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Explanation A quadrilateral with opposite sides parallel is called a parallelogram. In a parallelogram, the opposite sides are equal in length and the opposite angles are equal in measure. The parallel sides never intersect each other. This geometric shape has several properties, such as the diagonals bisecting each other, the opposite angles being supplementary, and the consecutive angles being supplementary. Overall, a parallelogram is a special type of quadrilateral that exhibits specific characteristics based on its parallel sides.
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2.
A special parallelogram with four congruent sides
Explanation A special parallelogram with four congruent sides is called a rhombus. A rhombus is a quadrilateral with opposite sides that are parallel and congruent. It also has opposite angles that are equal. Therefore, a rhombus satisfies the given condition of having four congruent sides, making it the correct answer.
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3.
A special parallelogram with four right angles
Explanation A rectangle is a special parallelogram with four right angles. It has opposite sides that are equal in length and parallel to each other. The diagonals of a rectangle are also equal in length and bisect each other. Therefore, a rectangle fits the description of a special parallelogram with four right angles.
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4.
An extra special parallelogram with four congruent sides and four right angles
Explanation A square is a type of parallelogram that has four congruent sides and four right angles. The given description perfectly matches the characteristics of a square, making it the correct answer.
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5.
What two kinds of shapes are non-parallelograms?
A.
Kite and Trapezoid
B.
Square and Kite
C.
Rhombus and Rectangle
D.
Square and Trapezoid
Correct Answer
A. Kite and Trapezoid
Explanation Non-parallelograms are shapes that do not have parallel sides. A kite is a non-parallelogram because its sides are not parallel to each other. Similarly, a trapezoid is a non-parallelogram because it has only one pair of parallel sides. Therefore, the correct answer is Kite and Trapezoid.
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6.
A quadrilateral with two distinct pairs or congruent, adjacent sides
Correct Answer Kite
Explanation A kite is a quadrilateral with two distinct pairs of congruent, adjacent sides. In other words, a kite has two pairs of sides that are equal in length and are next to each other. This creates a distinctive shape with two pairs of adjacent sides that are congruent. Therefore, the given answer, "Kite," is correct.
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7.
A quadrilateral with one pair of parallel sides
Correct Answer Trapezoid
Explanation A quadrilateral with one pair of parallel sides is called a trapezoid. In a trapezoid, the parallel sides are called bases, and the non-parallel sides are called legs. The bases can be of different lengths, but the opposite angles formed by the bases are always congruent. This distinguishes a trapezoid from other quadrilaterals, such as a parallelogram, where all sides are parallel.
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8.
What three kinds of shapes are parallelograms?
A.
Rhombus, Rectangle and Square
B.
Trapezoid, Kite and Rhombus
C.
Rectangle, Rhombus and Kite
Correct Answer
A. Rhombus, Rectangle and Square
Explanation The correct answer is Rhombus, Rectangle and Square. A parallelogram is a four-sided shape with opposite sides that are parallel. A rhombus is a parallelogram with all sides equal in length. A rectangle is a parallelogram with all angles equal to 90 degrees. A square is a special type of rectangle with all sides equal in length. Therefore, all three shapes mentioned in the answer choices meet the criteria of being parallelograms.
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9.
A closed 2D figure with no crossings or reuse of endpoints
Correct Answer Polygon
Explanation A polygon is a closed 2D figure that does not have any crossings or reuse of endpoints. It is made up of straight line segments that connect to form a closed shape. The term "polygon" is commonly used in geometry to describe shapes such as triangles, squares, pentagons, and so on. These shapes have straight sides and do not intersect themselves. Therefore, the given answer "Polygon" accurately describes a closed 2D figure with no crossings or reuse of endpoints.
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10.
What is Euler's Formula?
A.
V+E-2=F
B.
F-2=V+E
C.
V+F-2=E
D.
E+F+V=2
Correct Answer
C. V+F-2=E
Explanation Euler's Formula states that for any convex polyhedron, the number of vertices (V), edges (E), and faces (F) are related by the equation V+F-2=E. This means that if we know the number of vertices and faces of a convex polyhedron, we can determine the number of edges it has by substituting the values into the formula.
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11.
3D polyhedron with a flat base where triangular lateral faces meet at an apex
Correct Answer Pyramid
Explanation A pyramid is a 3D polyhedron with a flat base where triangular lateral faces meet at an apex. The description matches the characteristics of a pyramid, as it has a flat base and triangular faces that converge at a single point, forming the apex.
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12.
3D polyhedron with two bases congruent to each other and parallel lateral faces
Correct Answer Prism
Explanation A prism is a 3D polyhedron that has two bases that are congruent to each other and parallel lateral faces. The bases are identical in shape and size, and the lateral faces connect the corresponding vertices of the bases. This arrangement creates a solid shape with flat, rectangular faces. The given description perfectly matches the characteristics of a prism, making it the correct answer.
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13.
Pyramid whose lateral edges are congruent
Correct Answer Regular Pyramid
Explanation A regular pyramid is a pyramid whose lateral edges are congruent. This means that all the slanting edges of the pyramid have the same length. In a regular pyramid, the base is a regular polygon, and the height is the perpendicular distance from the apex (top point) to the base. Since the lateral edges are congruent, it implies that all the triangular faces of the pyramid are congruent as well. Therefore, the correct answer is a regular pyramid.
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14.
Prism whose lateral edges meet at a right angle to the base
Correct Answer Right Prism
Explanation A right prism is a type of prism where the lateral edges meet at a right angle to the base. This means that the edges forming the sides of the prism are perpendicular to the base. The term "right" in right prism refers to the right angle formed between the lateral edges and the base. Therefore, the given answer "Right Prism" correctly describes a prism whose lateral edges meet at a right angle to the base.
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15.
What does it mean to be congruent?
A.
Corresponding sides are congruent
B.
Corresponding angles are congruent
C.
No two sides have same length
D.
At least two sides are same length
Correct Answer(s)
A. Corresponding sides are congruent B. Corresponding angles are congruent
Explanation To be congruent means that corresponding sides and corresponding angles of two objects or shapes are equal in measure or length. This means that if two shapes are congruent, their corresponding sides will have the same length and their corresponding angles will have the same measure. The other options, "No two sides have the same length" and "At least two sides are the same length," do not fully capture the concept of congruence as they do not encompass both sides and angles being equal.
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16.
Good conguence shortcuts
A.
SSA
B.
ASA
C.
AAA
D.
AAS
E.
SSS
F.
SAS
Correct Answer(s)
B. ASA D. AAS E. SSS F. SAS
Explanation The given answer consists of four different types of congruence shortcuts: ASA (Angle-Side-Angle), AAS (Angle-Angle-Side), SSS (Side-Side-Side), and SAS (Side-Angle-Side). These shortcuts are used to prove that two triangles are congruent based on the given information about their angles and sides. ASA states that if two angles and the included side of one triangle are congruent to two angles and the included side of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent. AAS states that if two angles and a non-included side of one triangle are congruent to two angles and the corresponding non-included side of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent. SSS states that if the three sides of one triangle are congruent to the three sides of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent. SAS states that if two sides and the included angle of one triangle are congruent to two sides and the included angle of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent.
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17.
A quadrilateral where non-parallel sides are conguent
A.
Kite
B.
Parallelogram
C.
Rhombus
D.
Isosceles Trapezoid
Correct Answer
D. Isosceles Trapezoid
Explanation An isosceles trapezoid is a quadrilateral where the non-parallel sides are congruent. In an isosceles trapezoid, the two opposite sides are parallel, and the other two sides are congruent. This means that the non-parallel sides have the same length. Therefore, an isosceles trapezoid fits the given description of a quadrilateral where non-parallel sides are congruent.
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18.
What is the formula for the sum of interior angles of any polygon?
A.
2-nx180
B.
180-n+2
C.
N-2x180
D.
Nx180-2
Correct Answer
C. N-2x180
Explanation The formula for the sum of interior angles of any polygon is n-2x180. This formula can be derived by dividing the polygon into (n-2) triangles, where n is the number of sides of the polygon. Each triangle has interior angles that sum up to 180 degrees. Therefore, the sum of interior angles of the polygon is equal to (n-2) multiplied by 180.
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19.
In any polygon, the number of sides=number of vertices=number of interior angles. In other words, the amount of each are the same.
A.
True
B.
False
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation The statement is true because in any polygon, the number of sides is equal to the number of vertices, which is also equal to the number of interior angles. This is a fundamental property of polygons and is true for all polygons regardless of their shape or size. Therefore, the amount of sides, vertices, and interior angles in a polygon will always be the same.
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20.
Find the sum of the interior angles in a dodecagon.
Correct Answer 1800
Explanation A dodecagon is a polygon with 12 sides. To find the sum of the interior angles in a dodecagon, we can use the formula (n-2) * 180 degrees, where n is the number of sides. Plugging in the value of n as 12, we get (12-2) * 180 = 10 * 180 = 1800 degrees. Therefore, the sum of the interior angles in a dodecagon is 1800.
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21.
Find the measure of each interior angle in an equiangular pentagon.
Correct Answer 108
Explanation 5-2x180
3x180
540 (the SUM of the interior angles)
540/5=108
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22.
What shapes are NON-POLYHEDRA?
A.
Cylinder
B.
Pyramid
C.
Right pentagonal Prism
D.
Cone
Correct Answer(s)
A. Cylinder D. Cone
Explanation The shapes that are non-polyhedra are those that do not have flat faces. A cylinder and a cone do not have flat faces, as their surfaces are curved. Therefore, both the cylinder and the cone are non-polyhedra.
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23.
In order to have a Regular Polygon, the shape has to be both...
Correct Answer(s) Equiangular and Equilateral
Explanation A regular polygon is a polygon where all sides are equal in length and all angles are equal. Therefore, in order for a shape to be a regular polygon, it must be both equiangular (having equal angles) and equilateral (having equal sides). If either of these conditions is not met, the shape would not be a regular polygon.
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24.
Line segment where two faces meet
A.
Face
B.
Base
C.
Edge
Correct Answer
C. Edge
Explanation An edge is a line segment where two faces meet. In geometry, a face refers to a flat surface of a three-dimensional shape, while a base typically refers to the bottom or lowest face of a solid figure. An edge, on the other hand, is the line segment formed by the intersection of two faces. It can be visualized as the boundary or border between two adjacent faces of a solid shape.
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25.
All squares are rectangles.
A.
True
B.
False
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation All squares are rectangles because a square is a special type of rectangle where all four sides are equal in length. Therefore, since all squares meet the criteria of being a rectangle, the statement is true.
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26.
All quadrilaterals are parallelograms.
A.
True
B.
False
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation The statement "All quadrilaterals are parallelograms" is false because not all quadrilaterals have their opposite sides parallel. A quadrilateral is a polygon with four sides, and a parallelogram is a special type of quadrilateral where opposite sides are parallel. However, there are other types of quadrilaterals, such as trapezoids or kites, where the opposite sides are not parallel. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that all quadrilaterals are parallelograms.
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27.
This shape is a:
A.
Hexagon
B.
Convex hexagon
C.
Mess
D.
Concave hexagon
E.
Hectare
Correct Answer
D. Concave hexagon
Explanation A concave hexagon is a shape that has six sides and at least one interior angle greater than 180 degrees. This means that the shape has a "caved-in" or indented portion, which is why it is called concave. In contrast, a convex hexagon would have all interior angles less than 180 degrees and no indented portions. Since the given shape is described as concave, it implies that it has at least one angle greater than 180 degrees, making it a concave hexagon.
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28.
This shape is a
A.
Nonagon
B.
Octagon
C.
Polyhedron
D.
Somethingagon
E.
Decagon
Correct Answer
A. Nonagon
Explanation The given shape is a nonagon because it has nine sides. A nonagon is a polygon with nine sides and nine angles.
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29.
What is the name given to this shape -
Correct Answer heptagon septagon
Explanation The correct answer is heptagon and septagon. Both terms refer to the same shape, which is a polygon with seven sides. "Heptagon" is derived from the Greek word "hepta" meaning seven, while "septagon" is derived from the Latin word "septem" also meaning seven. These terms are used interchangeably to describe the shape with seven sides.
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30.
What is the sum of the internal angles of a triangle?
A.
200°
B.
90°
C.
180°
D.
100°
E.
360°
Correct Answer
C. 180°
Explanation The sum of the internal angles of a triangle is always 180°. This is a property of triangles in Euclidean geometry. It can be proven mathematically by dividing a triangle into two right triangles and using the fact that the sum of the angles in a straight line is 180°. Therefore, the correct answer is 180°.
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31.
A.
A
B.
B
C.
C
D.
D
Correct Answer
C. C
32.
A.
A
B.
B
C.
C
D.
D
Correct Answer
A. A
33.
A.
A
B.
B
C.
C
D.
D
Correct Answer
C. C
34.
What is the type of transformation represent in this figure
A.
Rotation
B.
Reflection
C.
Translation
D.
Enlargement
Correct Answer
B. Reflection
Explanation The figure represents a reflection because it appears to be a mirror image of itself. In a reflection, the shape is flipped over a line, creating a symmetrical image.
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35.
Which of these figures represent reflection A B
A.
Green figure
B.
Pink figure
Correct Answer
B. Pink figure
Explanation The question asks which figure represents reflection A. The correct answer is the pink figure. Reflection is a transformation that flips a figure over a line. In this case, reflection A would be a flip over a specific line. Without further information about the line of reflection, we can only determine the correct answer based on the given options. The pink figure is the only one that appears to be flipped over a line, so it is the most likely representation of reflection A.
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