# Gerunds And Infinitives Practice + Parallel Structure

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Practice using gerunds and infinitive forms appropriately, as well as keeping parallel structure in your statements.

• 1.

### He regretted _________________ her his favorite shirt.

• A.

Give

• B.

Giving

• C.

To give

B. Giving
Explanation
The correct answer is "giving" because it is the correct form of the verb to use in this context. The sentence is in the past tense, so the verb should also be in the past tense. "Giving" is the past participle form of the verb "give" and is used to show an action that has already happened. Therefore, the sentence should read "He regretted giving her his favorite shirt."

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• 2.

### George needs Margaret _______________ him walk.

• A.

Help

• B.

To help

• C.

Helping

B. To help
Explanation
George needs Margaret to help him walk. The verb "needs" is followed by an infinitive form of the verb "help" (to help). This construction is used to express that George requires Margaret's assistance in the action of walking. The phrase "to help" functions as the object of the verb "needs" in this sentence.

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• 3.

### Nancy suggested ___________ to the lake this weekend.

• A.

Go

• B.

Going

• C.

To go

B. Going
Explanation
Nancy suggested "going" to the lake this weekend. This implies that Nancy proposed the idea of going to the lake as an activity for the upcoming weekend. The word "going" is the present participle form of the verb "go" and is used to indicate an ongoing action or a future plan. Therefore, it is the most appropriate choice in this context.

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• 4.

### I cannot allow you ___________________ out driving in this weather.

• A.

Go

• B.

Going

• C.

To go

C. To go
Explanation
The sentence is expressing a prohibition or refusal to allow someone to do something. The verb "allow" is followed by the infinitive form of the verb "to go" in this case. The infinitive form is used to express the purpose or intention of an action. Therefore, "to go" is the correct answer as it correctly completes the sentence and conveys the intended meaning.

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• 5.

### Elizabeth claims __________ the president of the company.

• A.

Knows

• B.

To know

• C.

Knowing

B. To know
Explanation
Elizabeth claims "to know" the president of the company. In this sentence, "to know" is used as an infinitive verb phrase to show Elizabeth's intention or purpose. It indicates that she asserts her knowledge or familiarity with the president of the company. The infinitive form "to know" is the correct choice here because it follows the verb "claims" and fits grammatically in the sentence structure.

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• 6.

### We should urge them ___________ us more often.

• A.

Visiting

• B.

To visit

• C.

Visit

B. To visit
Explanation
The correct answer is "to visit" because the phrase "urge them" implies a request or encouragement for someone to do something. In this case, the blank should be filled with an infinitive verb phrase, which is "to visit." This suggests that the speaker wants or encourages the subject to visit them more often.

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• 7.

### The doctor recommended _________________ every day for extra exercise.

• A.

Walk

• B.

Walking

• C.

To walk

B. Walking
Explanation
The doctor recommended "walking" every day for extra exercise. This is because walking is a form of physical activity that can be easily incorporated into daily routines. It is a low-impact exercise that helps improve cardiovascular health, strengthen muscles, and maintain a healthy weight. Walking also has mental health benefits, such as reducing stress and improving mood. Therefore, the doctor's recommendation of walking aligns with the goal of promoting overall well-being through regular physical activity.

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• 8.

### If you don't hand your assignment on time, you risk __________________ a lower grade.

• A.

Receiving

• B.

• C.

A. Receiving
Explanation
If you don't hand your assignment on time, you risk receiving a lower grade. This means that if you fail to submit your assignment by the designated deadline, there is a possibility that you will be given a lower grade as a consequence.

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• 9.

### Please don't hesitate ____________me at home.

• A.

Call

• B.

To call

• C.

Calling

B. To call
Explanation
The sentence is asking the person not to hesitate to do something. In this case, the action is "calling." So, the correct answer is "to call" because it is the infinitive form of the verb and fits grammatically in the sentence.

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• 10.

### If you care ___________ the apartment again, please give me a call.

• A.

Seeing

• B.

See

• C.

To see

C. To see
Explanation
The phrase "If you care to see the apartment again" suggests that the speaker is offering the opportunity to visit the apartment once more. The phrase "care to" is often used to politely invite someone to do something or to express willingness. In this context, it implies that the speaker is open to the idea of the person visiting the apartment again and wants them to contact them if they are interested.

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• 11.

### What expression needs TO BE CHANGED in the next statement for it to be correct?   There are dishes to do, floors to mop and that garbage should be emptied.

• A.

Dishes to do

• B.

Floors to mop

• C.

That garbage should be emptied

C. That garbage should be emptied
Explanation
The expression "that garbage should be emptied" needs to be changed in the next statement for it to be correct.

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• 12.

### What expression needs TO BE CHANGED in the next statement for it to be correct?                 How to pronounce English is more difficult than reading it.

• A.

How to pronounce English

• B.

• C.

This statement is correct

A. How to pronounce English
Explanation
The expression "How to pronounce English" needs to be changed in the next statement for it to be correct.

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• 13.

### What expression needs TO BE CHANGED in the next statement for it to be correct?        My legs are longer than yours, which makes running and to jump easier for me than they are for you.

• A.

To jump

• B.

They are for you

• C.

This statement is correct.

A. To jump
Explanation
The expression "to jump" needs to be changed in the next statement for it to be correct.

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• 14.

### What expression needs TO BE CHANGED in the next statement for it to be correct?        Reading a good book can be as much fun as when you watch a movie.

• A.

• B.

When you watch a movie

• C.

Watch a movie

B. When you watch a movie
Explanation
The expression "when you watch a movie" needs to be changed in the next statement for it to be correct.

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• 15.

### What expression needs TO BE CHANGED in the next statement for it to be correct?         Jake suggested  that we take his car or walking to the auditorium.

• A.

take his car

• B.

Walking to the auditorium

• C.

This statement is correct.

B. Walking to the auditorium
Explanation
The expression "walking to the auditorium" needs to be changed in the next statement for it to be correct.

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• 16.

### I must remember ________________ (invite) George to my party.

to invite
Explanation
The correct answer is "to invite" because the sentence is expressing the necessity or obligation to remember to invite George to the party. The phrase "to invite" indicates the action that needs to be remembered.

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• 17.

### As I was going home, I stopped ____________(have) a look at a shoe shop.

to have
Explanation
The correct answer is "to have." In this sentence, the phrase "to have" is used to indicate the purpose or intention of stopping at the shoe shop. It implies that the person stopped in order to take a look at the shoe shop.

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• 18.

### They don't allow us _________________(chew) gum in class.

to chew
Explanation
The correct answer is "to chew" because it completes the sentence and makes it grammatically correct. The phrase "to chew" is used as an infinitive verb phrase to show the action of chewing gum. The sentence implies that the speaker is not allowed to chew gum in class.

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• 19.

### Joe forgot ______________(lock) the door last night.

to lock
Explanation
Joe forgot to lock the door last night.

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• 20.

### I remember  __________ (visit) you last year.

visiting
Explanation
The correct answer is "visiting" because the sentence is in the past tense and requires a past participle form of the verb "visit." "Visiting" is the correct past participle form of the verb "visit."

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• 21.

• A.

• B.

It takes longer than mine

• C.

Takes longer than my recipe

C. Takes longer than my recipe
Explanation
The correct answer is "takes longer than my recipe". This answer completes the sentence by comparing the time it takes for the bread to be made using the other person's recipe with the time it takes for the bread to be made using the speaker's own recipe. The phrase "takes longer than my recipe" indicates that the other person's recipe requires more time than the speaker's recipe, but the resulting bread is still of good quality.

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• 22.

### In addition to being a successful mother, actress, and a  ________________, Thelma is the president of her own company.

• A.

She writes

• B.

To write

• C.

Writer

C. Writer
Explanation
Thelma is described as being successful in multiple roles, including being a mother, actress, and a writer. This suggests that she has achieved success in her writing career, which is further emphasized by the fact that she is also the president of her own company.

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• 23.

### Too much stress can cause sleeplessness, depression, and _____________________.

• A.

Lack of appetite

• B.

You don't want to eat

• C.

Lack of appetite is caused

A. Lack of appetite
Explanation
Too much stress can cause sleeplessness, depression, and lack of appetite. When a person is under excessive stress, their body releases stress hormones that can disrupt their normal sleep patterns, leading to sleeplessness. Additionally, chronic stress can also contribute to the development of depression, which often causes a loss of interest or pleasure in activities, including eating. This loss of interest in food can result in a lack of appetite.

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• 24.

### Getting something is not always as easy as ________________.

• A.

Wanting it

• B.

When you want it

• C.

To want it

A. Wanting it
Explanation
The correct answer is "wanting it" because the sentence is expressing that obtaining something is not always simple or straightforward just by desiring or wishing for it. It implies that there may be obstacles or difficulties involved in acquiring what one wants.

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• 25.

### Automobile accidents are far more frequent than _____________

• A.

Having an accident in an airplane.

• B.

Airplanes have accidents.

• C.

Airplane accidents.

C. Airplane accidents.
Explanation
The correct answer is "airplane accidents." This is because the sentence is comparing the frequency of automobile accidents to the frequency of accidents in airplanes. The word "more" indicates that the accidents in airplanes are being compared to something else, and since the sentence only mentions automobile accidents, it can be inferred that the missing phrase is "automobile accidents." Therefore, the correct answer is "airplane accidents."

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• Current Version
• Mar 20, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Jan 25, 2013
Quiz Created by
KatyaMerino

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