Arterial Blood Gas (ABG) Analysis NCLEX Exam #2 (10 Questions)

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 6970

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All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Low plasma PaCO2
    • A. 

      Metabolic Acidosis

    • B. 

      Respiratory Alkalosis

    • C. 

      Metabolic Alkalosis

    • D. 

      Respiratory Acidosis

  • 2. 
    High plasma PaCO2
    • A. 

      Metabolic Acidosis

    • B. 

      Respiratory Alkalosis

    • C. 

      Metabolic Alkalosis

    • D. 

      Respiratory Acidosis

  • 3. 
    Decreased plasma bicarbonate (HCO3-)
    • A. 

      Metabolic Acidosis

    • B. 

      Respiratory Alkalosis

    • C. 

      Metabolic Alkalosis

    • D. 

      Respiratory Acidosis

  • 4. 
    Increased plasma bicarbonate (HCO3-)
    • A. 

      Metabolic Acidosis

    • B. 

      Respiratory Alkalosis

    • C. 

      Metabolic Alkalosis

    • D. 

      Respiratory Acidosis

  • 5. 
    What two organs in the body serve as a compensatory function to maintain acid base balance?
    • A. 

      Kidneys and Lungs

    • B. 

      Lungs and Spleen

    • C. 

      Heart and Liver

    • D. 

      Gallbladder and Appendix

  • 6. 
    Arterial blood gas (ABG) measurement will give the information needed to determine if the primary disturbance of acid-base balance is respiratory or metabolic in nature.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Both Carbonic Acid Excess and Deficit Only

    • D. 

      Both Bicarbonate Excess and Deficit Only

  • 7. 
    The major effect of acidosis is overexcitement of the central nervous system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Maybe

    • D. 

      Both Acidosis and Alkalosis result in overexcitement of the central nervous system.

  • 8. 
    Alkalosis is characterized by overexcitement of the nervous system.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      The major effect of Alkalosis is a depression of the central nervous system.

    • D. 

      Both Acidosis and Alkalosis result in overexcitement of the central nervous system.

  • 9. 
    The human body functions optimally in a state of homeostasis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Maybe

    • D. 

      Homeostasis has nothing to do with metabolic balance.

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

    • C. 

      Acid is a substance that is not capable of donating hydrogen ions.

    • D. 

      Acids and bases have nothing to do with hydrogen ions.