# Componentele Calculatorului

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| By Marilena V
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Marilena V
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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 13,598
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 11,458

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Identificarea principalelor componente.   Cunoasterea rolului componentelor in sistemul de calcul.  Unitati de masura pentru memorie.

• 1.

### Totalitatea componentelor fizice ale calculatorului poarta numele de ________________.

Explanation
The correct answer is "hardware, HARDWARE". In the context of the question, "hardware" refers to the physical components of a computer, such as the processor, memory, and storage devices. These components collectively form the "totalitatea componentelor fizice ale calculatorului" (the entirety of the physical components of the computer). The term "HARDWARE" is simply the capitalized version of "hardware", indicating the same concept.

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• 2.

### Microprocesorul (CPU) este dispozitivul care

• A.

Sustine componentele interne

• B.

Alimenteaza componentele interne

• C.

Transmite comenzi componentelor, fiind creierul calculatorului

• D.

Foloseste la pastrarea informatiilor pe termen lung

C. Transmite comenzi componentelor, fiind creierul calculatorului
Explanation
The correct answer is "transmite comenzi componentelor, fiind creierul calculatorului" which translates to "transmits commands to the components, being the brain of the computer." This answer is correct because the CPU (microprocessor) is responsible for executing instructions and commands, coordinating the activities of all the other hardware components in a computer system. It acts as the central processing unit or the "brain" of the computer, processing data and performing calculations.

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• 3.

### Harddiskul (alegeti 2 afirmatii)

• A.

Este memorie externa

• B.

Poate avea capacitate de 160 kB

• C.

Este memorie interna

• D.

Poate avea capacitate de 160 GB

A. Este memorie externa
D. Poate avea capacitate de 160 GB
Explanation
The correct answer is "este memorie externa, poate avea capacitate de 160 GB". This means that a hard disk is an external memory and it can have a capacity of 160 GB. This is true because a hard disk is a storage device that is typically connected externally to a computer and it can have different capacities, including 160 GB.

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• 4.

### Totalitatea programelor poarta numele de _____________.

software
SOFTWARE
Software
Explanation
The correct answer is "software". "Software" refers to the collection of programs and data that operate a computer system. It includes applications, operating systems, and other programs that enable the computer to perform specific tasks.

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• 5.

### Ce componenta avem in imaginea alaturata?

• A.

Placa de baza

• B.

Memorie interna RAM

• C.

Microprocesor

• D.

Modem

B. Memorie interna RAM
Explanation
The correct answer is "memorie interna RAM" because the image shows a component that is commonly found in computers and is responsible for storing data that can be quickly accessed by the computer's processor. This component is known as RAM (Random Access Memory) and is an essential part of a computer's hardware.

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• 6.

### In imaginea alaturata avem

• A.

Unitatea centrala

• B.

Memoria

• C.

Sursa

• D.

Placa de baza

C. Sursa
Explanation
The image provided shows a computer system with four components: unitatea centrala (central processing unit), memoria (memory), sursa (power supply), and placa de baza (motherboard). The correct answer, "sursa," refers to the power supply component in the computer system.

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• 7.

### Placa din imaginea alaturata este

• A.

Video (VGA)

• B.

De memorie

• C.

De sunet

• D.

De retea

A. Video (VGA)
Explanation
The correct answer is video (VGA). The given options are different types of hardware components. Among these options, video (VGA) is the most suitable explanation because VGA refers to a video graphics array, which is a type of display standard used for connecting monitors to computers. It is responsible for generating and displaying visual output on the screen.

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• 8.

### Componenta din imagine este ?

• A.

Placa video

• B.

Modem

• C.

Joystick

• D.

Placa de sunet

D. Placa de sunet
Explanation
The correct answer is "placa de sunet" which translates to "sound card" in English. This component is responsible for processing and producing audio signals in a computer system. It allows users to listen to sound through speakers or headphones, and enables the computer to record and play back audio.

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• 9.

### Componenta din imagine este ...

• A.

Microprocesor (CPU)

• B.

Memorie

• C.

Placa de baza

• D.

Discheta (floppy disk)

A. Microprocesor (CPU)
Explanation
The correct answer is microprocesor (CPU) because the image is likely showing a close-up view of a computer component, and the microprocessor, also known as the CPU, is a crucial component that performs most of the processing inside a computer. It is responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations, making it an essential part of any computer system.

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• 10.

### Placa de baza (motherboard) are rolul de a sustine si de a conecta piesele calculatorului

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The given statement is true. A motherboard, also known as a "placa de baza" in Romanian, is a crucial component of a computer system. Its main role is to support and connect all the other parts of the computer, including the CPU, RAM, storage devices, and peripherals. It provides the necessary power and communication pathways for these components to work together effectively. Without a functioning motherboard, the computer would not be able to operate properly. Therefore, the statement is correct.

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• 11.

### Alegeti dispozitivele de intrare din lista de mai jos (alegeti 4 raspunsuri)

A.
B.
D. Joystick
G.
Explanation
The correct answer is joystick. A joystick is a device used for controlling movement or actions in video games or computer programs. It typically consists of a handheld stick that can be tilted or pushed in different directions to control the movement of a character or object on the screen. Joysticks are commonly used in gaming consoles and arcade machines.

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• 12.

### Pe USB pot conecta doar iPod.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The statement says "Only iPod can be connected to USB." This is incorrect because USB ports can be used to connect various devices, not just iPods. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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• 13.

### Conectorul verde din imagine este pentru

• A.

Boxe

• B.

Monitor

• C.

Microfon

• D.

USB

A. Boxe
Explanation
The green connector in the image is most likely for speakers. This is because green connectors are commonly used for audio output, and speakers are a common audio output device that require a connection to the computer or other audio source.

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• 14.

### Componenta din imagine este

• A.

Placa de baza

• B.

Placa de sunet

• C.

Placa de retea

• D.

Placa video

C. Placa de retea
Explanation
The correct answer is "placa de retea" (network card). This component is responsible for connecting the computer to a network, allowing it to communicate with other devices and access the internet. It enables the computer to send and receive data through Ethernet cables or wireless connections.

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• 15.

### Care din capacitatile de memorie sunt echivalente? (alegeti 2 afirmatii)

• A.

1024 KB

• B.

8 b

• C.

1 MB

• D.

1000 GB

A. 1024 KB
C. 1 MB
Explanation
The correct answer is 1024 KB and 1 MB. Both 1024 KB and 1 MB represent the same amount of memory. 1 MB is equal to 1024 KB, as 1 MB is made up of 1024 kilobytes. Therefore, these two statements are equivalent and represent the same memory capacity.

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• 16.

### Ce pot spune despre componenta din imaginea alaturata? (alegeti 2 afirmatii)

• A.

Este memorie ROM

• B.

Este un harddisk

• C.

Se afla in unitatea centrala

• D.

Are capacitatea 1 GHz

B. Este un harddisk
C. Se afla in unitatea centrala
Explanation
The given correct answer states that the component in the image is a hard disk and it is located in the central unit. This implies that the component is a storage device used for storing data and it is physically situated within the central processing unit (CPU) of a computer system. The answer does not mention anything about it being a ROM memory or having a capacity of 1 GHz.

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• 17.

### _________________ poate fi laser sau cu cerneala, color sau alb-negru.

imprimanta
printer
Explanation
The given answer is correct because "imprimanta" and "printer" are both words that refer to the same device used for printing documents. The question is asking for a word that can be either "laser" or "cu cerneala" (inkjet), and can be either "color" or "alb-negru" (black and white). Both "imprimanta" and "printer" fit this description, as they can be either laser or inkjet, and can print in color or black and white.

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• 18.

### Bill Gates este cel mai bun programator de la Apple.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because Bill Gates is not a programmer at Apple. He is the co-founder of Microsoft, a rival company to Apple.

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• 19.

### Unitatea aritmetica si logica este cea care efectueaza calculele

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The given statement is true. The arithmetic and logic unit (ALU) is responsible for performing calculations in a computer. It is a fundamental component of the central processing unit (CPU) and is designed to carry out arithmetic operations (such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division) as well as logical operations (such as AND, OR, and NOT) on binary data. The ALU plays a crucial role in executing instructions and processing data within a computer system.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Oct 31, 2012
Quiz Created by
Marilena V