E- SAT. December 4. Vaf Glossary.

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SAT Quizzes & Trivia

Dear Colleagues,

Welcome to the 4th E-Sat quiz for the month of December, on the VAF Glossary. This quiz wil be open from 12.00 noon on Monday (26th December) till the 1st of January (Sunday) 11.45 pm. The time limit for this quiz is 15 minutes & only one attempt per user. Please fill up with your complete name.

Wish you all the very best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are pathogens?

    • A.

      Helpful microorganisms.

    • B.

      Harmful microorganisms

    • C.

      Parasite

    • D.

      Friendly bacteria

    Correct Answer
    B. Harmful microorganisms
    Explanation
    Pathogens are microorganisms that can cause disease or harm to their host. They include bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. These harmful microorganisms can invade the body, reproduce, and cause damage to tissues and organs, leading to illness or infection. They can be transmitted through various means such as direct contact, contaminated food or water, or through the air. Pathogens are different from helpful microorganisms or friendly bacteria, as they do not provide any benefits to their host and instead pose a threat to their health and well-being.

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  • 2. 

    What is H.P.L.C

    • A.

      High Purity Liquid Chromatography

    • B.

      Heavily Purified Liquid Chromatography

    • C.

      High Performance Liquid Chromatography

    • D.

      Highly Potent Liquid Chromatography

    Correct Answer
    C. High Performance Liquid Chromatography
    Explanation
    H.P.L.C stands for High Performance Liquid Chromatography. This technique is used in chemistry and biochemistry to separate, identify, and quantify components in a mixture. It involves passing a liquid sample through a column filled with a stationary phase, where different components in the sample interact differently with the stationary phase and thus separate from each other. The separated components can then be detected and analyzed. H.P.L.C is widely used in various industries, including pharmaceuticals, environmental analysis, and food and beverage testing, due to its high sensitivity, accuracy, and efficiency.

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  • 3. 

    What is Colic?

    • A.

      Spasm

    • B.

      Spasm in the colon

    • C.

      Spasm in the bile duct

    • D.

      Spasm +Pain

    Correct Answer
    D. Spasm +Pain
    Explanation
    Colic refers to a condition characterized by spasms and pain. It can occur in various parts of the body, such as the colon or bile duct. The term "spasm + pain" indicates that colic involves both muscle contractions (spasms) and discomfort or distress (pain). This combination of symptoms is commonly associated with colic.

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  • 4. 

    What is "E.S.B.L" ?

    • A.

      Extended Spectrum Beta Lactum

    • B.

      Enhanced Spectrum Beta Lactamase

    • C.

      Extended Spectrum Beta Lactose

    • D.

      Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase

    Correct Answer
    D. Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase
    Explanation
    Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) is an enzyme produced by certain bacteria that makes them resistant to many commonly used antibiotics. This enzyme is able to break down and deactivate beta-lactam antibiotics, such as penicillins and cephalosporins, rendering them ineffective in treating infections caused by ESBL-producing bacteria. The correct answer is "Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase".

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  • 5. 

    What is "M.I.C" ?

    • A.

      Maximum Inhibitory Concentration

    • B.

      Medium Inhibitory Concentration

    • C.

      Moderate Inhibitory Concentration

    • D.

      Minimum Inhibitory Concentration

    Correct Answer
    D. Minimum Inhibitory Concentration
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Minimum Inhibitory Concentration". Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) is the lowest concentration of a drug or antimicrobial agent that inhibits the growth of a specific microorganism. It is an important measure used in microbiology and clinical laboratories to determine the effectiveness of antibiotics and other antimicrobial agents against bacteria or fungi. The MIC value helps in determining the appropriate dosage of the drug and its potential to effectively treat an infection.

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  • 6. 

    What is " Contamination" ?

    • A.

      Making pure

    • B.

      Making a solution

    • C.

      Making impure

    • D.

      Reconstituting

    Correct Answer
    C. Making impure
    Explanation
    Contamination refers to the process of making something impure. It involves the introduction of unwanted substances or elements into a previously pure or clean entity. This can occur through various means such as pollution, mixing of different substances, or exposure to harmful agents. Contamination can have negative effects on the quality, safety, and functionality of the contaminated entity, whether it is a material, environment, or solution.

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  • 7. 

    What is " Hyperglycemia" ?

    • A.

      High Blood Pressure

    • B.

      High Blood Glucose Level

    • C.

      Low Blood Glucose Level

    • D.

      High uric acid level

    Correct Answer
    B. High Blood Glucose Level
    Explanation
    Hyperglycemia refers to a high blood glucose level. It occurs when there is an excess amount of glucose in the bloodstream, often due to the body's inability to produce or effectively use insulin. This condition is commonly associated with diabetes and can lead to various symptoms such as increased thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, and blurred vision. If left untreated, hyperglycemia can cause serious complications, including damage to the blood vessels, nerves, and organs. Therefore, it is important to manage blood glucose levels through proper diet, exercise, medication, and regular monitoring.

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  • 8. 

    What is a "Toxin" ?

    • A.

      Beneficial substance

    • B.

      Poisonous substance

    • C.

      Additive agent

    • D.

      Catalyst

    Correct Answer
    B. Poisonous substance
    Explanation
    A toxin is a poisonous substance that can cause harm or damage to living organisms. It is typically produced by certain plants, animals, or microorganisms and can have detrimental effects on the body's cells, tissues, and organs. Toxins can be ingested, inhaled, or absorbed through the skin, and they can cause a wide range of symptoms and health problems, ranging from mild to severe. Therefore, the correct answer is "Poisonous substance."

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  • 9. 

    What is " Dilates" ?

    • A.

      Contraction

    • B.

      Cramps

    • C.

      Expansion

    • D.

      Exhalation

    Correct Answer
    C. Expansion
    Explanation
    "Dilates" refers to the process of expanding or enlarging something. It is the opposite of contraction, which involves making something smaller or tighter. In the context of the question, "dilates" likely refers to the expansion of a certain object or body part. This expansion can occur in various contexts, such as blood vessels dilating to allow for increased blood flow or the pupils of the eyes dilating in response to dim light.

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  • 10. 

    What is " Pelvic Pain" ?

    • A.

      Pain in the lower area of the abdomen.

    • B.

      Pain in the upper area of the abdomen.

    • C.

      Pain in the stomach

    • D.

      Pain in the muscles

    Correct Answer
    A. Pain in the lower area of the abdomen.
    Explanation
    Pelvic pain refers to pain that is experienced in the lower area of the abdomen. This can include pain in the pelvic region, lower back, hips, and groin. It can be caused by various factors such as menstrual cramps, urinary tract infections, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and gastrointestinal issues. It is important to consult a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause of pelvic pain and to receive appropriate treatment.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Dec 25, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Kkprabhat

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