Motivation Theory-IB Business Hl

28 Questions

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Motivation Theory-IB Business Hl

There are different ways in which people can get motivated to perform as expected, and there have been theories laid in place to help one understand the reasoning behind motivation. The quiz below is designed to help you test your understanding of motivation theories and the strengths and weaknesses that go with it. Give it a try and see just how high you score.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Elton Mayo is most famous for:
    • A. 

      Life Experience Theory

    • B. 

      The Hawthorne Effect

    • C. 

      Process Theories of Motivation

    • D. 

      Expectancy Theory

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    The Hawthorne effects occurs when;
    • A. 

      The output of a worker or team improves because of rewards

    • B. 

      The outpupt of worker or team improves because of constant supervision by management.

    • C. 

      The output of a worker or team improves because the people are being observed or appreciated at work.

    • D. 

      The output of a worker or team improves because of the salary package.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 3. 
    The most commonly cited example by Mayo was when managers changed the ___________ conditions at work in one factory.  When they increased the _____________ at the factory productivity improved.
    • A. 

      Salary

    • B. 

      Working

    • C. 

      Social

    • D. 

      Lighting

    • E. 

      Climatic

  • 4. 
    Mayo believed that workers gain a great deal of satisfaction at work from __________ interaction in the workplace.
    • A. 

      Social

    • B. 

      Management

    • C. 

      Friendly

    • D. 

      Competitive

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 5. 
    According to Mayo, money and physical conditions have:
    • A. 

      Significant motivational value

    • B. 

      No motivational value

    • C. 

      Little motivational value

    • D. 

      To improve consistently to maintain workers.

    • E. 

      Both options a & d.

  • 6. 
    Mayo would suggest that intrinsic motivation is determined by:
    • A. 

      Social interaction at work

    • B. 

      Content of the work

    • C. 

      Spiritual dimension of workers

    • D. 

      The work ethic of individuals.

    • E. 

      Both options a & b.

  • 7. 
    David McClelland proposed that a workers needs are acquired over time and formed by life:______________.
    • A. 

      Experiences

    • B. 

      Challenges

    • C. 

      Opportunities.

    • D. 

      Changing events.

    • E. 

      Journeys

  • 8. 
    The three needs identified by McClelland that impact on motivation are:
    • A. 

      Achievement, affiliation and power.

    • B. 

      Achivement, belonging and wealth.

    • C. 

      Affiliation, social interaction and power.

    • D. 

      Achievement, social interaction and power.

    • E. 

      Achievement, recognition and power.

  • 9. 
    People with high achievement needs will avoid ___________ tasks because these tasks will not challenge them. 
    • A. 

      Difficult

    • B. 

      Easy

    • C. 

      Lower

    • D. 

      Dirty

    • E. 

      Physical

  • 10. 
    High achievement people will avoid high risk challenges because the chances of __________ are low.
    • A. 

      Winning

    • B. 

      Gaining popularity

    • C. 

      Losing respect

    • D. 

      Failure

    • E. 

      Success

  • 11. 
    People with affiliation needs like to work in a ________________ work environment where they are liked and accepted.
    • A. 

      Challenging

    • B. 

      Kind

    • C. 

      Large

    • D. 

      Harmonious

    • E. 

      Demanding

  • 12. 
    According to McClelland, what type of need is associated with social interaction?
    • A. 

      Power

    • B. 

      Achievement

    • C. 

      Affiliation

    • D. 

      Food and drink

    • E. 

      Friendship

  • 13. 
    Some people like to have __________ over an individual, while others may want to have ________ over a group.
    • A. 

      Control

    • B. 

      Influence

    • C. 

      Submission

    • D. 

      Leadership

    • E. 

      Power

  • 14. 
    Process theory of motivation refers to a process that originally initiated a ____________
    • A. 

      Job

    • B. 

      Behaviour

    • C. 

      Sin

    • D. 

      Opportunity

    • E. 

      Belief

  • 15. 
    • A. 

      Equity theory

    • B. 

      Expectancy theory

    • C. 

      Affilitation theory

    • D. 

      Power theory

    • E. 

      Both options a & b.

  • 16. 
    According to Victor Vroom, individuals strive to maximize _______________ and minimize pain.
    • A. 

      Money.

    • B. 

      Opportunities.

    • C. 

      Sex.

    • D. 

      Pleasure.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 17. 
    • A. 

      Expectancy, hope and valence

    • B. 

      Expectancy, instrumentality and valence

    • C. 

      Expectancy, inspiration and valence

    • D. 

      Expectancy, internationalism and valence

    • E. 

      Expectations, instrumentality and valence

  • 18. 
    Expectancy refers to whether or not people expect that they will be able to ___________ a given role or task
    • A. 

      Achieve

    • B. 

      Decipher

    • C. 

      Understand

    • D. 

      Complete

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 19. 
    • A. 

      Highly confident individuals

    • B. 

      People who have the support of their superiors.

    • C. 

      People who have the support of their colleagues.

    • D. 

      People who have the necessary skills for the job.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 20. 
    Instrumentality refers to the likelihood that workers will be ________________ if they do a good job.
    • A. 

      Praised

    • B. 

      Rewarded

    • C. 

      Recognized

    • D. 

      Retrenched.

    • E. 

      Demoted

  • 21. 
    If workers are driven by instrumentality as postulated by Vroom, then an ideal pay structure could be:
    • A. 

      Commission

    • B. 

      Salary

    • C. 

      Wages

    • D. 

      Pay as you go

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      The rewards associated with a task

    • B. 

      The recognition associated with a task.

    • C. 

      The emotional connection people attach to a given outcome.

    • D. 

      The attitudes and feelings associated with a given outcome.

  • 23. 
    If you like receiving ____________, the outcome is positively valent
    • A. 

      Praise

    • B. 

      Money

    • C. 

      Rewards

    • D. 

      Overtime allowances

  • 24. 
    An example of negative valence would be:
    • A. 

      A job that causes too much stress

    • B. 

      A job that causes too much tiredness

    • C. 

      A job that has long hours

    • D. 

      A job that has too much competition from other workers

    • E. 

      Both options a & b.

  • 25. 
    Vroom believes that an employee will have high motivation if the employee expects to be able to do the job (1) (_____________ ), believes that the job will have a positive reward (2) (_______________) and has a positive emotional connection with the work   (3) ( _______________) 
    • A. 

      1. Postive Valence 2. Expectancy. 3. Instrumentality

    • B. 

      1. Expectancy 2. Positive Valence. 3. Instrumentality

    • C. 

      1. Instrumentality. 2. Expectancy. 3. Positive Valence

    • D. 

      1. Expectancy 2. Instrumentality. 3. Positive Valence

  • 26. 
    John Stacy Adams is associated with:
    • A. 

      Emotional Theory

    • B. 

      Equity Theory

    • C. 

      Power Theory

    • D. 

      Valence Theory

  • 27. 
    Adam's argues that people who believe that they are _______________ too little for their job will experience pain or dissatisfaction at work
    • A. 

      Rewarded

    • B. 

      Given

    • C. 

      Recognized

    • D. 

      Promoted

  • 28. 
    According to Adams, if employees believe they are under-rewarded at work for the contribution they are making, they will be motivated to:
    • A. 

      Demand more pay.

    • B. 

      Leave their job.

    • C. 

      Readdress that imbalance.

    • D. 

      Reconsider their options.