Trivia On Operating System: Quiz!

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Trivia On Operating System: Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does F I FO stand for?

    • A.

      First in first out

    • B.

      First in fast out

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. First in first out
    Explanation
    FIFO stands for "First in first out". It is a method used to manage and organize data or items in a specific order, where the first item that enters a system is the first one to be processed or removed. This concept is commonly used in various fields, such as inventory management, queueing systems, and data structures.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is not an objective of the operating system?

    • A.

      Process Management

    • B.

      Convenience

    • C.

      Efficiency

    • D.

      Ability to evolve

    Correct Answer
    A. Process Management
    Explanation
    Process Management is not an objective of the operating system. The operating system is responsible for managing processes, which includes creating, scheduling, and terminating processes. It ensures that processes are allocated the necessary resources and that they can communicate with each other. Convenience, efficiency, and the ability to evolve are all objectives of the operating system. Convenience refers to providing a user-friendly interface and easy access to resources. Efficiency aims to optimize resource utilization and improve overall system performance. The ability to evolve refers to the operating system's capability to adapt and incorporate new technologies and functionalities.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the machines were developed in 1970?

    • A.

      Mainframes

    • B.

      Mini computers

    • C.

      Desktop computers

    • D.

      Handheld computers

    Correct Answer
    A. Mainframes
    Explanation
    Mainframes were developed in 1970.

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  • 4. 

    Which machines developed in the decade 1980?

    • A.

      Mainframes

    • B.

      Mini computers

    • C.

      Desktop computers

    • D.

      Handheld computers

    Correct Answer
    B. Mini computers
    Explanation
    Mini computers were developed in the decade 1980. Mainframes were developed earlier, in the mid-20th century. Desktop computers were also developed earlier, in the 1970s. Handheld computers, on the other hand, became popular in the 1990s with devices like personal digital assistants (PDAs). Therefore, the correct answer is mini computers.

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  • 5. 

    Which machines developed in the decade 1990? 

    • A.

      Mainframes

    • B.

      Mini computers

    • C.

      Desktop computers

    • D.

      Handheld computers

    Correct Answer
    C. Desktop computers
    Explanation
    The machines that were developed in the decade 1990 include mainframes, mini computers, desktop computers, and handheld computers. However, the correct answer is desktop computers.

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  • 6. 

    The program counter is the special registered address of the next instruction to be fetched.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The program counter is a special register that keeps track of the memory address of the next instruction to be fetched and executed by the processor. It is a crucial component of the instruction cycle in a computer's central processing unit (CPU). The program counter is incremented after each instruction is fetched, allowing the CPU to move to the next instruction in sequence. Therefore, the statement that the program counter is the special registered address of the next instruction to be fetched is true.

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  • 7. 

    The lowest level of memory is a magnetic disk.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The lowest level of memory is a magnetic disk because it is a non-volatile storage device that is capable of storing large amounts of data. It is commonly used for long-term storage and retrieval of data in computers and other electronic devices. Magnetic disks are slower than other types of memory such as RAM, but they provide a high capacity and are more cost-effective for storing large amounts of data that is not frequently accessed.

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  • 8. 

    Magnetic disk is used as a storage device in a computer system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Magnetic disk is indeed used as a storage device in a computer system. It is a non-volatile storage medium that uses magnetization to store and retrieve digital information. Magnetic disks, such as hard disk drives (HDDs) and floppy disks, have been widely used for decades to store data on computers. They provide large storage capacities, fast access times, and are relatively inexpensive compared to other storage technologies. Therefore, the statement "Magnetic disk is used as a storage device in a computer system" is true.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following are the opening system services?

    • A.

      File System manipulation

    • B.

      Error detection

    • C.

      Communication

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This is because the opening system services include file system manipulation, error detection, and communication. File system manipulation refers to the operations performed on files and directories, such as creating, reading, writing, and deleting them. Error detection involves identifying and reporting errors or issues in the system. Communication refers to the exchange of data or information between different components or systems. Therefore, all three options mentioned in the question are examples of opening system services.

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  • 10. 

    Top-level directory in the hierarchical directory systems is:

    • A.

      Root directory

    • B.

      User directory

    • C.

      User subdirectory

    • D.

      User file

    Correct Answer
    A. Root directory
    Explanation
    The top-level directory in a hierarchical directory system is the root directory. It is the main directory that contains all other directories and files in the system. It serves as the starting point for navigating through the file system and organizing the files and directories.

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  • 11. 

    UNIX command line interface is called as?

    • A.

      Shell

    • B.

      System calls

    • C.

      Kernel

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Shell
    Explanation
    The UNIX command line interface is called the shell. The shell is a program that provides an interface for users to interact with the operating system. It allows users to enter commands and execute them, as well as manage files, directories, and processes. The shell acts as an intermediary between the user and the kernel, which is the core of the operating system. It interprets user commands and communicates with the kernel to execute them. System calls are functions provided by the kernel for applications to interact with the operating system, and the kernel is the central component of the operating system.

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  • 12. 

    Which of these is a type of system call?

    • A.

      Process control

    • B.

      Open

    • C.

      Read

    • D.

      Close

    Correct Answer
    A. Process control
    Explanation
    A system call is a request made by a program to the operating system for a specific service or resource. Process control is a type of system call that allows a program to create, terminate, or manipulate processes. It is used to manage the execution of multiple processes and control their behavior, such as suspending or resuming a process, changing process priority, or waiting for a process to complete its execution. Therefore, process control is a valid type of system call.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the operating system has no structure?

    • A.

      Monolithic system

    • B.

      Layered system

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Monolithic system
    Explanation
    A monolithic system is an operating system that does not have a specific structure or modular design. In this type of system, all the operating system components are tightly integrated and run in a single address space. This means that there is no clear separation between the different layers or modules of the operating system. In contrast, a layered system is designed with a clear separation of functionality into different layers, and each layer interacts with the layer above or below it through well-defined interfaces. Therefore, the monolithic system is the correct answer as it lacks a structured design.

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  • 14. 

    In layered system which layer is responsible for handling the allocation of the processor?

    • A.

      Layer 0

    • B.

      Layer 1

    • C.

      Layer 2

    • D.

      Layer 3

    Correct Answer
    A. Layer 0
    Explanation
    In a layered system, Layer 0 is responsible for handling the allocation of the processor. This means that Layer 0 is responsible for managing and assigning the processor's resources efficiently among the different layers in the system. It ensures that each layer gets the necessary processing power it requires to perform its tasks effectively.

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  • 15. 

    A program under execution is called as?

    • A.

      Process

    • B.

      Thread

    • C.

      Program counter

    • D.

      Stack pointer

    Correct Answer
    A. Process
    Explanation
    A program under execution is referred to as a process. A process is an instance of a program that is being executed by the computer's operating system. It includes the program code, memory, and resources allocated to it. Multiple processes can run concurrently on a computer, each with its own memory space and resources. The operating system manages these processes, allowing them to execute and interact with each other.

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  • 16. 

    PCB stands for?

    • A.

      Process control block

    • B.

      Process cancelation block

    • C.

      Process cipher bloxk

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Process control block
    Explanation
    PCB stands for Process Control Block. A PCB is a data structure used by operating systems to manage and keep track of processes. It contains important information about a process, such as its process ID, state, priority, and register values. The operating system uses PCBs to schedule and control the execution of processes, allowing for multitasking and efficient resource allocation. Therefore, the correct answer is Process Control Block.

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  • 17. 

    Which field points to another process control block?

    • A.

      Pointer

    • B.

      Current state

    • C.

      Priority

    • D.

      Registers

    Correct Answer
    A. Pointer
    Explanation
    The field that points to another process control block is the "Pointer" field. This field contains the memory address of the next process control block, allowing for easy navigation and linking between different process control blocks. By using this pointer, the operating system can efficiently switch between processes and manage their execution.

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  • 18. 

    Switching off CPU back and forth between processes is called as? 

    • A.

      Context switching

    • B.

      Multiprogramming

    • C.

      Thread

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Context switching
    Explanation
    Context switching refers to the process of saving the current state of a process and loading the saved state of another process. This allows the CPU to switch back and forth between multiple processes, giving the illusion of multitasking. Therefore, switching off the CPU between processes is known as context switching.

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  • 19. 

    A single sequence stream within a process is called as?

    • A.

      Thread

    • B.

      Process

    • C.

      Thread usage

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Thread
    Explanation
    A single sequence stream within a process is called a thread. Threads are lightweight processes that can be executed independently within a process. They share the same memory space and resources of the process, but each thread has its own program counter, stack, and set of registers. Threads allow for concurrent execution and can improve the performance and responsiveness of an application.

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  • 20. 

    The kernel is unaware of the thread in which type of thread?

    • A.

      User level thread

    • B.

      Kernel level thread

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. User level thread
    Explanation
    The kernel is unaware of the thread in the user level thread. This is because user level threads are managed by the user-level thread library and do not require any intervention from the operating system kernel. The kernel is only aware of the kernel level threads, which are managed directly by the operating system. Therefore, the kernel has no knowledge or control over the user level threads.

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  • 21. 

    Thread management is carried out by the kernel in?

    • A.

      Kernel level thread

    • B.

      User level thread

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Kernel level thread
    Explanation
    Thread management is carried out by the kernel in kernel level threads. Kernel level threads are managed directly by the operating system kernel, which means that the kernel is responsible for creating, scheduling, and terminating threads. This allows for efficient multitasking and better utilization of system resources. User level threads, on the other hand, are managed by a thread library at the user level and do not require kernel involvement. Therefore, the correct answer is kernel level thread.

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  • 22. 

    Which of these is a multithreading model?

    • A.

      One to one

    • B.

      Many to one

    • C.

      Many to many

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that all of the options listed (one to one, many to one, and many to many) are multithreading models. A multithreading model refers to the way in which multiple threads are managed and executed in a program. The "one to one" model assigns one thread to one processor, the "many to one" model assigns multiple threads to one processor, and the "many to many" model assigns multiple threads to multiple processors.

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  • 23. 

    IPC stands for?

    • A.

      Inter process communication

    • B.

      Inter parallel communication

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Inter process communication
    Explanation
    IPC stands for Inter Process Communication. It is a mechanism that allows different processes to communicate with each other and share data. This communication can occur either within the same computer or between different computers connected over a network. IPC enables processes to exchange information, synchronize their actions, and coordinate their activities. It is an essential concept in operating systems and distributed computing, as it facilitates cooperation and interaction between processes, leading to efficient and coordinated execution of tasks.

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  • 24. 

    What happens when more than one process writes data items?

    • A.

      Race condition

    • B.

      Critical region

    • C.

      Mutual exclusion

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Race condition
    Explanation
    When more than one process writes data items, a race condition occurs. A race condition is a situation where the output or result of a process depends on the timing or sequence of events, which is unpredictable. In this case, multiple processes trying to write data items simultaneously can lead to conflicts and inconsistencies in the data. This can result in incorrect or unexpected outcomes, as the processes may overwrite or interfere with each other's data.

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  • 25. 

    The portion of the program where the shared memory is accessed is called?

    • A.

      Critical region

    • B.

      Race condition

    • C.

      Mutual exclusion

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Critical region
    Explanation
    The portion of the program where the shared memory is accessed is called the critical region. This is the section of the code where multiple processes or threads may try to access and modify the shared memory simultaneously, leading to potential conflicts and data inconsistencies. To avoid this, synchronization mechanisms like mutual exclusion are used to ensure that only one process or thread can access the shared memory at a time. Race condition refers to the unexpected behavior that can occur when multiple processes or threads try to access shared resources simultaneously without proper synchronization. Therefore, the correct answer is critical region.

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  • 26. 

    A solution to the critical section problem must satisfy the following:

    • A.

      Mutual exclusion

    • B.

      Progress

    • C.

      Bounded waiting

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    A solution to the critical section problem must satisfy mutual exclusion, which means that only one process can access the critical section at a time. It must also satisfy progress, which means that if no process is currently in the critical section and one or more processes want to enter it, then only those processes not in the remainder section can participate in the decision of which will enter the critical section next. Additionally, it must satisfy bounded waiting, which means that there is a limit on the number of times other processes can enter the critical section while a process is waiting to enter it. Therefore, the correct answer is that all of the above conditions must be satisfied.

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  • 27. 

    Only one process should be allowed to enter the critical section this is called?

    • A.

      Mutual exclusion

    • B.

      Race condition

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Mutual exclusion
    Explanation
    Mutual exclusion refers to the concept that only one process should be allowed to enter the critical section at a time. This ensures that conflicting operations or data access are prevented, avoiding any potential race conditions where multiple processes try to access the critical section simultaneously. Therefore, mutual exclusion is the correct answer as it accurately describes the requirement of allowing only one process to enter the critical section.

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  • 28. 

    Which of these is a type of scheduler?

    • A.

      Long term scheduler

    • B.

      Short term scheduler

    • C.

      Mid term scheduler

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because long term scheduler, short term scheduler, and mid term scheduler are all types of schedulers. The long term scheduler is responsible for selecting which processes should be brought into the ready queue from the job pool, the short term scheduler is responsible for selecting which process should be executed next from the ready queue, and the mid term scheduler is responsible for swapping processes between main memory and secondary storage. Therefore, all three options are valid types of schedulers.

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  • 29. 

    Once a process is allocated to the CPU, it does not free until it completes the executions.

    • A.

      Non preemptive

    • B.

      Preemptive

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Non preemptive
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that in a non preemptive scheduling algorithm, once a process is allocated to the CPU, it will not be interrupted or preempted until it completes its execution. This means that the process will have exclusive control of the CPU until it finishes, regardless of the arrival of other processes or their priorities. This is in contrast to preemptive scheduling algorithms, where processes can be interrupted and removed from the CPU before they complete their execution.

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  • 30. 

    __________ is the heart of the operating system.

    • A.

      Kernel

    • B.

      CPU

    • C.

      Processor

    • D.

      None of them

    Correct Answer
    A. Kernel
    Explanation
    The kernel is the heart of the operating system because it is the core component that manages the system's resources, such as memory, processes, and input/output devices. It acts as a bridge between the hardware and software, handling tasks such as managing memory allocation, scheduling processes, and controlling device drivers. Without the kernel, the operating system would not be able to function properly and provide the necessary services to the user.

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  • 31. 

    Process management is used to provide access to shared resources.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Process management is a crucial aspect of operating systems that involves managing and allocating resources to different processes. One of the main purposes of process management is to provide access to shared resources. This ensures that multiple processes can use the same resources efficiently without conflicts or data corruption. By coordinating access to shared resources, process management helps to optimize system performance and prevent resource contention among processes. Therefore, the statement that process management is used to provide access to shared resources is true.

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  • 32. 

    Booting the computer is one of the functions of operating system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Booting the computer is indeed one of the functions of an operating system. When a computer is turned on, the operating system is loaded into the computer's memory, which allows it to manage the hardware and software resources of the system. This process is known as booting, and it is essential for the computer to start up and be ready for use. Therefore, the statement "Booting the computer is one of the functions of the operating system" is true.

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  • 33. 

    Cold booting and warm booting are the two types of booting.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Cold booting and warm booting are indeed the two types of booting. Cold booting refers to starting a computer system from a completely powered-off state, where all the system's components are initialized. On the other hand, warm booting refers to restarting a computer system without fully powering it off, usually by using the restart option in the operating system. Both types of booting serve different purposes and have different effects on the system's state.

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  • 34. 

    Device management communicates, controls, and monitors the devices.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Device management refers to the process of overseeing and controlling the devices within a network or system. This includes tasks such as configuring, monitoring, and troubleshooting devices to ensure they are functioning properly and meeting the required performance standards. By implementing device management, organizations can effectively communicate with devices, control their operations, and monitor their performance in order to optimize their functionality and ensure seamless network operations. Therefore, the statement "Device management communicates, controls, and monitors the devices" is true.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 02, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Bscit_it
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