# Visual Elements Part 1

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| By KathyBoeckman
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KathyBoeckman
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Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 3,298
Questions: 11 | Attempts: 250

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Madonna of the Rocks, Leonardo Da Vinci, 1486, oil on panel, Louvre, Paris

Questions and Answers
• 1.

### What type of line is reflected in Le Witt's "Lines from Four Corners to Points on a Grid"(1976)?

• A.

Actual

• B.

Organic

• C.

Analytic

• D.

Implied

• E.

Both actual and analytic

Correct Answer
E. Both actual and analytic
Explanation
Actual line is a path left by a moving point. An analytic line looks as if it was drawn with the aid of a ruler. Organic lines, which undulate, are not reflected here. Implied lines, completed in the mind and eye of the viewer, are also not reflected here.
1976 detail of Painting belongs to Whitney Museum, N.Y.

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• 2.

### What type of line is reflected in Weston's "Knees" (1927)?

• A.

Contour line

• B.

Line formed by an edge

• C.

Actual line

• D.

Both contour line and line formed by an edge are reflected

Correct Answer
D. Both contour line and line formed by an edge are reflected
Explanation
A contour line defines shape. Line formed by an edge is one type of contour line which is formed through differences in color, value, texture, or pattern. Here, knees are clearly defined by value and textural differences and they look as if they have been cut out and pasted on a background. An actual line is a path left by a moving point. Actual line is not reflected in this photograph. This work is owned by SFMOMA.

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• 3.

### What type of line is completed by the brain-- a gaze line, directional pointed object, or a series of dots and dashes. This type of line can be found in  Osborn's painting,  "Nameless and Friendless" (1857).

• A.

Actual line

• B.

Organic line

• C.

Implied line

• D.

Contour line

Correct Answer
C. Implied line
Explanation
A line which is completed by the brain is an implied line. This includes dotted lines, lines of sight, and objects that read as line, pointing towards other objects. This painting is owned by the TATE collection, U.K..

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• 4.

### Concerning the direction of line, which of the following is true, as reflected in Botticelli's "Birth of Venus" (1486)?

• A.

The horizontal line, where water meets sky, is said to be restful

• B.

Movement is implied by diagonal lines created by the directional bodies and clothing of the ZepHyrs and Springtime

• C.

Venus acts as a vertical line, which is assertive and defies gravity

• D.

All of the above are true

Correct Answer
D. All of the above are true
Explanation
All are present in this painting, found in the Uffizi, Florence.

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• 5.

### Concerning shape, which of the following terms best fits Albers' composition "Homage to a Square, Ascending" (1953)?

• A.

Geometric

• B.

Organic

• C.

AmorpHous

• D.

BiomorpHic

Correct Answer
A. Geometric
Explanation
Shape is a  2-D area--defined by contour line, color, pattern or texture. Geometric shapes include: squares, rectangles, triangles, circles, etc..Organic shapes have undulating lines. Amorphous shapes are hard to describe as they are highly irregular. Biomorphic is yet another term for organic shapes. This painting is owned by the Whitney Museum, N.Y..

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• 6.

### "Which of the following terms best fits I.M. Pei's "Louvre Pyramid" (1989)?

• A.

Mass

• B.

Volume

• C.

Implied mass

Correct Answer
B. Volume
Explanation
Mass is a term that pertains to weight, density and bulk of an object. (The Great Pyramids reflect solidity.) The Louvre Pyramid is open inside, reflecting the term volume-- a 3-D area, enclosed by a boundary. (Correct answer) In 2-D art, mass and volume can be implied through modeling. Louvre Pyramid is located in Paris, France.

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• 7.

### In addition to black and white, what type of colors were utilized in Mondrian's "Composition II in Red, Blue and Yellow" (1930)?

• A.

Analogous colors

• B.

Complimentary colors

• C.

Primary colors

• D.

Secondary colors

Correct Answer
C. Primary colors
Explanation
Primary color exist, without mixing. They are: red, yellow and blue. Analogous colors are neighbors of the color wheel--yellow, green, yellow-green. Complimentary colors are opposites on the color wheel--blue/orange, yellow/violet, and red/green. Secondary colors are made by mixing two primary colors-- ie. red+yellow=orange. This painting is owned by the National Museum, Belgrade, Serbia.

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• 8.

### Which type of color palette was utilized by Chia in "Incident at the Tintoretto Cafe" (1980)?

• A.

Monochromatic

• B.

Analogous

• C.

Complimentary

• D.

Open

Correct Answer
C. Complimentary
Explanation
Monochromatic color palettes consist of variations of a single hue-- ie. light blue, dark blue, warm blue, cool blue, etc.. Analogous color palettes reflect neighbors on a color wheel--ie. red, violet, red violet. Complimentary color harmonies reflect the pairing of opposites on the color wheel-- ie. blue and orange. An open palette does not limit color choices and can represent much of the color wheel. Closed palettes are more restrictive and include: monochromatic, analogous, and complimentary color harmonies.

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• 9.

### Shown here, Claudio Bravo's "Blue and Green Package" (1995) is an oil painting on canvas. Which of the following terms apply?

• A.

Impasto

• B.

Implied texture

• C.

Trompe l'oeil

• D.

Pattern

• E.

Both implied texture and trompe l'oeil apply

Correct Answer
E. Both implied texture and trompe l'oeil apply
Explanation
Impasto is an actual texture created by a thick application of paint. Pattern is a repetitive motif where the scale of elements remain constant and have a flattening effect. Implied texture is artificial, created by the artist. Trompe l'oeil, French for "fool the eye", refers to a photo-realistic rendering. Both implied texture and trompe l'oeil fit this painting. This painting was shown by Marlborough Gallery. N.Y..

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• 10.

### Concerning space in a 2-D composition, which of the following was used to imply depth in Raphael's "School of Athens" (1511)?

• A.

A. linear perspective

• B.

B. overlapping

• C.

C. changes in scale in relation to placement in the picture plane

• D.

D. modeling

• E.

E. all of the above were used

• F.

F. only b & c were used

Correct Answer
E. E. all of the above were used
Explanation
One-point linear perspective is reflected in the barrel vaults at the top of the painting, where they recede into space. 2-point linear perspective is reflected in the pedestal in the foreground of the painting. Overlapping is the layering of objects which helps imply depth--utilized with the many figures in this composition. As the viewer's eyes go up the picture plane, elements get progressively smaller--termed diminution. Modeling is the application of value to an object to imply mass and/or volume--used throughout the composition.This fresco is found in the Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican City.

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• 11.

### Concerning implied movement and the passage of time, which of the following is not reflected in Bernini's "Apollo and Daphne" (1625)?

• A.

Use of diagonal lines

• B.

A sense of movement from spiraling torsos

• C.

This work is kinetic

• D.

DapHne's figure morpHing into a tree

Correct Answer
C. This work is kinetic
Explanation
Diagonal lines imply movement. Daphne'''s changing figure implies that time is ongoing. This sculpture is marble and it is static-- it does not actually move.This disqualifies the term kinetic, as kinetic sculpture actually moves. This is found in Galleria Borghese, Rome, Italy.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Sep 13, 2015
Quiz Created by
KathyBoeckman

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