Quiz: Test Your Knowledge About Cosmology

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 981

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Quiz: Test Your Knowledge About Cosmology

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    EARTH SCIENCE (FIRST QUARTER)Modern cosmology supposes that the universe came from a Big Bang event about 13 billion years ago.. Evidence for this is __________.
    • A. 

      Hubble expansion

    • B. 

      Cosmic background radiation

    • C. 

      Uniformity of the abundance of hydrogen and helium

    • D. 

      Excessive amount of gas found in the galaxy

  • 2. 
    2. Evidence that the universe contains much unobserved dark matter is the _________.
    • A. 

      Excessive amount of gas found in spiral galaxies

    • B. 

      Powerful radio emission from the center of spirals

    • C. 

      Flat rotation curves of spiral galaxies

    • D. 

      Excessive amount of dark dust in spiral galaxies

  • 3. 
    3. Which of the following is NOT one Kepler's three laws?
    • A. 

      Planets sweep out equal areas in equal times

    • B. 

      The square of the period of a planet's orbit equals the cube of its semi major axis

    • C. 

      The shapes of the planetary orbits are ellipse

    • D. 

      Objects of different masses fall at the same rate

  • 4. 
    4. Which of the following theories suggests that the universe originated from a singularity that expanded continuously?
    • A. 

      Big Bang

    • B. 

      Pulsating

    • C. 

      Steady State

    • D. 

      Oscillating Universe

  • 5. 
    5. The hypothesis that pulsars were spinning was excluded because __________.
    • A. 

      Pulsars spin too fast

    • B. 

      White dwarfs emit x-ray

    • C. 

      White dwarfs have broad absorption lines

    • D. 

      Pulsars always have red giant companions

  • 6. 
    6. Cosmological redshift is the results of the ________
    • A. 

      Expansion of the universe

    • B. 

      Supermassive black holes

    • C. 

      Galaxies speeding away from you

    • D. 

      Tully-fisher relation

  • 7. 
    7. The surface of the earth is relative young as compared to the planets, Mercury, Venus and Mars, this youthful appearance results from ____________.
    • A. 

      Tectonic activity is still shaping the surface of the earth.

    • B. 

      The earth is farthest from the sun

    • C. 

      The fact that few major impacts ever occur on Earth

    • D. 

      The Earth having the largest moon of all

  • 8. 
    8. Which of the following is a dwarf planet?
    • A. 

      Pluto

    • B. 

      Mercury

    • C. 

      Earth

    • D. 

      Saturn

  • 9. 
    9. The cosmic microwave background radiation comes from _______.
    • A. 

      Big Bang

    • B. 

      Quasars

    • C. 

      Radio galaxies

    • D. 

      Solar nebula

  • 10. 
    10. Which of the following is NOT included in the Earth's subsystem?
    • A. 

      Protosphere

    • B. 

      Geosphere

    • C. 

      Atmosphere

    • D. 

      Hydrosphere

  • 11. 
    11.The rock cycle is used  to illustrate the ___________.
    • A. 

      Journey of a rock

    • B. 

      Different types of rocks

    • C. 

      Relationship of rocks to other rocks

    • D. 

      Process of rocks changing from one type to another

  • 12. 
    12. _______ rocks are formed by heating and squeezing existing rocks.
    • A. 

      Detrital

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Metamorphic

    • D. 

      Sedimentary

  • 13. 
    13. Which of the following characteristics is NOT used to identify unique minerals?
    • A. 

      Hardness

    • B. 

      Magmetism

    • C. 

      Fizzes on contact with acids

    • D. 

      Presence of double image

  • 14. 
    14. Which mineral can scratch apiece pf glass?
    • A. 

      Fluorite

    • B. 

      Gypsum

    • C. 

      Talc

    • D. 

      Feldspar

  • 15. 
    15. A/an_______is rare and beutiful
    • A. 

      Gem

    • B. 

      Mineral

    • C. 

      Rock

    • D. 

      Ore

  • 16. 
    16. Metamorphic rocks are classified by _______.
    • A. 

      Intrusive or extrusive formation

    • B. 

      Evaporation or precipitation

    • C. 

      Color and crystal size

    • D. 

      Foliation and non foliation

  • 17. 
    17.  How can we tell (in principle) if we live in a universe is which space is flat or in a universe in which space is positively curved 
    • A. 

      Find out if the universe has a center

    • B. 

      Find out if the universe has boundaries

    • C. 

      Determine whether there is cosmic background radiation

    • D. 

      Measurement of the sum of the angles of a very large triangle

  • 18. 
    18. Alfred Wegener's theory of the plate tectonics is supported by what kind of evidence?
    • A. 

      Similar fossils on different continents

    • B. 

      Similar rocks found everywhere

    • C. 

      Different magnetic properties of rocks

    • D. 

      Different volcanic activity of continent

  • 19. 
    19. The principle of original horizontality states that ____________
    • A. 

      Most rocks in the earth's surface are layered horizontally

    • B. 

      Igneous rocks form essentially horizontal layers

    • C. 

      Metamorphic gradients are essentially horizontal before deformation

    • D. 

      Sediments are deposited as essentially horizontal layers

  • 20. 
    20. If you use the theory of plate tectonics to predict the most likely place for the next earthquake or volcanic eruption, you should predict that it is most similar likely to occur ______
    • A. 

      In the interior of any continent

    • B. 

      Where two plates are diverging from one another

    • C. 

      Along boundaries colliding lithospheric plates

    • D. 

      Where one has not happened in last 10 million years

  • 21. 
    21. Seafloor spreading occurs at _______
    • A. 

      Subduction zones

    • B. 

      Transform faults

    • C. 

      Terrain boundaries

    • D. 

      Divergent boundaries

  • 22. 
    22. Which of the following rocks are formed from preexisting rocks exposed to extreme heat and pressure in the Earth's interior?
    • A. 

      Metamorphic

    • B. 

      Igneous

    • C. 

      Sedimentary

    • D. 

      Rock Salt

  • 23. 
    23. Which of the following is not a human activity that triggers landslides?
    • A. 

      Claercutting

    • B. 

      Heavy rainfall

    • C. 

      Quarrying

    • D. 

      Overloading slope

  • 24. 
    24. What is a geological hazard map?
    • A. 

      Map that shows the potential mining areas in different regions of the country

    • B. 

      Map that shows the areas prone to hazards brought by geological events

    • C. 

      Map that shows the number of geologists

    • D. 

      Map that shows perfect for hiking

  • 25. 
    25. What should be done to mitigate or lessen coastal erosion?
    • A. 

      Build homes along the shore

    • B. 

      Quarry along the coastline

    • C. 

      Build breakwater along the shore

    • D. 

      Dispose waste along the shoreline

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