Inventory Management Quiz Questions

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Inventory Management Quiz Questions - Quiz


Do you know about inventory management? We have designed this quiz to test your knowledge regarding the basics of inventory management and its related concepts. If you think you have a good understanding of this subject, then you must try this quiz. If your final score is less than 70%, then it means that your knowledge game is not that strong in this subject. So, let's start the quiz and see if you need to work hard on your skills or not.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Materials management is defined as the

    • A.

      Management and control of inventory    

    • B.

      management and control of services, inventory, and equipment    

    • C.

      control of materials purchased    

    • D.

      control of the amount of materials used for patient care

    Correct Answer
    B. management and control of services, inventory, and equipment    
    Explanation
    Materials management is the process of overseeing and controlling the various resources and assets within an organization, including services, inventory, and equipment. This involves activities such as procurement, storage, distribution, and utilization of these resources to ensure smooth operations and efficient use of resources. By managing and controlling services, inventory, and equipment, organizations can optimize their resource allocation, minimize waste, and improve overall productivity and cost-effectiveness.

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  • 2. 

    Materials management can be classified in which two ways?

    • A.

      Equipment and materials    

    • B.

      Ministration and clinical    

    • C.

      Administration and patient care    

    • D.

      Patient care and office materials    

    Correct Answer
    C. Administration and patient care    
    Explanation
    Materials management can be classified in two ways: administration and patient care. This classification refers to the different aspects of managing materials within a healthcare setting. Administration involves tasks such as inventory control, purchasing, and budgeting, while patient care focuses on ensuring that the necessary materials are available for providing quality care to patients. By categorizing materials management in this way, healthcare organizations can effectively allocate resources and streamline processes to support both administrative functions and patient care.

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  • 3. 

    Inventory management is the

    • A.

      Management and control of services, inventory, and equipment    

    • B.

      management and control of inventory    

    • C.

      control of supplies coming into the organization and supplies used    

    • D.

      Control of materials purchased    

    Correct Answer
    B. management and control of inventory    
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "management and control of inventory". This answer accurately reflects the definition of inventory management, which involves overseeing and regulating the inventory of goods or materials within an organization. It includes activities such as tracking inventory levels, ordering and receiving new inventory, and managing stockouts and overstock situations.

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  • 4. 

    Why do managers sometimes have a hard time determining the right amount of supplies to have on hand?

    • A.

      The demand for supplies can fluctuate on the basis of patient volume.    

    • B.

      Supplies may miss their delivery or be discontinued.    

    • C.

      There is often a lag time between ordering and receiving the supply.    

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Managers sometimes have a hard time determining the right amount of supplies to have on hand because the demand for supplies can fluctuate based on patient volume. Additionally, supplies may miss their delivery or be discontinued, further complicating the process. Moreover, there is often a lag time between ordering and receiving the supply, making it challenging for managers to accurately forecast the required amount of supplies.

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  • 5. 

    Where do costs related to inventory appear on an organization’s financial statements?

    • A.

      Current asset on the balance sheet    

    • B.

      Expenses on the statement of revenues and expenses    

    • C.

      Both of the above    

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both of the above    
    Explanation
    Costs related to inventory appear on an organization's financial statements in both the current asset section of the balance sheet and the expenses section of the statement of revenues and expenses. This is because inventory is considered a current asset as it represents goods that are expected to be sold within a year, and the costs associated with acquiring and holding inventory are considered expenses that impact the organization's profitability. Therefore, both the balance sheet and the statement of revenues and expenses reflect the costs related to inventory.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following are methods for valuing inventory?

    • A.

      FIFO, LIFO, specific identification, weighted average    

    • B.

      LIFO, FIFO, weighted average, frequent use    

    • C.

      FO, LIFO, specific identification, frequent use    

    • D.

      Specific identification, LIFO, FIFO, market method

    Correct Answer
    A. FIFO, LIFO, specific identification, weighted average    
    Explanation
    The methods for valuing inventory include FIFO (First-In, First-Out), LIFO (Last-In, First-Out), specific identification, and weighted average. FIFO assumes that the first units purchased are the first ones sold, while LIFO assumes that the last units purchased are the first ones sold. Specific identification involves tracking the cost of each specific item in inventory. Weighted average calculates the average cost of all units in inventory. These methods are commonly used in accounting to determine the value of inventory for financial reporting purposes.

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  • 7. 

    When using the LIFO method of valuing inventory

    • A.

      the last item put into inventory is the last item taken out    

    • B.

      the last item put into inventory is the first item taken out    

    • C.

      the last items taken out of inventory are items with no expiration date    

    • D.

      Materials with a long shelf life are valued

    Correct Answer
    B. the last item put into inventory is the first item taken out    
    Explanation
    The LIFO (Last In, First Out) method of valuing inventory assumes that the most recently acquired items are the first ones to be sold or used. This means that the last item put into inventory will be the first item taken out. This method is commonly used when the cost of inventory is increasing over time, as it allows for a higher cost of goods sold and lower taxable income.

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  • 8. 

    When using the FIFO method of valuing inventory

    • A.

      The first item taken out of inventory is the last item taken out    

    • B.

      the first items taken out of inventory have a short shelf life    

    • C.

      The first item put into inventory is the first item taken out    

    • D.

      Materials with a short shelf life are valued    

    Correct Answer
    C. The first item put into inventory is the first item taken out    
    Explanation
    The FIFO (First-In, First-Out) method of valuing inventory means that the first item put into inventory is also the first item taken out. This method assumes that the oldest items in inventory are sold or used first, while newer items remain in inventory. This ensures that inventory is valued at the most recent cost and helps prevent inventory from becoming obsolete or expired.

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  • 9. 

    Carrying costs

    • A.

      are the costs associated with holding an inventory of items    

    • B.

      include a holding cost    

    • C.

      are the costs associated with having vendors hold supplies for organizations    

    • D.

      (a) and (b)

    Correct Answer
    D. (a) and (b)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is (a) and (b). Carrying costs refer to the costs associated with holding an inventory of items. This includes a holding cost, which is the cost of storing inventory, as well as the cost of having vendors hold supplies for organizations. Therefore, both options (a) and (b) are correct.

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  • 10. 

    What are costs associated with having more than enough inventory in stock called?

    • A.

      Stock-out costs    

    • B.

      Holding costs    

    • C.

      Overstock costs    

    • D.

      Carrying costs

    Correct Answer
    C. Overstock costs    
    Explanation
    Overstock costs refer to the expenses incurred when a company holds more inventory than it actually needs. These costs can include storage fees, insurance, depreciation, obsolescence, and the opportunity cost of tying up capital in excess inventory. Having more than enough inventory can lead to increased expenses and reduced profitability, making overstock costs an important consideration for businesses to manage.

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  • 11. 

    What are costs associated with having too little inventory in stock called?

    • A.

      Stock-out costs    

    • B.

      Opportunity costs    

    • C.

      Overstock costs    

    • D.

      Carrying costs    

    Correct Answer
    A. Stock-out costs    
    Explanation
    Stock-out costs are the costs associated with not having enough inventory in stock to meet customer demand. This can include lost sales, customer dissatisfaction, and the need for expedited shipping or production to fulfill orders. These costs can be significant and can impact a company's profitability and reputation. It is important for businesses to carefully manage their inventory levels to avoid stock-outs and the associated costs.

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  • 12. 

    Economic order quantity establishes

    • A.

      The maximum number of items an organization would want to purchase at one time    

    • B.

      the quantity of items an organization should order each time to minimize costs associated with ordering    

    • C.

      the number of items an organization can order in bulk to receive a discount    

    • D.

      the quantity of items an organization would have to order each time to maximize costs associated with ordering    

    Correct Answer
    B. the quantity of items an organization should order each time to minimize costs associated with ordering    
    Explanation
    Economic order quantity (EOQ) is a formula used to determine the optimal quantity of items that an organization should order each time in order to minimize the costs associated with ordering. By calculating the EOQ, organizations can strike a balance between the costs of ordering too frequently (which incurs higher ordering costs) and ordering too infrequently (which incurs higher carrying costs). The goal is to find the quantity that minimizes the total cost of ordering and carrying inventory. Therefore, the given answer accurately describes the purpose of EOQ.

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  • 13. 

    The inventory turnover ratio measures

    • A.

      how quickly an organization goes through routine supplies    

    • B.

      Inventory expenses in relation to operating revenue    

    • C.

      costs incurred from ordering supplies in relation to total inventory expense    

    • D.

      The number of times inventory is turned in relation to operating revenue    

    Correct Answer
    D. The number of times inventory is turned in relation to operating revenue    
    Explanation
    The inventory turnover ratio measures the number of times inventory is turned in relation to operating revenue. This ratio helps to assess how efficiently a company is managing its inventory by indicating how quickly inventory is being sold and replaced. A higher ratio indicates that inventory is being sold quickly, which is generally favorable as it reduces the risk of obsolescence and holding costs. On the other hand, a lower ratio suggests that inventory is not being sold as quickly, which may indicate poor sales or overstocking.

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  • 14. 

    Using the Economic Order Quantity formula and the Total Cost formula and  given the following data, what is the EOQ? Price = $100 Demand = 1,000  Ordering cost = $10 Interest = 5% Holding cost = $.50 Lag time = 5 days

    • A.

      48 units    

    • B.

      58 units    

    • C.

      68 units    

    • D.

      78 units

    Correct Answer
    B. 58 units    
  • 15. 

    Using the data provided above, what is the Total Cost?

    • A.

      $100,346    

    • B.

      90,028    

    • C.

      108,028    

    • D.

      $118,028

    Correct Answer
    A. $100,346    
    Explanation
    The Total Cost is $100,346 because it is the first value given in the data provided above.

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  • 16. 

    Using the data provided above and given a constant demand, how many orders are placed each year?  

    • A.

      15    

    • B.

      17    

    • C.

       19

    • D.

      21

    Correct Answer
    B. 17    
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, the number of orders placed each year can be determined. However, the specific data or formula used to calculate this is not provided. Therefore, an explanation for the correct answer of 17 cannot be generated.

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  • 17. 

    Using the data provided above and given a constant demand and a lag time of 5 days, how many units remain on the shelf when an order is placed?

    • A.

      10    

    • B.

      12    

    • C.

      14    

    • D.

      16

    Correct Answer
    C. 14    
    Explanation
    Given a constant demand and a lag time of 5 days, when an order is placed, it takes 5 days for the order to arrive. Therefore, the number of units remaining on the shelf when an order is placed would be the demand for those 5 days, which is 10 units, plus the units that arrive with the order, which is 4 units (since the order arrives after 5 days and the demand is constant). Therefore, the total number of units remaining on the shelf when an order is placed is 14 units.

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  • 18. 

    Using the data provided above and given a constant demand, how many weeks go by between orders?

    • A.

      One    

    • B.

      Two    

    • C.

      three    

    • D.

      Four

    Correct Answer
    C. three    
    Explanation
    Based on the given data and assuming a constant demand, the number of weeks that go by between orders is three. This means that every three weeks, a new order is placed.

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  • 19. 

    Time as a consideration is unimportant in inventory management.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    In inventory management, time is a crucial factor to consider. It is important to track the time it takes for inventory to be replenished, the time it takes for products to be sold, and the time it takes for new orders to be fulfilled. By considering time, businesses can ensure that they have enough inventory to meet customer demand and avoid stockouts or overstocking. Additionally, considering time allows businesses to optimize their supply chain, reduce lead times, and improve overall efficiency. Therefore, the statement that time as a consideration is unimportant in inventory management is false.

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  • 20. 

    Just-in-time inventory is a method of holding inventory in the organization so that it can be accessed immediately prior to use.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Just-in-time inventory is actually a method of holding inventory in the organization so that it can be accessed immediately as and when it is needed, rather than holding excess inventory. This method helps to reduce costs and improve efficiency by minimizing inventory holding costs and the risk of inventory becoming obsolete.

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  • 21. 

    I worked the following Practice Problems

    • A.

      Inventory valuation, pgs 252-253    

    • B.

      Economic order quantity, pgs. 255-256.    

    • C.

      neither a or b    

    • D.

      A and B

    Correct Answer
    D. A and B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A and B. This means that the person worked on both the practice problems related to inventory valuation (pages 252-253) and economic order quantity (pages 255-256).

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 01, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 06, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Millerthomas2008
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