Constipation, Diarrhea, And Ibs

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Diarrhea Quizzes & Trivia

Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Diarrhea results in an average of 3100 deaths each year in the United States.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Diarrhea can lead to severe dehydration and electrolyte imbalance, especially in vulnerable populations such as young children and the elderly. These complications can be fatal if not treated promptly. Therefore, it is plausible that diarrhea causes an average of 3100 deaths each year in the United States.

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  • 2. 

    Which type of diarrhea is associated with drawing in excess water into the lumen?

    • A.

      Secretory

    • B.

      Inflammatory

    • C.

      Osmotic

    • D.

      Abnormal motility

    Correct Answer
    C. Osmotic
    Explanation
    Osmotic diarrhea is associated with drawing in excess water into the lumen. This type of diarrhea occurs when there are high levels of osmotically active substances in the intestinal lumen, such as unabsorbed sugars or salts. These substances draw water into the lumen, leading to increased fluid content in the stool.

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  • 3. 

    This type of diarrhea is also associtaed with an influx of fluid into the intestine, but this is more associated with electrolytes and bacterial toxins.

    • A.

      Secretory

    • B.

      Abnormal motility

    • C.

      Osmotic

    • D.

      Inflammatory

    Correct Answer
    A. Secretory
    Explanation
    Secretory diarrhea is characterized by an increased secretion of fluid into the intestine, often caused by bacterial toxins or electrolyte imbalances. This type of diarrhea is different from osmotic diarrhea, which is caused by an influx of fluid due to an osmotic gradient, and inflammatory diarrhea, which is caused by inflammation in the intestines. Abnormal motility refers to irregular movement of the intestines, which can also lead to diarrhea but is not specifically associated with an influx of fluid or electrolytes.

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  • 4. 

    Select the gastrointestinal dieseases associated with diarrhea

    • A.

      Chrohn's Disease

    • B.

      Biliary Atresia

    • C.

      Cirrhosis

    • D.

      Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    • E.

      Ulcerative Colitis

    • F.

      Gastritis

    • G.

      Celiacs Disease

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Chrohn's Disease
    D. Irritable Bowel Syndrome
    E. Ulcerative Colitis
    G. Celiacs Disease
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Chrohn's Disease, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Ulcerative Colitis, and Celiacs Disease. These gastrointestinal diseases are commonly associated with diarrhea. Chrohn's Disease is an inflammatory bowel disease that can cause chronic diarrhea. Irritable Bowel Syndrome is a functional disorder of the digestive system that can cause diarrhea as one of its symptoms. Ulcerative Colitis is another inflammatory bowel disease that often leads to diarrhea. Celiacs Disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered by gluten consumption, and diarrhea is a common symptom in individuals with this condition.

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  • 5. 

    Chronic diarrhea is considered longer term, which includes symptoms lasting longer then ___________ weeks.

    Correct Answer(s)
    four
    Explanation
    Chronic diarrhea is defined as having symptoms that persist for a longer period of time, typically lasting longer than four weeks. This means that if someone experiences diarrhea for a duration of less than four weeks, it would not be considered chronic.

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  • 6. 

    I am a neurotransmitter. I am mostly found in the gastrointestinal tract (95%). I increase motility, excretion, and sensation. Who am I?

    Correct Answer(s)
    Serotonin
    Explanation
    Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that is primarily found in the gastrointestinal tract, accounting for 95% of its presence. It plays a crucial role in regulating various functions in the gut, including increasing motility (movement of food through the intestines), excretion (stimulating bowel movements), and sensation (contributing to feelings of fullness or hunger). Serotonin is involved in maintaining a healthy digestive system and is often associated with mood regulation as well.

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  • 7. 

    The chronic, or longterm, definement of constipation is having unsatisfactory defecation for at least 2 months of previous year and a half.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Those standards are not frequent enough. Chronic constipation is unsatisfactory defecation for at least 3 previous 12 months.

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  • 8. 

    The defining of constipation is so wide, it allows for multiple variables. This makes it difficult for patients to be diagnosed properly. What system was created to help ascertain constipation?

    Correct Answer
    Rome III Consensus Criteria
    rome consensus criteria
    Explanation
    This Rome III Consensus Criteria
    -Must include 2 or more of the following symptoms that have occurred in the previous year for at least 12 consecutive weeks.

    -strainging during at least 25% of defacations.
    -lumpy or hard stools in at least 25% of defacations
    -sensation of incomplete evactuation for least 25% of defacations
    -sensation of anorectal obstruction/blockage for at least 25% of defacations.
    -manual maneuvers to facilitate 25% of defacations
    -fewer than three defacations per week

    ~loose stolls are rarely present without the use of laxatives
    ~ there are insufficient criteria for irritable bowel syndrome

    This is just a layout of symptoms for aid in diagnosis. Other laboratory screening tests may be needed.

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  • 9. 

    This condition _________   _________    _______ is the weakening or tightening of the _______   ________ that can cause the organs to shift, bulge, and push outward against each other. There also could be imprairment of joints or tissues in the surounding area. Most well-known causes can include, obesity, menopause, pregnancy and childbirth, and inherited collagen deficiency. This can result in urinary or fecal incontinence or obstruction, sexual dysfuntion and several chronic pain syndromes.

    Correct Answer
    Pelvic floor dysfunction, pelvic floor
    pelvic floor
    pelviv floor dysfunction and pelvic floor
    Explanation
    The given answer is correct because it accurately identifies the condition as "pelvic floor dysfunction" and explains that it is the weakening or tightening of the "pelvic floor" muscles. This can cause various symptoms such as organ shifting, bulging, and pushing against each other, impairment of joints or tissues in the surrounding area, urinary or fecal incontinence or obstruction, sexual dysfunction, and chronic pain syndromes. The answer also correctly mentions that common causes of pelvic floor dysfunction include obesity, menopause, pregnancy and childbirth, and inherited collagen deficiency.

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  • 10. 

    This syndrome is defined by abdominal pain or discomfort that occurs in the assoication with altered bowel habits over a period of at least 3 months.

    Correct Answer
    Irritable bowel syndrome
    Explanation
    Irritable bowel syndrome is a condition characterized by abdominal pain or discomfort that is associated with altered bowel habits. These symptoms must occur over a period of at least 3 months for a diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome to be made. This syndrome is not caused by any specific underlying disease or structural abnormality, but rather is a functional disorder of the digestive system. It is a chronic condition that can cause significant discomfort and impact a person's quality of life.

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  • 11. 

    There are three major subtypes of IBS, which includes: IBS-D that is ______ predominant, IBS-C that is ______ predominant, and IBS-M that is a mix of ______ and _______.

    Correct Answer
    diarrhea, constipation, diarrhea, constipation
    constipation
    diarrhea
    constipation
    diarrhea, constipation, diarrhea and constipation
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "diarrhea, constipation, diarrhea, constipation, constipation, diarrhea, constipation, diarrhea, constipation, diarrhea and constipation". This answer correctly identifies the three major subtypes of IBS and their predominant symptoms. IBS-D refers to IBS with diarrhea as the predominant symptom, IBS-C refers to IBS with constipation as the predominant symptom, and IBS-M refers to IBS with a mix of diarrhea and constipation. The answer lists these subtypes and their respective symptoms in the correct order.

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  • 12. 

    A patient is diagnosed with IBS, please select all foods that he/she should eat and leave foods that would create symptoms unchecked.

    • A.

      Banana

    • B.

      Steak

    • C.

      Soda

    • D.

      Rice

    • E.

      Mushrooms

    • F.

      Carrots

    • G.

      Buttered whole wheat bread

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Banana
    D. Rice
    E. Mushrooms
    F. Carrots
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes foods that are generally considered to be safe for individuals with IBS. Banana, rice, mushrooms, and carrots are all low in fermentable carbohydrates (FODMAPs) which can trigger symptoms in people with IBS. These foods are also easily digestible and provide essential nutrients. On the other hand, steak, soda, and buttered whole wheat bread may be problematic for individuals with IBS as they can be high in fat, carbonation, or gluten, which can exacerbate symptoms such as bloating, gas, and abdominal pain.

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  • 13. 

    IBS has been linked to early childhood sexual abuse and or stress.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    IBS, or irritable bowel syndrome, has indeed been linked to early childhood sexual abuse and stress. Research has shown that individuals who have experienced sexual abuse during childhood are more likely to develop IBS later in life. Additionally, stress has been identified as a major trigger for IBS symptoms, exacerbating the condition. Therefore, the statement that IBS is linked to early childhood sexual abuse and stress is true.

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  • 14. 

    Treatments and considerations for IBS/IBS-D/IBS-C may include (select all that apply)

    • A.

      Eating more fiber

    • B.

      Taking antidrepressents or SSRI's

    • C.

      Fasting, to create lesser stools

    • D.

      Taking antidiarrheal agents

    • E.

      Drinking lots of coffee to keep energy up

    • F.

      Taking osmotive laxatives

    • G.

      Increasing physical activity

    • H.

      Eating two large meals a day to allow a lot of time for digestion

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Eating more fiber
    B. Taking antidrepressents or SSRI's
    D. Taking antidiarrheal agents
    F. Taking osmotive laxatives
    G. Increasing physical activity
    Explanation
    The correct answer choices for treatments and considerations for IBS/IBS-D/IBS-C include eating more fiber, taking antidepressants or SSRI's, taking antidiarrheal agents, taking osmotic laxatives, and increasing physical activity. These treatment options are commonly recommended for managing symptoms of IBS. Eating more fiber can help regulate bowel movements and relieve constipation. Antidepressants or SSRI's can help with pain and mood symptoms associated with IBS. Antidiarrheal agents can be used to control diarrhea. Osmotic laxatives can help soften stools and relieve constipation. Increasing physical activity can promote better digestion and reduce symptoms.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 25, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    PatzDavis
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