Latihan Soal : Ginjal

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Latihan Soal : Ginjal - Quiz

Kerjakan soal berikut dengan cermat !


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Perhatikan gambar sistem ekskresi di bawah ini! Nama-nama organ tersebut yang diberi nomor 1, 2, 3, 4 secara berurutan adalah ..... Copy and WIN : http://ow.ly/KNICZ Nama-nama organ tersebut yang diberi nomor 1, 2, 3, 4 secara berurutan adalah ...

    • A.

      Ureter, ginjal, kandung kemih, uretra

    • B.

      Ureter, kandung kemih, uretra, ginjal

    • C.

      Ureter, ginjal, uretra, kandung kemih

    • D.

      Uretra, kandung kemih, ureter, ginjal

    Correct Answer
    D. Uretra, kandung kemih, ureter, ginjal
    Explanation
    The correct order of the organs numbered 1, 2, 3, 4 is uretra, kandung kemih, ureter, ginjal.

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  • 2. 

    Ginjal menyaring zat sisa yang berupa ureum dari dalam...

    Correct Answer
    darah
    Darah
    DARAH
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "darah". The question is asking which substance the kidneys filter from the blood, and the correct answer is "darah" which means "blood" in Indonesian. The repetition of the word "darah" in different formats (lowercase, uppercase) is likely a formatting error and does not affect the correct answer.

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  • 3. 

    Fungsi ginjal yang utama adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Menyaring karbon dioksida

    • B.

      Menyaring plasma darah

    • C.

      Mengeluarkan keringat

    • D.

      Mengeluarkan cairan empedu

    Correct Answer
    B. Menyaring plasma darah
    Explanation
    The main function of the kidneys is to filter the blood plasma. They remove waste products, excess water, and toxins from the bloodstream, which are then excreted as urine. The kidneys also help regulate the balance of electrolytes and maintain the body's pH level. Therefore, the correct answer is "menyaring plasma darah" which means "filtering blood plasma" in English.

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  • 4. 

    Pembentukan urin di ginjal berlangsung dalam 3 tahap, yaitu filtrasi, reabsorbsi, dan augmentasi.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the formation of urine in the kidneys does indeed occur in three stages: filtration, reabsorption, and augmentation. Filtration is the first step where blood is filtered in the glomerulus to remove waste products and excess water. Reabsorption then takes place where useful substances such as glucose and electrolytes are reabsorbed back into the bloodstream. Lastly, augmentation occurs where substances that were not filtered or reabsorbed are added to the urine to further concentrate it. Therefore, the given answer is true.

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  • 5. 

    Satuan unit terkecil di ginjal yang bertugas membentuk urin adalah neuron.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The smallest functional unit in the kidney responsible for forming urine is not a neuron, but rather a nephron. The nephron is a microscopic structure within the kidney that filters blood and produces urine.

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  • 6. 

    Pada manusia yang sehat, ginjal berfungsi untuk menyaring darah. Zat berikut yang ada dalam darah dan urin primer, namun tidak ada di urin sekunder adalah . . . .

    • A.

      Urea

    • B.

      Garam

    • C.

      Glukosa

    • D.

      Urobilin

    Correct Answer
    C. Glukosa
    Explanation
    In a healthy human, the kidneys function to filter the blood. Glucose is a small molecule that is filtered by the kidneys and is present in the primary urine. However, in the process of reabsorption, almost all of the glucose is reabsorbed back into the bloodstream, resulting in very little or no glucose being present in the secondary urine. Therefore, glucose is the correct answer as it is present in the blood and primary urine, but not in the secondary urine.

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  • 7. 

    Salah satu tanda bahwa seseorang menderita kencing manis adalah bila didalam urine nya mengandung  . . . .

    • A.

      Gula

    • B.

      Urea

    • C.

      Amonia

    • D.

      Hemoglobin

    Correct Answer
    A. Gula
    Explanation
    Salah satu tanda bahwa seseorang menderita kencing manis adalah jika urine mereka mengandung gula. Kencing manis, juga dikenal sebagai diabetes, adalah kondisi di mana kadar gula darah seseorang tinggi. Ketika kadar gula darah tinggi, gula akan terlewatkan melalui ginjal dan masuk ke dalam urine. Oleh karena itu, jika urine mengandung gula, ini bisa menjadi indikasi bahwa seseorang menderita kencing manis.

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  • 8. 

    Urine berwarna kuning karena mengandung . . . .

    Correct Answer
    bilirubin
    Bilirubin
    Bilirubin
    billirubin
    billirubin
    Billirubin
    Billirubin
    BILIRUBIN
    BILIRUBIN
    BILLIRUBIN
    BILLIRUBIN
    Explanation
    The correct answer is bilirubin. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that is produced when red blood cells break down. It is processed by the liver and excreted in the urine, giving it a yellow color.

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  • 9. 

    Urine primer dibentuk di dalam kapsula bowman.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. Urine is formed in the Bowman's capsule, which is a part of the nephron in the kidney. The Bowman's capsule is responsible for filtering the blood and removing waste products, such as urea and excess water, to form urine. This process is known as glomerular filtration. Therefore, urine is indeed formed in the Bowman's capsule.

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  • 10. 

    Fungsi Hormon Antidiuretika (ADH) adalah untuk mengatur …

    • A.

      Jumlah urine sedikit

    • B.

      Jumlah urine banyak

    • C.

      Jumlah urine yang banyak dan sedikit

    • D.

      Urine tidak dapat keluar

    Correct Answer
    C. Jumlah urine yang banyak dan sedikit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "jumlah urine yang banyak dan sedikit". Hormon Antidiuretika (ADH) regulates the amount of urine produced by the body. It helps in maintaining the balance of water in the body by reducing the amount of urine produced when the body is dehydrated and increasing it when the body has excess water. Thus, it regulates both the production of a large amount of urine and a small amount of urine.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 13, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Sarahrahma
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