crucial role in stellar fusion processes.

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• 24.

### A (n) _____ is a positively charged particle in an atom’s nucleus.

• A.

Electron

• B.

Neutron

• C.

Plasma

• D.

Proton

D. Proton
Explanation
A proton is a positively charged particle in an atom's nucleus. It is one of the fundamental particles that make up an atom, along with neutrons and electrons. Protons have a positive charge and are responsible for determining the atomic number of an element. They play a crucial role in the stability and behavior of atoms, as they interact with electrons to form the structure of the atom.

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• 25.

### Which o f the following is NOT a characteristic of most metals?

• A.

Brittle

• B.

Good conductor

• C.

Ductile

• D.

Malleable

A. Brittle
Explanation
Most metals are not brittle. They are known for their ability to be hammered or rolled into thin sheets (malleability) and drawn into wires (ductility). They are also good conductors of heat and electricity. However, brittleness is a characteristic of non-metals, not metals.

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• 26.

### An element’s ____ shows the number of protons in its nucleus.

• A.

Atomic mass

• B.

Chemical symbol

• C.

Atomic number

• D.

Period

C. Atomic number
Explanation
The atomic number of an element represents the number of protons in its nucleus. The atomic number uniquely identifies each element on the periodic table. It determines the element's position in the periodic table and its chemical properties. The atomic mass, on the other hand, represents the average mass of all the isotopes of an element, taking into account the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus. The chemical symbol is a shorthand notation for an element, while the period refers to the horizontal rows on the periodic table.

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• 27.

### Dmitri Mendeleev created the first

• A.

Chemical reaction

• B.

Periodic table

• C.

Metal alloy

• D.

Semiconductor

B. Periodic table
Explanation
Dmitri Mendeleev is known for creating the first periodic table. This table organized the elements based on their properties and atomic weights, providing a systematic way to understand and predict the behavior of elements. Mendeleev's periodic table was a groundbreaking achievement in the field of chemistry and has since been refined and expanded upon by scientists worldwide.

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• 28.

### The particles that are involved in the transfer or sharing between atoms are

• A.

Plasma

• B.

Neutrons

• C.

Protons

• D.

Valence electrons

D. Valence electrons
Explanation
Valence electrons are the particles involved in the transfer or sharing between atoms. Valence electrons are the outermost electrons in an atom's electron shell and are responsible for the chemical behavior of an element. They determine how an atom will bond with other atoms, either by transferring or sharing electrons. This process allows atoms to achieve a stable electron configuration and form chemical bonds, leading to the formation of molecules and compounds.

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• 29.

### A (n) ___ has some of the properties of both metal and nonmetals.

• A.

Alloy

• B.

Metalloid

• C.

Alkaline earth metal

• D.

Noble gas

B. Metalloid
Explanation
A metalloid is the correct answer because it is a type of element that exhibits properties of both metals and nonmetals. Metalloids have characteristics such as being semi-conductors, having varying degrees of metallic luster, and being able to conduct electricity to some extent. These elements are located on the periodic table between metals and nonmetals, and they possess a combination of metallic and nonmetallic properties, making them unique.

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• 30.

### One characteristic property of a substance is

• A.

Size

• B.

Shape

• C.

Melting point

• D.

Temperature

C. Melting point
Explanation
The melting point of a substance refers to the temperature at which it changes from a solid to a liquid state. It is a characteristic property because each substance has a unique melting point that remains constant under specific conditions. Size, shape, and temperature are not characteristic properties as they can vary for different substances and can change under different conditions.

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• 31.

### A block of metal has a length of 3 centimeters, a width of 5 centimeters, a height of 10 centimeters, and a mass of 3,000 grams. Find the density of the metal in g/cm3.  (Remember: density=mass/volume)

• A.

20 g/cm3

• B.

0.5 g/cm3

• C.

50 g/cm3

• D.

0.02 g/cm3

A. 20 g/cm3
Explanation
The density of a substance is calculated by dividing its mass by its volume. In this case, the mass of the metal is given as 3,000 grams. To find the volume, we multiply the length, width, and height of the metal, which gives us a volume of 150 cm3. Dividing the mass (3,000 grams) by the volume (150 cm3) gives us a density of 20 g/cm3.

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• 32.

### When water freezes, it undergoes

• A.

A physical change

• B.

Vaporization

• C.

A chemical change

• D.

Sublimation

A. A physical change
Explanation
When water freezes, it undergoes a physical change. This is because freezing is the process in which a substance changes from a liquid state to a solid state, without any change in its chemical composition. The water molecules slow down and arrange themselves in a regular pattern, forming a solid structure. This change can be reversed by heating the solid ice, causing it to melt back into a liquid state, further confirming that it is a physical change rather than a chemical one.

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• 33.

### The elements in one group of the periodic table

• A.

Have the same number of electrons

• B.

Have the same number of valence electrons

• C.

Decreases in atomic mass from left to right

• D.

Increases in atomic number from left to right

B. Have the same number of valence electrons
Explanation
The elements in one group of the periodic table have the same number of valence electrons. Valence electrons are the electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom, and they are responsible for the chemical properties of an element. Elements in the same group have similar chemical properties because they have the same number of valence electrons, which determines how they interact with other atoms. The number of valence electrons remains the same within a group, regardless of the atomic mass or atomic number of the elements.

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• 34.

### Where are nonmetals located in the periodic table?

• A.

In group 2

• B.

In the bottom row

• C.

On the left half of the table

• D.

To the right of the zigzag line

D. To the right of the zigzag line
Explanation
Nonmetals are located to the right of the zigzag line in the periodic table. The zigzag line separates the metals from the nonmetals and metalloids. Nonmetals are characterized by their low conductivity, brittle nature, and tendency to gain electrons. They are found in various groups and periods on the right side of the periodic table, including elements such as oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon.

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• 35.

### Dalton’s atomic theory contains all of the following ideas EXCEPT

• A.

Atoms of two or more elements can combine to form compounds

• B.

In any element, all the atoms are exactly alike

• C.

Atoms of each element have a unique mass

• D.

Atoms are made of protons, neutrons and electrons

D. Atoms are made of protons, neutrons and electrons
Explanation
Dalton's atomic theory contains the ideas that atoms of two or more elements can combine to form compounds, that in any element, all the atoms are exactly alike, and that atoms of each element have a unique mass. However, it does not state that atoms are made of protons, neutrons, and electrons. This concept was developed later with the discovery of subatomic particles.

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• 36.

### How is a standard hydrogen atom different from a hydrogen ion?

• A.

A hydrogen ion has an extra electron

• B.

A hydrogen ion is missing a proton

• C.

A hydrogen ion has an extra proton

• D.

A hydrogen ion has an extra neutron

A. A hydrogen ion has an extra electron
Explanation
A standard hydrogen atom consists of one proton and one electron, while a hydrogen ion is formed when a hydrogen atom loses its electron. Therefore, a hydrogen ion is different from a standard hydrogen atom because it is missing an electron.

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• 37.

### What might happen if you mixed a strong acid with an equally strong base?

• A.

You will see an explosive chemical reaction

• B.

The acid would destroy the base

• C.

The base would destroy the acid

• D.

The substance will be pH neutral

D. The substance will be pH neutral
Explanation
When a strong acid is mixed with an equally strong base, a neutralization reaction occurs. This reaction involves the transfer of protons from the acid to the base, resulting in the formation of water and a salt. The salt formed is usually pH neutral, meaning that it does not have acidic or basic properties. Therefore, the correct answer is that the substance will be pH neutral.

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• 38.

### An extremely strong base would have a pH of____

• A.

1

• B.

7

• C.

9

• D.

14

D. 14
Explanation
An extremely strong base would have a pH of 14. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 0 being the most acidic and 14 being the most basic. A strong base is a substance that can easily donate hydroxide ions (OH-) in a solution. Since a pH of 14 is at the extreme end of the basic side of the scale, it indicates a high concentration of hydroxide ions and a very alkaline solution.

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• 39.

### What might happen if buffers did not exist within the human body?

• A.

Our blood and other bodily fluids might become too acidic or too basic

• B.

Our stomach acid would not be able to break down food

• C.

We would not be able to process glucose within our cells

• D.

We would bot be able to inhale oxygen into our lungs

A. Our blood and other bodily fluids might become too acidic or too basic
Explanation
If buffers did not exist within the human body, our blood and other bodily fluids might become too acidic or too basic. Buffers help to maintain the pH balance in our body fluids by accepting or donating hydrogen ions. Without buffers, our body would not be able to regulate the acidity or alkalinity of our fluids, which could lead to imbalances and potentially harmful effects on our bodily functions.

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• 40.

### Healthy environments for life have a pH closest to:

• A.

1

• B.

3

• C.

7

• D.

10

C. 7
Explanation
Healthy environments for life have a pH closest to 7. pH is a measure of how acidic or alkaline a substance is, with a scale ranging from 0 to 14. A pH of 7 is considered neutral, indicating a balance between acidity and alkalinity. In the context of living organisms, a pH of 7 is generally ideal as it allows for optimal functioning of biological processes. Deviations from this neutral pH can disrupt the balance and potentially harm living organisms. Therefore, a pH closest to 7 is considered the most conducive to a healthy environment for life.

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