Trivia Questions On Electrical Machines

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Soujanya
S
Soujanya
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 1,161
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 1,161

SettingsSettingsSettings
Trivia Questions On Electrical Machines - Quiz

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The inductive reactance of a transformer depends on 

    • A.

      Magnetomotive force

    • B.

      Electromotive force

    • C.

      Magnetic flux

    Correct Answer
    A. Magnetomotive force
    Explanation
    The inductive reactance of a transformer depends on magnetomotive force. The magnetomotive force is responsible for creating the magnetic flux in the transformer's core, which in turn induces a voltage in the secondary winding. The inductive reactance is a measure of the opposition to the change in current flow caused by the magnetic field. Therefore, the strength of the magnetomotive force directly affects the inductive reactance of the transformer.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The inductive reactance of a transformer depends on 

    • A.

      Magnetomotive force

    • B.

      Electromotive force

    • C.

      Magnetic flux

    Correct Answer
    A. Magnetomotive force
    Explanation
    The inductive reactance of a transformer depends on the magnetomotive force. The magnetomotive force is responsible for creating a magnetic field in the transformer's core, which induces a voltage across the windings. This voltage is directly proportional to the rate of change of magnetic flux, and the reactance is the opposition to this change. Therefore, the inductive reactance is directly influenced by the magnetomotive force, as it determines the strength of the magnetic field and the resulting voltage induced in the transformer.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The emf induced in the primary

    • A.

      Is in phase with the flux

    • B.

      Lags behind the flux by 90degrees

    • C.

      Leads the flux by 90degrees

    Correct Answer
    B. Lags behind the flux by 90degrees
    Explanation
    The emf induced in the primary lags behind the flux by 90 degrees. This means that the maximum emf occurs 90 degrees after the maximum flux. This is because the emf is induced in the primary coil due to the changing magnetic field created by the flux. As the flux changes, the emf is induced, but there is a time delay between the two.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The flux in transformer core  

    • A.

      Increases with load

    • B.

      Decerase with load

    • C.

      Remain constant irrespective of load

    Correct Answer
    C. Remain constant irrespective of load
    Explanation
    The flux in a transformer core remains constant irrespective of the load. This is because the transformer operates on the principle of electromagnetic induction, where the primary winding creates a magnetic field that induces a voltage in the secondary winding. The amount of flux generated in the core is determined by the primary voltage and the number of turns in the winding, and it remains constant as long as these factors are unchanged. The load on the secondary side does not affect the flux in the core, only the magnitude of the induced voltage.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The primary ampereturns are counter balanced by

    • A.

      Secondary ampere turns

    • B.

      Primary flux

    • C.

      Increase in mutual flux

    Correct Answer
    A. Secondary ampere turns
    Explanation
    Secondary ampere turns counterbalance the primary ampere turns. Ampere turns refer to the product of the number of turns in a coil and the current flowing through it. In a transformer, the primary coil produces a magnetic field, and the secondary coil produces a corresponding magnetic field. The secondary ampere turns are designed to oppose and balance out the primary ampere turns, ensuring that the transformer operates efficiently and transfers power effectively. This balance helps regulate the voltage and current in the transformer, allowing for proper electrical transmission.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Power  transformed from primary to secondary depends upon 

    • A.

      Number of primary turns

    • B.

      Number of secondary turns

    • C.

      Magnetic coupling between primary and secondary windings

    Correct Answer
    C. Magnetic coupling between primary and secondary windings
    Explanation
    The power transformed from primary to secondary depends on the magnetic coupling between the primary and secondary windings. Magnetic coupling refers to the extent to which the magnetic field generated by the primary winding is transferred to the secondary winding. A stronger magnetic coupling allows for more efficient power transfer between the windings. Therefore, the power transformed is directly influenced by the level of magnetic coupling between the primary and secondary windings.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    A transformer is supplying pure resistive load.The power factor on primary side will be

    • A.

      About 0.95(lead)

    • B.

      About 0.95(lag)

    • C.

      Zero

    • D.

      Unity

    Correct Answer
    B. About 0.95(lag)
    Explanation
    When a transformer is supplying a pure resistive load, the power factor on the primary side will be about 0.95 (lag). This means that the current flowing through the transformer will lag behind the voltage by a small angle. This is because in a resistive load, the current and voltage waveforms are in phase, but due to the inherent characteristics of the transformer, there will be a slight lag in the current waveform. Therefore, the power factor is close to 0.95 (lag) in this scenario.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The voltage regulation of a well designed transformer is of the order of

    • A.

      20 precentage

    • B.

      10 percentage

    • C.

      2 percentage

    • D.

      Zero

    Correct Answer
    C. 2 percentage
    Explanation
    The voltage regulation of a well-designed transformer refers to its ability to maintain a relatively stable output voltage despite changes in the input voltage. A voltage regulation of 2% means that the transformer can maintain the output voltage within 2% of the rated voltage, even if there are fluctuations in the input voltage. This indicates a high level of efficiency and accuracy in the transformer's design and performance.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    The various losses occuring in a power transformer are------ losses

    • A.

      Copper and iron

    • B.

      Friction and winding

    • C.

      Iron,friction and windage losses

    Correct Answer
    A. Copper and iron
    Explanation
    The losses occurring in a power transformer can be categorized into copper losses and iron losses. Copper losses refer to the energy dissipated as heat in the transformer's copper windings due to the resistance of the wire. On the other hand, iron losses include hysteresis losses and eddy current losses, which occur in the transformer's iron core. Hysteresis losses result from the reversal of magnetization in the core material, while eddy current losses occur due to circulating currents induced in the core by the alternating magnetic field. Therefore, the correct answer is copper and iron.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    In the transformer circuit mode,the core loss represented as a

    • A.

      Series resistance

    • B.

      Series inductance

    • C.

      Shunt resistance

    • D.

      Shunt inductance

    Correct Answer
    C. Shunt resistance
    Explanation
    In transformer circuit mode, the core loss is represented as a shunt resistance. This means that the core loss is modeled as a resistance connected in parallel with the transformer circuit. The shunt resistance represents the energy losses that occur in the core due to eddy currents and hysteresis. By including the shunt resistance in the circuit model, the effects of core loss can be accurately accounted for in the analysis and design of the transformer.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Smooth cylindrical rotors are usually designed for

    • A.

      2 or 4 poles

    • B.

      8 poles

    • C.

      12 poles

    • D.

      24 poles

    Correct Answer
    A. 2 or 4 poles
    Explanation
    Smooth cylindrical rotors are usually designed for 2 or 4 poles because these configurations provide a balanced distribution of magnetic flux and minimize rotor losses. The number of poles determines the speed of the motor and its torque characteristics. 2 or 4 poles are commonly used in applications that require moderate to high speeds and torque, such as small motors, fans, and pumps. These configurations also offer better efficiency and smoother operation compared to rotors with a higher number of poles.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    A coil consists of 

    • A.

      Two coil-sides

    • B.

      Two conductors

    • C.

      Two turns

    • D.

      One turn

    Correct Answer
    A. Two coil-sides
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "two coil-sides" because a coil typically consists of two sides or windings that are wound around a core. These coil-sides are usually connected to form a continuous circuit and are used in various electrical devices and systems. Each coil-side is considered a separate conductor, and they work together to create a magnetic field or induce voltage in the coil.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The stator of modern alternators are wound for --------- phase groups

    • A.

      180 degrees

    • B.

      120 degrees

    • C.

      60 degrees

    • D.

      240 degrees

    Correct Answer
    C. 60 degrees
    Explanation
    The stator of modern alternators are wound for 60 degrees phase groups. This means that the coils in the stator are arranged in groups that are spaced 60 degrees apart from each other. This arrangement allows for a more efficient and balanced distribution of power in the alternator, resulting in smoother operation and less vibration. Additionally, the 60-degree phase groups help to reduce harmonic distortion and improve the overall performance of the alternator.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Distributed winding is preferred over concentrated winding as it

    • A.

      Reduces noise

    • B.

      Reduces the machine size

    • C.

      Reduces the amount of copper required

    • D.

      Improves the generated emf wave-form and adds rigidity and mechanical strength to wdg

    Correct Answer
    D. Improves the generated emf wave-form and adds rigidity and mechanical strength to wdg
    Explanation
    Distributed winding is preferred over concentrated winding because it improves the generated emf wave-form and adds rigidity and mechanical strength to the winding. This means that the output voltage waveform of the machine will be smoother and more stable, resulting in better performance. Additionally, the distributed winding design provides better support and stability to the winding, reducing the risk of mechanical failure.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    The doubly exicted magnetic systems are

    • A.

      Solenoids

    • B.

      Synchronous motors

    • C.

      Eletromagnetic relays

    Correct Answer
    B. Synchronous motors
    Explanation
    Synchronous motors can be considered as doubly excited magnetic systems because they have two sources of magnetic field excitation. One source is the stator windings, which create a rotating magnetic field, and the other source is the rotor windings, which create a magnetic field that is synchronized with the stator field. This synchronization allows the motor to rotate at a constant speed, making it useful for applications where precise speed control is required. Solenoids and electromagnetic relays, on the other hand, typically have only one source of magnetic field excitation.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    The cooling medium used in large sized synchrounous machines is usually

    • A.

      Hydrogen

    • B.

      Air

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Mineral oil

    • E.

      Sulphur hexafluoride

    Correct Answer
    A. Hydrogen
    Explanation
    Large sized synchronous machines generate a significant amount of heat during operation, and it is crucial to have an efficient cooling medium to prevent overheating and ensure optimal performance. Hydrogen is commonly used as a cooling medium in large synchronous machines due to its excellent heat transfer properties. It has a high thermal conductivity and low density, allowing for efficient heat dissipation. Hydrogen also has a low viscosity, which reduces friction losses and improves overall machine efficiency. Additionally, hydrogen is non-toxic and non-corrosive, making it a safe and reliable choice for cooling large synchronous machines.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    A polyphase field is

    • A.

      Pulsating and stationary

    • B.

      Pulsating and rotating

    • C.

      Constant in amplitude and roatating at synchronous speed

    • D.

      Constant in amplitude and sationary in space

    Correct Answer
    C. Constant in amplitude and roatating at synchronous speed
    Explanation
    A polyphase field refers to a type of electrical field that is characterized by having multiple phases or waveforms. In this case, the correct answer states that the polyphase field is constant in amplitude and rotating at synchronous speed. This means that the field has a consistent magnitude and is rotating at a speed that is synchronized with the frequency of the power supply.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    An alternator with higer value of SCR has.

    • A.

      Poor voltage regulation and lower stability limit

    • B.

      Better voltage regulation and higher stability limit

    • C.

      Poor voltage regulation and higher stability limit

    • D.

      Better voltage regulation and low stability limit

    Correct Answer
    B. Better voltage regulation and higher stability limit
    Explanation
    An alternator with a higher value of SCR (short circuit ratio) will have better voltage regulation and a higher stability limit. This is because a higher SCR indicates a larger reactance in the alternator, which helps to regulate the voltage output. Additionally, a higher SCR also means that the alternator can handle larger fault currents without destabilizing the system, leading to a higher stability limit.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    The minimum no of windings required for producing a polyphase field is

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Two
    Explanation
    To produce a polyphase field, at least two windings are required. A polyphase field refers to a magnetic field that is produced by multiple currents or phases. These windings are typically found in electrical machines such as generators or motors. The presence of multiple windings allows for the generation of a rotating magnetic field, which is necessary for the operation of polyphase systems. Therefore, the correct answer is two.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Number of slip-rings in a 3-phase synchronous motor will be

    • A.

      0

    • B.

      1

    • C.

      2

    • D.

      3 or 4

    Correct Answer
    C. 2
    Explanation
    A synchronous motor is a type of AC motor that operates at a constant speed determined by the frequency of the power supply. Unlike an induction motor, a synchronous motor requires a separate DC power source to create a magnetic field in the rotor. This is achieved using slip-rings, which are conductive rings that allow the flow of DC current into the rotor windings. In a 3-phase synchronous motor, two slip-rings are typically used - one for the positive DC supply and the other for the negative DC supply. Therefore, the correct answer is 2.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.