Journalism History And Media Law

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Journalism History And Media Law - Quiz

This is a quiz about journalism history and the people who are important in the history of journalism in America.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is muckracking?

    • A.

      Practice of finding the best stories to print from a particular day of news

    • B.

      Movement to limit the power of the President

    • C.

      Exposing unfair and dangerous practices in industries

    • D.

      Sensational journalism not always based in truth

    Correct Answer
    C. Exposing unfair and dangerous practices in industries
    Explanation
    Muckracking refers to the act of exposing unfair and dangerous practices in industries. This term originated during the Progressive Era in the early 20th century when investigative journalists aimed to uncover corruption, abuses, and social injustices in various sectors. Muckrakers played a crucial role in raising public awareness and initiating reforms by shedding light on issues such as child labor, unsafe working conditions, and political corruption. Their work often involved in-depth research and reporting to bring about positive change and hold powerful entities accountable.

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  • 2. 

    Yellow journalism can be defined as:

    • A.

      Practice of finding the best stories to print from a particular day of news

    • B.

      Movement to limit the power of the President

    • C.

      Exposing unfair and dangerous practices in industries

    • D.

      Sensational journalism not always based in truth

    Correct Answer
    D. Sensational journalism not always based in truth
    Explanation
    Yellow journalism refers to a type of sensational journalism that prioritizes attracting readers and viewers over reporting accurate and unbiased information. It often involves exaggeration, distortion, and manipulation of facts to create sensationalized stories. This style of journalism focuses on attracting attention and stirring up emotions rather than providing objective and truthful reporting.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is a wire service?

    • A.

      USA Today

    • B.

      New York Times

    • C.

      Western Telegraph

    • D.

      Associated Press

    Correct Answer
    D. Associated Press
    Explanation
    Associated Press is a wire service because it is a news agency that provides news articles and information to other media organizations. Wire services like Associated Press gather news from various sources and distribute it to newspapers, websites, and other media outlets. They play a crucial role in disseminating news quickly and efficiently to a wide audience. USA Today, New York Times, and Western Telegraph are all newspapers or media organizations, but they are not wire services.

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  • 4. 

    What is the Penny Press?

    • A.

      Newspaper in Texas that charged a small fee for its newspaper

    • B.

      Press made out of copper

    • C.

      Founded by Benjamin Day; papers cost a penny

    • D.

      Cost of newspapers in major cities today

    Correct Answer
    C. Founded by Benjamin Day; papers cost a penny
    Explanation
    The Penny Press refers to a newspaper founded by Benjamin Day, where the papers were sold for just one penny. This innovation in the newspaper industry occurred in the 1830s in New York City. It was a significant departure from the previous model of expensive newspapers, making news more accessible to the general public. The use of the term "Penny Press" does not refer to the material used for the press or any specific location, but rather to the affordability and popularity of the newspapers.

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  • 5. 

    What was important about the John Peter Zenger trial?

    • A.

      Established the Partisan press

    • B.

      Established that truth is a defense in libel cases

    • C.

      Established freedom of the press

    • D.

      Won Zenger a large sum of money

    Correct Answer
    B. Established that truth is a defense in libel cases
    Explanation
    The John Peter Zenger trial was important because it established that truth is a defense in libel cases. This means that if a statement is proven to be true, it cannot be considered libelous. This ruling had a significant impact on freedom of the press, as it allowed journalists to report on the truth without fear of legal repercussions. It also set a precedent for future libel cases, ensuring that truth would be a valid defense in similar situations.

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  • 6. 

    Who was Nellie Bly?

    • A.

      Wrote stories about the plight of working women

    • B.

      Lived in an asylum to investigate what was happening there

    • C.

      Traveled around the world

    • D.

      All the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All the above
    Explanation
    Nellie Bly was a journalist who wrote stories about the struggles faced by working women. She also gained fame for her investigative journalism, particularly when she lived in an asylum to expose the mistreatment of patients. Additionally, she became renowned for her record-breaking trip around the world, which she completed in just 72 days. Therefore, the correct answer is "all the above" because Nellie Bly accomplished all of these notable achievements.

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  • 7. 

    Who was a famous photographer that covered the Dust Bowl during the Depression ?

    • A.

      Carl Bernstein

    • B.

      Edward R. Murrow

    • C.

      Howard Stern

    • D.

      Margaret Bourke-White?

    Correct Answer
    D. Margaret Bourke-White?
    Explanation
    Margaret Bourke-White was a famous photographer who covered the Dust Bowl during the Depression. She was known for her powerful and evocative photographs that captured the devastating effects of the Dust Bowl on the lives of people in the American Midwest. Her images brought national attention to the plight of those affected by the environmental disaster and helped raise awareness about the need for government intervention and assistance. Bourke-White's work during this time solidified her reputation as one of the leading photojournalists of her era.

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  • 8. 

    Who was Gloria Steinem?

    • A.

      Magazine editor who lead the feminist movement

    • B.

      Pushed for women's right to vote

    • C.

      One of the nation's first shock jocks

    • D.

      First woman newspaper editor

    Correct Answer
    A. Magazine editor who lead the feminist movement
    Explanation
    Gloria Steinem was a magazine editor who led the feminist movement. She played a significant role in advocating for women's rights and equality. Through her work as an editor, writer, and activist, Steinem became a prominent figure in the feminist movement, addressing issues such as reproductive rights, gender discrimination, and workplace inequality. Her leadership and influence helped shape the feminist movement and inspire women around the world to fight for their rights.

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  • 9. 

    Editor of the first U.S. newspaper, Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestick 

    • A.

      Benjamin Day

    • B.

      Benjamin Harris

    • C.

      Benjamin Franklin

    • D.

      Benjamin Hart

    Correct Answer
    B. Benjamin Harris
    Explanation
    Benjamin Harris is the correct answer because he was the editor of the first U.S. newspaper, Publick Occurrences Both Foreign and Domestick. Benjamin Day, Benjamin Franklin, and Benjamin Hart were not associated with this newspaper.

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  • 10. 

    Which case limits the student press more?

    • A.

      Hazelwood

    • B.

      Tinker

    Correct Answer
    A. Hazelwood
    Explanation
    Hazelwood case limits the student press more than the Tinker case. In the Hazelwood case, the Supreme Court ruled that school officials have the authority to censor school-sponsored publications if they can demonstrate a legitimate educational reason for doing so. This decision allows schools to have more control over the content that is published by students in school-sponsored media. On the other hand, the Tinker case established that students have the right to free speech in schools as long as it does not cause a substantial disruption to the educational environment. However, this case does not give schools the same level of control over student publications as the Hazelwood case does.

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  • 11. 

    Which is censorship?

    • A.

      A school official reviewing the contents of a school newspaper

    • B.

      A school official asking a newspaper staff to remove a story from the paper

    Correct Answer
    B. A school official asking a newspaper staff to remove a story from the paper
    Explanation
    Censorship refers to the act of suppressing or controlling information, typically by an authority figure. In this scenario, the correct answer is a school official asking a newspaper staff to remove a story from the paper. This action involves the restriction of certain content, demonstrating an act of censorship. The school official is exerting control over the information that can be published, limiting the freedom of expression and potentially manipulating the narrative presented in the newspaper.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is not covered in the First Amendment?

    • A.

      Petition the government

    • B.

      Freeedom of religion

    • C.

      Freedom of the press

    • D.

      Right to own a gun

    Correct Answer
    D. Right to own a gun
    Explanation
    The right to own a gun is not covered in the First Amendment. The First Amendment guarantees freedom of speech, religion, press, assembly, and the right to petition the government, but it does not explicitly mention the right to own a gun. The right to bear arms is protected under the Second Amendment of the United States Constitution, not the First Amendment.

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  • 13. 

    The Tinker case involved:

    • A.

      The right to print a negative story

    • B.

      The right to petition the government

    • C.

      Censorship

    • D.

      Right to protest the war

    Correct Answer
    D. Right to protest the war
    Explanation
    The Tinker case involved the right to protest the war. This refers to the landmark Supreme Court case Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District in 1969. In this case, three students wore black armbands to protest the Vietnam War, which led to their suspension. The Supreme Court ruled that students do not "shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression at the schoolhouse gate," affirming their right to protest the war. This case established that students have First Amendment rights while at school, as long as their actions do not significantly disrupt the educational environment.

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  • 14. 

    The  publication of a false statement of fact that seriously harms someone's reputation is called

    • A.

      Muckracking

    • B.

      Libel

    • C.

      Yellow journalism

    • D.

      Censorship

    Correct Answer
    B. Libel
    Explanation
    Libel refers to the act of publishing a false statement of fact that causes significant harm to someone's reputation. Unlike slander, which is spoken defamation, libel involves written or printed statements. It is a legal term used to describe the act of spreading false information about someone that can damage their character or reputation. Libel is a serious offense and can result in legal consequences for the person responsible for spreading the false information.

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