Review Of The Early Americas

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 204

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Review Of The Early Americas

The Maya, the Inca, and the Aztec all built great empires. How familiar are you with these empires?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What empire is shown on the map?
    • A. 

      The Inca

    • B. 

      The Maya

    • C. 

      The Aztec

  • 2. 
    What part of the world is shown in the map?
    • A. 

      Africa

    • B. 

      Meso-America

    • C. 

      South America

  • 3. 
    Document 3: The Scale of SacrificeSource: Friar Diego Duran, The History of the lndies of New Spain, 1581, Doris Heyden, translator, University of Oklahoma Press, 1994.The prisoners taken at Teuclepec were brought out. Motecuhzoma and Chihuacoatl began to sacrifice them, slicing open their chests and extracting their hearts. First, they raised the hearts to the sun, then they threw them into the shrine before the gods. This sacrifice began at midday and ended at nightfall. Two thousand three hundred men were killed and their blood bathed the entire temple and stairway. Each time the priest cut out a heart, they rolled the body down the stairs.The above description shows that the Aztec...
    • A. 

      Were very wealthy and clean

    • B. 

      Were very powerful and religious

    • C. 

      Believed in equality

  • 4. 
    What does this picture depict?
    • A. 

      The floating gardens of Tenochtitlan.

    • B. 

      The canals of Venice.

    • C. 

      The canals of Lake Texcoco.

  • 5. 
    The _______ live in the _______ located in _______.
    • A. 

      Aztec, jungle, South America

    • B. 

      Inca, Andes Mountains, South America

    • C. 

      Maya, jungle, South America

  • 6. 
    What people altered their faces as shown in the picture?
    • A. 

      The Maya

    • B. 

      The Inca

    • C. 

      The Aztec

  • 7. 
    What were some of the accomplishments that demonstrate the Inca's sophistication?
    • A. 

      Observatory towers, the invention of the wheel, and the invention of paper

    • B. 

      Sky high temples, human sacrifice, and a ball game that mimicked the movement of the stars

    • C. 

      Thousands of miles of roads, suspension bridges, and cranial surgery

  • 8. 
    What is the peninsula shown on the map and who built an empire in this peninsula?
    • A. 

      The Yucatan Peninsula, the Maya

    • B. 

      The Yucatan Peninsula, the Inca

    • C. 

      The Arabian Peninsula, Mohammed

  • 9. 
    Many structures have been unearthed in these cities including public buildings, palaces, ball courts, and pyramids with temples on top. These buildings have lasted due to a special cement the Mayans made, mixed with limestone. What can be deduced from the passage above?
    • A. 

      The Maya were advanced architects.

    • B. 

      The Maya made human sacrifices.

    • C. 

      The Maya lifestyle was one of hardship.

  • 10. 
    What does the picture reveal about life in an Inca ayllu?
    • A. 

      The Inca practiced a type of government similar to a democracy.

    • B. 

      The Inca ate potatoes and guinea pigs.

    • C. 

      Due to the mountains, the Inca lived in city-states.

  • 11. 
    What does the picture depict?
    • A. 

      A Mayan ballplayer, who understands the movement of the planets and stars.

    • B. 

      An Inca thief, who has been executed by getting thrown off the Andes mountains.

    • C. 

      An Aztec priest, who is preparing to sacrifice a captured enemy.

  • 12. 
    How did the Inca alter their environment?
    • A. 

      They created terraces and roads in the mountains.

    • B. 

      They cut down trees to reinforce the ground below their empire.

    • C. 

      They cut down the jungle so that their enemies had no cover.

  • 13. 
    Others have viewed the Aztec practice as the intentional manipulation and expansion of a widespread phenomenon that had long existed among many American peoples. In other words, the Aztec rulers, priests, and nobility used the cult of war and largescale human sacrifice for political purposes to terrorize their neighbors and subdue the lower classes. Another possible explanation is demographic. If central Mexico was as densely populated as we believe, then the sacrifices may have been a kid of population control.According to the passage, what is one possible reason the Aztec sacrificed people?
    • A. 

      To gain the respect of Aztec rulers, priests, and nobility.

    • B. 

      To frighten the other tribes who lived outside of their empire, and to control the lower classes of their own people.

    • C. 

      To gain control over the Rio Grande, which was irrigated for their crops.

  • 14. 
      What does the picture depict?
    • A. 

      The conquistador Hernan Cortes, murdering the last Aztec emperor.

    • B. 

      The conquistador Francisco Pizarro, murdering the last Inca emperor.

    • C. 

      Knights of the Roman empire, burning and looting Constantinople.

  • 15. 
    How did the Aztec alter their environment?
    • A. 

      They created terraces into the surrounding mountains for farmland.

    • B. 

      They drained the lake so that it was half its depth, and used the water for their agriculture.

    • C. 

      The reinforced the marshy land of Tenochtitlan with wooden poles taken from the surrounding forest.

  • 16. 
    What does the picture depict?
    • A. 

      The last Aztec emperor, Montezuma, greeting the conquistador, Hernan Cortes.

    • B. 

      The last Inca emperor, Atahualpa, greeting the conquistad, Pachacuti.

    • C. 

      The first Inca emperor, Pachacuti, surrendering to the Chanka.

  • 17. 
    How did the Inca adapt to the cold environment of the Andes Mountains?
    • A. 

      They grew crops that could survive in freezing temperatures.

    • B. 

      They used horses as food and work animals.

    • C. 

      They wore heavy coats made of cowhide.

  • 18. 
    In what ways were the Maya similar to the Ancient Egyptians?
    • A. 

      Both worshiped cats, written language, and were polytheistic.

    • B. 

      Both built pyramids, were weakened by drought, and were polytheistic.

    • C. 

      Both performed human sacrifice, were monotheistic, and worshiped the sun.

  • 19. 
    Where did the Aztec build their empire?
    • A. 

      In Meso-America, what is today Mexico, and on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco.

    • B. 

      In South America, what is today Peru, and on an island in the middle of Lake Texcoco.

    • C. 

      In Central America, what is today Guatemala, and in the jungles.

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