Soalan Psl Sem 1 Fasa 2

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| By Lissa_passo
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Lissa_passo
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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 21,470
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 2,940

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Soalan Psl Sem 1 Fasa 2 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Neuron yang membawa saraf impuls daripada reseptor ke sistem saraf pusat ialah 

    • A.

      Interneurons

    • B.

      Neuron motor

    • C.

      Neuron sensori

    • D.

      Neuron efferent

    Correct Answer
    C. Neuron sensori
    Explanation
    Neuron sensori adalah jenis neuron yang membawa impuls saraf dari reseptor ke sistem saraf pusat. Mereka bertindak sebagai penghubung antara organ sensorik dan sistem saraf pusat, mengirimkan informasi sensorik dari tubuh ke otak dan sumsum tulang belakang.

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  • 2. 

    Neuroglia yang menghasilkan myelin sheath di dalam sistem saraf periferi ialah 

    • A.

      Microglia

    • B.

      Astrocytes

    • C.

      Schwann cell

    • D.

      Oligodendrocytes

    Correct Answer
    C. Schwann cell
    Explanation
    Schwann cells are a type of neuroglia that produce myelin sheath in the peripheral nervous system. Myelin sheath is a protective covering around nerve fibers that allows for faster and more efficient transmission of nerve impulses. Schwann cells wrap around individual nerve fibers and produce myelin, which insulates the nerve fibers and helps in their proper functioning. This is why Schwann cells are responsible for producing myelin sheath in the peripheral nervous system.

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  • 3. 

    Apakah fungsi dendrite? 

    • A.

      Menerima impuls

    • B.

      Menghantar impuls

    • C.

      Tempat pertemuan impuls

    • D.

      Mempercepatkan penghantaran impuls

    Correct Answer
    A. Menerima impuls
    Explanation
    Dendrite berfungsi untuk menerima impuls.

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  • 4. 

    Struktur yang dilitupi oleh myelin sheath ialah 

    • A.

      Akson

    • B.

      Dendrit

    • C.

      Badan sel

    • D.

      Nodus ranvier

    Correct Answer
    A. Akson
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "akson." The myelin sheath is a protective covering that surrounds the axon, which is a long, slender projection of a neuron that transmits electrical impulses to other cells. The myelin sheath helps to insulate the axon and speed up the transmission of these impulses. Therefore, the structure that is covered by the myelin sheath is the axon.

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  • 5. 

    Matlamat utama dalam penjagaan rawatan bagi pesakit leukemia adalah untuk 

    • A.

      Mengelak pendarahan.

    • B.

      Mengurangkan kesakitan.

    • C.

      Mengurangkan risiko jangkitan.

    • D.

      Meningkatkan selera makan pesakit.

    Correct Answer
    C. Mengurangkan risiko jangkitan.
    Explanation
    The main goal in the treatment care for leukemia patients is to reduce the risk of infection. Leukemia weakens the immune system, making patients more susceptible to infections. Therefore, minimizing the risk of infections is crucial in the overall management and care of leukemia patients. This can be achieved through various measures such as practicing good hygiene, administering antibiotics, and closely monitoring for any signs of infection. By reducing the risk of infection, the overall health and well-being of the patient can be improved, leading to better treatment outcomes.

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  • 6. 

    Apakah tindakan yang perlu anda lakukan jika berlaku reaksi antara antigen B dan antibodi A dan B semasa pemindahan darah kepada pesakit kumpulan darah O? 

    • A.

      Rujuk doktor.

    • B.

      Hentikan prosedur.

    • C.

      Pemerhatian tanda vital

    • D.

      Perlahankan kadar titisan transfusi.

    Correct Answer
    B. Hentikan prosedur.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Hentikan prosedur." This means "Stop the procedure." If there is a reaction between antigen B and antibodies A and B during a blood transfusion to a patient with blood group O, it is important to immediately stop the procedure to prevent any further complications or harm to the patient.

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  • 7. 

    Tindakan kejururawatan bagi pesakit leukemia yang berisiko tinggi mengalami infeksi adalah 

    • A.

      Nasihatkan makan sayur- sayuran.

    • B.

      Beri prophylactic antibiotic sebelum prosedur invasif.

    • C.

      Lakukan cucian tangan sebelum menyentuh pesakit

    • D.

      Rawat pesakit dalam bilik berasingan yang berhawa dingin.

    Correct Answer
    C. Lakukan cucian tangan sebelum menyentuh pesakit
    Explanation
    Performing hand hygiene before touching the patient is a crucial nursing action to prevent the transmission of infections. This practice helps to eliminate or reduce the number of microorganisms on the hands, reducing the risk of introducing them to the patient. It is especially important for patients with leukemia who are at a high risk of infection due to their compromised immune system. Advising the patient to eat vegetables, giving prophylactic antibiotics before invasive procedures, or placing the patient in a separate cold room may have their own benefits, but they do not directly address the risk of infection in this scenario.

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  • 8. 

    Mr D dimasukkan di wad kerana mengalami serangan asthma dan doktor telah prekripsi iv theophyline. Tindakan utama ubat ini ke atas pesakit asthma adalah 

    • A.

      Sebagai bronkodilitor

    • B.

      Sebagai agen antiinflamatori

    • C.

      Mengurangkan reaksi alergi

    • D.

      Menambahkan pergerakan siliary

    Correct Answer
    A. Sebagai bronkodilitor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "sebagai bronkodilitor." Theophylline is a bronchodilator medication commonly used to treat asthma. It works by relaxing the smooth muscles in the airways, which helps to widen the bronchial tubes and improve airflow. This can relieve symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath. By acting as a bronchodilator, theophylline helps to alleviate the constriction and narrowing of the airways that occurs during an asthma attack.

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  • 9. 

    Keadaan ini akan menyebabkan pesakit mengalami kesukaran bernafas disebabkan kemusnahan dinding alveoli 

    • A.

      Influeza

    • B.

      Pneumonia

    • C.

      Empysema

    • D.

      Tuberkulosi

    Correct Answer
    C. Empysema
    Explanation
    Empysema is a condition characterized by the destruction of the alveoli walls in the lungs. This destruction leads to difficulty in breathing for the patient. Therefore, the given statement suggests that the condition described in the question, which causes difficulty in breathing due to the destruction of alveoli walls, is emphysema.

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  • 10. 

    Encik h telah dimasukan ke wad akibat BRONCHIECTASIS Langkah awal dalam memenuhi keperluan pernafasan beliau adalah 

    • A.

      Megekalkan kedudukan fowlers

    • B.

      Mengalakkan pengeluaran sekresi

    • C.

      Mengalakkan senaman pernafasan

    • D.

      Meningkatkan jumlah pemberian oksigen

    Correct Answer
    B. Mengalakkan pengeluaran sekresi
    Explanation
    The initial step in meeting the respiratory needs of a patient with bronchiectasis is to encourage the clearance of secretions. This is because bronchiectasis is a condition characterized by the abnormal widening of the airways, leading to the accumulation of mucus and secretions. By promoting the removal of these secretions, the patient's airway clearance can be improved, reducing the risk of infection and improving overall respiratory function.

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  • 11. 

    4. Berikut adalah jenis-jenis kanser paru-paru kecuali

    • A.

      Adenocacinoma

    • B.

      Karposicarcinoma

    • C.

      Smallcellcarcinoma

    • D.

      Squamoscellcarcinoma

    Correct Answer
    B. Karposicarcinoma
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "karposicarcinoma". This is because the question is asking for types of lung cancer, and "karposicarcinoma" is not a recognized type of lung cancer. The other three options, adenocarcinoma, small cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma, are all well-known types of lung cancer.

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  • 12. 

    Anda melakukan prosedur dressing ke atas luka pesakit yang di pasang chest tube dan secara tak sengaja hujung chest tube pesakit disconnected

    • A.

      Lapor kepada doktor

    • B.

      Tukar peralatan chest tube

    • C.

      Balut hujung dengan steril gauze

    • D.

      Masukan hujung tiub ke dalam botol sterile

    Correct Answer
    C. Balut hujung dengan steril gauze
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to wrap the end with sterile gauze. This is the appropriate action to take when the chest tube becomes disconnected. Wrapping the end with sterile gauze helps to maintain a clean and sterile environment around the wound, preventing further contamination and reducing the risk of infection. It also provides some protection to the exposed end of the chest tube until it can be properly reconnected or replaced.

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  • 13. 

    Tanggujawap jururawat sebelum prosedur Bronchoscopy di jalankan adalah

    • A.

      Puasakan pesakit 6-8 jam

    • B.

      Masukkan ryles tubes in sity

    • C.

      Lakukan sedutan nasopharygeal

    • D.

      Bantu doktor dalam pemberian medial contrast

    Correct Answer
    A. Puasakan pesakit 6-8 jam
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to fast the patient for 6-8 hours before the Bronchoscopy procedure. Fasting is necessary to ensure that the patient's stomach is empty, reducing the risk of aspiration during the procedure. This is important because during Bronchoscopy, a flexible tube is inserted through the mouth or nose into the airways to examine the lungs, and any food or liquid in the stomach could potentially be aspirated into the lungs, causing complications. Therefore, fasting helps to ensure the safety and success of the procedure.

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  • 14. 

    Select the ones you like

    • A.

      Option 1

    • B.

      Option 2

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Option 1
    Explanation
    The answer is Option 1 because it is the only option that is suggested to be selected. The question asks the respondent to choose the ones they like, and Option 1 is the only option provided for selection.

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  • 15. 

    Encik A telah di diagnoskan mengalami tension pneumothorax .semasa anda melakukan assesmen didapati beliau mengalami asementri of the thorax

    • A.

      Pleuratis

    • B.

      Shortness of breath

    • C.

      Usage of acessonies muscle

    • D.

      Shift of trachea to pneumothorax

    Correct Answer
    D. Shift of trachea to pneumothorax
    Explanation
    The shift of the trachea to pneumothorax is the correct answer because tension pneumothorax is a medical condition in which air accumulates in the pleural cavity, causing the lung to collapse. As the air builds up, it can cause a shift in the trachea, which is the windpipe. This can be observed during assessment as a deviation of the trachea from its normal midline position. The other options listed are symptoms or signs associated with tension pneumothorax, but they do not directly relate to the shift of the trachea.

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  • 16. 

    Corak fracture yang terbentuk dengan fragmen tulang lebih dari dua di kenali sebagai 

    • A.

      Simple fracture

    • B.

      Segmented fracture

    • C.

      Compound fracture

    • D.

      Comminuted fracture

    Correct Answer
    C. Compound fracture
    Explanation
    A compound fracture is a type of fracture where the bone fragments break through the skin, resulting in an open wound. In this type of fracture, there are more than two bone fragments present. The term "compound" refers to the fact that there is an external wound associated with the fracture. This is different from other types of fractures such as simple, segmented, or comminuted fractures, where the skin remains intact.

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  • 17. 

    Tindakan kejururawatan segera untuk mengurangkan kesakitan ke atas anggota yang fracture ialah 

    • A.

      Tinggikan anggota dengan bantal

    • B.

      Immobilization anggota dengan splint

    • C.

      Berikan ubat analgesik seperti diarahkan

    • D.

      Betulkan aligmen tulang dengan closed manipulation reduction

    Correct Answer
    B. Immobilization anggota dengan splint
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "immobilization anggota dengan splint". This is because immobilizing the fractured limb with a splint helps to prevent further injury and movement, which can reduce pain and promote healing. It stabilizes the fractured bone and prevents any unnecessary movement that could cause more damage or discomfort.

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  • 18. 

    Tujuan Open reduction with internal fixation dilakukan dalam perawatan closed fracture adalah untuk 

    • A.

      Menstabilkan sendi berdekatan

    • B.

      Membetulkan deformity tulang

    • C.

      Mengurangkan kadar infeksi

    • D.

      Membolehkan ambulasi awal

    Correct Answer
    D. Membolehkan ambulasi awal
    Explanation
    Open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) is a surgical procedure performed to treat a closed fracture. It involves realigning the broken bones and securing them in place with internal fixation devices such as plates, screws, or rods. The purpose of this procedure is to allow early ambulation, which means the patient can start walking and moving the affected limb sooner. Early ambulation is important for preventing complications such as muscle atrophy, joint stiffness, and blood clots. By stabilizing the fracture and providing support, ORIF enables the patient to regain mobility and function earlier in the recovery process.

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  • 19. 

    Encik Raju mengalami closed fracture right tibia dan long leg cast POP dipasangkan pada kaki kanannya.Tujuan utama pemasangan POP cast tersebut adalah untuk 

    • A.

      Mengelakkan joint contracture

    • B.

      Membetulkan keadaan deformity

    • C.

      Mencepatkan pertumbuhan tulang baru

    • D.

      Mengekalkan fragmen tulang selepas reduction

    Correct Answer
    D. Mengekalkan fragmen tulang selepas reduction
    Explanation
    The main purpose of applying a long leg cast POP in the case of Encik Raju's closed fracture of the right tibia is to maintain the bone fragments in place after reduction. This means that the cast helps to keep the broken pieces of bone aligned correctly while they heal. By immobilizing the fracture site, the cast prevents any movement that could disrupt the healing process and potentially lead to further deformity or complications.

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  • 20. 

    Kaki kanan Encik Raju berisiko mengalami muscle atrophy berikutan pemasangan POP cast.Apakah tindakan yang perlu dilakukan untuk mencegah muscle atrophy ? Galakkan 

    • A.

      Senaman ankle pump

    • B.

      Senaman Range of Motion

    • C.

      Ambulasi dengan crutches

    • D.

      Senaman static quadriceps

    Correct Answer
    B. Senaman Range of Motion
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "senaman Range of Motion". Range of motion exercises help prevent muscle atrophy by maintaining and improving the flexibility and strength of the muscles. These exercises involve moving the joints through their full range of motion, which helps to keep the muscles active and prevent them from becoming weak and wasting away. By regularly performing range of motion exercises, Encik Raju can prevent muscle atrophy in his right leg due to the placement of the cast.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 25, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Lissa_passo
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