1.
A car uses 12 gallons of gas to travel 264 miles. How many miles per gallon does the car get?
Correct Answer
A. 22 miles per gallon
Explanation
To find the miles per gallon, we divide the total miles traveled (264 miles) by the amount of gas used (12 gallons). This gives us 22 miles per gallon. This means that the car can travel an average of 22 miles for every gallon of gas it uses.
2.
A train must travel to a certain town in four days. The town is 2,100 miles away. How many miles must the train average each day to reach its destination?
Correct Answer
B. 525 miles
Explanation
To find the average number of miles the train must travel each day, we divide the total distance (2,100 miles) by the number of days (4). This gives us 525 miles per day. Therefore, the train must average 525 miles each day to reach its destination.
3.
Roger has completed 45% of his 120-page thesis. How many pages has he written?
Correct Answer
A. 54
Explanation
If Roger has completed 45% of his 120-page thesis, it means he has written 45% of 120 pages. To find out how many pages he has written, we can multiply 120 by 45% (or 0.45). This calculation gives us 54 pages. Therefore, Roger has written 54 pages of his thesis.
4.
Solve the following: 7(3-2) + 5 = ?
Correct Answer
B. 12
Explanation
In this problem, we need to simplify the expression by following the order of operations. First, we evaluate the expression inside the parentheses: 3-2 = 1. Then, we multiply 7 by the result: 7(1) = 7. Finally, we add 5 to get the final answer: 7 + 5 = 12.
5.
Prevalent most nearly means
Correct Answer
A. Widespread
Explanation
Prevalent means widespread or commonly occurring. It is used to describe something that is widespread or commonly seen or experienced. In this context, prevalent is the closest synonym to the word "most nearly". Therefore, the correct answer is widespread.
6.
Prerequisite most nearly means
Correct Answer
A. Necessary
Explanation
Prerequisite refers to something that is required or necessary before something else can happen or be done. In this context, it is used to indicate that there is a requirement or condition that must be met before taking a particular course or pursuing a certain goal. Therefore, the word "necessary" is the closest synonym to "prerequisite" among the given options.
7.
Everyone loved Ilona’s idea, and she quickly garnered enough support for her proposal to present it to the committee. The italicized word most nearly means:
Correct Answer
D. Gathered
Explanation
Ilona's idea was well-received and gained a lot of support from others, indicating that people came together and formed a group in favor of her proposal. Therefore, the word "gathered" best captures this idea of collecting or assembling support.
8.
Given the picture above, if gear 4 turns clockwise, which other gear(s) will turn clockwise?
Correct Answer
C. 1 and 3
Explanation
Based on the picture, gear 1 is directly connected to gear 4, so when gear 4 turns clockwise, gear 1 will also turn clockwise. Gear 3 is meshed with gear 1, so when gear 1 turns clockwise, gear 3 will also turn clockwise. Therefore, gears 1 and 3 will both turn clockwise when gear 4 turns clockwise.
9.
Given the separate pieces on the left, which answer on the right represents a possible assembly of those pieces?
Correct Answer
B. B
10.
Given the separate pieces on the left, which answer on the right represents a possible assembly of those pieces?
Correct Answer
B. B