Mini Med Fall 2016 Honors Quiz

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Mini Med Fall 2016 Honors Quiz - Quiz

Please answer the following questions to the best of your ability. You may only submit this quiz ONE time. Do not use your notes--be honest! This quiz is due Tuesday November 22nd at 11:59 PM. No quizzes will be accepted after that time.
Please send any questions you have to minimedschool@gmail. Com
You will find out if you graduated with Honors at graduation as indicated on your diploma.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    We all carry bacteria (normal flora) that serves a protective role.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Bacteria that reside in our bodies, known as normal flora, play a beneficial role in protecting us from harmful pathogens. These bacteria help in digestion, produce vitamins, and compete with disease-causing bacteria for resources, thus preventing infections. Therefore, it is true that we all carry bacteria that serve a protective role.

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  • 2. 

    All of the following are proven effects of marijuana use EXCEPT: 

    • A.

      Compulsive eating

    • B.

      Paranoia

    • C.

      Long term memory loss

    • D.

      Lethargy

    Correct Answer
    C. Long term memory loss
    Explanation
    The given answer is "Long term memory loss." This means that all of the other options, including compulsive eating, paranoia, and lethargy, are proven effects of marijuana use. However, long term memory loss is not considered a proven effect of marijuana use.

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  • 3. 

    Which location would NOT be described as a place to take a peripheral pulse? 

    • A.

      Dorsalis pedis

    • B.

      Carotid

    • C.

      Temporalis

    • D.

      Radial

    Correct Answer
    B. Carotid
    Explanation
    The carotid artery is located in the neck and is a common site for taking a pulse. However, it is not considered a peripheral pulse location. Peripheral pulses are typically taken in the extremities, such as the wrist (radial pulse) or the foot (dorsalis pedis pulse). The temporalis pulse is taken on the side of the head. Therefore, the carotid artery would not be described as a place to take a peripheral pulse.

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  • 4. 

    Neil comes to the Emergency Room complaining of chest pain, shortness of breath, pain in the left arm, and a headache. Which of the following symptoms is NOT indicative of a heart attack?

    • A.

      Chest pain

    • B.

      Headache

    • C.

      Pain in the left arm

    • D.

      Shortness of breath

    Correct Answer
    B. Headache
    Explanation
    Headache is not indicative of a heart attack because it is not a common symptom associated with heart problems. Chest pain, pain in the left arm, and shortness of breath are commonly seen in heart attacks due to the lack of oxygen reaching the heart muscle. However, headaches are more commonly associated with other conditions such as migraines or tension headaches.

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  • 5. 

    Atherosclerosis is a common cause of coronary artery disease. What effect do atherosclerotic plaques have on blood vessels and flow?

    • A.

      Narrow blood vessels, deceases flow

    • B.

      Narrow blood vessels, increases flow

    • C.

      Widens blood vessels, decreases flow

    • D.

      Widens blood vessels, increases flow

    Correct Answer
    A. Narrow blood vessels, deceases flow
    Explanation
    Atherosclerotic plaques, which are deposits of cholesterol and fatty substances, narrow the blood vessels by building up on the inner walls. This narrowing reduces the space available for blood to flow through, leading to a decrease in blood flow. Therefore, the correct answer is "Narrow blood vessels, decreases flow."

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  • 6. 

    What is the main role of insulin in the body after eating a meal? 

    • A.

      It helps to chemically break down carbohydrates like glucose

    • B.

      It helps cells to take up glucose from the blood

    • C.

      It helps cells release glucagon into the blood

    • D.

      It helps to store fat in fat cells

    Correct Answer
    B. It helps cells to take up glucose from the blood
    Explanation
    Insulin plays a crucial role in regulating blood sugar levels. After eating a meal, the body breaks down carbohydrates into glucose, which is then released into the bloodstream. Insulin is responsible for facilitating the uptake of glucose by cells, allowing them to use it as a source of energy. This process helps to lower the concentration of glucose in the blood, preventing it from reaching dangerous levels.

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  • 7. 

    Neil is nervous about his BMI (body mass index) calculation. He finds out that his BMI is 22.5. What is his classification? 

    • A.

      Underweight

    • B.

      Normal

    • C.

      Overweight

    • D.

      Obese

    Correct Answer
    B. Normal
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, Neil's BMI is 22.5. A BMI of 22.5 falls within the normal range, indicating that Neil has a healthy body weight in relation to his height. Therefore, the correct classification for Neil based on his BMI is "Normal".

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  • 8. 

    What is the main difference between Type I and Type II Diabetes? 

    • A.

      Type II is usually acquired in childhood; Type I occurs later in adults

    • B.

      Type I diabetics are insulin resistant; Type II diabetics are insulin dependent

    • C.

      Type I requires insulin to survive, while type II can still make insulin

    • D.

      Type II affects underfed people while Type I affects obese people

    Correct Answer
    C. Type I requires insulin to survive, while type II can still make insulin
    Explanation
    Type I diabetes is characterized by the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin, which is necessary for the body to regulate blood sugar levels. Therefore, individuals with Type I diabetes require insulin injections to survive. On the other hand, Type II diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, where the body's cells do not respond effectively to insulin. However, the pancreas is still able to produce insulin, although it may not be enough to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Therefore, individuals with Type II diabetes can still make insulin, but may require medication or lifestyle changes to manage their condition.

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  • 9. 

    You are teaching a STD prevention class in a Newark high school. A student asks how best they can prevent the development of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea; what would be your best recommendation? 

    • A.

      Don't share food

    • B.

      Get screened often

    • C.

      Preventative treatment

    • D.

      Abstain from alcohol

    Correct Answer
    B. Get screened often
    Explanation
    Regular screening is the best recommendation to prevent the development of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea. Screening helps to detect the infections early on, allowing for timely treatment and prevention of further transmission. It is important for sexually active individuals, especially those with multiple partners, to get screened regularly, even if they do not have any symptoms. This helps in identifying and treating infections before they cause complications or spread to others. Regular screening also promotes awareness and responsible sexual behavior.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding the flu (influenza)? 

    • A.

      The strains that cause infection vary each year

    • B.

      Antibiotics are effective if given within the first 2 days of getting sick

    • C.

      Influenza type A is the predominant cause of annual flu outbreaks

    • D.

      Symptoms are generally worse in the elderly population

    Correct Answer
    B. Antibiotics are effective if given within the first 2 days of getting sick
  • 11. 

    Which of the following is NOT true?

    • A.

      The superior vena cava carries deoxygenated blood

    • B.

      The pulmonary artery carries oxygenated blood

    • C.

      The right ventricle pumps deoxygenated blood

    • D.

      The left ventricle is more muscular than the right ventricle

    Correct Answer
    B. The pulmonary artery carries oxygenated blood
    Explanation
    The pulmonary artery carries deoxygenated blood, not oxygenated blood. This is because the pulmonary artery carries blood from the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs, where it picks up oxygen and becomes oxygenated.

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  • 12. 

    A 55 year old male presents to the doctor's office with a cough producing a yellow substance and appears to be fatigued. He states that he did not receive the flu shot this year because he "is never sick anyway." You obtain his vital signs and note his pulse is 98 BPM, blood pressure is 156/92, respirations are 20, and temperature is 100.2 degrees F. Check each of the findings that is abnormal: 

    • A.

      Pulse

    • B.

      Blood pressure

    • C.

      Respirations

    • D.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Blood pressure
    D. Temperature
    Explanation
    The blood pressure and temperature are abnormal findings in this case. A blood pressure of 156/92 is higher than the normal range, indicating hypertension. This could be a result of an underlying condition or infection. A temperature of 100.2 degrees F is slightly elevated, suggesting the presence of an infection. The cough producing yellow substance and fatigue further support the possibility of an infection. The pulse rate and respiratory rate are within normal limits.

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  • 13. 

    Rates of gonorrhea and chlamydia are most heavily concentrated among the elderly population. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Rates of gonorrhea and chlamydia are not most heavily concentrated among the elderly population. These sexually transmitted infections are more commonly found in younger age groups, particularly among sexually active individuals in their teens and twenties. The elderly population generally has lower rates of these infections due to decreased sexual activity and less exposure to risky behaviors.

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  • 14. 

    Mr. Green is complaining of indigestion, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and fainting. Are these common symptoms of a Myocardial Infarction? 

    • A.

      Not in women, but commonly in men

    • B.

      Not in men, but commonly in women

    • C.

      Common symptoms in men and women

    • D.

      Not common in men or women

    Correct Answer
    B. Not in men, but commonly in women
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that the symptoms described (indigestion, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting, and fainting) are not common symptoms of a Myocardial Infarction (heart attack) in men, but they are commonly seen in women. This suggests that the symptoms experienced by Mr. Green are more likely to be indicative of a heart attack in women rather than men.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following lists the correct direction of blood flow through the heart starting with blood from the veins and returning to the heart? 

    • A.

      Right Ventricle, Right Atrium, Lungs, Left Ventricle, Left Atrium, Aorta

    • B.

      Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Lungs, Left Atrium, Left Ventricle, Aorta

    • C.

      Left Atrium, Left Ventricle, Lungs, Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Aorta

    • D.

      Right Atrium, Left Atrium, Lungs, Right Ventricle, Left Ventricle, Aorta

    Correct Answer
    B. Right Atrium, Right Ventricle, Lungs, Left Atrium, Left Ventricle, Aorta
    Explanation
    The correct direction of blood flow through the heart starts with blood from the veins entering the Right Atrium, then it moves to the Right Ventricle, from there it goes to the Lungs for oxygenation, after which it returns to the heart through the Left Atrium, then it moves to the Left Ventricle, and finally, it is pumped out to the body through the Aorta.

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  • 16. 

    Patients with uncontrolled hypertension almost always present with significant symptoms that lead to acute events (myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, cardiac tamponade). 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Patients with uncontrolled hypertension may not always present with significant symptoms that lead to acute events. While uncontrolled hypertension can increase the risk of these events, not all patients will experience them. Some individuals with uncontrolled hypertension may be asymptomatic or have mild symptoms. It is important to note that uncontrolled hypertension still poses serious health risks and should be managed and treated appropriately.

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  • 17. 

    Complications of diabetes can only affect some organs in the body.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement that complications of diabetes can only affect some organs in the body is incorrect. Diabetes is a systemic disease that can affect multiple organs and systems in the body. Some common complications of diabetes include damage to the eyes (diabetic retinopathy), kidneys (diabetic nephropathy), nerves (diabetic neuropathy), and cardiovascular system (heart disease and stroke). Additionally, diabetes can also lead to complications in the feet, skin, and oral health. Therefore, it is important for individuals with diabetes to manage their condition effectively to prevent or minimize these complications.

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  • 18. 

    Genital herpes can be spread even if there are no sores. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Genital herpes can be spread even if there are no visible sores because the virus can still be present in the body and shed asymptomatically. This means that an infected person can transmit the virus to their sexual partner(s) through skin-to-skin contact, even if there are no obvious signs of an outbreak. It is important to practice safe sex and use barrier methods, such as condoms, to reduce the risk of transmission.

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  • 19. 

    Mary is confused about the difference between good and bad cholesterol. She asks you to help clear things up for her. What should you tell her? 

    • A.

      You say that LDL Is the good cholesterol and that she should aim to keep her LDL levels below 100 mg/dl.

    • B.

      You say that LDL is the bad cholesterol and that she should aim to keep her LDL levels between 110 and 120 mg/dl

    • C.

      You say that HDL is the good cholesterol and that she should aim to keep her HDL above 60 mg/dl.

    • D.

      You tell her that HDL is the bad cholesterol and that she should aim to keep her HDL below 100 mg/dl

    Correct Answer
    C. You say that HDL is the good cholesterol and that she should aim to keep her HDL above 60 mg/dl.
  • 20. 

    Mr. Sanga is worried about his risk for acute myocardial infarct(MI) because of his family history. He has a BMI of 25.5 and is an avid cyclist. He spends his afternoons watching sports and "chilling on the couch". He smokes 1 pack of cigarettes a day. What would be your best recommendation to reduce his risk of future MI. 

    • A.

      Abstain from smoking

    • B.

      Exercise more

    • C.

      Reduce stress

    • D.

      Tylenol

    Correct Answer
    A. Abstain from smoking
    Explanation
    The best recommendation to reduce Mr. Sanga's risk of future MI is to abstain from smoking. Smoking is a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, including acute myocardial infarction. By quitting smoking, Mr. Sanga can significantly reduce his risk of experiencing a heart attack.

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  • 21. 

    A patient comes into your office to follow up on his high blood pressure. You measure his blood pressure and find it to be 155/93 (mmHg). Which of the following is true? 

    • A.

      155 is the diastolic blood pressure, measured when you first hear no sound.

    • B.

      155 is the systolic blood pressure, measured at the 1st beat.

    • C.

      93 is the diastolic blood pressure, measured at the 1st beat.

    • D.

      93 is the systolic blood pressure, measured when you first hear no sound.

    Correct Answer
    B. 155 is the systolic blood pressure, measured at the 1st beat.
    Explanation
    The systolic blood pressure is the higher number in a blood pressure reading and represents the pressure in the arteries when the heart beats and pumps blood. In this case, the blood pressure reading is 155/93, indicating that 155 is the systolic blood pressure. The term "measured at the 1st beat" refers to the point when the healthcare professional first hears the sound of blood flow in the arteries, which is used to determine the systolic blood pressure.

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  • 22. 

    Most HPV infections resolve on their own without treatment. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    HPV (Human Papillomavirus) infections are very common and most of them do not cause any symptoms or health problems. The immune system of the body usually clears the virus within 1 to 2 years, leading to the resolution of the infection without any specific treatment. Therefore, it is true that most HPV infections resolve on their own without treatment.

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  • 23. 

    Which of the following best describe show vaccines help fight off infection? 

    • A.

      The administered vaccine remains in the body and travels to the site of infection and kills off the infectious agent

    • B.

      The vaccine suppresses your immune system to help fight off the infectious agent

    • C.

      The vaccine resembles the infection and boosts the immune system by helping to 'remember' the infectious agent

    • D.

      The vaccine overrides your immune system and kills off the infectious agent upon exposure

    Correct Answer
    C. The vaccine resembles the infection and boosts the immune system by helping to 'remember' the infectious agent
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the vaccine resembles the infection and boosts the immune system by helping to 'remember' the infectious agent. Vaccines work by introducing a weakened or inactive form of the infectious agent into the body. This stimulates the immune system to produce a response, including the production of antibodies. These antibodies help the immune system recognize and fight off the actual infectious agent if the person is exposed to it in the future. By "remembering" the infectious agent, the immune system can mount a faster and more effective response, preventing or reducing the severity of the infection.

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  • 24. 

    Which organ is said to have both endocrine and exocrine function?

    • A.

      Spleen

    • B.

      Stomach

    • C.

      Pancreas

    • D.

      Liver

    Correct Answer
    C. Pancreas
    Explanation
    The pancreas is said to have both endocrine and exocrine functions. The endocrine function refers to the production and secretion of hormones, such as insulin and glucagon, into the bloodstream to regulate blood sugar levels. The exocrine function refers to the production and secretion of digestive enzymes into the small intestine to aid in the digestion and absorption of nutrients. Therefore, the pancreas is unique in its ability to perform both endocrine and exocrine functions.

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  • 25. 

    Robert presents to his doctor's office with a heart rate of 104 and a blood pressure of 164/102 (mmHg). Which of the follow accurately classifies Robert's presentation? 

    • A.

      Stage 1 hypertension and tachycardia

    • B.

      Stage 2 hypertension and tachycardia

    • C.

      Stage 1 hypertension and bradycardia

    • D.

      Stage 2 hypertension and bradycardia

    Correct Answer
    B. Stage 2 hypertension and tachycardia
    Explanation
    Robert's blood pressure of 164/102 mmHg falls within the range for stage 2 hypertension, which is classified as systolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 160 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure greater than or equal to 100 mmHg. Additionally, his heart rate of 104 beats per minute falls within the range for tachycardia, which is defined as a heart rate greater than 100 beats per minute. Therefore, the accurate classification of Robert's presentation is stage 2 hypertension and tachycardia.

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  • 26. 

    Why are HbA1c values so useful in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diabetes patients? 

    • A.

      It is an accurate short term indicator of blood glucose levels

    • B.

      It can indicate if there was a recent spike or fall in blood glucose levels so that the diabetes can be better managed

    • C.

      It can indicate how well a patient's diabetes is managed over a long period of time

    • D.

      The HbA1c values help show the doctor which organs in the body are affected

    Correct Answer
    C. It can indicate how well a patient's diabetes is managed over a long period of time
    Explanation
    HbA1c values are useful in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diabetes patients because they can indicate how well a patient's diabetes is managed over a long period of time. HbA1c is a form of hemoglobin that reflects average blood glucose levels over the past 2-3 months. By measuring HbA1c, doctors can assess the effectiveness of a patient's diabetes management plan and make necessary adjustments. This helps in monitoring the patient's progress and determining if any changes in treatment or lifestyle are needed to maintain optimal blood glucose control.

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  • 27. 

    Which of the following is true of behavioral methods used to decrease teen pregnancy?

    • A.

      They are extremely effective when utilized

    • B.

      They are associated with hormone therapy

    • C.

      Periodic abstinence is a viable method

    • D.

      They include condoms and birth control

    Correct Answer
    C. Periodic abstinence is a viable method
    Explanation
    Periodic abstinence refers to abstaining from sexual activity during certain times of the menstrual cycle when a woman is most fertile. This method is considered a viable option for decreasing teen pregnancy because it can be effective in preventing pregnancy when used correctly. It does not involve the use of hormone therapy or the use of condoms and birth control, which are other methods mentioned in the options. The effectiveness of behavioral methods, including periodic abstinence, may vary depending on individual circumstances and proper usage.

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  • 28. 

    Which are the normal ranges for adult heart rate and respiratory rate? 

    • A.

      HR: 100-160 beats/min. RR: 20-32 breaths/min

    • B.

      HR: 40-60 beats/min. RR: 12-20 breaths/min

    • C.

      HR: 60-100 beats/min. RR: 12-20 breaths/min

    • D.

      HR: 40-60 beats/min. RR: 8-12 breaths/min

    Correct Answer
    C. HR: 60-100 beats/min. RR: 12-20 breaths/min
    Explanation
    The normal ranges for adult heart rate and respiratory rate are HR: 60-100 beats/min and RR: 12-20 breaths/min. This means that a healthy adult's heart rate should be between 60 and 100 beats per minute, while their respiratory rate should be between 12 and 20 breaths per minute. This range is considered normal for adults and indicates proper functioning of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.

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  • Mar 20, 2023
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