The Landmark Thucydides - Final Exam

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 343

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The Landmark Thucydides - Final Exam

A 25-question final exam on The History of the Peloponnesian War


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What two Greek cities were the primary antogonists in the Peloponnesian War fought between the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League?
    • A. 

      Corinth and Corcyra

    • B. 

      Thebes and Argos

    • C. 

      Athens and Sparta

    • D. 

      Hellas and Sicily

  • 2. 
    Where were Athens and Sparta located, respectively?
    • A. 

      Hellas and Crete

    • B. 

      Attica and the Peloponnesus

    • C. 

      Boethia and Thessaly

    • D. 

      Macedonia and the Hellespont

  • 3. 
    How did Thucydides refer to the 50 years leading up to the war?
    • A. 

      The Pentaliad

    • B. 

      The Pentanomicon

    • C. 

      The Pentateuch

    • D. 

      The Pentacontaetia

  • 4. 
    How were the initial alliances between the two warring sides arranged?
    • A. 

      Corcyra and Athens vs Corinth and Sparta

    • B. 

      Corcyra and Sparta vs Corinth and Athens

    • C. 

      Athens and Sparta vs Corcyra and Corinth

    • D. 

      Athens and Thebes vs Persia and Sparta

  • 5. 
    Who were the two leading Athenian statesmen at the time the war began?
    • A. 

      Orestes and Alcibiades

    • B. 

      Pericles and Themistocles

    • C. 

      Nicias and Demosthenes

    • D. 

      Myronides and Aristophenes

  • 6. 
    What was the single demand in the Spartan ultimatum preceded the war?
    • A. 

      To end the siege of Potidaea.

    • B. 

      To tear down the Long Walls.

    • C. 

      To restore Hellenic independence.

    • D. 

      To rescind the Megarian Decree.

  • 7. 
    According to Pericles, what was the principle military advantage of Athens over the Peloponnesian League?
    • A. 

      The advantage of sea power over land power.

    • B. 

      The agricultural basis of the Peloponnesians' economies.

    • C. 

      The inexperience of the Spartan navy.

    • D. 

      The Peloponnesians' lack of money.

  • 8. 
    What was the Athenians' greatest strategic weakness?
    • A. 

      Democratic government

    • B. 

      Overreliance on naval power

    • C. 

      Disloyal allies

    • D. 

      Geographical location

  • 9. 
    What was the average annual "tribute" paid to Athens by its allies?
    • A. 

      525 pounds of gold.

    • B. 

      15,600 kilograms of silver.

    • C. 

      50 triremes and 500 hoplites.

    • D. 

      4 tons of feta cheese.

  • 10. 
    Why did the Spartans ravage the country around Athens instead of attacking the city in their invasions of Attica?
    • A. 

      They were afraid to battle the Athenian infantry.

    • B. 

      They were waiting for the Theban cavalry to arrive.

    • C. 

      Their siegecraft was insufficient to defeat the Athenian walls.

    • D. 

      The oracle at Delphi told them not to.

  • 11. 
    What Greek city surrendered to Athens and saw all of its male inhabitants subsequently massacred?
    • A. 

      Melos

    • B. 

      Mytilene

    • C. 

      Plataea

    • D. 

      Potidaea

  • 12. 
    What was the name of the bloodthirsty Athenian politician who beat the Spartans at Pylos but was later defeated at Amphipolis?
    • A. 

      Pericles

    • B. 

      Cleon

    • C. 

      Nicias

    • D. 

      Diodotus

  • 13. 
    Who was the brilliant Athenian general whose efforts to reinforce the Sicilian Expedition were in vain?
    • A. 

      Demosthenes

    • B. 

      Alcibiades

    • C. 

      Diodotus

    • D. 

      Themistocles

  • 14. 
    Who was the bold Spartan general whose aggressive strategy and tactics turned the war in the Spartans favor before his death at Amphipolis?
    • A. 

      Brasidas

    • B. 

      Pausanias

    • C. 

      Leonidas

    • D. 

      Nicias

  • 15. 
    Who was the treacherous Athenian politician who at various points throughout the war served Athens, Sparta, and Persia.
    • A. 

      Eurymedon

    • B. 

      Alcibiades

    • C. 

      Hemocrates

    • D. 

      Sophocles

  • 16. 
    What was the most effective Spartan strategy throughout the war, exemplified by the success of Brasidas in forcing Athens to ask for an armistice?
    • A. 

      Invading Attica.

    • B. 

      Building ships.

    • C. 

      Encouraging rebellion by Athenian allies.

    • D. 

      Waging campaigns of attrition.

  • 17. 
    What was the fatal blunder by Athens that decisively turned the course of the war?
    • A. 

      The massacre at Melos.

    • B. 

      The sparing of Mytilene.

    • C. 

      The abandonment of Plataea.

    • D. 

      The expedition to Sicily.

  • 18. 
    Who was the most outspoken opponent of the Sicilian Expedition?
    • A. 

      Alcibiades

    • B. 

      Nicias

    • C. 

      Cleon

    • D. 

      Demosthenes

  • 19. 
    Why were Hemocrates and Athenagoras confident that Syracuse would defeat an Athenian invasion?
    • A. 

      Numbers

    • B. 

      Technology

    • C. 

      Logistics

    • D. 

      Strategy

  • 20. 
    What strategy did the Athenians adopt to defeat Syracuse in the second year of the Sicilian invasion?
    • A. 

      Penetration and pocket capture.

    • B. 

      Buying off Syracuse's allies.

    • C. 

      Blockade by land and sea.

    • D. 

      Feigned withdrawal.

  • 21. 
    Why were the mixed results at the battle of Plemmyrium a major victory for the Syracusan-Peloponnesian alliance despite losing the naval battle to Athens?
    • A. 

      The Athenians were forced to withdraw from the Great Harbor of Syracuse.

    • B. 

      The allies could replace their lost ships more easily than the Athenians could replace their lost troops, stores, and equipment.

    • C. 

      It was the first time the Athenians had been defeated in battle since they arrived in Sicily.

    • D. 

      The Athenians boarded their ships and returned to Athens.

  • 22. 
    Why was the destruction of the Athenian expeditionary force such a crushing blow to Athens?
    • A. 

      They lost more ships than they could afford to replace.

    • B. 

      They lost more hoplites than they could afford to replace.

    • C. 

      They lost more veteran sailors than it was possible to replace.

    • D. 

      The Peloponnesian League had been on the verge of surrender.

  • 23. 
    What was the peculiar Athenian civic custom that contributed greatly to the failure of the Sicilian Expedition?
    • A. 

      Taking the auguries before making strategic decisions.

    • B. 

      No Athenian would fight during the month of September.

    • C. 

      Placing a strict time limit on military campaigns.

    • D. 

      Putting unsuccessful generals on trial.

  • 24. 
    The involvement of what foreign power sealed the fall of Athens.
    • A. 

      Persia

    • B. 

      Egypt

    • C. 

      Crete

    • D. 

      Rome