Final Exam Review

113 Questions | Total Attempts: 19

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Body Quizzes & Trivia

Prepare for the final exam in A&P 1.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the anatomical term for "towards the front or belly side" of the body?
    • A. 

      Posterior

    • B. 

      Anterior

    • C. 

      Ventral

    • D. 

      Dorsal

  • 2. 
    What anatomical term describes "towards the back"?
    • A. 

      Frontal

    • B. 

      Superior

    • C. 

      Distal

    • D. 

      Posterior

  • 3. 
    What is "toward the midline"?
    • A. 

      Proximal

    • B. 

      Distal

    • C. 

      Lateral

    • D. 

      Medial

  • 4. 
    What term describes "away from the midline"?
    • A. 

      Lateral

    • B. 

      Proximal

    • C. 

      Inferior

    • D. 

      Distal

  • 5. 
    What are the monomers of carbohydrates called?
    • A. 

      Polysaccharides

    • B. 

      Disaccharides

    • C. 

      Monosaccharides

    • D. 

      Lipid

  • 6. 
    Atoms--->molecules--->macromolecules--->  ________?
    • A. 

      Organelle

    • B. 

      Axon

    • C. 

      Neuron

    • D. 

      Organ system

  • 7. 
    The wall of the abdominopelvic cavity is lined with which membrane?
    • A. 

      Parietal pericardium

    • B. 

      Visceral peritoneum

    • C. 

      Parietal peritoneum

    • D. 

      Visceral pleura

  • 8. 
    Which is an example of homeostasis?
    • A. 

      Sweating

    • B. 

      Shivering

    • C. 

      Increased heart rate

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 9. 
    What kind of plane separates the superior from the inferior? Anterior from posterior?
    • A. 

      Saggittal/Transverse

    • B. 

      Frontal/Transverse

    • C. 

      Transverse/Frontal

    • D. 

      Coronal/Sagittal

  • 10. 
    What kind of bond is formed when electrons are shared between two atoms?
    • A. 

      Peptide bond

    • B. 

      Covalent bond

    • C. 

      Ionic bond

    • D. 

      Polypeptide bond

  • 11. 
    Subatomic particles located around the nucleus of an atom are called ______?
    • A. 

      Atom

    • B. 

      Molecule

    • C. 

      Micromolecule

    • D. 

      Valence electrons

  • 12. 
    What monomers make up proteins? 
    • A. 

      Amino acids

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Glycogen

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates

  • 13. 
    What is an isotope?
    • A. 

      Atoms that have the same atomic numbers and atomic weight

    • B. 

      Atoms that have the different atomic numbers but the same weight

    • C. 

      Atoms that have the same atomic numbers but different atomic weight

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 14. 
    Which of the four organic compounds provides much of the structure and function of the body?  Examples include keratin and hemoglobin
    • A. 

      Carbohydrates

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Saturated fats

    • D. 

      Protein

  • 15. 
    What ion makes things more acidic?
    • A. 

      Buffers

    • B. 

      Acids

    • C. 

      Bases

    • D. 

      Simple diffusion

  • 16. 
    Which is an example of simple diffusion?
    • A. 

      Sugar cube in H2o

    • B. 

      Air freshener in a room

    • C. 

      Sugar cube in H2o and air freshener in a room

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 17. 
    Which solution has more solute than solution; cell shrinks?
    • A. 

      Isotonic

    • B. 

      Osmotic

    • C. 

      Hypotonic

    • D. 

      Hypertonic

  • 18. 
    Which solution does not have a lot of solute; cell swells/bursts?
    • A. 

      Hypertonic

    • B. 

      Hypotonic

    • C. 

      Isotonic

    • D. 

      Osmotic

  • 19. 
    Which solution does the cell stay the same and has the same osmotic pressure as body fluids ?
    • A. 

      Isotonic

    • B. 

      Osmotic

    • C. 

      Hypertonic

    • D. 

      Hypotonic

  • 20. 
    What do ribosomes do?
    • A. 

      Function in protein synthesis

    • B. 

      Function in membrane transport

    • C. 

      Act as carrier proteins

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 21. 
    What is the bulk uptake of material through the cell membrane by vesicle formation called?
    • A. 

      Exocytosis

    • B. 

      Anerobic respiration

    • C. 

      Aerobic respiration

    • D. 

      Endocytosis

  • 22. 
    What is active transport? What does it require?
    • A. 

      The loss of electrons from a substance; no energy is needed

    • B. 

      The addition of electrons to a substance; energy

    • C. 

      Molecules that move from low to high concentration; carrier proteins and eneergy

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 23. 
    Saturated fats have _________ kind of bond between carbon atoms.
  • 24. 
    Unsaturated fats have what kind of bond?
  • 25. 
    Transcribe the DNA to mRNA:   ATTGCAAT
    • A. 

      TCCGUUA

    • B. 

      UAACGUUA

    • C. 

      AAUGTTCU

    • D. 

      GGUATTCC

  • 26. 
    Plasma  membrane phospholipids have _________ heads and ___________ tails.
  • 27. 
    DNA replication is semiconservative with one ________ and one _________ strand.
  • 28. 
    Cytoplasm is found ________.
  • 29. 
    The process that forms two daughter cells with the same amount of DNA as the parent cells is ________.
  • 30. 
    What is the primary structure of a protein?
  • 31. 
    What type of muscle is striated and voluntary?
    • A. 

      Smooth

    • B. 

      Skeletal

    • C. 

      Nervous tissue

    • D. 

      Cardiac

  • 32. 
    What type of muscle is striated and involuntary?
    • A. 

      Cartilage

    • B. 

      Smooth

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 33. 
    What type of muscle is non-striated and involuntary?
    • A. 

      Smooth

    • B. 

      Skeletal

    • C. 

      Cardiac

    • D. 

      Hyaline cartilage

  • 34. 
    The way we classify epithelial tissue depends on ______
    • A. 

      The shape of cells

    • B. 

      The number of layers

    • C. 

      Both A & B

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 35. 
    Cartilage heals slowly because it is ________, (has no blood supply)
  • 36. 
    Where is reticular CT found?
    • A. 

      In skeletal muscle

    • B. 

      Bone

    • C. 

      Blood

    • D. 

      Basement membranes and lymphatic organs such as the thymus and spleen

  • 37. 
    Which tissue has a fluid matrix?
    • A. 

      Epithelial

    • B. 

      Connective

    • C. 

      Blood

    • D. 

      Bone

  • 38. 
    What are the basic units of bone called?
    • A. 

      Caniliculi

    • B. 

      Osteocytes

    • C. 

      Lamella

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 39. 
    What kind of tissue makes up tendons and ligaments?
    • A. 

      Collagen

    • B. 

      Dense regular CT

    • C. 

      Dense irregular CT

    • D. 

      Adipose

  • 40. 
    The skin is a part of the ________ system
    • A. 

      Respiratory

    • B. 

      Secretory

    • C. 

      Integumentary

    • D. 

      Execretory

  • 41. 
    What is the outermost layer of the skin called?
    • A. 

      Dermis

    • B. 

      Epidermis

    • C. 

      Stratum corneum

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 42. 
    What happens to skin as you age?
    • A. 

      Collagen increases

    • B. 

      Skin thickens and hardens

    • C. 

      Skin looses it's elasticity, wrinkles, and sags

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 43. 
    What kind of muscle moves food through the digestive tract?
    • A. 

      Adipose

    • B. 

      Skeletal

    • C. 

      Striated

    • D. 

      Smooth

  • 44. 
    What type of tissue acts as an insulator and a site of energy storage?
    • A. 

      Dense regular CT

    • B. 

      Epithelial CT

    • C. 

      Areolar CT

    • D. 

      Adipose

  • 45. 
    What kind of cells produce  cartilage matrix?
    • A. 

      Osteocytes

    • B. 

      Chondrocytes

    • C. 

      Lamella

    • D. 

      Chondroblasts

  • 46. 
    What is ear wax called?
    • A. 

      Sebacious

    • B. 

      Merocrine

    • C. 

      Ceruminous

    • D. 

      Endocrine

  • 47. 
    What makes up the hypodermis or subcutaneous tissue of the skin?
    • A. 

      Adipose & blood vessels

    • B. 

      Blood

    • C. 

      Dense CT

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 48. 
    Which muscles contract to form "goose bumps"?
    • A. 

      Skeletal

    • B. 

      Cilia

    • C. 

      Microvilli

    • D. 

      Arrector pili

  • 49. 
    What kind of sweat glands cause body odor?
    • A. 

      Merocrine

    • B. 

      Sebacious

    • C. 

      A & B

    • D. 

      Apocrine

  • 50. 
    What makes up the capillary walls?
    • A. 

      Skin

    • B. 

      Simple cuboidal ET

    • C. 

      Simple squamous ET

    • D. 

      Stratum lucidum

  • 51. 
    Which sensation do Pacinian corpuscles detect?
    • A. 

      Taste

    • B. 

      Smell

    • C. 

      Sight

    • D. 

      Deep pressure

  • 52. 
    What layer of the epidermis is only found in thick skin?
    • A. 

      Stratum lucidum

    • B. 

      Stratum basale

    • C. 

      Stratum corneum

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 53. 
    If a burn has pain and blisters, it is what kind of burn?
    • A. 

      1st degree

    • B. 

      2nd degree

    • C. 

      3rd degree

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 54. 
    What is the purpose of the fingernails?
    • A. 

      For scratching

    • B. 

      Protection of the digits

    • C. 

      A & B

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 55. 
    The shaft of the bone is called its __________
  • 56. 
    The cheek bone is also called the _________ bone.
  • 57. 
    The front tarsal bone that articulates with the tibia and fibula is called _________?
  • 58. 
    What is your lateral forearm bone called?
  • 59. 
    What lines the medullary cavity?
  • 60. 
    Where is the sagittal suture found?
    • A. 

      Between the frontal and occipital bones

    • B. 

      Between the spenoid and temporal bones

    • C. 

      Between the two parietal bones

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 61. 
    The upper jaw is also known as_______.
    • A. 

      Mandible

    • B. 

      Maxilla

    • C. 

      Hyoid

    • D. 

      NONE OF THESE

  • 62. 
    What does the endomyseum surround?
    • A. 

      Neurons

    • B. 

      Axons

    • C. 

      Muscle fibers

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 63. 
    What ion does the sarcoplasmic reticulum store?
    • A. 

      Acetocholine

    • B. 

      ATP

    • C. 

      Sodium

    • D. 

      Calcium

  • 64. 
    What kind of join restricts movement to rotation only?
    • A. 

      Pivot

    • B. 

      Synovial

    • C. 

      Sesamoid

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 65. 
    A synchondrosis contains __________ cartilage.
    • A. 

      Embryonic

    • B. 

      Elastic

    • C. 

      Hyaline

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 66. 
    What type of joints unite 2 bones by means of fibrocartilage or hyaline cartilage?
    • A. 

      Ribs

    • B. 

      Joint between the first rib and manubrium and the epiphyseal plate

    • C. 

      A & B

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 67. 
    T Tubules are invaginations of the cell membrane of a muscle known as its __________.
    • A. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • B. 

      Sarcoplasmic reticulum

    • C. 

      Sarcolemma

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 68. 
    The tooth in it's bony socket is called _____?
    • A. 

      Amphiarthrotic

    • B. 

      Synchondrosis

    • C. 

      Symphasis

    • D. 

      Gomphosis

  • 69. 
    Cushions and aids in the movement of tendons that glide over bony parts or over other tendons.
    • A. 

      Menisci

    • B. 

      Bursa

    • C. 

      Bursitis

    • D. 

      B & C

  • 70. 
    From one Z line to the next is termed a ____________.
    • A. 

      Sarcomere

    • B. 

      Actin

    • C. 

      Myosin

    • D. 

      B & C

  • 71. 
    What kind of myofilaments are found in myofibrils?
  • 72. 
    What is the opposite of plantar flexion?
  • 73. 
    What are the muscles that make up the hamstrings?
  • 74. 
    What muscles make up the quadriceps?
  • 75. 
    What type of joints are enclosed by a joint capsule?
  • 76. 
    Which myofilament has active sites for the cross bridge formations?
  • 77. 
    What type of joint is your elbow?
    • A. 

      Ball and socket

    • B. 

      Synovial

    • C. 

      Hinge

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 78. 
    Standing on your toes is an example of what kind of movement?
    • A. 

      Plantar flexion

    • B. 

      Dorsiflexion

    • C. 

      Flexion

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 79. 
    What kind of tissue surrounds a fascicle?
    • A. 

      Perimysium

    • B. 

      Endomysium

    • C. 

      Epimysium

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 80. 
    Your calf muscle is used when walking on your tiptoes. What is the calf muscle called?
    • A. 

      Deltoid

    • B. 

      Trapezius

    • C. 

      Buccinator

    • D. 

      Gastrocnemius

  • 81. 
    What does myoglobin do in muscle tissue?
  • 82. 
    Raising your arm to shoulder level is accomplished by which muscle?
    • A. 

      Trapezius

    • B. 

      Zygomaticus

    • C. 

      Deltoid

    • D. 

      Masseter

  • 83. 
    What would happen if you didn't have acetylcholinesterase in the synaptic cleft?
    • A. 

      Your body would shut down

    • B. 

      Muscles cannot recieve signal to contract

    • C. 

      You would develop MS

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 84. 
    Membrane packets of chromatophilic substance are called ___________.
  • 85. 
    Neuroglia that support neurons and phagocize are called _________.
  • 86. 
    What kind of neurons have many dendrites and only one axon?
  • 87. 
    Neurons that have a single axon and a single dendrite are called ________.
  • 88. 
    Which division of the ANS is in control during fight or flight?
    • A. 

      PNS

    • B. 

      CNS

    • C. 

      ANS

    • D. 

      PBS

  • 89. 
    Neuroglia produce ________ and communicate between cells and maintain the ionic environment.
  • 90. 
    What type of axons transmit action potentials more quickly?
    • A. 

      Unmyelinated

    • B. 

      Keratinized

    • C. 

      Mylelinated

    • D. 

      A & C

  • 91. 
    The central sulcus separates the __________ and the _________ lobes.
  • 92. 
    What is a synapse?
  • 93. 
    Where are the sensory cells for hearing located?
  • 94. 
    What is the band of fibers called that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres?
    • A. 

      Lobes

    • B. 

      Vermis

    • C. 

      Reticular CT

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 95. 
    When does the sympathetic nervous system take over?
    • A. 

      During excitability

    • B. 

      During contractibility

    • C. 

      During stress

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 96. 
    What happens if cerebrospinal fluid does not drain properly?
    • A. 

      Excess pressure on the brain occurs: hydrocephalus

    • B. 

      Excess pressure on the spinal cord

    • C. 

      Excess pressure on the cranial nerves

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 97. 
    What is the outer connective tissue that wraps around nerves called?
    • A. 

      Endomysium

    • B. 

      Neuromysium

    • C. 

      Myelin sheath

    • D. 

      Outer shell

  • 98. 
    As the nervous system ages, what happens to your reflexes?
    • A. 

      Poor eyesight develops

    • B. 

      Memory fades & nerve impulses slow

    • C. 

      You are more prone to falling and sleep deminishes

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 99. 
    Which cranial nerve is responsible for hearing?
    • A. 

      Vestibularcochlear branch

    • B. 

      Vestibular branch

    • C. 

      Cochlear branch

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 100. 
    What does epineurium surround?
    • A. 

      Cranial nerves

    • B. 

      CNS

    • C. 

      ANS

    • D. 

      Peripheal nerves

  • 101. 
    What do free nerve endings respond to?
    • A. 

      Loud noises

    • B. 

      Itching

    • C. 

      Deep pressure

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 102. 
    What part of the eye focuses light onto the retina?
    • A. 

      Iris

    • B. 

      Sclera

    • C. 

      Retina

    • D. 

      Cornea

  • 103. 
    What is the outermost tunic of the eye called?
    • A. 

      Lens

    • B. 

      Anterior portion

    • C. 

      Sclera

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 104. 
  • 105. 
    What type of neuron transmits information from the CNS to a muscle?
    • A. 

      Photoreceptors

    • B. 

      Sensory receptors

    • C. 

      Proprioreceptors

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 106. 
    __________ provide sharp images.
    • A. 

      Rods

    • B. 

      Rhodospins

    • C. 

      Cones

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 107. 
    What part of the ear provides a sense of equilibrium? 
    • A. 

      Semicurcular canals

    • B. 

      Malleus

    • C. 

      Incus

    • D. 

      Stapes

  • 108. 
    What is another name for the blind spot? ( where there are no photoreceptor cells)
    • A. 

      Optic nerve

    • B. 

      Vestibule nerve

    • C. 

      Cochlear nerve

    • D. 

      Vestibularcochlear nerve

  • 109. 
    What separates the anterior and posterior compartments of the eye?
    • A. 

      Pupil

    • B. 

      Optic disc

    • C. 

      Lens

    • D. 

      Iris

  • 110. 
    What are the 3 colors that cones are sensitive to?
    • A. 

      Yellow, orange, green

    • B. 

      Green, blue, yellow

    • C. 

      Red, green, orange

    • D. 

      Red, blue, and green

  • 111. 
    The path of sound through the ear is Auricle, external acoustic medius, __________, malleus, __________, stapes, oval window, __________, _________, & __________
    • A. 

      Tympanic membrane, incus, perilymph of scala vestibule, endolymph of cochlear duct, and hair cells in organ of corti

    • B. 

      Tympanic membrane, endolymph of cochlear duct, perilymph of scala vestibule, and hair cells in organ of corti, incus

    • C. 

      Tympanic membrane, incus, endolymph of cochlear duct, perilymph of scala vestibule, and hair cells in organ of corti

    • D. 

      None of these

  • 112. 
    The path of light through the eye is _________, __________, lens, vitreous humor, and ________.
    • A. 

      Aqueous humor, cornea, photoreceptors of the retina

    • B. 

      Cornea, aqueous humor, photoreceptors of the retina

    • C. 

      Photoreceptors of the retina, cornea, aqueous humor

    • D. 

      Aqueous humor, photoreceptors of the retina, cornea

  • 113. 
    What part of the eye contains the vitreous humor?
    • A. 

      Between the optic disc and retina

    • B. 

      Sclera

    • C. 

      Area between the lens and retina

    • D. 

      None of these