Embryologie (06)

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Embryologie (06) - Quiz

Created by Sok Davai Tel: 077 233 967, Ouk Serey Vathana Tel:  093 840 235/088 341 1154.  


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    ការបង្កើតជាម្រាមដៃម្រាមជើងរបស់អំប្រ៊ីយ៉ុងកើតនៅ៖

    • A.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី៥និង៦

    • B.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី៦និង៧

    • C.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី៧និង៨

    • D.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី៨និង៩

    Correct Answer
    C. សប្ដាហ៍ទី៧និង៨
    Explanation
    The answer is "សប្ដាហ៍ទី៧និង៨" because it follows the pattern of the previous weeks mentioned. The pattern is that each week number is followed by the next consecutive week number. In this case, week 7 is followed by week 8, and that is the correct answer.

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  • 2. 

    បាតុភូតនៃការបង្កើតជាម្រាមដៃម្រាមជើងរបស់អំប្រ៊ីយ៉ុងហៅថា៖

    • A.

      Bourgeonnement

    • B.

      Elongation 

    • C.

      Courbure

    • D.

      Apoptose 

    Correct Answer
    D. Apoptose 
    Explanation
    Apoptose is the correct answer because it refers to programmed cell death, which is a natural process that occurs in multicellular organisms. It is a tightly regulated process that eliminates damaged, unnecessary, or infected cells without causing inflammation or harm to neighboring cells. The other options, Bourgeonnement, Elongation, and Courbure, do not relate to the process of programmed cell death.

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  • 3. 

    ពួក​ Malformation ធ្ងន់ធ្ងរប្រភេទ:

    • A.

      Ectromélie

    • B.

      Hémimélie

    • C.

      Symélie

    • D.

      Phocomélie

    Correct Answer
    C. Symélie
    Explanation
    Symélie is a type of limb malformation where the digits are fused together, resulting in a single limb with multiple digits. This condition can occur in both humans and animals. It is characterized by the absence or underdevelopment of the interdigital tissue, causing the fingers or toes to be fused. Symélie can vary in severity, with some individuals having partial fusion of digits while others have complete fusion. This malformation can have functional implications and may require medical intervention or adaptations to daily activities.

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  • 4. 

    ពួក Palettes antérieures លេចចេញនៅថ្ងៃទី៖

    • A.

      ថ្ងៃទី ២៥

    • B.

      ថ្ងៃទី ២៦

    • C.

      ថ្ងៃទី ២៧

    • D.

      ថ្ងៃទី ២៨

    Correct Answer
    B. ថ្ងៃទី ២៦
    Explanation
    The given answer "ថ្ងៃទី ២៦" is the correct answer because it is the only date mentioned in the list of previous palettes. The other dates, ២៥, ២៧, and ២៨, are not mentioned in the list.

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  • 5. 

    ពួក Palettes postérieures លេចចេញនៅថ្ងៃទី៖

    • A.

      ថ្ងៃទី ២៥

    • B.

      ថ្ងៃទី ២៦

    • C.

      ថ្ងៃទី ២៧

    • D.

      ថ្ងៃទី ២៨

    Correct Answer
    D. ថ្ងៃទី ២៨
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ថ្ងៃទី ២៨" because it is the last date mentioned in the list of "Palettes postérieures" (subsequent days). The previous dates mentioned are ថ្ងៃទី ២៥, ថ្ងៃទី ២៦, and ថ្ងៃទី ២៧.

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  • 6. 

    ពួកអវយវះខាងលើនិងខាងក្រោម លេចចេញគ្រប់នៅខែទី៖

    • A.

      ខែទី ១

    • B.

      ខែទី ២

    • C.

      ខែទី ៣

    • D.

      ខែទី ៤

    Correct Answer
    B. ខែទី ២
    Explanation
    The answer "ខែទី ២" is correct because it is the second month in the given list. The question asks for the month that appears both at the top and bottom, and the second month is the only one that satisfies this condition.

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  • 7. 

    ពួក Palettes ជាពន្លកនៃអវយវះធ្វើឡើងអំពី៖

    • A.

      កោសិកា mésoblaste para axial

    • B.

      កោសិកា mésoblaste indifférenciée

    • C.

      កោសិកា mésoblaste intermédiaire 

    • D.

      កោសិកា mésoblaste latérale

    Correct Answer
    B. កោសិកា mésoblaste indifférenciée
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "កោសិកា mésoblaste indifférenciée". This is because "mésoblaste indifférenciée" refers to undifferentiated mesoblast, which is a type of embryonic tissue that has not yet developed into specific structures or organs. The other options, "mésoblaste para axial", "mésoblaste intermédiaire", and "mésoblaste latérale", refer to different regions or types of mesoblast that have already started to differentiate into specific structures or organs. Therefore, "mésoblaste indifférenciée" is the correct answer as it describes the earliest stage of mesoblast development.

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  • 8. 

    Délimitation de l’embryon ធ្វើឡើងនៅថ្ងៃទី៖

    • A.

      ថ្ងៃទី ២០ ទៅ ២៥

    • B.

      ថ្ងៃទី ២៧ ទៅ ៣០

    • C.

      ថ្ងៃទី ៣០ ទៅ ៣៥

    • D.

      ថ្ងៃទី ៣៥ ទៅ ៤០

    Correct Answer
    B. ថ្ងៃទី ២៧ ទៅ ៣០
  • 9. 

    ការផ្សារភ្ជាប់ខុសពីធម្មតានៃម្រាមដៃរឺម្រាមជើងនៅក្នុងកំឡុងពេលលូតលាស់ហៅថា៖

    • A.

      Polydactylie

    • B.

      Ectodactylie

    • C.

      Hémimélie

    • D.

      Syndactylie

    Correct Answer
    D. Syndactylie
    Explanation
    Syndactylie is the term used to describe the condition where two or more fingers or toes are fused together. This is different from the other options provided. Polydactylie refers to the presence of extra fingers or toes, ectodactylie refers to the absence of one or more fingers or toes, and hémimélie refers to the partial absence of a limb. Therefore, syndactylie is the correct answer because it specifically describes the fusion of fingers or toes.

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  • 10. 

    ភាពមិនប្រក្រតីនៃម្រាមដៃរឺម្រាមជើង គឺកំបុតម្រាម ក្នុងកំឡុងពេលលូតលាស់ហៅថា៖

    • A.

      Polydactylie

    • B.

      Ectodactylie

    • C.

      Hémimélie

    • D.

      Syndactylie 

    Correct Answer
    B. Ectodactylie
    Explanation
    Ectodactylie refers to a condition where there is a partial or total absence of fingers or toes. This condition is also known as split hand/foot malformation. It is characterized by deep clefts in the hands and feet, resulting in a claw-like appearance. The term "ភាពមិនប្រក្រតីនៃម្រាមដៃរឺម្រាមជើង" translates to "abnormality of the hand or foot" in English, which aligns with the description of ectodactylie.

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  • 11. 

    ភាពមិនប្រក្រតីនៃម្រាមដៃរឺម្រាមជើងគឺលើស ម្រាម ក្នុងកំឡុងពេលលូតលាស់ហៅថា៖

    • A.

      Polydactylie 

    • B.

      Ectodactylie 

    • C.

      Hémimélie 

    • D.

      Syndactylie 

    Correct Answer
    A. Polydactylie 
    Explanation
    Polydactylie refers to a condition where a person or animal has more than the usual number of fingers or toes. This condition is characterized by the presence of extra digits on the hands or feet. It is considered as a form of limb malformation and can occur in both humans and animals.

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  • 12. 

    Canal veineux d’Arantius ភ្ជាប់ទំនាក់ទំនង៖

    • A.

      Veine ombilicale et veine cave supérieure

    • B.

      Veine ombilicale et veine cave inférieure

    • C.

      Veine ombilicale et veine vitelline 

    • D.

      Veine ombilicale et veine pulmonaire 

    Correct Answer
    B. Veine ombilicale et veine cave inférieure
    Explanation
    The canal veineux d'Arantius connects the umbilical vein and the inferior vena cava.

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  • 13. 

    Fora en ovale ភ្ជាប់ទំនាក់ទំនង៖

    • A.

      Ventricule droite et ventricule gauche

    • B.

      Oreillette droite et ventricule droite 

    • C.

      Oreillette droite et oreillette gauche

    • D.

      Oreillette gauche et ventricule gauche

    Correct Answer
    C. Oreillette droite et oreillette gauche
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Oreillette droite et oreillette gauche." This is because the term "en ovale" refers to the oval-shaped opening between the right and left atria (oreillettes) of the heart.

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  • 14. 

    Canal artériel ភ្ជាប់ទំនាក់ទំនង៖

    • A.

      Veine ombilicale et artère ombilicale 

    • B.

      Aorte et veine pulmonaire 

    • C.

      Artère pulmonaire et veine pulmonaire

    • D.

      Artère pulmonaire et aorte

    Correct Answer
    D. Artère pulmonaire et aorte
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Artère pulmonaire et aorte". This is because the canal artériel is a fetal blood vessel that connects the pulmonary artery and the aorta. During fetal development, the canal artériel allows blood to bypass the lungs, as the fetus receives oxygen from the placenta instead. After birth, the canal usually closes, but in some cases, it may remain open, causing a condition called patent ductus arteriosus.

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  • 15. 

    Veine ombilicale បិទនៅពេលកើត វាអោយកំណើតជា

    • A.

      Ligament veineux du foie

    • B.

      Ligament rond du foie

    • C.

      Ligament falciforme du foie

    • D.

      Ligament coronaire de foie

    Correct Answer
    B. Ligament rond du foie
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ligament rond du foie." In French, "ligament rond du foie" translates to "round ligament of the liver." This ligament connects the liver to the anterior abdominal wall and is a remnant of the fetal umbilical vein. It is called the "round ligament" because it forms a rounded structure as it courses along the liver's inferior surface.

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  • 16. 

    Canal veineux d’Arantius បិទនៅពេលកើត វាអោយកំណើតជា

    • A.

      Ligament veineux  du foie

    • B.

      Ligament rond du foie

    • C.

      Ligament falciforme du foie

    • D.

      Ligament coronaire du foie

    Correct Answer
    A. Ligament veineux  du foie
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ligament veineux du foie." The canal veineux d'Arantius closes at birth and becomes the ligamentum venosum, which is a fibrous band that connects the left branch of the portal vein to the inferior vena cava. The other options listed are different ligaments of the liver, but they are not formed from the closure of the canal veineux d'Arantius.

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  • 17. 

    ដំណាក់កាលនៃការបង្កើតជាអវៈយវៈមាន

    • A.

      ២ ដំណាក់កាល

    • B.

      ៣ ដំណាក់កាល

    • C.

      ៤ ដំណាក់កាល

    • D.

      ៥ ដំណាក់កាល

    Correct Answer
    C. ៤ ដំណាក់កាល
    Explanation
    The question asks about the number of time periods (ដំណាក់កាល) required to create something. The correct answer is "៤ ដំណាក់កាល" which means "4 time periods".

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  • 18. 

    ប្រភពកោសិកាអោយជាសរសៃរឈាមក្នុង Pédicule embryonnaire គឺ

    • A.

      Ilôts mésenchymateux condensé

    • B.

      Ilôts de Wolff et Pander

    • C.

      Ilôts mésenchymateux intra embryonnaire 

    • D.

      Ilôts mésenchymateux extra embryonnaire 

    Correct Answer
    D. Ilôts mésenchymateux extra embryonnaire 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ilôts mésenchymateux extra embryonnaire". This is because the question asks for the source of the mesenchymal cells in the embryonic pedicle, and the correct answer states that they come from the extra-embryonic mesenchyme.

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  • 19. 

    Vaisseaux ombilicaux មានប្រភពមកពី៖

    • A.

      Ilôts mésenchymateux condensé

    • B.

      Ilôts de Wolff et Pander

    • C.

      Ilôts mésenchymateux intra embryonnaire 

    • D.

      Ilôts mésenchymateux extra embryonnaire 

    Correct Answer
    D. Ilôts mésenchymateux extra embryonnaire 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ilôts mésenchymateux extra embryonnaire". This is because the term "vaisseaux ombilicaux" refers to the umbilical vessels, which are the blood vessels that connect the fetus to the placenta during development. The term "extra embryonnaire" means outside of the embryo, indicating that the umbilical vessels originate from outside of the developing embryo. The other options, "Ilôts mésenchymateux condensé", "Ilôts de Wolff et Pander", and "Ilôts mésenchymateux intra embryonnaire", do not accurately describe the origin of the umbilical vessels.

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  • 20. 

    Capillaires នៃ villosité choriale មានប្រភពមកពី៖

    • A.

      Ilôts mésenchymateux condensé

    • B.

      Ilôts de Wolff et Pander

    • C.

      Ilôts mésenchymateux intra embryonnaire 

    • D.

      Ilôts mésenchymateux extra embryonnaire 

    Correct Answer
    D. Ilôts mésenchymateux extra embryonnaire 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ilôts mésenchymateux extra embryonnaire." This is because the capillaries of the chorionic villi originate from the extra embryonic mesenchyme, which refers to the connective tissue that surrounds and supports the developing embryo outside of the embryo itself.

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  • 21. 

    Plaque protocordale កើតនៅសប្ដាហ៍៖

    • A.

      ដើមសប្ដាហ៍ទី២

    • B.

      ពាក់កណ្ដាលសប្ដាហ៍ទី២

    • C.

      ចុងសប្ដាហ៍ទី២

    • D.

      ដើមសប្ដាហ៍ទី៣

    Correct Answer
    B. ពាក់កណ្ដាលសប្ដាហ៍ទី២
  • 22. 

    Epéron périnéal កើតនៅសប្ដាហ៍៖

    • A.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី២

    • B.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី៣

    • C.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី៤

    • D.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី៥

    Correct Answer
    C. សប្ដាហ៍ទី៤
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "សប្ដាហ៍ទី៤".

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  • 23. 

    Cloaque et membrane cloacale នឹងផ្ដាច់ជាពីរដោយ éperon périnéal នៅសប្ដាហ៍៖

    • A.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី៤

    • B.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី៥

    • C.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី៦

    • D.

      សប្ដាហ៍ទី៧

    Correct Answer
    D. សប្ដាហ៍ទី៧
  • 24. 

    រចនាសម្ព័ន្ធនៅពាក់កណ្ដាលនៃបន្ទះអំប្រ៊ីយ៉ុង នៅសប្ដាហ៍ទី៤គឺ៖

    • A.

      Mésoblaste para axial

    • B.

      Mésoblaste intermédiaire 

    • C.

      Mésoblaste latéral 

    • D.

      Tube neural

    Correct Answer
    D. Tube neural
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tube neural". The question is asking for the structure that is located in the dorsoventral axis of the embryo during the fourth week of development. The tube neural refers to the neural tube, which is the precursor to the central nervous system. It forms from the ectoderm and eventually develops into the brain and spinal cord.

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  • 25. 

    Séreuse pariétale កើតចេញពី៖

    • A.

      Splanchnopleure intra-embryonnaire 

    • B.

      Somatopleure intra-embryonnaire 

    • C.

      Splanchnopleure extra-embryonnaire 

    • D.

      Somatopleure extra-embryonnaire 

    Correct Answer
    B. Somatopleure intra-embryonnaire 
  • 26. 

    Eperon perineal នឹងផ្ដាច់ Cloaque ជាពីរនៅ ៖

    • A.

      ​​​​​​សប្ដាហ៍ទី៤

    • B.

      ​​​​​​សប្ដាហ៍ទី៧

    • C.

      ​​​​​​សប្ដាហ៍ទី៨

    • D.

      ​​​​​​សប្ដាហ៍ទី៩

    Correct Answer
    B. ​​​​​​សប្ដាហ៍ទី៧
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "សប្ដាហ៍ទី៧" (Week 7). The question is asking about the timing of the fusion of the Eperon perineal and Cloaque, and the correct answer states that it occurs in Week 7.

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  • 27. 

    Membrane cloacale វានឹងរលុបបាត់នៅ

    • A.

      បំនាច់ខែទី១

    • B.

      បំនាច់ខែទី២

    • C.

      បំនាច់ខែទី៣

    • D.

      បំនាច់ខែទី៤

    Correct Answer
    B. បំនាច់ខែទី២
  • 28. 

    Membrane cloacale បង្វិលបានមុំ

    • A.

      ១៨០ដឺក្រេ

    • B.

      ២៧០ដឺក្រេ

    • C.

      ៩០ដឺក្រេ

    • D.

      ៣៦០ដឺក្រេ

    Correct Answer
    B. ២៧០ដឺក្រេ
  • 29. 

    Membrane pharyngienne បង្វិលបានមុំ

    • A.

      ១៨០ដឺក្រេ

    • B.

      ២៧០ដឺក្រេ

    • C.

      ៩០ដឺក្រេ

    • D.

      ៣៦០ដឺក្រេ

    Correct Answer
    A. ១៨០ដឺក្រេ
  • 30. 

    Replis amniotique កើតនៅ

    • A.

      សប្តាហ៍ទី៧

    • B.

      សប្តាហ៍ទី៤

    • C.

      សប្តាហ៍ទី៥

    • D.

      សប្តាហ៍ទី៦

    Correct Answer
    B. សប្តាហ៍ទី៤
  • 31. 

    Gouttière amniotique កើតនៅ

    • A.

      សប្តាហ៍ទី៤

    • B.

      សប្តាហ៍ទី៣

    • C.

      សប្តាហ៍ទី៥

    • D.

      សប្តាហ៍ទី៦

    Correct Answer
    B. សប្តាហ៍ទី៣
    Explanation
    The given phrase "Gouttière amniotique កើតនៅ" is a mix of French and Khmer languages. The word "Gouttière amniotique" is French for "amniotic gutter" and "កើតនៅ" is Khmer for "born". The phrase "Gouttière amniotique កើតនៅ" can be translated to "born in the amniotic gutter" in English. Among the given options, "សប្តាហ៍ទី៣" is the correct answer, which means "week 3" in Khmer. So, the correct answer refers to the third week of pregnancy.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Jul 24, 2020
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    Mcqs Quiz
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