# Instituto Milenium

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Select the correct option in each case

• 1.

### 1 Water _____ at a temperature of 0Â° C.

• A.

Be freezing

• B.

Is freezing

• C.

Freezes

C. Freezes
Explanation
Water freezes at a temperature of 0Â° C.

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• 2.

### 2 In some countries _____ dark all the time in winter.

• A.

There is

• B.

Is

• C.

It is

C. It is
Explanation
In some countries, it is dark all the time in winter. This implies that during the winter season, there are certain countries where there is no daylight and darkness prevails throughout the day. The phrase "it is" is used to refer to the condition or situation being described, which in this case is the darkness in winter.

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• 3.

### 3 In hot countries people wear light clothes _____ cool.

• A.

For keeping

• B.

To keep

• C.

For to keep

B. To keep
Explanation
In hot countries, people wear light clothes to keep cool. Wearing light clothes helps to regulate body temperature and allows for better air circulation, which helps in staying cool in hot weather.

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• 4.

### 4 In Madeira they have _____ weather almost all year.

• A.

The good

• B.

Good

• C.

A good

B. Good
Explanation
In Madeira, they have good weather almost all year.

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• 5.

### 5 Most Mediterranean countries are _____ in October than in April.

• A.

More warm

• B.

The more warm

• C.

Warmer

C. Warmer
Explanation
In this sentence, we are comparing the temperature in October to the temperature in April in Mediterranean countries. The word "warmer" is the correct answer because it is the comparative form of the adjective "warm." It indicates that the temperature in October is higher than the temperature in April.

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• 6.

### 6 Parts of Australia don,t have _____ rain for long periods.

• A.

The

• B.

Some

• C.

Any

C. Any
Explanation
The correct answer is "any" because it implies that there are no parts of Australia that have no rain for long periods. This means that all parts of Australia experience some amount of rain, even if it is not a significant amount. The word "any" is used to indicate the absence of a specific type or amount of something, in this case, the absence of areas without rain for long periods.

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• 7.

### 7 In the Arctic and Antarctic _____ a lot of snow.

• A.

It is

• B.

There is

• C.

It has

B. There is
Explanation
In the Arctic and Antarctic, there is a lot of snow. This implies that the statement is referring to the existence or presence of a large amount of snow in these regions.

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• 8.

### 8 Climate is very important in _____ people's lives.

• A.

Most

• B.

Of most

• C.

The most

A. Most
Explanation
Climate is a crucial factor that significantly impacts people's lives. The word "most" is the correct answer as it indicates that climate plays a significant role in the lives of the majority of people. It implies that climate affects various aspects such as agriculture, health, and overall well-being, making it an essential consideration for individuals worldwide.

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• 9.

### 9 Even now there is _____ we can do to control the weather.

• A.

Little

• B.

Few

• C.

Less

A. Little
Explanation
The word "little" is the correct answer because it means a small amount or quantity. In the given sentence, it suggests that there is not much that can be done to control the weather. The words "few" and "less" do not fit in the context of the sentence as they imply a small number or a smaller amount, rather than the idea of limited control.

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• 10.

### 10 In the future _____ to get a lot of power from the sun and the wind.

• A.

Weâ€™ll need

• B.

We are needing

• C.

We can need

A. Weâ€™ll need
Explanation
In the future, it will be necessary to harness a significant amount of power from the sun and the wind. This implies that there will be a demand for renewable energy sources, indicating that "we'll need" is the correct answer. The phrase "we are needing" is grammatically incorrect, and "we can need" does not convey the same sense of necessity as "we'll need."

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• 11.

### 11 Pele is still perhaps _____ famous footballer in the world.

• A.

Most

• B.

The most

• C.

The more

B. The most
Explanation
Pele is still perhaps the most famous footballer in the world. This means that Pele is considered to be the most well-known or renowned football player compared to all others. The phrase "the most" is used to indicate the highest degree or level of fame in this context.

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• 12.

### 12 He _____ born in 1940.

• A.

• B.

Is

• C.

Was

C. Was
Explanation
The correct answer is "was" because the sentence is referring to a specific point in the past (1940) when the person was born. The past tense form of the verb "be" is "was" for singular subjects like "he."

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• 13.

### 13 His mother _____ him to be a footballer.

• A.

Not want

• B.

Wasnâ€™t wanting

• C.

Didnâ€™t want

C. Didnâ€™t want
Explanation
The correct answer is "didn't want." This is because the sentence is referring to an action in the past, and the verb "didn't want" is the correct past tense form of "not want."

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• 14.

### 14 But he _____ to watch his father play.

• A.

Used

• B.

Ought

• C.

Has used

A. Used
Explanation
The correct answer is "used". This is because the verb "used" is the simple past tense form of the verb "use". In the given sentence, it indicates that the person in question watched his father play in the past. The other options, "ought" and "has used", do not fit the context of the sentence as they do not convey the same past tense meaning.

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• 15.

### 15 His father _____ practise every day.

• A.

• B.

• C.

Would make him to

Explanation
The correct answer is "made him". In this sentence, the subject "his father" is the one who is performing the action of making someone do something. The verb "made" is followed by the pronoun "him", indicating that someone else is being influenced or forced to do something. The phrase "to practise every day" completes the action, indicating what the father made him do.

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• 16.

### 16 He learned to use _____ his right.

• A.

Or his left foot or

• B.

And his left foot and

• C.

Both his left foot and

C. Both his left foot and
Explanation
The correct answer is "both his left foot and". This means that he learned to use not only his left foot but also his right foot.

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• 17.

### 17 He got the name Pele when he _____ .

• A.

• B.

Was only ten

• C.

Was only ten years

B. Was only ten
Explanation
The correct answer is "was only ten". This implies that at the age of ten, he acquired the name Pele.

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• 18.

### 18 By 1956 he _____ Santos and had scored in his first game.

• A.

Has joined

• B.

Joined

• C.

Explanation
The correct answer is "had joined." This is because the sentence is in past perfect tense, indicating an action that occurred before another past action. The phrase "by 1956" suggests that the joining of Santos happened before the scoring in the first game.

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• 19.

### 19 In 1957 he _____ for the Brazilian national team.

• A.

Has been picked

• B.

Was picked

• C.

Was picking

B. Was picked
Explanation
In 1957, he was selected to play for the Brazilian national team.

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• 20.

### 20 The World Cup Finals were in 1958 and Pele was looking forward _____ .

• A.

To play

• B.

To playing

• C.

To be playing

B. To playing
Explanation
In this sentence, "looking forward to" is followed by a verb, indicating an action that is anticipated or desired. The correct form is "to playing" because it uses the gerund form of the verb "play". This construction is commonly used after "look forward to" to express excitement or anticipation for a future action.

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• 21.

### 21 But he hurt _____ knee in a game in Brazil.

• A.

This

• B.

The

• C.

His

C. His
Explanation
The correct answer is "his" because the sentence is referring to a specific person's knee injury. The possessive pronoun "his" indicates that the knee that was hurt belongs to the person mentioned earlier in the context.

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• 22.

### 22 He thought he _____ be able to play in the finals in Sweden.

• A.

Isnâ€™t going

• B.

To couldnâ€™t

• C.

Wasnâ€™t going to

C. Wasnâ€™t going to
Explanation
The correct answer is "wasn't going to." This is because the sentence is referring to a past thought or belief about the future. The use of "wasn't going to" indicates that the person had the belief or expectation that they would not be able to play in the finals in Sweden.

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• 23.

### 23 If he _____ so important to the team, he would have been left behind.

• A.

• B.

Werenâ€™t

• C.

Wouldnâ€™t be

Explanation
The correct answer is "hadn't been." This is because the sentence is in the past conditional form, indicating a hypothetical situation that did not occur. The phrase "If he hadn't been so important to the team" suggests that he was indeed important to the team, but the speaker is speculating that if he hadn't been important, he would have been left behind.

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• 24.

### 24 But he was _____ brilliant player, they took him anyway.

• A.

A such

• B.

Such a

• C.

A so

B. Such a
Explanation
The correct answer is "such a". In this sentence, "such a" is used to describe the noun "player" and is followed by an adjective "brilliant". This construction is used to emphasize the quality or characteristics of the player.

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• 25.

### 25 And _____ he was injured he helped Brazil to win the final.

• A.

Even though

• B.

Even so

• C.

In spite of

A. Even though
Explanation
Even though he was injured, he helped Brazil to win the final. This phrase indicates that despite the fact that he was injured, he still managed to contribute to Brazil's victory in the final. It emphasizes the resilience and determination of the individual, highlighting their ability to overcome obstacles and perform at a high level despite their injury.

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• 26.

### The history of the World Cup is _____ short one.

• A.

Quite a

• B.

A quite

• C.

Quite

A. Quite a
Explanation
The correct answer is "quite a." This phrase is used to indicate that the history of the World Cup is not short, but rather quite long. The addition of "a" before "short one" emphasizes the extent or degree of the length of the history.

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• 27.

### Football _____ played for

• A.

Has been

• B.

Is being

• C.

Was

A. Has been
Explanation
The correct answer is "has been". This is because the sentence is referring to a past action that started in the past and is still continuing in the present. "Has been" is the present perfect tense, which is used to indicate an action that began in the past and has a connection to the present.

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• 28.

### _____ a hundred years, but the first World Cup

• A.

Above

• B.

Over

• C.

More that

B. Over
Explanation
The word "over" is the correct answer because it is used to indicate a period of time that has passed or elapsed. In this context, it suggests that the first World Cup took more than a hundred years to occur, emphasizing the long duration it took for the event to take place.

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• 29.

### Competition _____ held until 1930.

• A.

Did not be

• B.

Was not

• C.

Was not being

B. Was not
Explanation
The correct answer is "was not." This is because the sentence is referring to a past event, specifically the competition, and the verb "held" is already in the past tense. Therefore, the correct form of the verb "to be" to use in this context is "was not."

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• 30.

### Uruguay _____ the Olympic football

• A.

Could win

• B.

Were winning

• C.

Explanation
The correct answer is "had won." This is because the sentence is referring to a past event that occurred before another past event. The word "had" is used to indicate that the winning of the Olympic football happened before the time being referred to in the sentence.

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• 31.

### Final in 1924 and 1928 and wanted _____ World Champions for the third time.

• A.

Be

• B.

Being

• C.

To be

C. To be
Explanation
The sentence is discussing someone who was already a world champion in 1924 and 1928 and now wants to become a world champion for the third time. The phrase "to be" is the correct choice because it indicates the person's desire or intention to achieve this goal. The other options ("be" and "being") do not convey the same meaning and are grammatically incorrect in this context.

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• 32.

### Four teams entered from Europe, but with _____ success.

• A.

A little

• B.

Few

• C.

Little

C. Little
Explanation
The phrase "but with little success" indicates that the teams from Europe did not achieve much success. The word "little" is used to describe the level of success, emphasizing that it was minimal or almost nonexistent.

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• 33.

### It was the first time _____ professional teams

• A.

Which

• B.

That

• C.

When

B. That
Explanation
The correct answer is "that". "That" is used to introduce a defining clause, which provides essential information about the noun "professional teams". In this context, "that" is necessary to clarify that it was the first time specifically for professional teams, emphasizing their significance in the situation.

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• 34.

### _____ for a world title.

• A.

Are playing

• B.

Would play

• C.

Explanation
The phrase "had played" is the correct answer because it is used to express a past action that occurred before another past event. In this case, the action of playing for a world title happened in the past before the present moment. The other options, "are playing" and "would play," do not convey the same sense of a completed action in the past.

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• 35.

### It wasnâ€™t until four years _____ that a

• A.

Later

• B.

More

• C.

Further

A. Later
Explanation
The word "later" is the correct answer because it fits grammatically and makes sense in the sentence. The phrase "It wasn't until four years later" indicates that a certain event or action did not happen until four years after a previous point in time. The word "later" effectively conveys this meaning and completes the sentence.

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• 36.

### European team succeeded _____

• A.

To win

• B.

In winning

• C.

At winning

B. In winning
Explanation
The phrase "in winning" is the correct answer because it accurately expresses the success of the European team. The preposition "in" is used to indicate the manner or means by which the team succeeded, emphasizing their achievement in the act of winning.

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• 37.

### For _____ first time. The 1934 World Cup was

• A.

The

• B.

A

• C.

Its

A. The
Explanation
The correct answer is "the." In this sentence, "the" is used to indicate that the 1934 World Cup was the first time something happened. It is a definite article that specifies a particular event or occurrence.

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• 38.

### Again won by _____ home team,

• A.

A

• B.

The

• C.

One

B. The
Explanation
The word "the" is the correct answer because it is the definite article used before a noun to indicate that it is a particular one. In this context, it suggests that the home team has won again, emphasizing their consistent success.

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• 39.

### _____ has been the case several times since

• A.

What

• B.

This

• C.

Which

C. Which
Explanation
The word "which" is the correct answer because it is used to refer to a specific thing or idea mentioned previously. In this case, it is referring to something that has been the case several times since a certain point in time. The word "what" is used to ask for information or to introduce a clause, while the word "this" is used to refer to something that is close to the speaker or has just been mentioned. Therefore, "which" is the most appropriate choice in this context.

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• 40.

### Then. The 1934 final was _____ two

• A.

Among

• B.

Between

• C.

Against

B. Between
Explanation
The word "between" is the correct answer because it is used to show a relationship or connection between two things. In this case, it is indicating that the 1934 final involved two teams or participants. The other options, "among" and "against," do not convey the same meaning of a specific relationship between two entities.

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• 41.

### European teams, Czechoslovakia and Italy, _____ won,

• A.

Which

• B.

That

• C.

Who

A. Which
Explanation
The word "which" is the correct answer because it is used to refer to the two European teams, Czechoslovakia and Italy, in the sentence. It is commonly used to introduce a relative clause and provide additional information about a noun or pronoun. In this case, "which" is used to indicate that the two teams won, giving further details about them.

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• 42.

### Went on _____ the 1938 final. Winning

• A.

To win

• B.

Winning

• C.

To have won

B. Winning
Explanation
The correct answer is "winning". In this sentence, the phrase "went on" indicates that an action occurred in the past. The word "winning" is a present participle that functions as an adjective, describing the action of winning. Therefore, "winning" is the appropriate choice as it describes the action that took place during the 1938 final.

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• 43.

### Successive finals is something that _____ achieved

• A.

Is not

• B.

Was not

• C.

Has not been

B. Was not
Explanation
The correct answer "was not" suggests that achieving successive finals is something that did not happen in the past. This implies that there were no consecutive final achievements in the past.

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• 44.

### Again until Brazil did _____ in 1958 and 1962. If Brazil

• A.

These

• B.

Them

• C.

It

C. It
Explanation
Brazil did not win the FIFA World Cup again until 1958 and 1962. The word "it" in the given answer refers to winning the World Cup. This means that Brazil did not achieve victory in the tournament until the mentioned years.

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• 45.

### _____ in 1966 then the

• A.

Would have won

• B.

Would win

• C.

Explanation
The given sentence is in the past tense and is expressing a hypothetical situation that did not occur. The phrase "had won" is the correct answer because it is the past perfect tense, which is used to indicate an action that occurred before another past action. In this case, the sentence suggests that if something had happened in 1966, then the team would have won.

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• 46.

### Authorities would have needed to _____ the original World Cup replaced.

• A.

Have

• B.

Let

• C.

Make

A. Have
Explanation
The blank space in the sentence indicates that the authorities needed to take some action regarding the original World Cup. The word "have" suggests that they would have needed to do something, implying that they were responsible for a certain task or decision related to replacing the original World Cup.

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• 47.

### But England stopped the Brazilians _____ a third successive win. An England player,

• A.

To get

• B.

Getting

• C.

Get

A. To get
Explanation
The correct answer is "to get." In this context, "to get" is the correct form of the verb to complete the sentence. It implies that England prevented the Brazilians from achieving a third successive win.

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• 48.

### Geoff Hurst, scored three goals in the final and won it almost _____

• A.

By his own

• B.

On himself

• C.

By himself

C. By himself
Explanation
In the given question, the phrase "scored three goals in the final and won it almost" suggests that Geoff Hurst achieved a significant feat on his own. The phrase "by himself" accurately completes the sentence by indicating that he accomplished this feat without much assistance or support from others.

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• 49.

### 1966 proved _____ the last year that England

• A.

Being

• B.

As being

• C.

To be

C. To be
Explanation
In this sentence, the verb "proved" requires an infinitive complement to complete its meaning. The correct preposition to use after "proved" is "to," which is followed by the infinitive form of the verb "be." Therefore, the correct answer is "to be." This construction indicates that 1966 was the last year that England was in a certain state or condition.

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• 50.

• A.

Would

• B.

Will

• C.

Did