أسئلة تمريض عملي - الاختبار الخامس - إعداد : أسرة التمريض

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أنقر على الإجابة الصحيحة في نظرك، ثم على زر " القادم". سيتم إعلان نتيجتك فور إنتهائك من الإختبارلديك 8 دقائق لإنهاء الإختبار. حظا سعيدا إعداد : أسرة التمريض 


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The nurse correctly administer an IM injection a ……………… degree angle

    • A.

      15

    • B.

      30

    • C.

      45

    • D.

      90

    Correct Answer
    C. 45
    Explanation
    The nurse correctly administers an IM injection at a 45-degree angle. This angle is appropriate for an intramuscular injection because it allows for the medication to be delivered into the muscle layer, ensuring proper absorption and effectiveness. Injecting at a 45-degree angle helps to avoid injecting into subcutaneous tissue or hitting bone, which could lead to improper medication absorption or injury.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is true concerning a SC injection :

    • A.

      A bleb indicates that the medication has been properly injected

    • B.

      Drug absorption is slower than with the IM route

    • C.

      0.2 cc of air should be drawn in the syringe before administration

    • D.

      Up to 2 cc of water-soluble medication can be given by the SC route

    Correct Answer
    B. Drug absorption is slower than with the IM route
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "drug absorption is slower than with the IM route." This is because subcutaneous (SC) injections involve injecting medication into the layer of tissue just below the skin, which has a lower blood supply compared to the muscles where intramuscular (IM) injections are administered. As a result, the medication is absorbed more slowly into the bloodstream with SC injections, leading to a slower onset of action compared to IM injections.

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  • 3. 

    When giving medication , the label should be checked 3 times . which of the following is not one of these times ?

    • A.

      when the nurse reaches for the container

    • B.

      Immediately prior to pouring medication

    • C.

      When the nurse located the drug on the shell

    • D.

      When replacing the container to the drawer or shelf

    Correct Answer
    C. When the nurse located the drug on the shell
    Explanation
    When giving medication, the label should be checked three times to ensure accuracy and patient safety. The first time is when the nurse reaches for the container, the second time is immediately prior to pouring the medication, and the third time is when replacing the container to the drawer or shelf. Checking the label when the nurse located the drug on the shelf is not one of these times, as it does not directly involve handling the medication or verifying its accuracy.

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  • 4. 

    What body function is essential for adequate drug absorption?

    • A.

      Adequate blood supply

    • B.

      Adequate receptor sites

    • C.

      Adequate liver function

    • D.

      Adequate kidney function

    Correct Answer
    A. Adequate blood supply
    Explanation
    Adequate blood supply is essential for adequate drug absorption because it ensures that the drug reaches the target tissues and organs in the body. Blood carries the drug to the site of action, allowing it to be absorbed and distributed effectively. Without sufficient blood supply, the drug may not be able to reach its intended target, leading to reduced effectiveness or even failure of the drug therapy. Therefore, adequate blood supply plays a crucial role in ensuring proper drug absorption.

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  • 5. 

    Mr. Adil is to receive penicillin IM . nurse hill locates the site of the injection by planning the posterior superior iliac spine & the greater trochanter . an imaginary line is drawn the posterior superior iliac spine & the greater trochanter . the injection side is lateral & slightly superior to the midpoint of the line . which of the following is correct name of the site ?

    • A.

      Dorsogluteal site

    • B.

      Rectus femoral site

    • C.

      Ventrogluteal site

    • D.

      Vastus lateralis

    Correct Answer
    C. Ventrogluteal site
    Explanation
    The correct name of the site for the injection is the ventrogluteal site. This is determined by locating the posterior superior iliac spine and the greater trochanter and drawing an imaginary line between them. The injection site is then identified as lateral and slightly superior to the midpoint of this line. The ventrogluteal site is a common and safe location for intramuscular injections, as it has a thick muscle mass and is located away from major nerves and blood vessels.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is the reason for using the Z tract technique for injections ?

    • A.

      For medication of over 5cc in quantity

    • B.

      For medication that is highly irritating to subcutaneous tissue

    • C.

      For medication that stains the tissue

    • D.

      For medication that cannot be given orally

    Correct Answer
    B. For medication that is highly irritating to subcutaneous tissue
    Explanation
    The Z tract technique is used for injections of medication that is highly irritating to subcutaneous tissue. This technique involves pulling the skin to one side before inserting the needle and then releasing it after the injection. This creates a zigzag path for the medication, minimizing the chances of the medication leaking back into the subcutaneous tissue and causing irritation. By using the Z tract technique, the medication can be administered safely and effectively without causing unnecessary discomfort or damage to the surrounding tissue.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following orders is complete :

    • A.

      Ampicillin 250mg IM q12hrs x 10 days

    • B.

      Maalox 30 cc po

    • C.

      Humulin R insulin SQ in AM & noon

    • D.

      OPV ( oral polio vaccine ) 0.5 cc

    Correct Answer
    A. Ampicillin 250mg IM q12hrs x 10 days
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ampicillin 250mg IM q12hrs x 10 days" because it includes the specific medication (ampicillin), the route of administration (IM or intramuscular), the dosage (250mg), the frequency (q12hrs or every 12 hours), and the duration (x 10 days). This order provides all the necessary information for the healthcare provider to administer the medication correctly. The other options do not include all the necessary details or are unrelated to medication administration.

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  • 8. 

    Mrs. Shorouq tells the nurse that her arm is sore from an injection she received early in the day . she states “ the nurse gave me a shot , and I heard her say that the needle was a 25 gauge . isn’t that too big for a local injection ?” . your best response would be :

    • A.

      “ a 25 gauge needle is a small needle , but it can cause som discomfort . let me see your arm .”

    • B.

      " really, Mrs. Shorouq, no once gets hurts with a 25 gauge needle . you are over –reacting to the shot “

    • C.

      "a 25 gauge needle is very small . you are just nervous about the injection.”

    • D.

      "a 25 gauge needle is very small. So you are wrong about the pain from the injection.”

    Correct Answer
    A. “ a 25 gauge needle is a small needle , but it can cause som discomfort . let me see your arm .”
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a 25 gauge needle is a small needle, but it can cause some discomfort. Let me see your arm." This response acknowledges the patient's concern about the size of the needle and validates her experience of discomfort. It also offers to examine her arm to assess the injection site and provide appropriate care or reassurance.

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  • 9. 

    After withdrawing the needle from the tissue when administering an ID injection you :

    • A.

      Apply firm pressure to the site with your thumb .

    • B.

      do not rewipe the site

    • C.

      Gently wipe the site

    • D.

      Massage the site vigorously

    Correct Answer
    B. do not rewipe the site
    Explanation
    After withdrawing the needle from the tissue when administering an ID injection, you do not rewipe the site. This is because wiping the site again can introduce additional contaminants and increase the risk of infection. It is important to maintain a clean and sterile environment during injections to minimize the chances of complications.

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  • 10. 

    Asking the patient if he is allergic to any medication is a part of the ……………phase of the nursing process ?

    • A.

      Assessment

    • B.

      Planning

    • C.

      Implementation

    • D.

      Evaluation

    Correct Answer
    A. Assessment
    Explanation
    In the nursing process, the assessment phase involves gathering information about the patient's health status, including any allergies they may have. This is important because knowing about medication allergies can help prevent adverse reactions and ensure safe and effective treatment. Therefore, asking the patient if they are allergic to any medication is a crucial part of the assessment phase.

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