Latihan Soal Ekonomi Kls X

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Latihan Soal Ekonomi Kls X - Quiz

Latihan Soal Ekonomi Kls X semester 1


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Istilah ekonomi berasal dari oikos nomos yang artinya adalah

    • A.

      Ekonomi rumah tangga

    • B.

      Rumah tangga ekonomi

    • C.

      Aturan rumah tangga

    • D.

      Lapangan ekonomi

    • E.

      Peraturan ekonomi

    Correct Answer
    C. Aturan rumah tangga
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Aturan rumah tangga" because the term "ekonomi" originated from the combination of "oikos" meaning house or household, and "nomos" meaning rule or law. Therefore, "aturan rumah tangga" accurately represents the meaning of the term "ekonomi" as the rules or laws governing the management of a household or household economy.

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  • 2. 

    Yang merupakan inti masalah ekonomi adalah

    • A.

      Alat pemuas kebutuhan yang  terbatas

    • B.

      Kelangkaan  dan  pilihan

    • C.

      Skala prioritas

    • D.

      Tindakan motif dan prinsip ekonomi

    • E.

      Jumlah  pengangguran

    Correct Answer
    A. Alat pemuas kebutuhan yang  terbatas
    Explanation
    The core problem in economics is scarcity, which refers to the limited availability of resources compared to the unlimited wants and needs of individuals and society. This scarcity necessitates choices and trade-offs, as individuals and societies must prioritize their needs and wants due to the limited resources available. Therefore, the answer "Alat pemuas kebutuhan yang terbatas" (limited resources to satisfy needs) accurately reflects the central issue in economics.

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  • 3. 

    Penyebab timbulnya kelangkaan adalah

    • A.

      Kebutuhan yang tidak  sebanding dengan jumlah alat pemuas kebutuhan

    • B.

      Banyaknya konglomerat

    • C.

      Setiap orang memiliki barang yang dibutuhkan

    • D.

      Jumlah barang yang tidak terbatas

    • E.

      Rendahnya daya beli masyarkat

    Correct Answer
    A. Kebutuhan yang tidak  sebanding dengan jumlah alat pemuas kebutuhan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kebutuhan yang tidak sebanding dengan jumlah alat pemuas kebutuhan" because it states that scarcity arises when the demand for goods and services exceeds the available supply. This means that there is a limited quantity of resources to fulfill the unlimited wants and needs of individuals. As a result, scarcity forces individuals and societies to make choices about how to allocate resources efficiently.

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  • 4. 

    Segala sesuatu mutlak harus dipenuhi adalah

    • A.

      Keinginan

    • B.

      Kebutuhan

    • C.

      Kemakmuran

    • D.

      Harapan

    • E.

      Cita-cita

    Correct Answer
    B. Kebutuhan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kebutuhan" because it refers to basic necessities or essential requirements that must be fulfilled in order to survive and live a decent life. It includes things like food, water, shelter, clothing, and healthcare. Meeting these needs is crucial for human well-being and is considered a fundamental requirement for individuals and communities.

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  • 5. 

    Tas, sepatu dan bolpoint, berdasarkan subjek pemakainya termasuk kebutuhan

    • A.

      Primer

    • B.

      Sekunder

    • C.

      Tersier

    • D.

      Individu

    • E.

      Jasmani

    Correct Answer
    D. Individu
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Individu." This is because the items mentioned (bag, shoes, and pen) are personal belongings that are used by individuals for their own personal use. They are not shared or used by a group or community, making them individual needs.

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  • 6. 

    Pedoman untuk melakukan tindakan ekonomi disebut

    • A.

      Kegiatan ekonomi

    • B.

      Motif ekonomi

    • C.

      Prinsip ekonomi

    • D.

      Falsafah ekonomi

    • E.

      Teori ekonomi

    Correct Answer
    C. Prinsip ekonomi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Prinsip ekonomi." Prinsip ekonomi refers to the principles or guidelines that guide economic actions and decision-making. These principles help individuals and organizations make rational choices based on maximizing their resources and achieving their goals. They include concepts such as scarcity, opportunity cost, supply and demand, and efficiency. By understanding and applying these principles, individuals and organizations can make informed economic decisions and allocate their resources effectively.

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  • 7. 

    Sebuah mobil  dapat dijalankan dengan bensin. Maka mobil dan bensin termasuk benda

    • A.

      Bebas

    • B.

      Produksi

    • C.

      Komplementer

    • D.

      Subtitusi

    • E.

      Konsumsi

    Correct Answer
    C. Komplementer
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer is that a car (mobil) and gasoline (bensin) are considered complementary goods because they are used together. A car requires gasoline to be able to run, so they are interdependent and complement each other in their usage.

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  • 8. 

    Santi memiliki 3 pilihan yakni, Usaha  perbengkelan  dengan  keuntungan  Rp100.000,00/hari, Percetakan/sablon kaos dengan  keuntungan  Rp70.000,00/ hari, Agen pengiriman  barang dengan  keuntungan  Rp80.000.00  lhari  (1  bulan=30  hari). Santi  memutuskan  membuka  usaha  pengiriman barang. Dengan demikian Biaya  peluang  per  bulan  adalah

    • A.

      2.100.000,00

    • B.

      2.200.000,00

    • C.

      2.400.000,00

    • D.

      2.500.000,00

    • E.

      3.000.000.00

    Correct Answer
    E. 3.000.000.00
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3.000.000.00. The opportunity cost refers to the value of the next best alternative that is forgone when a decision is made. In this case, Santi had three options: a workshop business with a daily profit of Rp100.000,00, a printing/silk-screening business with a daily profit of Rp70.000,00, and a shipping agent business with a profit of Rp80.000.00 per day (equivalent to Rp2.400.000,00 per month). By choosing the shipping agent business, Santi is forgoing the profits from the other two options, which amounts to Rp2.400.000,00. Therefore, the opportunity cost per month is Rp2.400.000,00.

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  • 9. 

    Ilmu ekonomi yang membahas mekanisme bekerjanya perekonomian secara keseluruhan disebut.

    • A.

      Ekonomi terapan

    • B.

      Ekonomi deskriptif

    • C.

      Ekonomi teori

    • D.

      Ekonomi makro

    • E.

      Ekonomi mikro

    Correct Answer
    D. Ekonomi makro
    Explanation
    Ekonomi makro adalah ilmu ekonomi yang membahas mekanisme bekerjanya perekonomian secara keseluruhan, termasuk faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pertumbuhan ekonomi, inflasi, pengangguran, dan kebijakan fiskal dan moneter. Dalam konteks ini, ekonomi makro mempelajari fenomena ekonomi secara agregat, seperti tingkat keseluruhan output, pendapatan nasional, dan tingkat harga. Dalam perbandingan dengan ekonomi mikro yang mempelajari perilaku individu dan pasar, ekonomi makro lebih fokus pada analisis tingkat makro untuk memahami dan memprediksi perubahan ekonomi secara keseluruhan.

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  • 10. 

    Beberapa contoh lingkup teori ilmu ekonomi : 1) Masalah permintaan dan penawaran.  2) Mengukur tingkat inflasi. 3) Masalah penerimaan dan biaya. 4) Masalah pendapatan nasional. 5) Menghitung laba rugi perusahaan. 6) Tingkat pengangguran. Yang termasuk lingkup permasalahan dalam   ekonomi makro adalah

    • A.

      1, 2, dan 3

    • B.

      1, 3, dan 5

    • C.

      2, 4, dan 5

    • D.

      2, 4, dan 6

    • E.

      2, 5, dan 6

    Correct Answer
    D. 2, 4, dan 6
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2, 4, and 6. The question asks for the scope of macroeconomic problems. Macroeconomics focuses on the overall economy and analyzes factors such as inflation, national income, and unemployment. Options 1, 3, and 5 are related to microeconomic problems, which deal with individual markets, demand and supply, costs, and profits. Therefore, options 2, 4, and 6 are the correct choices as they align with the scope of macroeconomics.

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  • 11. 

    Tepung terigu merupakan bahan baku membuat roti. Hal itu disebabkan karena tepung terigu mempunyai kegunaan

    • A.

      Dasar

    • B.

      Bentuk

    • C.

      Tempat

    • D.

      Waktu

    • E.

      Kepemilikan

    Correct Answer
    A. Dasar
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Dasar". Tepung terigu merupakan bahan baku membuat roti karena dasar dari pembuatan roti adalah tepung terigu. Tepung terigu menjadi bahan utama yang digunakan dalam proses pembuatan roti karena memiliki kandungan gluten yang memberikan kelembutan dan kekenyalan pada adonan roti. Sehingga, dasar dari pembuatan roti adalah menggunakan tepung terigu sebagai bahan utamanya.

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  • 12. 

    Sepatu dan kaos kaki lebih berguna bagi seorang Pelajar daripada Petani. Hal ini menunjukan

    • A.

      Nilai tukar subjektif

    • B.

      Nilai tukar objektif

    • C.

      Nilai pakai subjektif

    • D.

      Nilai pakai objektif

    • E.

      Manfaat subjektif

    Correct Answer
    C. Nilai pakai subjektif
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Nilai pakai subjektif." This is because the statement suggests that shoes and socks are more useful for a student compared to a farmer. The concept of "nilai pakai subjektif" refers to the subjective value or usefulness of an item based on individual preferences and needs. In this case, the value or usefulness of shoes and socks is subjective and depends on the specific needs and circumstances of a student.

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  • 13. 

    Tujuan kegiatan konsumsi adalaah

    • A.

      Mengurangi nilai guna barang dan jasa

    • B.

      Menghabiskan barang dan jasa

    • C.

      Memperoleh kepuasan

    • D.

      Memanfaatkan hasil produksi

    • E.

      Mendapatkan keuntungan

    Correct Answer
    C. Memperoleh kepuasan
    Explanation
    The purpose of consumption is to obtain satisfaction. When individuals consume goods and services, they do so with the intention of fulfilling their needs and desires, ultimately seeking satisfaction. Consuming goods and services provides individuals with a sense of fulfillment and contentment, which is the ultimate goal of consumption.

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  • 14. 

    Perhatikan kegiatan berikut: 1) Mengonsumsi factor produksi.  2) Menyediakan factor produksi. 3) Menghasilkan barang dan jasa. 4) Menggunakan barang dan jasa. 5) Membayar pajak kepada pemerintah Kegiatan rumah tangga konsumen ditunjukan oleh nomor

    • A.

      1, 2, dan 3

    • B.

      1, 3, dan 5

    • C.

      2, 3, dan 4

    • D.

      2, 4, dan 5

    • E.

      3, 4, dan 5

    Correct Answer
    D. 2, 4, dan 5
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2, 4, and 5. This is because the activities of households as consumers involve using or consuming factors of production (such as labor, capital, and land) to produce goods and services (activity 2), using the produced goods and services for personal consumption (activity 4), and paying taxes to the government (activity 5). Activity 1, which is consuming factors of production, is more related to the activities of firms or businesses. Activity 3, which is producing goods and services, is not specifically mentioned as an activity of households as consumers.

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  • 15. 

    Peran pemerintah sebagai pengatur kegiatan perekonomian diwujudkan dalam bentuk

    • A.

      Pemerintah membeli barang dan jasa

    • B.

      Pemerintah memproduksi barang dan jasa melalui BUMN

    • C.

      Pemerintah memungut pajak

    • D.

      Pemerintah membuat peraturan perundang-undangan

    • E.

      Pemerintah memiliki aparat kepolisian

    Correct Answer
    D. Pemerintah membuat peraturan perundang-undangan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Pemerintah membuat peraturan perundang-undangan". This is because one of the roles of the government in regulating economic activities is to create laws and regulations that govern the behavior of individuals, businesses, and organizations. These laws and regulations provide a framework for economic activities, ensuring fairness, protecting consumer rights, and promoting competition. By creating and enforcing laws, the government can influence and shape the economic landscape of a country.

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  • 16. 

    Keterlibatan masyarakat luar negeri dalam circular flow diagram ditandai dengan kegiatan

    • A.

      Penyediaan sumber daya alam

    • B.

      Pengembangan pariwisata

    • C.

      Penanaman modal usaha

    • D.

      Pembuatan barang dan jasa

    • E.

      Ekspor impor

    Correct Answer
    E. Ekspor impor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ekspor impor". In the circular flow diagram, the involvement of foreign communities is marked by the activities of exporting and importing goods and services. This indicates the flow of goods and services between countries, where one country exports its products to another country and imports products from another country. This involvement of foreign communities in the exchange of goods and services is an essential part of the circular flow of income and resources in the global economy.

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  • 17. 

    Salah satu ciri system ekonomi pasar adalah

    • A.

      Hak milik perorangan diakui

    • B.

      Perorangan maupun kelompok tidak bebas melakukan kegiatan ekonomi

    • C.

      Kegiatan ekonomi mengandalkaan alam

    • D.

      Hak milik perorangan tidak diakui

    • E.

      Semua factor produksi dimiliki pemerintah

    Correct Answer
    A. Hak milik perorangan diakui
    Explanation
    In a market economy, one of the key characteristics is the recognition of individual property rights. This means that individuals have the right to own and control property, including land, resources, and businesses. This allows individuals to make decisions about how to use and allocate their resources based on their own interests and preferences. It also provides incentives for individuals to invest, innovate, and take risks, as they can expect to benefit from the fruits of their labor and investment. Overall, the recognition of individual property rights is essential for the functioning of a market economy.

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  • 18. 

    System ekonomi yang kegiatannnya berdasarakan tradisi disebut system ekonomi

    • A.

      Pasar

    • B.

      Komando

    • C.

      Campuran

    • D.

      Feodalisme

    • E.

      Tradisional

    Correct Answer
    E. Tradisional
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tradisional." The question asks for the system of economy that is based on tradition, and "Tradisional" fits this description. In a traditional economic system, economic activities are determined by customs, traditions, and cultural beliefs rather than market forces or government intervention.

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  • 19. 

    System ekonomi  yang terdapat aspek hak pemilikan, keuntungan, konsumerisme, kompetisi, dan harga adalah

    • A.

      Kapitalis

    • B.

      Tradisional

    • C.

      Komando

    • D.

      Campuran

    • E.

      Pancasila

    Correct Answer
    A. Kapitalis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Kapitalis. A capitalist economic system is characterized by private ownership of resources and means of production, where individuals and businesses operate for profit. It emphasizes competition and consumerism, where prices are determined by supply and demand in the market. This system allows for individuals to accumulate wealth and make economic decisions based on their own self-interest.

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  • 20. 

    Salah satu ciri yang menunjukan sistem ekonomi campuran adalah

    • A.

      Negara membuat kebijakan tertentu

    • B.

      Adanya pembagian kelas dalam masyarakat

    • C.

      Sumber daya ekonomi dikuasai oleh Negara

    • D.

      Harga ditetapkan oleh pemerintah

    • E.

      Negara menguasai sektor vital

    Correct Answer
    E. Negara menguasai sektor vital
    Explanation
    One characteristic that indicates a mixed economic system is that the state controls vital sectors. In a mixed economic system, both the government and private individuals or entities have control over the means of production and allocation of resources. However, the state may choose to have control over certain sectors that are considered vital for national security, public welfare, or strategic importance. This allows the government to regulate and ensure the stability and efficiency of these sectors, while still allowing for private ownership and market forces to operate in other areas of the economy.

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  • 21. 

    Suatu perusahaan dikatakan akan mengalami rugi jika

    • A.

      TR =TC

    • B.

      TR> TC

    • C.

      TR < TC

    • D.

      TR =FC

    • E.

      TR =0

    Correct Answer
    C. TR < TC
    Explanation
    A company is said to experience a loss when its total revenue (TR) is less than its total cost (TC). This means that the company is not generating enough revenue to cover its expenses, resulting in a negative profit.

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  • 22. 

    Pak Anton akan memperoduksi 50 sepatu. Biaya tetapnya adalah Rp 50.000. sedangkan biaya variablenya adalah Rp 10.000 per sepatu. Berapakah biaya totalnya (TC)

    • A.

      500.000

    • B.

      550.000

    • C.

      60.000

    • D.

      2.500.000

    • E.

      3.000.000

    Correct Answer
    B. 550.000
    Explanation
    The total cost (TC) can be calculated by adding the fixed cost (Rp 50.000) to the variable cost per unit (Rp 10.000) multiplied by the number of units (50). Therefore, the total cost is Rp 50.000 + (Rp 10.000 x 50) = Rp 50.000 + Rp 500.000 = Rp 550.000.

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  • 23. 

    Pak Anton akan memperoduksi 50 sepatu. Biaya tetapnya adalah Rp 50.000. sedangkan biaya variablenya adalah Rp 10.000 per sepatu. Berapakah biaya rata-rata (AC)

    • A.

      60.000

    • B.

      50.000

    • C.

      25.000

    • D.

      15.000

    • E.

      11.000

    Correct Answer
    E. 11.000
    Explanation
    The average cost (AC) can be calculated by dividing the total cost (which includes both fixed and variable costs) by the number of units produced. In this case, the fixed cost is Rp 50.000 and the variable cost per unit is Rp 10.000. Since Pak Anton is producing 50 shoes, the total variable cost would be 50 x Rp 10.000 = Rp 500.000. Adding the fixed cost to the total variable cost gives a total cost of Rp 550.000. Dividing this by the number of units produced (50) gives an average cost of Rp 11.000 per shoe.

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  • 24. 

    Pak Anton akan memperoduksi 50 sepatu. Biaya tetapnya adalah Rp 50.000. sedangkan biaya variablenya adalah Rp 10.000 per sepatu. Berapakah biaya tetap rata-rata (AFC)

    • A.

      50.000

    • B.

      10.000

    • C.

      5.000

    • D.

      1.200

    • E.

      1000

    Correct Answer
    E. 1000
    Explanation
    The average fixed cost (AFC) is calculated by dividing the total fixed cost by the quantity of output. In this case, the total fixed cost is Rp 50,000 and the quantity of output is 50 shoes. Therefore, the AFC is Rp 1,000.

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  • 25. 

    Pak Anton akan memperoduksi 50 sepatu. Biaya tetapnya adalah Rp 50.000. sedangkan biaya variablenya adalah Rp 10.000 per sepatu. Berapakah biaya variabel rata-rata (AVC)

    • A.

      1.000

    • B.

      1.200

    • C.

      5.000

    • D.

      10.000

    • E.

      60.000

    Correct Answer
    D. 10.000
    Explanation
    The average variable cost (AVC) is calculated by dividing the total variable cost by the quantity produced. In this case, the total variable cost is Rp 10.000 per sepatu, and the quantity produced is 50 sepatu. Therefore, the AVC is Rp 10.000 divided by 50, which equals Rp 200 per sepatu.

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  • 26. 

    PT ABC memproduksi barang sebanyak 1.000 unit, dengan biaya tetapnya 1.000.000, dan biaya variable per unitnya 5.000. Barang tersebut laku sebanyak 900 unit, dengan harga 10.000 per unit. Berapakah total biaya (TC)

    • A.

      1.000.000

    • B.

      5.000.000

    • C.

      6.000.000

    • D.

      4.500.000

    • E.

      5.500.000

    Correct Answer
    C. 6.000.000
    Explanation
    The total cost (TC) can be calculated by adding the fixed cost (1,000,000) to the variable cost per unit (5,000) multiplied by the number of units sold (900). Therefore, the total cost is 1,000,000 + (5,000 * 900) = 6,000,000.

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  • 27. 

    PT ABC memproduksi barang sebanyak 1.000 unit, dengan biaya tetapnya 1.000.000, dan biaya variable per unitnya 5.000. Barang tersebut laku sebanyak 900 unit, dengan harga 10.000 per unit. Berapakah total penerimaannya (TR)

    • A.

      5.000.000

    • B.

      6.000.000

    • C.

      9.000.000

    • D.

      10.000.000

    • E.

      900.000

    Correct Answer
    C. 9.000.000
    Explanation
    The total penerimaan (TR) can be calculated by multiplying the quantity sold (900 units) by the selling price per unit (10,000). Therefore, the total penerimaan is 900 units * 10,000 = 9,000,000.

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  • 28. 

    PT ABC memproduksi barang sebanyak 1.000 unit, dengan biaya tetapnya 1.000.000, dan biaya variable per unitnya 5.000. Barang tersebut laku sebanyak 900 unit, dengan harga 10.000 per unit. Berapakah laba/ rugi

    • A.

      Laba 9000.000

    • B.

      Rugi 9000.000

    • C.

      Laba 6.000.000

    • D.

      Rugi 6.000.000

    • E.

      Laba 3.000.000

    Correct Answer
    E. Laba 3.000.000
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Laba 3.000.000". To calculate the profit, we need to subtract the total cost from the total revenue. The total cost is the sum of the fixed cost (1.000.000) and the variable cost per unit (5.000 x 900 = 4.500.000), which equals 5.500.000. The total revenue is the number of units sold (900) multiplied by the selling price per unit (10.000), which equals 9.000.000. Therefore, the profit is 9.000.000 - 5.500.000 = 3.000.000.

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  • 29. 

    Diketahui pada saat harga jeruk 2, permintaannya 100. Kemudian harga jeruk naik menjadi 3, permintaan menjadi 80. Fungsi permintaanya yakni

    • A.

      20 P+40

    • B.

      -20 P+40

    • C.

      -20 P+140

    • D.

      20 P+140

    • E.

      -20 P+20

    Correct Answer
    C. -20 P+140
    Explanation
    The given information states that when the price of oranges is 2, the demand is 100. When the price increases to 3, the demand decreases to 80. By analyzing the data, we can determine that the demand function is a linear equation of the form "P = mQ + b," where P represents the price and Q represents the quantity demanded. Using the given data points, we can calculate the slope (m) as -20 and the y-intercept (b) as 140. Therefore, the demand function can be expressed as -20P + 140.

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  • 30. 

    Diketahui pada saat harga jeruk 2, penawarannya 80. Kemudian harga jeruk naik menjadi 3, permintaan menjadi 100. Fungsi penawarannya yakni

    • A.

      20P+140

    • B.

      -20P+140

    • C.

      -20P+40

    • D.

      20P+40

    • E.

      -20P-40

    Correct Answer
    D. 20P+40
    Explanation
    The given information states that when the price of oranges is 2, the supply is 80. When the price increases to 3, the demand becomes 100. By analyzing this data, we can determine that the supply function is positively related to price, as an increase in price leads to an increase in supply. The equation 20P+40 represents this relationship, where 20P indicates the positive relationship with price and 40 represents the constant term.

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  • 31. 

    Fungsi produk ABC yakni Qd=80-2P, dan Qs = -120+8P. Harga keseimbangannya adalah

    • A.

      40

    • B.

      -40

    • C.

      -20

    • D.

      20

    • E.

      80

    Correct Answer
    D. 20
    Explanation
    The equilibrium price is determined by setting the quantity demanded equal to the quantity supplied. In this case, the quantity demanded (Qd) is given by the equation Qd = 80 - 2P, and the quantity supplied (Qs) is given by the equation Qs = -120 + 8P. By setting these two equations equal to each other and solving for P, we can find the equilibrium price. In this case, when solving the equations, we find that the equilibrium price is 20.

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  • 32. 

    FUngsi produk ABC yakni Qd=80-2P, dan  Qs = -120+8P, jumlah keseimbangannya adalah

    • A.

      -40

    • B.

      40

    • C.

      20

    • D.

      -20

    • E.

      80

    Correct Answer
    B. 40
    Explanation
    The equilibrium quantity is determined by setting the quantity demanded equal to the quantity supplied. In this case, the demand function is Qd=80-2P and the supply function is Qs=-120+8P. By setting these two equations equal to each other and solving for P, we can find the equilibrium price. Substituting this equilibrium price back into either the demand or supply function will give us the equilibrium quantity. In this case, the equilibrium quantity is 40.

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  • 33. 

    Pada saat harga buku 2 permintaannya 100. Harga naik menjadi 3, permintaannya 80. Tentukan koefisien elastisitasnya

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      1

    • D.

      0,2

    • E.

      0,4

    Correct Answer
    E. 0,4
    Explanation
    The coefficient of elasticity measures the responsiveness of demand to changes in price. In this case, when the price of the book increased from 2 to 3, the quantity demanded decreased from 100 to 80. To calculate the coefficient of elasticity, we divide the percentage change in quantity demanded (20%) by the percentage change in price (50%). This gives us a coefficient of 0.4, indicating that the demand for the book is relatively elastic, meaning that a small change in price leads to a relatively larger change in quantity demanded.

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  • 34. 

    Pada saat harga buku 2 permintaannya 100. Harga naik menjadi 3, permintaannya 80. koefisien elastisitasnya bersifat

    • A.

      Elastis

    • B.

      Inelastis

    • C.

      Elastis uniter

    • D.

      Elastis sempurna

    • E.

      Inelastis sempurna

    Correct Answer
    B. Inelastis
    Explanation
    The given information states that when the price of the book increases from 2 to 3, the quantity demanded decreases from 100 to 80. This indicates that the change in quantity demanded is proportionally smaller than the change in price, resulting in a coefficient of elasticity less than 1. Therefore, the demand is inelastic, meaning that a change in price has a relatively smaller impact on the quantity demanded.

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  • 35. 

    Pada saat harga buku 2 penawarannya 80. Harga naik menjadi 3, permintaannya 100. koefisien elastisitasnya adalah

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      1

    • D.

      0,4

    • E.

      0,5

    Correct Answer
    E. 0,5
    Explanation
    The coefficient of elasticity measures the responsiveness of demand to changes in price. In this case, the price of the book increased from 2 to 3, and the quantity demanded increased from 80 to 100. The formula for calculating the coefficient of elasticity is the percentage change in quantity demanded divided by the percentage change in price. In this case, the percentage change in quantity demanded is (100-80)/80 = 0.25, and the percentage change in price is (3-2)/2 = 0.5. Therefore, the coefficient of elasticity is 0.25/0.5 = 0.5. This means that the demand for the book is relatively elastic, indicating that a small increase in price leads to a relatively large decrease in quantity demanded.

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  • 36. 

    Pada saat harga buku 2 penawarannya 80. Harga naik menjadi 3, permintaannya 100. koefisien elastisitasnya bersifat

    • A.

      Elastis

    • B.

      Inelastis

    • C.

      Uniter

    • D.

      Elastis sempurna

    • E.

      Inelastis sempurna

    Correct Answer
    B. Inelastis
    Explanation
    The given information states that when the price of the book increases from 2 to 3, the quantity demanded increases from 80 to 100. This indicates that the change in quantity demanded is not proportionally higher than the change in price. In other words, the demand is not very responsive to price changes, suggesting that the coefficient of elasticity is less than 1. Therefore, the correct answer is "inelastic."

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  • 37. 

    Perhatikan pernyatan berikut: 1) Daya  guna  dapat  diukur dengan  satu  satuan uang.  2) Kepuasan konsumen  hanya dapat  dibandingkan  dengan  produk  lain. 3) Tinggi rendahnya  daya guna  barang  bersifat subjektif. 4) Menggunakan  analisis  kurva indeferen.  5) Barang  bisa dihargai  sehingga  makin besar kepuasan  makin besar  harganya. Yang merupakan  perilaku  konsumen  dengan pendekatan  kardinal  adalah

    • A.

      1,2 dan 3

    • B.

      1,2 dan 4

    • C.

      1,3 dan 4

    • D.

      1,3 dan 5

    • E.

      3,4 dan 5

    Correct Answer
    D. 1,3 dan 5
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1,3 dan 5. The statement 1) indicates that utility can be measured in monetary units, which is a characteristic of cardinal utility. The statement 3) states that the level of utility is subjective, which is another characteristic of cardinal utility. The statement 5) suggests that the price of a good increases with the level of satisfaction, which is also a characteristic of cardinal utility. Therefore, the combination of statements 1, 3, and 5 indicates a consumer behavior approach with a cardinal utility approach.

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  • 38. 

    Perhatikan pernyatan berikut: 1) Daya  guna  dapat  diukur dengan  satu  satuan uang.  2) Kepuasan konsumen  hanya dapat  dibandingkan  dengan  produk  lain. 3) Tinggi rendahnya  daya guna  barang  bersifat subjektif.  4) Menggunakan  analisis  kurva indeferen. 5) Barang  bisa dihargai  sehingga  makin besar kepuasan  makin besar  harganya Yang merupakan  perilaku  konsumen  dengan pendekatan  ordinal  adalah

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      2 dan 3

    • C.

      3 dan 4

    • D.

      4 dan 5

    • E.

      2 dan 4

    Correct Answer
    E. 2 dan 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 and 4. The statement 2) "Kepuasan konsumen hanya dapat dibandingkan dengan produk lain" suggests that consumer satisfaction can only be compared to other products, indicating a relative measurement. This aligns with the ordinal approach, which focuses on ranking preferences rather than assigning specific values. Additionally, statement 4) "Menggunakan analisis kurva indeferen" refers to the use of indifference curve analysis, which is a tool commonly used in ordinal utility theory to understand consumer preferences and choices. Therefore, both statements 2 and 4 support the idea of a consumer behavior approach with an ordinal perspective.

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  • 39. 

    Jumlah Mesin Jml tenaga kerja (L) Total produk (TP) 1 1 orang 10 1 2  orang 22 1 3  orang 36 1 4  orang 52 1 5  orang 60 1 6  orang 65 berdasarkan tabel diatas, berapakah marginal utility (MU) pada saat tenaga kerja 5 orang

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      8

    • C.

      12

    • D.

      14

    • E.

      16

    Correct Answer
    B. 8
    Explanation
    Based on the table, the total product (TP) increases from 52 to 60 when the number of workers increases from 4 to 5. Therefore, the marginal utility (MU) of the 5th worker is 8, which is the difference between the total product with 5 workers (60) and the total product with 4 workers (52).

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  • 40. 

    Jumlah Mesin Jml tenaga kerja (L) Total produk (TP) 1 1 orang 10 1 2 orang 22 1 3 orang 36 1 4 orang 52 1 5 orang 60 1 6 orang 65 Berdasarkan tabel diatas, law diminshing return dimulai pada saat

    • A.

      Jumlah Tenaga kerja 6 orang

    • B.

      Jumlah tenaga kerja 5 orang

    • C.

      Jumlah tenaga kerja 4 orang

    • D.

      Jumlah tenaga kerja 3 orang

    • E.

      Jumlah tenaga kerja 2 orang

    Correct Answer
    B. Jumlah tenaga kerja 5 orang
    Explanation
    Based on the table above, the law of diminishing returns begins when the number of workers reaches 6. This is because the total product (TP) starts to increase at a slower rate compared to the increase in the number of workers. Before reaching 6 workers, the total product increases significantly with each additional worker. However, after reaching 6 workers, the total product only increases slightly or even decreases with each additional worker. Therefore, the correct answer is the number of workers being 5.

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